Darwinism (En)

Darwinism (En)

a new Conception of our World

 

The growth of scientific views about the emergence and development of the universe and especially about the emergence and development of humans over millions of years, has brought the French biologist Jean-Baptiste de Lamarck (1744-1829), Charles Darwin (1809-1882), British naturalist and Alfred Russel Wallace (1823-1913), British anthropologist and biologist, to explain the development of the universe and in particular of the humans as a gradual evolution, which is now simply called Darwinism.

In the past few years in the Western world, there has been a lot of discussion about the three different views concerning the origin of our world, the theory of evolution according to Darwin, creationism, and the acceptance of an ‘intelligent planning’. Which of these interpretations belongs to science and which to religion is a hotly debated topic.

To put matters clearer, I quote from Wikipedia on the internet, a defintion of the three current perspectives:

Darwinism or evolutionary theory: the scientific explanation for the evolution of life on earth. It describes the process by which heritable characteristics within a population of organisms change over the generations as a result of genetic variation, reproduction and natural selection.

Creationism: the religiously inspired belief that the universe and the earth but also all plants and animals as well as humans owe their origins to a special creative act. This act of creation implies a Creator and can be seen as a sudden and once-only happening rather than as a gradual and ongoing process.

Intelligent planning (intelligent design): this view is built around the idea that the complexity of human life cannot be reduced to purely mechanical, chemical and biological processes. There is, in other words, a fault line between the dead matter and the living matter, especially when it comes to humans. From there it is but a small step to decide that that complexity must have another fundamental basis, and the thought of a blueprint, a plan, a design imposes itself. This ncludes that certain features of the universe and of living things are best explained by an intelligent cause, not an unfocused process, such as natural selection.

 

Following presentation can, in my view, serve as a solution which meets the three views:

 

Can it not be assumed that in the original ‘big bang’ all elements of the evolution were potentially present in the primitive material in a difficult to understand compact form? The listed three points of view can be reconciled with each other, when one accepts that in the beginning all elements and possibilities for the later evolution were present in the primitive material. Creation means then a continued process of creative development from the primitive material. The important point in this evolution over millions of years is the fact of the development of the intellect from the animal world. A certain kind of monkeys or human-like creatures evolved into a human being gifted with perception, reason and free will, the 'homo sapiens'. From this concept, one can conclude that the evolution is subject to a certain schedule, nl. an evolution of matter unto spirituality.

Creation can not only be said of the ' big bang ' but also of the improving of things in a continuous evolution-activity from good to better. All living beings are creative beings. Through the creative process of evolution of all existing matter a spiritual entity, a spirit or intellect, has been developed in the human, which has the capacity of thinking about himself and about other things. An apparent characteristic of this spiritual entity is that this mental spirit searches throughout human history its way from diversity to homogeneity.

In addition to the by many stressed diversity, there is peculiarly enough, only and exclusively in human society, an always growing commitment to cooperation and to homogeneity. This growth has taken place in the beginning of the primeval time in an almost undetectable development. Since the 1950s however, we see a pronounced and accelerated growth in merging and in mutual cooperation. In Europe it is the time of the change of landowners, farmers and fishermen from villages to cities, duchies, kingdoms and empires, resulting in the ultimate unification of the Europe of today. Between the 27 countries of the European Union in 2004 and their 26 languages the boundaries with their toll stations and passport checks have disappeared. Local country laws are more and more becoming uniform continental European laws, nominated and imposed by the European Parliament and the European Commission. There is the unity of the Euro in the 15 eurozone countries. There is freedom and equality in choosing residence and employment. And not in the least, there is for the first time permanent peace between the 500 million people of the European Union. The importance of political states decreases while language communities as geographical structure are gaining in importance. Variety and diversity convert into homogeneity and unity. At world level, and it can be said as an imitation of the EU, there is a similar evolution going on with the creation of an Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) in 1967, an African Union in 2002 and a Union of South American Nations in 2008.

While diversity grows and expands everywhere in the universe, it is a very strange fact that an evolution to unity and homogeneity occurs only where the human intellect reigns, which is not the case in the plant and animal world where only diversity is reigning. Only the human intellect and the acquired knowledge are at the base of the ultimate aim of the human world to cooperation instead of confrontation, to homogeneity and unity from diversity. Could this also be seen as the growth of humanity to the Omega final destination of the spiritualising of man in his union with the Ultimate Spiritual Reality, as Teilhard de Chardin has described it, resulting also in a growth towards global unity, both in the political, economic, cultural and religious field?

This evolution to a ‘being in spirituality’ has its influence on the history of the world of man. The extraordinary growth in mutual communication since the end of the second world war, which nobody could have imagined in the years before, has a hitherto unprecedented influence on the evolution of diversity to homogeneity. The new knowledge of other countries and cultures and of their greater prosperity has launched the waves of immigration. The European communities which were a stable environment to around 1945 haved turned into an unstable ever-changing multireligious and multicultural community. The resulting  exchange of recognised values between the various countries, cultures and faiths has as normal consequence not an impoverishment but an intellectual and spiritual enrichment with mutually collaborating communities. The centuries long confrontation period with its constant wars has now in our world history become replaced, at least in the current Europe, by a new world order with emphasis on dialogue and cooperation. The war against terrorism of president Bush has been transformed into a ' drive ' to cooperate in eliminating the causes of terrorism.

This is the evolution that our world is experiencing and which, unfortunately, still many people are not enough aware of. To bring this awareness to the ordinary man is the task of the media, of philosophers and theologians and all those concerned with the future of the world.

 

 

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Lucien F. Cosijns, Binnensteenweg 240/A26, 2530 Boechout, Belgium

Tel. + 32 3 455.6880       lfc.cosijns@gmail.com

www.interfaithdialoguebasics.info

 

 

 

 

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