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      Install Ubuntu 11.4, The Natty Narwall

      After reading this site I did partly something else:


      Things to do After Installing Ubuntu 11.04 Natty Narwhal


      Before logging in, I choose to use the Ubuntu classic system instead of Unity as my Graphic Display Manager. I don't like Unity (yet). Its to buggy i.m.h.o. and not mature enough to use in a daily basis. When changing the look and feel of Ubuntu, I'm explaining that considering that you're using Ubuntu classic as well.

      I installed a lot of software that's not installed by default. For my convenience I made a script to install in on both laptop and desktop. If you like my choice of programs, here is the script:

      You can download this script to do it all in one except the things I noted below.


      Many things about this post will be similar to our previous write up on things you need to do after installing Ubuntu 10.10 Maverick Meerkat. But not everything. Ubuntu with classic GNOME desktop is now defunct and Ubuntu Unity has come to replace it. Unity is the new face of Ubuntu and there will be no more special desktop and netbook editions of Ubuntu. Instead, Ubuntu Unity will simply took its place. Now, let's take a look into the things you need to do after installing Ubuntu 11.04 Natty Narwhal.


      Installing Restricted Extras and Updating Repositories During Ubuntu Installation

      • You can now install restricted codecs package(which include Adobe Flash, MP3 codecs and such) during installation of Ubuntu OS itself.

      Things to do After Installing Ubuntu 11.04

      • Notice the arrows pointing to the boxes in the screenshot above. If you tick both of them during the Ubuntu installation process(make sure you are connected to the internet before doing so), restricted extras package will be installed automatically and you will be able to play mp3's and watch flash videos(YouTube videos for example) out of the box. 
      • But there is a catch. If you have a slow internet connection(which is very rare these days), ticking the boxes shown in the screenshot above will unnecessarily lengthen the installation process. I for one prefer to do all that after installing Ubuntu. If you are like me, the next two steps are for you.

      Update Repositories

      • After you install brand new Ubuntu 11.04, the first thing you need to do is to update repositories and make sure you have the latest updates installed(Like I said before, you need to do this only if you haven't ticked the boxes shown in the above screenshot).
      • Open Terminal(Ubuntu 11.04 Keyboard Shortcut: Ctrl + Alt + T) and copy-paste the following command into Terminal.
      sudo apt-get update && sudo apt-get upgrade
      • Done. Ubuntu repositories have been successfully updated. 

      Install Ubuntu Restricted Extras

      • Install the "ubuntu-restricted-extras" package. This will enable your Ubuntu to play popular file formats like mp3, avi, Flash videos etc. Click Here OR simply copy-paste the command below into Terminal to install the package(You need not do this also if you have ticked the 'right' boxes).
      sudo apt-get install ubuntu-restricted-extras
      • Done

      Enable Full DVD Playback(Dual Layer DVD Support)

      • Though installing the restricted extras package will solve most of your problems, you may not be able to play dual layer dvds yet in your Ubuntu.
      • For that, you need to install libdvdcss2 package from medibuntu repositories. Simply do the following in Terminal.
      sudo wget --output-document=/etc/apt/sources.list.d/medibuntu.list http://www.medibuntu.org/sources.list.d/$(lsb_release -cs).list && sudo apt-get --quiet update && sudo apt-get --yes --quiet --allow-unauthenticated install medibuntu-keyring && sudo apt-get --quiet update
      sudo apt-get install libdvdcss2
      • Done.

      FROM HERE THIS IS NOT DONE BY THE SCRIPT 


      Check For Availability of Proprietary Hardware Drivers


      Things to do After Installing Ubuntu 11.04

      • In my case, the hardware drivers except graphics, sound and wireless drivers were enabled automatically. I had to install the Nvidia drivers by hand.

      Things to do After Installing Ubuntu 11.04

      • If you are among the not-so-lucky, open Applications dash from Unity dock (Ubuntu 11.04 Keyboard Shortcut: Super + a) and select 'Additional Drivers' application(see the highlighted app in the screenshot).
      • Check for additional drivers available and activate the ones you want. In 90% of the cases, this will do the trick. Those who were not able to get their hardware drivers enabled yet will have to do fair amount of digging through ubuntuforums.

