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INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY

Intellectual Property

One of the critical components that enables our clients to gain every possible competitive advantage is the intellectual property (IP) we offer through our industrially proven patents.  INSECTERGY has designed all of our technology packages, systems, and sub-systems with a thorough review of prior art and the existing IP of others. We are acutely aware of the need for designs that our licensees can execute with confidence that they will have “freedom to operate.”

In addition to INSECTERGY’s portfolio of patents, know-how, and proprietary technology, the company also has assets, equipment, instrumentation, computer algorithms, and processes used in INSECTERGY's insect, aeroponic, and cannabis farming systems are protected by pending patents in the United States. This website is provided to satisfy the virtual patent marking provisions of various jurisdictions including the virtual patent marking provisions of the America Invents Act.

The following list of INSECTERGY, LLC IP may not be all inclusive, and other items not listed here may be protected by one or more patent applications or listed below:


INSECT PATENT PORTFOLIO

CASE 1100 (USSN 15/242,579)
1. A method to separate insects from an insect and gas mixture, the method includes:
(a) providing:
(a1) a first separator having a first input and a first output, the first input is configured to accept an insect and gas mixture, the first separator separates insects from the insect and gas mixture and outputs a first insect-depleted gas stream via said first output, the first insect-depleted gas stream has a reduced amount of insects relative to the insect and gas mixture; and
(a2) a second separator having a second input and a second output, said second input is in fluid communication with said first output of the first separator, the second separator is configured to accept at least a portion of the first insect-depleted gas stream from the first separator and separate additional insects therefrom and output a second insect-depleted gas stream via said second output, the second insect-depleted gas stream has a reduced amount of insects relative to the first insect-depleted gas stream; 
(b) separating insects from the insect and gas mixture to form a first insect-depleted gas stream that has a reduced amount of insects relative to the insect and gas mixture; and
(c) after step (b), separating additional insects from the first insect-depleted gas stream to form a second insect-depleted gas stream that has a reduced amount of insects relative to the first insect-depleted gas stream.

2. The method according to claim 1, wherein:
the additional insects separated in step (c) are smaller than the insects separated in step (b).

3. The method according to claim 1, wherein:
(i) the first separator is a cyclone and the second separator is a cyclone; and
(ii) the second separator is configured to separate additional insects that are smaller than the insects separated in the first separator.

4. The method according to claim 1, further comprising:
the first separator is connected to a first dipleg, the first dipleg is configured to accept the insects that were separated within the first separator, wherein the insects pass through the first dipleg;
the second separator is connected to a second dipleg, the second dipleg is configured to accept the additional insects that were separated within the second separator, wherein the additional insects pass through the second dipleg;
passing insects that were separated within the first separator through the first dipleg; and
passing additional insects that were separated within the second separator through the second dipleg.

5. The method according to claim 4, further comprising:
a first valve interposed on the first dipleg to control the flow of insects through the first dipleg;
a second valve interposed on the second dipleg to control the flow of insects through the second dipleg;
passing insects that were separated within the first separator through the first valve; and
passing additional insects that were separated within the second separator through the second valve.

6. The method according to claim 5, further comprising:
the first dipleg is connected to a first conveyor, the insects are routed through the first valve and into the first conveyor;
the second dipleg is connected to a second conveyor, the additional insects are routed through the second valve and into the second conveyor;
passing insects through the first valve and into the first conveyor; and
passing additional insects through the second valve and into the second conveyor.

7. The method according to claim 1, further including:
a fan configured to accept at least a portion of the second insect-depleted gas stream discharged from the second separator; and
(d) after step (c), introducing at least a portion of the second insect-depleted gas stream discharged from the second separator to the fan.

8. The method according to claim 1, further including:
a filter element configured to accept at least a portion of the second insect-depleted gas stream discharged from the second separator;
a fan configured to accept at least a portion of the second insect-depleted gas stream discharged from the filter element;
(d) after step (c), passing at least a portion of the second insect-depleted gas stream through the filter element; and
(e) after step (d), introducing at least a portion of the second insect-depleted gas stream discharged from the filter element to the fan.

