Journal for Nutrition

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Objective: To study the effect of breakfast skipping on the nutritional status and cognition of school going children. Design: A descriptive cross sectional study. Setting: selected schools in Batticaloa district. Participants / Subjects: 195 school going students aged 13-16 years old from the selected schools in Batticaloa district. Method: Questionnaires were used to collect information on breakfast consumption habits. The 24-hour dietary recall method was used to obtain information on the children’s food intake. Data were analyzed using SPSS software. Results: The prevalence of breakfast skipping among school going children of age 11-16 years old is 23.50% in selected areas of Batticaloa district. More number of breakfast skippers were found to be overweight than breakfast non-skippers However, intakes of fat and miscellaneous foods like junk food that are high in saturated fat were significantly high in breakfast skippers than breakfast non-skippers. A significant difference was also seen in a no. of parameters like memory, concentration, grades obtained, attendance, etc. between breakfast skippers and breakfast non-skippers. Conclusion: The study indicates that skipping breakfast affects both the nutritional status as well as the school performance of the students. The study strongly favours breakfast plays an important role for adequate nutrition of school children.




Mustard seeds supplementation Improves egg production, egg yolk nutritional quality and plasma lipids profile of layers 


Sara Ahmed Mohameda*, Mohamed El sheikh Barrib, Samia. Hussein Abdel Rahmana, Salwa. Mohamed El bashiera, Fatima El sheikh.El sammanib, Ishraga Gaffer Ibrahima


a Department of Biochemistry, Nutrition, Pharmacology and Toxicology Veterinary research Institute (VRI), Khartoum-Sudan 

b International University of Africa Khartoum, Sudan


 

Keywords: Mustard seeds, Egg, Cholesterol 


Abbreviations: 

LDL: Low Density Lipoprotein, HDL: High Density Lipoprotein, EFA: Essential Fatty Acids, PUFA: Poly Unsaturated Fatty Acids, NFE: Nitrogen Free Extract, FID: Flame Ionization Detector 


Photon Ignitor: ISJN57438478D813814012016 



Abstract 

The influence of feeding mustard seeds, on fatty acids profile of egg yolk, egg production, egg external and internal quality and plasma lipids profile was studied in an experiment in which a group of (Hisex); laying hens were fed diet containing 10% mustard seeds, for eight weeks, and compared with birds fed corn based control diet. Fatty acids profile of egg yolk was determined by the end of the trial, egg production was monitored daily, and egg external and internal quality was also determined by the end of the experiment. Plasma lipids profile was monitored weekly. As compared to the control group, mustard seeds fed group deposited significantly (p< 0.01) high levels of omega-3 fatty acids into their eggs, also significant (p<0.05) high level of polyunsaturated fatty acids, as well as unsaturated fatty acids, while there was significant(p<0.01) low levels of saturated fatty acids. There were no significant different levels of monounsaturated fatty acids between the control and the treated group. At the first month there was no significant difference in egg production between the control and the treated group, while the production at the second month was significantly (p<0.05) high in the treated group compared with the control group. Feeding mustard seeds for eight weeks; resulted in no significant difference in egg weight, egg size and albumin weight compared with control group, while shell thickness and yolkthickness were significantly (p<0.05) reduced in the treated group. Plasma cholesterol, total lipids, triglycerides and low density lipoprotein (LDL); were significantly reduced in the treated group, while high density lipoprotein (HDL) was significantly elevated. 











The acyclic carotenoid lycopene has drawn considerable interest in recent years due to its beneficial effects on human health. Tomato and tomato based products provides nearly 80% of the lycopene sources of our daily diet. Though research shows that bioavailability of lycopene increases in cooked tomatoes but the highly reactive, electron-rich carotenoid molecule also suffers oxidation under food processes and storage conditions resulting undesirable loss. The study investigates the bioavailability and retention of lycopene under different domestic cooking and storage procedures with mashed tomatoes. Apart from domestic usage, the study also investigates the Hormetic effect using uv-longwave radiation on mashed tomatoes for commercial use of tomato puree based product. The study reveals that lycopene content is much higher in dried tomato paste rather than raw unprocessed tomatoes. Storage of the dried tomato puree is ideal at room temperature rather than in a refrigerated condition. Boiling causes loss of most of the lycopene present, whereas cooking in microwave can retain 2319.08 ppm of lycopene. Hormetic effect using uv-longwave radiation on tomato paste showed a remarkable increase in lycopene content after 6 hours of exposure (4339.37ppm) along with balanced cis-trans ratio.


