      Install Compiz Config Settings Manager


      Things to do After Installing Ubuntu 11.04

      • Compiz desktop effects are available in your Ubuntu by default and if you have any kind of 3D acceleration available(graphics driver ie), you are good to go with Compiz.
      • Now to tweak Compiz desktop effects in Ubuntu, you need to install "compizconfig-settings-manager" package. Click Here OR simply copy paste the following command into Terminal to install "compizconfig-settings-manager".
      sudo apt-get install compizconfig-settings-manager
      • Done. Compiz Config Settings Manager(CCSM) is significant as far as Ubuntu 11.04 Natty Narwhal is concerned. We will get to that later on.

      Essential Ubuntu Unity Keyboard Shortcuts

      • Productivity can be increased significantly in new Ubuntu Unity desktop if you know the essential Unity keyboard and mouse shortcuts.

      Enable Transparency of Unity Top Panel

      • Launch CCSM. Hit Super + a and search for CCSM.

      Enable Transparency of Unity Top Panel

      • After launching CCSM, select Ubuntu Unity Plugin from 'Desktop' category. Now choose the Experimental tab from above.

      • There you will see the 'Panel Opacity' option. Change it to the value you like.

      Increase/Decrease the Launcher Icon Size

      • Just as before, Launch CCSM(Super + a and search for CCSM) and then browse to Ubuntu Unity Plugin. Choose 'Experimental' tab.

      Increase/Decrease the Launcher Icon Size

      • Adjust the value of 'Launcher Icon Size' by simple scrolling. The default value of 'Launcher Icon Size' is 48, but I like it around 40.

      Change Desktop Size


      Change number of workspaces in Ubuntu natty

      • By default, Ubuntu 11.04 Natty Narwhal gives you four workspaces to play around. Keyboard shortcut for activating the four workspaces is Super + s. Now, if you want to increase/decrease that number do the following.
      • Launch CCSM yet again, and select General Options from the category 'General'. Select the tab 'Desktop Size' and choose the values you want. Simple as that.

      Install Nautilus-Elementary in Ubuntu 11.04 Natty Narwhal


      Nautilus-Elementary in Ubuntu 11.04

      • I can't use Nautilus these days without implementing the improvements brought about by the Nautilus-Elementary hack. So here is how you install Nautilus-Elementary in Ubuntu 11.04 Natty Narwhal. Also read our Nautilus-Elementary in Ubuntu 11.04 review.
      • Copy paste the following commands into Terminal to install Nautilus Elementary in Ubuntu 11.04 Natty Narwhal.
      sudo add-apt-repository ppa:am-monkeyd/nautilus-elementary-ppa
      sudo apt-get update && sudo apt-get upgrade
      nautilus -q
      • Done. If sudo apt-get upgrade doesn't work, try sudo apt-get dist-upgrade instead of it.

      Install Some Incredible Themes in Ubuntu 11.04


      Equinox Evolution themes + Faenza icon theme in Ubuntu 11.04 Natty

      • For me, nothing beats Equinox Evolution themes + Faenza icon theme combination. As an added advantage, both are available from the same PPA as well. Latest Equinox Evolution themes update brings with 3 new themes taking the total count to 5.
      • To install Equinox GTK theme collection and Faenza icon theme in Ubuntu 11.04, you need to do the following in Terminal.
      sudo add-apt-repository ppa:tiheum/equinox
      sudo apt-get update
      sudo apt-get install gtk2-engines-equinox equinox-theme faenza-icon-theme

      FROM HERE THE SCRIPT TAKES ON AGAIN 


      Software I can't do without

      Stellarium


      You can update your system with unsupported packages from this untrusted PPA by adding ppa:stellarium/stellarium-releases to your system's Software Sources.