9. The method according to claim 1, further comprising:
(d) after step (c), mixing at least a portion of the insects separated in step (b) and/or step (c) with two or more materials selected from the group consisting of a fiber-starch material, a binding agent, a density improving textural supplement, a moisture improving textural supplement, and mixtures thereof;
wherein:
(i) the fiber-starch material is selected from the group consisting of cereal-grain-based materials, grass-based materials, nut-based materials, powdered fruit materials, root-based materials, tuber-based materials, vegetable-based materials and mixtures thereof;
(ii) the binding agent is selected from the group consisting of agar, agave, alginin, arrowroot, carrageenan, collagen, cornstarch, egg whites, finely ground seeds, furcellaran, gelatin, guar gum, honey, katakuri starch, locust bean gum, pectin, potato starch, proteins, psyllium husks, sago, sugars, syrups, tapioca, vegetable gums, and xanthan gum;
(iii) the density improving textural supplement is selected from the group consisting of extracted arrowroot starch, extracted corn starch, extracted lentil starch, extracted potato starch, and extracted tapioca starch;
(iv) the moisture improving textural supplement is selected from the group consisting of almonds, brazil nuts, cacao, cashews, chestnuts, coconut, filberts, hazelnuts, indian nuts, macadamia nuts, nut butters, nut oils, nut powders, peanuts, pecans, pili nuts, pine nuts, pinon nuts, pistachios, soy nuts, sunflower seeds, tiger nuts, walnuts, and vanilla.

10. The method according to claim 1, further comprising:
(d) after step (c), mixing at least a portion of the insects separated in step (b) and/or step (c) with almonds, cashews, coconut, and honey;
wherein:
prior to mixing with almonds, cashews, coconut, and honey, heating at least a portion of the insects to temperature ranging from between 170 degrees Fahrenheit to 250 degrees Fahrenheit.

11. The method according to claim 1, further comprising:
(d) after step (c), mixing at least a portion of the insects separated in step (b) and/or step (c) with almonds, cashews, honey, and egg whites;
wherein:
prior to mixing with almonds, cashews, honey, and egg whites, heating at least a portion of the insects to temperature ranging from between 170 degrees Fahrenheit to 250 degrees Fahrenheit.

12. The method according to claim 1, further comprising:
 (d) after step (c), mixing at least a portion of the insects separated in step (b) and/or step (c) with a cannabis enhancer;
wherein:
the cannabis enhancer is selected from the group consisting of powdered marijuana, dried marijuana, ground marijuana, decarboxylated marijuana, marijuana fixed carbon feedstock components, marijuana volatile feedstock components, marijuana volatile feedstock components and a solvent, marijuana volatile feedstock components and an alcohol, marijuana volatile feedstock components and marijuana fixed carbon feedstock components, tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), and mixtures thereof.

13. A method to separate insects from an insect and gas mixture, the method includes:
(a) providing an insect and gas mixture;
(b) separating insects from the insect and gas mixture to form a first insect-depleted gas stream that has a reduced amount of insects relative to the insect and gas mixture; and
(c) after step (b), separating additional insects from the first insect-depleted gas stream to form a second insect-depleted gas stream that has a reduced amount of insects relative to the first insect-depleted gas stream.

14. The method according to claim 13, further comprising:
in step (b), separating insects from the insect and gas mixture with a first cyclone;
in step (c), separating additional insects from the first insect-depleted gas stream with a second cyclone at a velocity ranging from between 8 feet per second to 300.95 feet per second.

15. The method according to claim 13, further comprising:
(d) after step (c), mixing at least a portion of the insects separated in step (b) and/or step (c) with two or more materials selected from the group consisting of a fiber-starch material, a binding agent, a density improving textural supplement, a moisture improving textural supplement, and mixtures thereof;
wherein:
(i) the fiber-starch material is selected from the group consisting of cereal-grain-based materials, grass-based materials, nut-based materials, powdered fruit materials, root-based materials, tuber-based materials, vegetable-based materials, and mixtures thereof;
(ii) the binding agent is selected from the group consisting of agar, agave, alginin, arrowroot, carrageenan, collagen, cornstarch, egg whites, finely ground seeds, furcellaran, gelatin, guar gum, honey, katakuri starch, locust bean gum, pectin, potato starch, proteins, psyllium husks, sago, sugars, syrups, tapioca, vegetable gums, xanthan gum, and mixtures thereof;
(iii) the density improving textural supplement is selected from the group consisting of extracted arrowroot starch, extracted corn starch, extracted lentil starch, extracted potato starch, extracted tapioca starch, and mixtures thereof;
(iv) the moisture improving textural supplement is selected from the group consisting of almonds, brazil nuts, cacao, cashews, chestnuts, coconut, filberts, hazelnuts, indian nuts, macadamia nuts, nut butters, nut oils, nut powders, peanuts, pecans, pili nuts, pine nuts, pinon nuts, pistachios, soy nuts, sunflower seeds, tiger nuts, walnuts, vanilla, and mixtures thereof.

