The Journal for Cardiology

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The Journal for Cardiology, Impact Index: 4.15, ISJN: 5743-8468, Imprint: Photon, Category: Peer Reviewed Indexed International Journal

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Interactions Between Non Modifiable Environmental, And Cardio metabolic Factors For Premature Peripheral Artery Disease In Brazzaville, Congo 

Thierry Gombeta, Benjamin Longo-Mbenzab*, Lucien Muizila Kinib, Alexis Bolengac, Paul Macaire Ossou-Nguietd, Bebène Bandzouzi Ndambad, Bertrand Ellenga-Mbollae 

a Faculty of Health Sciences, Marien Ngouabi University, Brazzaville, Congo 

b Walter Sisulu University, Faculty of Health Sciences, Mthatha, South Africa 

C Onchology service, University Hospital Center, Brazzaville, Congo 

D Neurology service, University Hospital Center, Marien Ngouabi University, Brazzaville, Congo 

E Cardiology service, University Hospital Center, Marien Ngouabi University, Brazzaville, Congo 


Peripheral arterial disease (PAD), uncontrolled hypertension, lifestyle changes, inflammation, Central Africans 

Photon Ignitor: ISJN57438468D722418062016 


Mbenza B.L.* Gombet T. Kini L.M. Bolenga A. Ossou-Nguiet P.M. Ndamba B.B. Bertrand Ellenga-Mbolla Ellenga-Mbolla., 2016. Interactions Between Non Modifiable Environmental, And Cardio metabolic Factors For Premature Peripheral Artery Disease In Brazzaville, Congo. The Journal for Cardiology. Photon 109, 187-198 


Aim: To investigate the epidemiology of Peripheral arterial Disease (PAD) with reference to inflammation and stratification of ages, body mass index(BMI), and high density lipoprotein cholesterol(HDL – C) in urban Central Africans with hypertension. Material and Methods: This cross – sectional study was carried out from January 1st 2010 to December 30th 2011, using univariate and multivariate(logistic regression) analyses among Black Central Africans with hypertension and from Brazzaville, capital of Republic of Congo. PAD, dependent variable, was defined by ankle – brachial index (ABI) ≤ 0.90. After adjusting for confounders, logistic regression models 1were performed. Results: PAD occurred in 118 (34.9%) out of 338 hypertensive patients. In not entering physical activity status in logistic regression model 1, cigarette smoking, excessive alcohol intake, low HDL-C, abdominal obesity, uncontrolled hypertension, and ERS≥ 20mm/1sthour were the most important and independent determinants of PAD. However, in entering physical activity status within logistic regression model 2, cigarette smoking, low HDL-C, abdominal obesity, uncontrolled hypertension, ERS≥ 20mm/1sthour, and physical inactivity were the most and independent determinants of PAD. Conclusion: Policy makers, stakeholders, health professionals, and hypertensive patients need to address the socio – economic and behavioral determinants and investigate best strategies for optimal management of high prevalence of PAD in Brazzaville, Congo.

Abstract:Functional ischemic mitral regurgitation (MR) worsens prognosis in acute ST- elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). QRS duration affects MR and is correctable by resynchronization Aim: Check if primary coronary angioplasty (PPCI) is superior in improving ventricular synchronicity and thus decreasing MR in acute inferior STEMI. Methods: Sixty five patients, 29 treated by PPCI and 36 by thrombolysis, had evaluation of QRS duration in all 12 leads of the surface electrocardiogram, at admission, 3 days later and pre-discharge. All had echocardiography and MR assessment at admission and predischarge. Results: QRS duration in the inferolateral leads decreased pre-discharge, more significantly in patients treated with PPCI. In the non-infarction electrocardiographic leads, QRS duration did not change. Eleven patients had reduction in MR severity, 9 of them were treated by PPCI. No PPCItreated patient had significant MR at discharge while 3 of the fibrinolysis group had MR grade 3. Patients with reduction in MR grade had a significant decrease in QRS duration at discharge. Conclusions: Severity of MR decreased more in PPCI patients and paralleled reduction in QRS duration in inferior-lateral infarction ECG leads. Thus, improvement in ventricular synchronicity may be involved and possibly, in some patients, biventricular pacing may be beneficial.

Coronary Risk Estimation According to a Recalibrated Framingham-Wilson Score in the Maracaibo City Metabolic Syndrome Prevalence Study

Valmore Bermúdeza*, Juan Salazara, Luis Belloa, Joselyn Rojasab, Roberto Añeza, Willy Roquea, Mayela Cabreraa, Yaquelin Torresa, Alexandra Toledoa, Maricarmen Chacína, Edward Rojasa, Manuel Velascoc, Hamid Seyfia, Rafael Parísd, Zafar H. Israilie, José López Mirandaf