      If you're using the most recent version of Ubuntu (or any version from Ubuntu 9.10 onwards), you can add a PPA to your system with a single line in your terminal:



      sudo add-apt-repository ppa:stellarium/stellarium-releases  
      sudo apt-get update 
      sudo apt-get install stellarium



      Some of the applications that I regularly use in Ubuntu are not available by default. And all of them are available in the default Ubuntu 10.10 repo.


      xsane (easier scanner GUI)  

      GFTP (Easy file transfer)
      Samba (to share folders on your local network)
      Eye of Gnome plugins,  (to make EoG better)

      Exaile music player,  (An easy to use music player)

      Sound Juicer (cd rip tool)

      VLC DVD player (A very versatile media player. It plays anything)

      Audacity (The best audio editor)

      The GIMP (The GNU Image Manipulation Program)

      Keepassx (Manage your passwords crossplatform)

      Chromium web Browser (The open source version of Chrome, the Firefox alternative)

      Stellarium  (Your own planetarium allready installed if you did anbove)

      Kompozer (To make HTML pages with wysiwig)

      Mozilla Thunderbird  (Read and write email)

      Grsync (Sync directories in your system)

      Klibido (Read usenet binaries)

      Gwenview a kde viewer

      Geeqie another versalite viewer 

      Thunar the XCFE filebrowswer with an awesome batch rename function

      PDFshuffler split and merge pdf files 

      fcrackzip to crack ZIP passwords

      k9copy copy DVD's and reduce them to max 4.5 Gb

      k3b a versatile CD and DVD burning tool. 

      Celestia A multi view planetarium

      Phatch A batch renamer and photo resize. manual

      UMplayerA versatile media player, including youtube recording. 



      Install them using a terminal with this command:

      sudo apt-get install umplayer phatch celestia-gnome celestia celestia-common-nonfree k3b k9copy gftp fcrackzip pdfshuffler sound-juicer thunar gwenview geeqie gparted system-config-samba xsane eog-plugins exaile vlc audacity gimp keepassx stellarium chromium-browser kompozer thunderbird grsync klibido



      And some games for the children:


      sudo apt-get install tuxpaint gcompris kbreakout kollision ktuberling ktron kspaceduel planets frozen-bubble supertux supertuxkart  extremetuxracer gnome-breakout  pacman torcs micropolis lincity-ng  pychess



      Install Dutch language using a terminal with this command:

      sudo apt-get install gimp-help-nl kde-l10n-nl language-pack-kde-nl-base  language-pack-kde-nl childsplay-alphabet-sounds-nl chromium-browser-l10n gcompris-sound-nl language-support-nl thunderbird-locale-nl 


      Back in time backup software


      sudo add-apt-repository ppa:bit-team/stable 
      sudo apt-get update
      sudo apt-get install backintime-gnome



      Install DockBarX 0.43 in Ubuntu from the WebUpd8 PPA

      DockBarX 0.43 is not yet available in the official DockBar PPA, but as usual we've uploaded the latest version to the WebUpd8 PPA (for Ubuntu Karmic, Lucid, Maverick and Natty). Add the WebUpd8 PPA and install DockBarX 0.43 using the following commands:


      sudo add-apt-repository ppa:nilarimogard/webupd8
      sudo apt-get update
      sudo apt-get install dockbarx dockbarx-themes-extra


       

      The above command will install both DockBarX and an extra themes package. If you want even more themes (and you use Avant Window Navigator / Faenza icons), see: DockBarX Theme Pack For Avant Window Navigator / Faenza Users.


