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Diversity, Distribution and Utilization Pattern of Medicinal Plants in Kalatop-Khajjiar Wildlife Sanctuary of Chamba District, Himachal Pradesh, India 

Ashish Kumar1 , Sher S. Samant1*, Lalit M. Tiwari2 and Shiv Paul1

1 G.B. Pant National Institute of Himalayan Environment and Sustainable Development, Himachal 

   Regional Centre, Mohal - Kullu, 175126, Himachal Pradesh, India 

2 Department of Botany, D.S.B. Campus, Kumaun University, Nainital, India 





Most of the protected areas in Himachal Pradesh are unexplored or under explored. The Kalatop-Khajjiar Wildlife Sanctuary in Chamba district, Himachal Pradesh has not been explored for the medicinal plants diversity. Therefore, the present study was conducted to explore the medicinal plants diversity of the sanctuary during 2013- 2016 and recorded 239 medicinal plants (19 trees, 38 shrubs, 173 herbs and 09 ferns) belonging to 185 genera and 85 families. Of the recorded medicinal plants, 101 were natives, 23 near endemic and 01 endemic (i.e., Scrophularia himalensis Royle ex Benth.). Different parts of the medicinal plants were used by the inhabitats for curing cough, cold, fever, cuts, wound, blood purification, tonic, liver and kidney complaints, antidote to snake, insect bite, etc. But, due to over exploitation, habitat degradation and changing environmental conditions, the populations of most of the species are decreasing rapidly in the sanctuary. Therefore, there is an urgent need to monitor the populations of these medicinal plants frequently by using ecological (quardrat) method, and create awareness among the inhabitants and Forest Department officials about the sustainable utilization. 




Research on Unani Medicine in Pakistan - A Review 

A. Saeed*, M.A. Rizvi 

Hamdard Research Institute of Unani Medicine (HRIUM), Faculty of Eastern Medicine, Hamdard University, Karachi, Pakistan 

Abbreviations and keywords: Unani Medicine, Materia Medica, Pakistan 

Photon Ignitor: ISJN28435318D685220022016 

Citation: Saeed A., Rizvi M.A., 2016. Research on Unani Medicine in Pakistan - A Review. International Journal of Medicine. Photon 105, 206-217 


The complexities and pressure of modern life are posing new threats to human health. Unani Medicine has strong historical and cultural roots in Pakistan. More than 80% of the population relies on this system of medicine. This review contains published sources comprising information on the historical aspect, Tibb in Pakistan, Tibbi Education in Pakistan, Research in Materia Medica, including Single (Mufrad) and Compound (Murakkab) drugs, major and trace Elements in medicinal plants exhibiting their biological role as well as a brief insight into the Clinical Research and Cultivation and Conservation of medicinal plants in Pakistan for the period of 1977-2012.This paper provides a base line information about the research work undertaken in this field for furthering research studies.

Abstract: The aim of present study is to assess the safety and efficacy of herbal formulation in patients of functional dyspepsia (FD) and to validate a classical formulation scientifically. Keeping this in mind a trial was conducted on 30 known cases of FD, with age group ranging from 15-65years. The efficacy was assessed on VAS scale, FAAS score and FSSG scale. All the symptoms like pain, Post Parendal fullness (PPF), early satiation and Retrosternal burning (RSB), nausea and vomiting showed improvement. Statistical analysis was done and significant reduction (p<0.001) in mean symptom score was observed after 45 days of treatment with the test formulation. No adverse event was reported during the entire trial. Thus validating the formulation as highly effective in long as well as short term management of FD with maximum economic advantage. The drug regimen also lowers the anxiety disorders of the patients thus proving the anti-anxiolytic effect of the drug as well. This study provided a novel treatment plan for FD but need to be done on large sample size in future with a control group.


 India is considered as hub of Ayurvedic medicine. The use of that medicine is age old practice in India. But the growth of Ayurvedic industry is not up to the mark in India. The paper aims to find out the current status of Ayurvedic industry in India. It has been observed that Ayurvedic medicine is far behind the allopathic medicine as the demand for the same is less. Only 28% of population prefer Ayurvedic medicine whereas more than 50% prefer allopathic treatment. The study further indicates that in order to promote innovation in this sector, it requires creation of demand by means of education campaign, awareness building etc. The present study also discovered that there is no sufficient legislative provision is available to promote Ayurvedic medicine. The present study highlights the need of creation of Ayurvedic hub as well as private participation in Ayurvedic research.

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