Journal of Psychiatry

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Journal of Psychiatry, Impact Index: 4.17, ISJN: 7384- 8137, Imprint: Photon, Category: Peer Reviewed Indexed International Journal

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Causes of Misconception about Polio Vaccination (A Case Study of Tribal Areas South Waziristan (SWA) KpK Pakistan) 

Alamgir Khan*, Dr Salahuddin Khan, Syed Zia-ul-Islam, Dr Naimatullah Babar 

Department of Sports Sciences & Physical Education, Gomal University, Dera Ismail Khan, Pakistan 

Keywords: Misconception, Polio, Vaccination, Tribal Area, South Waziristan, Pakistan 


A very huge number of children every year become the victims of polio in Pakistan particularly in tribal areas of Kpk Pakistan. Why every year children may lead to death because of polio? For the purpose to discover the fact the researcher intend to conduct this particular research study. The main purpose of the study wasto create healthy atmosphere free from all kinds of diseases in tribal areas (South Waziristan), to keep the people of the South Waziristan aware about the effects of polio as well as the benefits of polio vaccine given to their children. In this regard, structured and pre-tested questionnaire was designed to include demographics, socioeconomic aspects and set research objectives. The target population was the peoples of tribal areas (South Waziristan) KpK Pakistan. Statistical tool percentile used for the purpose to create peaceful and healthy environment free from all kinds of diseases in tribal area (South Waziristan). The researcher concluded that due lack of awareness and improper guidance about the polio vaccination a great number of peoples always refused from giving polio vaccination to their children’s. Similarly this particular research study will helps in creating awareness among the tribal people of South Waziristan KpK Pakistan about the benefits of vaccine given to the children. 

Prevalence of Depression and Anxiety in Patients with Chronic Renal Failure Treated by Hemodialysis 

Vikhram Ramasubramaniana*, R. Ponnuduraib, P. Soundararajanc, K. Balakrishnanb, B. Srinivasanb  

a Ahana Hospitals, Madurai, India 

b Department of Psychiatry, Sri Ramachandra Medical College, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India  

c Department of Nephrology, Sri Ramachandra Medical College, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India     

Vikhram Ramasubramanian, R. Ponnudurai, P. Soundararajan, K. Balakrishnan and B. Srinivasan receive Franklin D. Roosevelt Research Award-2015 in Psychiatry 

Keywords: Anxiety, depression, chronic kidney Disease (CKD) 

Photon Ignitor: ISJN73848137D735509032015 

Citation: Ramasubramanian V., Ponnudurai R., Soundararajan P., Balakrishnan K., Srinivasan B., 2015. Prevalence of Depression and Anxiety in Patients with Chronic Renal Failure Treated by Hemodialysis. Journal of Psychiatry. Photon 116, 166-172. 


Prevalent mental health problem in end-stage renal disease patients treated with haemodialysis. Our aim is to assess the demographic and psychological factors associated with depression among Haemodialysis patients and elucidated the relationships between depression, anxiety and Life events scale in Psychiatric illness and Diagnosis. This study enrolled 130 end-stage renal disease patients aged >18 years on haemodialysis. Depression and anxiety were assessed with the HAM-D (Hamilton rating scale for Depression) and HAM-A (Hamilton rating scale for anxiety) were used to analyze the models. A total of 46 patients were administered HAM-Din which majority of the patients (n=22, 47.82%) had scored for severe depressive features. HAM-A was administered to 16 patients. One patient from each diagnosis had moderate anxiety and one patient had a severe depressive disorder. Among Hemodialysis patients, depression was associated with a low BMI and an increased number of co morbid physical illnesses. A prospective study would prove helpful in determining whether early detection and early intervention of co morbid depression and anxiety among haemodialysis patients would reduce the illness effects.