Journal of Civil Engineering

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Journal of Civil Engineering, Impact Index: 3.95, ISJN: 5219-7264, Imprint: Photon, Category: Peer Reviewed Indexed International Journal


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Leena Bharadwaj 


Directorate of Hydrocarbon, International Agency for Standards and Ratings, India 


Keywords 

Petroleum spill; Spill oil sea accidents; hydrocarbon oil pollution; Environmental risk assessment, Remediation Technologies, Marine Oil Spills, Comparative Remediation Analysis 


Abstract 

The objective of this study is to present an integrated approach for quantifying the risk of oil spill in marine waters and adjacent coasts. The most probable oil spill locations are identified based on the bathymetry, the maritime traffic and the currents. Emphasis was placed on the presentation of the risk of spill crude oil reaching the coastline. The oil spill response method includes booms, skimmers, dispersants, solidifiers, in-situ burning and bioremediation. The disaster management plan have been analyzed with reference to efficiency, time, cost, impact on marine life, reliability, level of difficulty, oil recovery, weather, effect on physical/chemical characteristics of oil and the need for further treatment. The proposed methodology is expected to help lawmakers, public administrators and municipal planners in taking more effective measures to prevent and/or remediate future oil spills, e.g. creation of Early Response Centres. Crude Oil industry may also benefit from the reduced risk for their operations, whereas oil companies, insurance companies and tanker owners may reduce their operational costs. 


Citation:

Bharadwaj L., 2015. Risk Assessment and Management of Crude Oil Spill Accidents. Journal of Civil Engineering. Photon 108, 250-259 


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Photon Ignitor: ISJN52197264D881715102015


Design Development and Performance Evaluation of Ceramic Pot Water Filter for Decentralized Household Drinking Water Purification System in Developing Countries: An Overview 


Biruk Abatea, Merkuz Aberab* 


a School of Chemical and Food Engineering, Bahir Dar Technology Institute, Bahir Dar University, 

   Bahir Dar, P.O. Box 26, Ethiopia 

b College of Agriculture and Environmental Sciences, Bahir Dar University, Bahir Dar, P.O. Box 5501,    Ethiopia 


Biruk Abate and Merkuz Abera are conferred with Max Planck Research Award-2015 in Civil Engineering 


Keywords: Ceramic, drinking water, filter, performance, standard 


Photon Ignitor: ISJN52197264D742415042015 


Citation: Abate B., Abera M., 2015. Design Development and Performance Evaluation of Ceramic Pot Water Filter for Decentralized Household Drinking Water Purification System in Developing Countries: An Overview. Journal of Civil Engineering. Photon 108, 233-249. 


Abstract 

The majority of the world’s population does not have access to safe drinking water. The paramount concern is that 75 percent of all diseases in developing countries arising from polluted drinking water. Selecting the most appropriate water treatment technology for community is difficult due to the existing water and sanitation conditions, cultural acceptability, implementation, technology availability, and other local conditions. Ceramic filters manufactured by local ceramists are affordable, appropriate, and sustainable. This review study recommendation is given as design development and performance evaluation of ceramic pot filter for decentralized household drinking water purification system in developing countries. Information lack of manufacturing, water quality and utilization, economic benefits and affordable market opportunities make ceramic water filter has low contribution in developing countries. The existing design, construction and performance tests were considered from previous study data, and design development and performance evaluation tests were carried out and interpreted and the ANOVA result showed that the physicochemical analysis have similar results from world health organization water quality standards. From this ceramic pot filter can be used for water quality improvement and poverty alleviation in the developing world by diversifying the existing ceramic filters manufacturing systems.