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      Ubuntu 12.04

      I installed a lot of software that's not installed by default. It's all explained in this section. For my convenience I made a script to install the basics on both my laptops and desktop. Here is the script: DOWNLOAD or you can download the script that is attached to this page (see at the bottom of this page) to do it all in one, except the things I noted below. The script is no more than a batchfile running a lot of installation commands from the standard repositories and sometimes adds a new one. It's all explained below. 

      When you do run the script, don't forget to check for hardware drivers.

      To execute the script save it in the download directory in your home directory and make it executable. (Use Nautilus, right click and select properties, rights and enable the executable bit)

      or in a terminal type:

      sudo chmod +x  /home/yourname/downloads/Ubunruinstall-12.04.sh

      And change yourname to your real loginname

      Many things about this post will be similar to my previous write up on things you need to do after installing Ubuntu 11.10.  

      Now, let's take a look into the things you need to do after installing Ubuntu 12.04 Precise Pangolin.


      Installing Restricted Extras and Updating Repositories During Ubuntu Installation

      • You can now install restricted codecs package(which include Adobe Flash, MP3 codecs and such) during installation of Ubuntu OS itself. Please note that Flash isn't updated anymore by Adobe. If you want to run the latest flash, you need Google Chrome (and not the open source chromium)

      Things to do After Installing Ubuntu 11.04

      • Notice the arrows pointing to the boxes in the screenshot above. If you tick both of them during the Ubuntu installation process(make sure you are connected to the internet before doing so), restricted extras package will be installed automatically and you will be able to play mp3's and watch flash videos(YouTube videos for example) out of the box. 
      • But there is a catch. If you have a slow internet connection(which is very rare these days), ticking the boxes shown in the screenshot above will unnecessarily lengthen the installation process. I for one prefer to do all that after installing Ubuntu. If you are like me, the next two steps are for you.

      Update Repositories

      • After you install brand new Ubuntu 11.10, the first thing you need to do is to update repositories and make sure you have the latest updates installed(Like I said before, you need to do this only if you haven't ticked the boxes shown in the above screenshot).
      • Open Terminal(Ubuntu 12.04 Classic Keyboard Shortcut: Ctrl + Alt + T) and copy-paste the following command into Terminal.
      sudo apt-get update && sudo apt-get upgrade
      • Done. Ubuntu repositories have been successfully updated. 

      Install Ubuntu Restricted Extras

      • Install the "ubuntu-restricted-extras" package. This will enable your Ubuntu to play popular file formats like mp3, avi, Flash videos etc. Click Here OR simply copy-paste the command below into Terminal to install the package(You need not do this also if you have ticked the 'right' boxes).
      sudo apt-get install ubuntu-restricted-extras
      • Done

      Enable Full DVD Playback(Dual Layer DVD Support)

      • Though installing the restricted extras package will solve most of your problems, you may not be able to play dual layer dvds yet in your Ubuntu.
      • For that, you need to install libdvdcss2 package from the Videolan repositories. Simply add the following to /etc/apt/sourcres.list in Terminal.

      gksu gedit /etc/apt/sources.list

      deb http://download.videolan.org/pub/debian/stable/ /
      deb-src http://download.videolan.org/pub/debian/stable/ /

      Save the file and close gedit. 
      And run in the terminal:

      wget -O - http://download.videolan.org/pub/debian/videolan-apt.asc|sudo apt-key add -

      sudo apt-get install libdvdcss2


      Another way is running /usr/share/doc/libdvdread4/install-css.sh

      Check For Availability of Proprietary Hardware Drivers

      • In my case, the hardware drivers including Nvidia graphics, sound and wireless drivers were enabled automatically. I didn't have to install the Nvidia drivers by hand anymore. There were some experimental newer drivers available, but I didn't try them.
      • Check for additional drivers available and activate the ones you want. In 90% of the cases, this will do the trick. Those who were not able to get their hardware drivers enabled yet will have to do fair amount of digging through ubuntuforums.

      Install Compiz Config Settings Manager


      Things to do After Installing Ubuntu 11.04

      • Compiz desktop effects are available in your Ubuntu by default and if you have any kind of 3D acceleration available(graphics driver ie), you are good to go with Compiz.
      • Now to tweak Compiz desktop effects in Ubuntu, you need to install "compizconfig-settings-manager" package. Click Here OR simply copy paste the following command into Terminal to install "compizconfig-settings-manager".
      sudo apt-get install compizconfig-settings-manager
      • Done. Compiz Config Settings Manager(CCSM) is significant as far as Ubuntu 12.04 is concerned.

      Install Ubuntuone indicator

      To install it open a Terminal (Applications > Accessories > Terminal) and enter the following lines: 

      sudo add-apt-repository ppa:rye/ubuntuone-extras

      sudo apt-get update && sudo apt-get install indicator-ubuntuone

      Install Cinnamon desktop

      sudo add-apt-repository ppa:gwendal-lebihan-dev/cinnamon-stable
      sudo apt-get update 
      sudo apt-get install cinnamon

      There are many indicators that can be used on top of ubuntu; Read all about it on de website of make tech easier:
      indicators
      Further more I advise the installation of these programma for a nice desktop:
      sudo add-apt-repository ppa:webupd8team/y-ppa-manager
      sudo add-apt-repository ppa:rye/ubuntuone-extras
      sudo add-apt-repository ppa:stebbins/handbrake-releases
      sudo add-apt-repository ppa:videolan/stable-daily
      sudo add-apt-repository ppa:alexmurray/indicator-sensors
      sudo add-apt-repository ppa:atareao/atareao
      sudo add-apt-repository ppa:diesch/testing
      sudo add-apt-repository ppa:freefilesync/ffs
      sudo add-apt-repository ppa:langdalepl/gvfs-mtp
      sudo add-apt-repository ppa:libreoffice/libreoffice-4-0
      sudo add-apt-repository ppa:nilarimogard/webupd8
      sudo add-apt-repository ppa:n-muench/calibre2
      sudo add-apt-repository ppa:otto-kesselgulasch/gimp
      sudo add-apt-repository ppa:nilarimogard/webupd8
      sudo apt-get --quiet update
      sudo apt-get upgrade
      sudo apt-get install y-ppa-manager, indicator-ubuntuone, handbrake-gtk, indicator-sensors, my-weather-indicator, classicmenu-indicator, unsettings, freefilesync, calibre, ppa-purge, musique, minitube, launchpad-getkeys, gimp, 
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      Ubuntuinstall-12.04.sh
      (2k)
      nonime noniem,
      13 Oct 2013 07:18
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