16. The method according to claim 13, further comprising:
(d) after step (c), mixing at least a portion of the insects separated in step (b) and/or step (c) with almonds, cashews, coconut, and honey.

17. The method according to claim 13, further comprising:
(d) after step (c), mixing at least a portion of the insects separated in step (b) and/or step (c) with almonds, cashews, honey, and egg whites.

18. The method according to claim 13, further comprising:
 (d) after step (c), mixing at least a portion of the insects separated in step (b) and/or step (c) with a cannabis enhancer;
wherein:
the cannabis enhancer is selected from the group consisting of powdered marijuana, dried marijuana, ground marijuana, decarboxylated marijuana, marijuana fixed carbon feedstock components, marijuana volatile feedstock components, marijuana volatile feedstock components and a solvent, marijuana volatile feedstock components and an alcohol, marijuana volatile feedstock components and marijuana fixed carbon feedstock components, tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), and mixtures thereof.

19. A method of making a multifunctional composition, the method includes:
(a) providing an insect and gas mixture;
(b) after step (a), separating insects from the insect and gas mixture with a separator to form an insect-depleted gas stream that has a reduced amount of insects relative to the insect and gas mixture; and
(c) after step (b), mixing at least a portion of the insects separated in step (b) with a fiber-starch material, a binding agent, and a moisture improving textural supplement;
wherein:
(i) the fiber-starch material is selected from the group consisting of cereal-grain-based materials, grass-based materials, nut-based materials, powdered fruit materials, root-based materials, tuber-based materials, vegetable-based materials, and mixtures thereof;
(ii) the binding agent is selected from the group consisting of agar, agave, alginin, arrowroot, carrageenan, collagen, cornstarch, egg whites, finely ground seeds, furcellaran, gelatin, guar gum, honey, katakuri starch, locust bean gum, pectin, potato starch, proteins, psyllium husks, sago, sugars, syrups, tapioca, vegetable gums, xanthan gum, and mixtures thereof;
(iii) the moisture improving textural supplement is selected from the group consisting of almonds, brazil nuts, cacao, cashews, chestnuts, coconut, filberts, hazelnuts, indian nuts, macadamia nuts, nut butters, nut oils, nut powders, peanuts, pecans, pili nuts, pine nuts, pinon nuts, pistachios, soy nuts, sunflower seeds, tiger nuts, walnuts, vanilla, and mixtures thereof.

20. The method according to claim 19, further comprising:
in step (b), separating additional insects at a velocity ranging from between 8 feet per second to 300.95 feet per second.


CASE 1200 (USSN 15/242,581)
1. A system comprising:
a roller positioned along a conveyor path;
a breeding material positioned on the roller;
a water source positioned on the conveyor path to apply water to the breeding material; 
a motor coupled to the roller to drive the roller and rotate the roller and move the breeding material along the conveyor path and past the water source; and
a sensor configured to analyze at least a portion of the breeding material;
wherein:
the sensor is selected from the group consisting of an optical sensor, a digital camera, a motion sensor, an active infrared sensor, a passive infrared sensor, a microwave motion sensor, a continuous wave radar motion sensor, a vibration motion sensor, an infrared (IR) sensor, an ultrasonic sensor, a proximity sensor, a touch sensor, a mass sensor, a laser sensor, and combinations thereof.

2. The system according to claim 1, wherein:
the breeding material is selected from the group consisting of a damp substrate, soil, mulch, compost, top soil, humus, clay, dirt, sand, minerals, organic matter, a gel, vermiculite, leaves, grass clippings, peat moss, agricultural residue, wood chips, green waste, woodchip mulch, bark chips, straw mulch, hay, food waste, animal waste, cardboard, newspaper, carpet, foam, moss, recycled pulp, paper, paper scraps, and industrial waste.