      To be able to use the Helpers, you also need to install the following packages:

       
      sudo apt-get install dockmanager dockmanager-daemon libdesktop-agnostic-cfg-gconf libdesktop-agnostic-vfs-gio 


      For Zeitgeist support, add the Zeitgeist PPA and upgrade to the latest Zeitgeist:


      sudo add-apt-repository ppa:zeitgeist/ppa
      sudo apt-get update
      sudo apt-get dist-upgrade


      And finally, if you want to use DockBarX in Avant Window Navigator, you need to install the AWN DockBarX applet:


      sudo apt-get install awn-applet-dockbarx

      Tip: to be able to use the Window Previews feature, firstly enable it from DockBarX (Applications > Accessories > DockBarX Preference, on the Window List tab enable "Show previews") and then in CompizConfig Settings Manager make sure the "KDE Compatibility" plugin is enabled and that both options for this plugin (Support Plasma Thumbnails and Support Present Windows) are enabled.

      As soon al DockbarX wil be implemented in de dockbar ppa use these commands instead:

      To install Dockbarx to implement taskbar buttons like Win7 has

      sudo add-apt-repository ppa:dockbar-main/ppa 
      sudo apt-get update
      sudo apt-get install dockbarx


      Now add the dockbarX to your Gnome panel by right clicking on it an select it. After that remove the windowlist applet by right clicking right to the left of it and select the remove option. You may resize the Gnome panel by right clicking on it, select the properties and resize the panel.



      Furtherone you may need a PDF stitcher if pdfshuffler doesn't suit your needs:  Couturier

      You can download the .deb file and install this program. It offers the option of stitching PDF files into one larger file. Direct link

      Second direct link



      A nice wallpaper called Xplanet


      The DEB Packet is available via repository. Please keep in mind to never trust external repositories!  Even though I will never upload any shit to this repo I recomment the old scool way regardless: add the RSS to your favorite feed reader and fetch the package from the header of this website. The repository is signed (same goes for the packages, too) so you can be kind of “shure” that the stuff is what it is expected to be.


      sudo wget -O - http://repository.mein-neues-blog.de:9000/PublicKey | sudo apt-key add -

      echo "deb http://repository.mein-neues-blog.de:9000/ /" | sudo tee -a /etc/apt/sources.list

      sudo apt-get update

      sudo apt-get install xplanetFX



      If you want to download a .deb or a .rpm please go to:



      Early Feb 2011 there was a new release with many improvements. Some of these include: -

      • Consistency between tabs, padding and buttons used throughout
      • ‘Display’ now gives a more accurate preview of changes
      • ‘View’ Position widget has colour, a new grid, more
      • The application has a new Splash screen and application icon

      Amongst those changes come a few new features, notably: -

      • Ability to change corona blur
      • Star field can be zoomed
      • More shadow options
      • Faster rendering time


      Download

      The latest release of XPlanetFX, provided pre-packaged as a .deb, can be downloaded @ mein-neues-blog.de/files/xplanetFX/xplanetFX-latest_deb

      Once installed the application can be launched the from the ‘Applications > Accessories’ sub-menu.



      PPAmanager


      This is a simple tool that allows you to search for PPAs and install them without hitting the terminal. It also allows you to manage (add/remove/purge) your existing PPAs with a few clicks.

      Usage

      Open a terminal (hopefully this will be the last time you install PPA via the terminal) and type:

      sudo add-apt-repository ppa:webupd8team/y-ppa-manager
      sudo apt-get update
      sudo apt-get install y-ppa-manager

      Once installed, go to “Applications -> System Tools -> Y PPA Manager“.


      Grub Customizer for customizing Grub2
       

      sudo add-apt-repository ppa:danielrichter2007/grub-customizer
      sudo apt-get update
      sudo apt-get install grub-customizer


      Grub Customizer will now show up in the Applications/System Tools menu.



      Redent NotifyOSD in Ubuntu,


      sudo add-apt-repository ppa:jconti/recent-notifications
      sudo apt-get update
      sudo apt-get install recent-notifications


      To use it, you have to right click on the panel and select “Add to Panel” From the window that pop up, select “Recent Notification”.

      You should now see a new applet in your Gnome panel.

      Simply click the applet and it will show a window with all your past notification 



      THIS IS THE END OF WHAT MY SCRIPT OFFERS


      VirtualBox


      if you need the Closed source virtualbox read this and use this:


      Debian-based Linux distributions

      Note: VirtualBox has been moved from non-free to contrib with 4.0, so please adjust your repository settings.