Background: A total of 2.4 million men and women are employed in Garment industries of Bangladesh. Among them a remarkable number is lean and thin. Aims and objective: accordingly, the present study was aimed to find out the anthropometric status and dietary practices in adult of garments labors. Materials and Methods: This cross sectional study was conducted on 317 garment workers. All anthropometric data were collected by standard techniques. Dietary intake was taken by 24hr recall method and nutrient content of each food item was estimated. Statistical analysis was performed using SPSS windows 16. Results: Among the participants 26% male and 41% female were underweighted, 18% male and 8% female were over weighted and only 4% male and 2% female were obese. According to the measurement of Mid Upper Arm Circumference (MUAC) of the participants 24% male and 35% female were undernourished. So far as skinfolds are concerned, man also had significantly greater mean values than women for all skinfolds. Significant association was found between Body Mass Index (BMI) and energy intake (r = 0.616, p= <0.001) of the garment labor. Conclusion: All of the garments labors nutritional status and dietary intake pattern is not satisfactory. 



Increased iodine uptake by Swiss Chard fertilized with potassium iodide


Francuois Müllera, b*, Abongwe Keteloa, Lilburne Cystera, Lincoln Raitta



Francuois Müller*, Abongwe Ketelo, Lilburne Cyster and Lincoln Raitt receive Stanford Research Award-2015 in Nutrition


Keywords: Biofortification, IDDs, micronutrient deficiencies, hidden hunger


Photon Ignitor: ISJN57438478D713721022015


Citation: Müller F., Ketelo A., Cyster L., Raitt L., 2015. Increased iodine uptake by Swiss Chard fertilized with potassium iodide. Journal for Nutrition. Photon 108, 139-145.


Abstract 
Approximately 30 % of the worlds population suffer from illnesses related to iodine deficiency as a result of inadequate dietary iodine intake. This study evaluates the uptake of iodine by Swiss Chard and the subsequent contribution these biofortified crops have to the daily recommended intake of iodine. As the concentrations of iodine supplied to the crops increased, so did the uptake thereof by the plants. This increased iodine uptake however, resulted in decreased yields, but resulted in an increase in contribution to the daily recommended iodine intake by humans. Pregnant and lactating females will however benefit the least from these plants as they contributed less than 10 percent to the DRI of iodine required by these individuals.




The use of a trace element enriched fertilizer to increase the micronutrient and trace element content in the edible portions of four vegetable crop species


Francuois L. Müllera,b*, Lilburne F. Cystera, Lincoln M. Raitta







This study evaluated the allocation of eight essential trace elements supplied to spinach, cabbage, lettuce and turnip plants as a composite treatment added to a commercial fertilizer. The plants were grown in sand culture under controlled conditions. The addition of the trace elements did not affect dry mass production however at higher concentrations the relative water content and the uptake of certain essential plant nutrients were significantly reduced. Although several of the trace elements were retained in significantly higher concentrations in the non-edible portions of vegetables, it was shown that the addition of the higher concentrations of the focus trace elements also resulted in an increase of several of the elements in the edible portions of the crops. It is suggested that further research is conducted under controlled and field conditions, with a wider variety of vegetable crop types i.e. tubers, leafy and grains, as well as a wider variety of trace element concentrations be evaluated. This is to determine at which concentrations each of the vegetable types take up and incorporate the highest concentrations of the trace elements without the appearance of phytotoxicity and also because diets differ between different locations.