3. The system according to claim 1, further comprising:
a temperature sensor configured to measure the temperature of the environment surrounding the breeding material;
a humidity sensor configured to measure the humidity of the environment surrounding the breeding material;
a control unit configured to maintain a predetermined temperature and/or humidity of the environment surrounding the breeding material; and
a computer;
wherein the control unit is communicatively coupled to the computer to maintain the environment surrounding the breeding material at a predetermined temperature and/or humidity.

4. An insect breeding system, the system includes:
(a) a breeding chamber having an interior and having insects present therein;
(b) a plurality of rollers, including at least first roller and a second roller;
(c) a conveyor positioned in between the plurality of rollers for conveying a breeding material from the first roller to the second roller;
(d) a drive unit comprising a motor coupled to at least one of the plurality of rollers to drive the roller to rotate the roller and convey the breeding material from the first roller to the second roller; and
(e) a sensor configured to analyze at least a portion of the breeding material;
wherein:
the sensor is selected from the group consisting of an optical sensor, a digital camera, a motion sensor, an active infrared sensor, a passive infrared sensor, a microwave motion sensor, a continuous wave radar motion sensor, a vibration motion sensor, an IR sensor, an ultrasonic sensor, a proximity sensor, a touch sensor, a mass sensor, a laser sensor, and combinations thereof.

5. The system according to claim 4, further comprising:
a water source configured to apply water onto the conveyor in between the first roller and second roller.

6. The system according to claim 5, further comprising:
a water treatment unit configured to treat said water source before said water is applied to said conveyor;
wherein:
the water treatment unit includes one or more water treatment units selected from the group consisting of an adsorbent, an ion-exchange resin, a catalyst, activated carbon, and combinations thereof.

7. The system according to claim 4, wherein: 
at least one roller from the plurality of rollers is configured to rotate counter-clockwise; and
at least one roller from the plurality of rollers is configured to rotate clockwise.

8. The system according to claim 4, further comprising
a temperature sensor configured to measure the temperature within the interior of the breeding chamber;
a temperature control unit configured to maintain a predetermined temperature within the interior of the breeding chamber; and
a computer;
wherein:
the temperature control unit is communicatively coupled to the computer to maintain the interior of the breeding chamber at a predetermined temperature.

9. The system according to claim 8, wherein:
a humidity sensor configured to measure the humidity within the interior of the breeding chamber;
a humidity control unit configured to maintain a predetermined humidity within the interior of the breeding chamber; and
a computer;
wherein:
the humidity control unit is communicatively coupled to the computer to maintain the interior of the breeding chamber at a predetermined humidity.
 
10. The system according to claim 4, further comprising:
(f) a temperature sensor configured to measure the temperature within the interior of the breeding chamber;
(g) a humidity sensor configured to measure the humidity within the interior of the breeding chamber;
(h) a control unit configured to maintain a predetermined temperature and/or humidity with the interior of the breeding chamber; and
(i) a computer;
wherein the control unit is communicatively coupled to the computer to maintain the interior of the breeding chamber at a predetermined temperature and/or humidity.

11. The system according to claim 4, further comprising:
an air vent configured to introduce an air supply to the interior of the breeding chamber; and
a fan in fluid with the breeding chamber, the fan is configured to introduce air into the breeding chamber.

12. The system according to claim 4, wherein the breeding material includes a damp substrate.

13. The system according to claim 4, wherein:
the breeding material is selected from the group consisting of soil, mulch, compost, top soil, humus, clay, dirt, sand, minerals, organic matter, a gel, vermiculite, leaves, grass clippings, peat moss, agricultural residue, wood chips, green waste, woodchip mulch, bark chips, straw mulch, hay, food waste, animal waste, cardboard, newspaper, carpet, foam, moss, recycled pulp, paper, paper scraps, industrial waste, and combinations thereof.