      Add one of the following lines according to your distribution to your /etc/apt/sources.list:


      type: sudo gedit /etc/apt/sources.list

      and add one of these lines to your file and save it.


      deb http://download.virtualbox.org/virtualbox/debian natty contrib
      deb http://download.virtualbox.org/virtualbox/debian maverick contrib non-free
      deb http://download.virtualbox.org/virtualbox/debian lucid contrib non-free
      deb http://download.virtualbox.org/virtualbox/debian karmic contrib non-free
      deb http://download.virtualbox.org/virtualbox/debian hardy contrib non-free
      deb http://download.virtualbox.org/virtualbox/debian squeeze contrib non-free
      deb http://download.virtualbox.org/virtualbox/debian lenny contrib non-free

      (Up to version 3.2 the packages were located in the non-free section, starting with version 4.0 are located in the contrib section)

      The Oracle public key for apt-secure can be downloaded here. You can add this key with

       
      sudo apt-key add oracle_vbox.asc
      


      or combine downloading and registering:

       
      wget -q http://download.virtualbox.org/virtualbox/debian/oracle_vbox.asc -O- | sudo apt-key add -
      


      The key fingerprint is

       
      7B0F AB3A 13B9 0743 5925  D9C9 5442 2A4B 98AB 5139
      Oracle Corporation (VirtualBox archive signing key) <info@virtualbox.org>
      

      (As of VirtualBox 3.2, the signing key was changed. The old Sun public key for apt-secure can be downloaded here.)

      To install VirtualBox, do

       
      sudo apt-get update
      sudo apt-get install virtualbox-4.0
      


      Replace virtualbox-4.0 by

      • virtualbox-3.2 to install VirtualBox 3.2.12
      • virtualbox-3.1 to install VirtualBox 3.1.8
      • virtualbox-3.0 to install VirtualBox 3.0.14
      • virtualbox-2.2 to install VirtualBox 2.2.4
      • virtualbox-2.1 to install VirtualBox 2.1.4
      • virtualbox-2.0 to install VirtualBox 2.0.12
      • virtualbox to install VirtualBox 1.6.6

      Note: Ubuntu/Debian users might want to install the dkms package to ensure that the VirtualBox host kernel modules (vboxdrv, vboxnetflt and vboxnetadp) are properly updated if the linux kernel version changes during the next apt-get upgrade. For Debian it is available in Lenny backports and in the normal repository for Squeeze and later. The dkms package can be installed through the Synaptic Package manager or through the following command:


      sudo apt-get install dkms
      


      What to do when experiencing The following signatures were invalid: BADSIG ... when refreshing the packages from the repository?

      # sudo -s -H
      # apt-get clean
      # rm /var/lib/apt/lists/*
      # rm /var/lib/apt/lists/partial/*
      # apt-get clean
      # apt-get update
      
       

      Indicator-Virtualbox offers a quick way to launch virtual machines via the desktop panel.

      Indicator virtualbox for Ubuntu

      The applet, created by astrapi, sits in your panel and, on opening, lists all the virtual machines configured in Virtualbox. Selecting an entry launches the machine without the need to call the main virtualbox window.

      The Indicator can be installed from astrapi‘s PPA

        

      sudo add-apt-repository ppa:michael-astrapi/ppa 
      sudo apt-get- update
      sudo apt-get install indicator-virtualbox


      To launch press ALT + F2 (or use Synapse) and type: -

      indicator-virtualbox

      or add the indicator to the list of automatically started programs.


      Choqok Twitter client


      sudo add-apt-repository ppa:neversfelde/experimental

      sudo apt-get update

      sudo apt-get-install choqok 



      Openshot video editor


      To install OpenShot 1.3.0 in Ubuntu 9.10 or higher add the following PPA to your software sources: -

      sudo add-apt-repository ppa:jonoomph/openshot-edge
      sudo apt-get update && sudo apt-get install openshot




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