CAD: Coronary Artery Disease, CARMELA: Cardiovascular Risk Factor Multiple Evaluation in Latin America, CVD: Cardiovascular diseases, FEW: Framingham-Wilson Equation, JNC-5: Fifth Report of the Joint National Committee on Prevention, Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Pressure, MI: Myocardial Infarction, MMSPS: Maracaibo City Metabolic Syndrome Prevalence Study, SD: Standard Deviation, WHO: World Health Organization


Coronary artery disease, Framingham-Wilson equation, calibration, Risk factors

Photon IgnitorISJN57438468D721305092014

Citation: Bermúdez V., Salazar J., Bello L., Rojas J., Añez R., Roque W., Cabrera M., Torres Y., Toledo A., Chacín M., Rojas E., Velasco M., Seyfi H., París R., Israili H.Z., Miranda J.L., 2014. Coronary Risk Estimation According to a Recalibrated Framingham-Wilson Score in the Maracaibo City Metabolic Syndrome Prevalence Study. The Journal for Cardiology. Photon 107, 160-170.


Objectives: The purpose of this study was to determine coronary risk using a calibrated the Framingham-Wilson equation (FWE). Materials and Methods: A total of 1,379 subjects were selected using the suggested age for the application of the equation (a range of 30 to 74 years old). The FWE was calibrated using local data concerning cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Results: Using the original FWE the overall risk at 10 years was 6.15 (2.79-11.44), with 8.1 (4.7-14.4) for men and 4.6 (1.8-9.3) for women; p=1.03x10-31. When applying the calibration, the overall risk was 3.29 (1.55-6.25) and 2.61 (1.00-5.42) for women with a 4.08 (2.36-7.35) for men; p=2.43x10-21. As for classifying the sample according to risk categories the following results were obtained: Low risk with 66.2% (n=913), Moderate risk 23.6% (n=326), High risk 8.9% (n=123), and Very high risk 1.2% (n=17). Discussion and Conclusions: The recalibrated FWE is an alternative for coronary risk evaluation in non-Caucasian populations such as Latin-American communities, but at the same time reflects the need to adapt the risk-assessment tools according each ethnic group and specific variables involved in the genesis of cardiovascular diseases. Future prospective studies need to be conducted analyzing current coronary risk and novel risk factors.

Conferences on Cardiology are sponsored by Afghanistan Journal of Cardiology, Albanian Journal of Cardiology, and Algerian Journal of Cardiology. Andorra Journal of CardiologyAngola Journal of Cardiology and Antigua Journal of Cardiology are official journal for Ph D research in Cardiology. Barbuda Journal of Cardiology is prominent journal in Caribbean region. Argentina Journal of Cardiology is most cited journal among South American countries. Armenia Journal of Cardiology and Aruba Journal of Cardiology are dedicated for Post Doctoral Research in CardiologyAustralia Journal of Cardiology, Austria Journal of Cardiology and Azerbaijan Journal of Cardiology are published for high class peer reviewed research articles in Cardiology. Bahamas Journal of Cardiology is sponsored by scientific associations of Arab countries. Bahrain Journal of Cardiology, Bangladesh Journal of Cardiology, Barbados Journal of Cardiology and Belarus Journal of Cardiology promotes jobs in Cardiology. Belgium 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countries. Grenada Journal of Cardiology Guatemala Journal of Cardiology Guinea Journal of Cardiology Guinea-Bissau Journal of Cardiology and Guyana Journal of Cardiology  are world's leading platform for high indexed research. Haiti Journal of Cardiology Holy See Journal of Cardiology Honduras Journal of Cardiology Hong Kong Journal of Cardiology Iceland Journal of Cardiology Indian Journal of Cardiology Indonesia Journal of Cardiology are widely circulated journals in Asian countries for Cardiology. Iran Journal of Cardiology and Iraq Journal of Cardiology are organizing workshops in every months. Department of Cardiology at Ireland offers programs with a scientific approach to Cardiology education in the country.  Israel Journal of Cardiology is established for Electronic Information Management. Italy Journal of Cardiology is authenticate source of scholarly communication. Jamaica Journal of Cardiology Japan Journal of Cardiology Jordan Journal of Cardiology Kazakhstan Journal of Cardiology Kenya Journal of Cardiology Kiribati Journal of Cardiology North Korea Journal of Cardiology and South Korea Journal of Cardiology are official international journals allowing access to abstracts and full texts. Kuwait Journal of Cardiology rewards editorial board on Cardiology for excellent review process. Kyrgyzstan Journal of Cardiology Laos Journal of Cardiology Latvia Journal of Cardiology Lebanon Journal of Cardiology Lesotho Journal of Cardiology Liberia Journal of Cardiology Libya Journal of Cardiology Liechtenstein Journal of Cardiology Lithuania Journal of Cardiology Luxembourg Journal of Cardiology Macau Journal of Cardiology Macedonia Journal of Cardiology and Madagascar Journal of Cardiology aim to provide a broad scope for researchers and students to present their new ideas and research results. Malawi Journal of Cardiology screens top most Editors on Cardiology in southeastern Africa. Malaysian Journal of Cardiology authorizes academic publications 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