14. An insect breeding system, the system includes:
(a) a breeding chamber having an interior and having insects present therein;
(b) a temperature sensor configured to measure the temperature within the interior of the breeding chamber;
(c) a humidity sensor configured to measure the humidity within the interior of the breeding chamber;
(d) a control unit configured to maintain a predetermined temperature and/or humidity with the interior of the breeding chamber;
(e) a plurality of rollers, including at least first roller and a second roller;
(f) a conveyor positioned in between the plurality of rollers for conveying a breeding material from the first roller to the second roller; 
(g) a drive unit comprising a motor coupled to at least one of the plurality of rollers to drive the roller to rotate the roller and convey the breeding material from the first roller to the second roller;
(h) a sensor configured to analyze at least a portion of the breeding material on the conveyor; and
(i) a computer;
wherein:
the sensor is selected from the group consisting of an optical sensor, a digital camera, a motion sensor, an active infrared sensor, a passive infrared sensor, a microwave motion sensor, a continuous wave radar motion sensor, a vibration motion sensor, an IR sensor, an ultrasonic sensor, a proximity sensor, a touch sensor, a mass sensor, a laser sensor, and combinations thereof;
the control unit is communicatively coupled to the computer to maintain the interior of the breeding chamber at a predetermined temperature and/or humidity.

15. The system according to claim 14, further comprising:
a water source configured to apply water onto the conveyor in between the first roller and second roller.

16. The system according to claim 15, further comprising:
a water treatment unit configured to treat said water source before said water is applied to said conveyor;
wherein:
the water treatment unit includes one or more water treatment units selected from the group consisting of an adsorbent, an ion-exchange resin, a catalyst, activated carbon, and combinations thereof.

17. The system according to claim 14, further comprising:
an air vent configured to introduce an air supply to the interior of the breeding chamber.

18. The system according to claim 14, further comprising:
a fan in fluid with the breeding chamber, the fan is configured to introduce air into the breeding chamber.

19. The system of claim 14, wherein:
the interior of the breeding chamber is positioned within the interior of a shipping container.

20. The system according to claim 14, wherein the breeding material includes paper.

21. The system according to claim 14, wherein:
the breeding material is selected from the group consisting of a damp substrate, soil, mulch, compost, top soil, humus, clay, dirt, sand, minerals, organic matter, a gel, vermiculite, leaves, grass clippings, peat moss, agricultural residue, wood chips, green waste, woodchip mulch, bark chips, straw mulch, hay, food waste, animal waste, cardboard, newspaper, carpet, foam, moss, recycled pulp, paper, paper scraps, and industrial waste.

22. The system according to claim 14, wherein:
at least one roller from the plurality of rollers is configured to rotate clockwise.

23. The system according to claim 14, wherein:
at least one roller from the plurality of rollers is configured to rotate counter-clockwise.

24. The system according to claim 14, wherein:
at least one of the plurality of rollers is positioned at a vertical height that is lower than at least one of the other rollers.

25. The system according to claim 14, wherein:
at least one of the plurality of rollers is positioned at a vertical height that is higher than at least one of the other rollers.


CASE 1300 (USSN 15/242,582)
1. An alimentary protein powder composition having a fat content having a range from 5 weight percent to 60 weight percent, the composition is comprised of: 
(i) ground insects; and
(ii) ground cannabis.

2. The composition according to claim 1, further comprising caffeine.

3. The composition according to claim 1, wherein the ground cannabis includes tetrahydrocannabinol.

4. The composition according to claim 1, wherein the ground cannabis includes no tetrahydrocannabinol.

5. The composition according to claim 1, further comprising calcium, vitamin A, and L-phenylalanine.

6. The composition according to claim 1, wherein the ground cannabis is decarboxylated and includes tetrahydrocannabinol.

7. The composition according to claim 1, further comprising glucuronic acid.

8. The composition according to claim 1, further comprising fatty acids including one or more selected from the group consisting of palmitoleic acid, linoleic acid, alpha-linoleic acid, oleic acid, gamma-linoleic acid, and stearic acid.

9. The composition according to claim 1, further comprising vitamin B1.

10. The composition according to claim 1, further comprising vitamin B2.

11. The composition according to claim 1, further comprising vitamin E.

12. The composition according to claim 1, further comprising N-acetylglucosamine.

13. The composition according to claim 1, wherein the ground cannabis includes dried cannabis.

14. The composition according to claim 1, wherein the ground cannabis is decarboxylated and includes no tetrahydrocannabinol.

15. The composition according to claim 1, further comprising a moisture improving textural supplement comprised of one or more supplements selected from the group consisting of almonds, brazil nuts, cacao, cashews, chestnuts, coconut, filberts, hazelnuts, Indian nuts, macadamia nuts, nut butter, nut oil, nut powder, peanuts, pecans, pili nuts, pine nuts, pinon nuts, pistachios, soy nuts, sunflower seeds, tiger nuts, and walnuts.

