International Journal of Chromatography


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Phytochemical Investigation of the antibacterial activity of essential oils of Premna latifolia & Lantana camara 


S. Laxmi Priyaa*, E. A. Josea, K. M. Rajeshb 


a Research and Post graduate Department of Chemistry, St. Thomas College, Thrissur, Kerala-680001, India 

b Post graduate Department of Chemistry, M.P.M.M.S.N Trust College, Shoranur, Kerala–679122, India 



Keywords: 

Medicinal plants, essential oils, thin layer chromatography, antibacterial activity, GC-MS, bird lice 


Photon Ignitor: ISJN53194847D810704112015 


Citation: 

Laxmi Priya S., Jose E. A., Rajesh K. M., 2015. Phytochemical Investigation of the antibacterial activity of essential oils of Premna latifolia & Lantana camara. International Journal of Chromatography. Photon 113, 130-139 


Abstract 

Eomenacanthus (menopone) or bird lice is a serious problem affecting birds and it can severely effect the egg production in poultry. Although many chemicals such as DDT and pyrethrin can effectively act against menopone, they could impart serious health problems. In Kerala, the leaves of the plants, Premna latifolia Roxb. and Lantana camara were found to be used by the villagers as an effective bio insecticide against bird lice. The pharmacological activity of the medicinal plants mainly lies in the secondary metabolities which are comparatively smaller molecules in contrast to primary metabolites such as peptides, proteins and carbohydrates. So our aim was to investigate the chemical compounds present in the leaf extract of these two plants which are effective in acting against menopone. The revolutionary advances achieved in the field of chromatography and spectroscopy had made the isolation and structure elucidation more simple and reliable.