16. The composition according to claim 1, further comprising a density improving textural supplement comprised of one or more supplements selected from the group consisting of extracted arrowroot starch, extracted corn starch, extracted lentil starch, extracted potato starch, and extracted tapioca starch.

17. The composition according to claim 1, further comprising minerals comprised of three or more minerals selected from the group consisting of potassium, chloride, sodium, calcium, phosphorous, magnesium, zinc, iron, manganese, copper, iodine, selenium, and molybdenum.

18. The composition according to claim 1, further comprising niacin.

19. The composition according to claim 1, further comprising N-acetyl L tyrosine.

20. The composition according to claim 1, further comprising vitamin B1, vitamin B2, vitamin E, and vitamin A.

21. The composition according to claim 1, further comprising a fiber-starch material comprised of one or more materials selected from the group consisting of a cereal-grain-based material, a grass-based material, a nut-based material, a powdered fruit material, a root-based material, a tuber-based material, and a vegetable-based material.

22. The composition according to claim 1, further comprising a binding agent comprised of one or more selected from the group consisting of agar, agave, alginin, arrowroot, carrageenan, collagen, cornstarch, egg whites, finely ground seeds, furcellaran, gelatin, guar gum, honey, katakuri starch, locust bean gum, pectin, potato starch, proteins, psyllium husks, sago, sugar, syrup, tapioca, vegetable gum, and xanthan gum.

23. The composition according to claim 1, further comprising water; wherein:
the composition is included in a foodstuff; 
wherein the foodstuff includes one or more selected from the group consisting of ada, bagels, baked goods, biscuits, bitterballen, bonda, breads, cakes, candies, cereals, chips, chocolate bars, chocolate, coffee, cokodok, confectionery, cookies, cooking batter, corn starch mixtures, crackers, crêpes, croissants, croquettes, croutons, dolma, dough, doughnuts, energy bars, flapjacks, french fries, frozen custard, frozen desserts, frying cakes, fudge, gelatin mixes, granola bars, gulha, hardtack, ice cream, khandvi, khanom buang, krumpets, meze, mixed flours, muffins, multi-grain snacks, nachos, nian gao, noodles, nougat, onion rings, pakora, pancakes, panforte, pastas, pastries, pie crust, pita chips, pizza, poffertjes, pretzels, protein powders, pudding, rice krispie treats, sesame sticks, smoothies, snacks, specialty milk, tele-bhaja, tempura, toffee, tortillas, totopo, turkish delights, and waffles.

24. The composition according to claim 1, wherein the ground insects are selected from the group consisting of grasshoppers, crickets, cave crickets, Jerusalem crickets, katydids, weta, lubber, acrida, and locusts.

25. An alimentary protein powder composition having a fat content that ranges from between 5 weight percent to 60 weight percent, the composition is comprised of:
(i) ground insects;
(ii) ground cannabis;
(iii) fat;
(iv) L-phenylalanine; and
(v) cacao.

26. An alimentary protein powder composition having a fat content that ranges from between 5 weight percent to 60 weight percent, the composition is comprised of:
(i) ground crickets;
(ii) ground cannabis; 
(iii) fat;
(iv) L-phenylalanine;
(v) powdered fruit;
(vi) xanthan gum;
(vii) sodium;
(viii) potassium;
(ix) calcium;
(x) iron; and
(xi) vitamin A.


CASE 1400 (USSN 15/257,761)
122. (New) An alimentary cricket protein powder composition having a bulk density that ranges from between 15 pounds per cubic foot to 50 pounds per cubic foot, the composition includes:
a protein content ranging from between 45 weight percent to 85 weight percent; 
a calcium content ranging from between 50 parts per million to 1 weight percent; 
a carbohydrate content ranging from between 3.5 weight percent to 13 weight percent; 
a fat content ranging from between 5 weight percent to 60 weight percent; 
an iron content ranging from between 25 parts per million to 1,500 parts per million; 
a sodium content ranging from between 1,500 parts per million to 5,500 parts per million;
a water content ranging from between 2 weight percent to 10 weight percent; and
an ash content ranging from between 2.5 weight percent to 7.5 weight percent.

123. (New) The composition according to claim 79, further comprising:
a phosphorous content ranging from between 50 parts per million to 1 weight percent; 
a magnesium content ranging from between 50 parts per million to 1 weight percent; and
a zinc content ranging from between 50 parts per million to 1 weight percent.

124. (New) The composition according to claim 122, further comprising vitamin B1, vitamin B2, vitamin B12, and vitamin E.

125. (New) The composition according to claim 124, further comprising:
a niacin content ranging from between 50 parts per million to 5 weight percent; and
a taurine content ranging from between 50 parts per million to 5 weight percent.

126. (New) The composition according to claim 125, further comprising:
a L-phenylalanine content ranging from between 50 parts per million to 5 weight percent.

127. (New) The composition according to claim 122, further comprising:
a biocatalyst including one or more biocatalysts selected from the group consisting of an enzyme, casein protease, atreptogrisin A, flavorpro, peptidase, protease A, protease, aspergillus oryzae, bacillus subtilis, bacillus licheniformis, aspergillus niger, aspergillus melleus, aspergilus oryzae, papain, carica papaya, bromelain, and ananas comorus stem.

128. (New) The composition according to claim 122, further comprising:
an acid including one or more acids selected from the group consisting of abscic acid, acetic acid, ascorbic acid, benzoic acid, citric acid, formic acid, fumaric acid, hydrochloric acid, lactic acid, malic acid, nitric acid, organic acids, phosphoric acid, potassium hydroxide, propionic acid, salicylic acid, sulfamic acid, sulfuric acid, and tartaric acid.

129. (New) The composition according to claim 122, further comprising an alcohol and/or an oil.

130. (New) The composition according to claim 122, further comprising a liquid:
wherein:
the liquid has:
a molecular weight that ranges from between 18 pound mass per pound mole to 69 pound mass per pound mole; and
a density that ranges from between 25 pounds per cubic foot to 69 pounds per cubic foot.

131. (New) The composition according to claim 122, further comprising a liquid organic compound;
wherein:
the liquid organic compound has:
a molecular weight that ranges from between 70 pound mass per pound mole to 150 pound mass per pound mole; and
a density that ranges from between 70 pounds per cubic foot to 110 pounds per cubic foot.

132. (New) The composition according to claim 122, further comprising an enhancer including one or more enhancers selected from the group consisting of niacin, taurine, glucuronic acid, malic acid, N-acetyl L tyrosine, L-phenylalanine, caffeine, citicoline, steroids, and human growth hormones.

133. (New) The composition according to claim 122, comprising:
a carbon content ranging from between 15 weight percent to 55 weight percent;
an oxygen content ranging from between 15 weight percent to 55 weight percent; and
a hydrogen content ranging from between 2.5 weight percent to 20 weight percent.

134. (New) The composition according to claim 122, wherein the fat is comprised of a fatty acid including one or more fatty acids selected from the group consisting of palmitoleic acid, linoleic acid, alpha-linoleic acid, oleic acid, gamma-linoleic acid, and stearic acid.

135. (New) The composition according to claim 122, further comprising one or more moisture improving textural supplements selected from the group consisting of almonds, brazil nuts, cacao, cashews, chestnuts, coconut, filberts, hazelnuts, Indian nuts, macadamia nuts, nut butter, nut oil, nut powder, peanuts, pecans, pili nuts, pine nuts, pinon nuts, pistachios, soy nuts, sunflower seeds, tiger nuts, and walnuts.

136. (New) The composition according to claim 122, further comprising one or more density improving textural supplement selected from the group consisting of extracted arrowroot starch, extracted corn starch, extracted lentil starch, extracted potato starch, and extracted tapioca starch.

137. (New) The composition according to claim 122, further comprising one or more fiber-starch materials selected from the group consisting of a cereal-grain-based material, a grass-based material, a nut-based material, a powdered fruit material, a root-based material, a tuber-based material, and a vegetable-based material.

138. (New) The composition according to claim 122, further comprising one or more binding agents selected from the group consisting of agar, agave, alginin, arrowroot, carrageenan, collagen, cornstarch, egg whites, finely ground seeds, furcellaran, gelatin, guar gum, honey, katakuri starch, locust bean gum, pectin, potato starch, proteins, psyllium husks, sago, sugar, syrup, tapioca, vegetable gum, and xanthan gum.

139. (New) A foodstuff comprising the composition according to claim 122, wherein:
the foodstuff includes one or more selected from the group consisting of ada, bagels, baked goods, biscuits, bitterballen, bonda, breads, cakes, candies, cereals, chips, chocolate bars, chocolate, coffee, cokodok, confectionery, cookies, cooking batter, corn starch mixtures, crackers, crêpes, croissants, croquettes, croutons, dolma, dough, doughnuts, energy bars, flapjacks, french fries, frozen custard, frozen desserts, frying cakes, fudge, gelatin mixes, granola bars, gulha, hardtack, ice cream, khandvi, khanom buang, krumpets, meze, mixed flours, muffins, multi-grain snacks, nachos, nian gao, noodles, nougat, onion rings, pakora, pancakes, panforte, pastas, pastries, pie crust, pita chips, pizza, poffertjes, pretzels, pudding, rice krispie treats, sesame sticks, smoothies, snacks, specialty milk, tele-bhaja, tempura, toffee, tortillas, totopo, turkish delights, and waffles.

140. (New) The composition according to claim 122, further comprising N-acetylglucosamine.

141. (New) An alimentary cricket protein powder composition having a bulk density that ranges from between 15 pounds per cubic foot to 50 pounds per cubic foot, the composition includes:
(a) a protein content ranging from between 45 weight percent to 85 weight percent; 
(b) a calcium content ranging from between 50 parts per million to 1 weight percent; 
(c) a carbohydrate content ranging from between 3.5 weight percent to 13 weight percent; 
(d) a fat content ranging from between 5 weight percent to 60 weight percent; 
(e) an iron content ranging from between 25 parts per million to 1,500 parts per million; 
(f) a sodium content ranging from between 1,500 parts per million to 5,500 parts per million;
(g) a water content ranging from between 2 weight percent to 10 weight percent;
(h) an ash content ranging from between 2.5 weight percent to 7.5 weight percent;
(i) a phosphorous content ranging from between 50 parts per million to 1 weight percent; 
(j) a magnesium content ranging from between 50 parts per million to 1 weight percent;
(k) a zinc content ranging from between 50 parts per million to 1 weight percent;
(l) a niacin content ranging from between 50 parts per million to 5 weight percent;
(m) a taurine content ranging from between 50 parts per million to 5 weight percent; and
(n) a L-phenylalanine content ranging from between 50 parts per million to 5 weight percent.

142. (New) An alimentary cricket protein powder composition having a bulk density that ranges from between 15 pounds per cubic foot to 50 pounds per cubic foot, the composition includes:
(a) a protein content ranging from between 45 weight percent to 85 weight percent; 
(b) a calcium content ranging from between 50 parts per million to 1 weight percent; 
(c) a carbohydrate content ranging from between 3.5 weight percent to 13 weight percent; 
(d) a fat content ranging from between 5 weight percent to 60 weight percent; 
(e) an iron content ranging from between 25 parts per million to 1,500 parts per million; 
(f) a sodium content ranging from between 1,500 parts per million to 5,500 parts per million;
(g) an ash content ranging from between 2.5 weight percent to 7.5 weight percent;
(h) a phosphorous content ranging from between 50 parts per million to 1 weight percent; 
(i) a magnesium content ranging from between 50 parts per million to 1 weight percent;
(j) a zinc content ranging from between 50 parts per million to 1 weight percent;
(k) a niacin content ranging from between 50 parts per million to 5 weight percent; and
(l) a taurine content ranging from between 50 parts per million to 5 weight percent.


CASE 1500 (USSN 15/257,854)

1. An Insect Production Superstructure System (IPSS), the IPSS includes:
(a) an insect feeding chamber having an interior and having insects present therein;
(b) a temperature sensor configured to measure the temperature within the interior of the insect feeding chamber;
(c) an air supply fan equipped with an air supply fan motor, the air supply fan provides an air supply to an air heater;
(d) the air heater is configured to accept the air supply from the air supply fan and produce a heated air supply to heat the interior of the insect feeding chamber, wherein the air supply stream is heated by the air heater which is operatively connected to an energy source selected from the group consisting of electricity, natural gas, combustion, solar, and steam;
(e) a filter configured to accept a particulate and gas mixture from the interior of the insect feeding chamber, the filter separates particulates from the particulate and gas mixture and outputs a particulate-depleted gas stream, the particulate-depleted gas stream has a reduced amount of particulates relative to the particulate and gas mixture; and
(f) an evacuation fan configured to evacuate at least a portion of the particulate-depleted gas stream from the filter, the evacuation fan is equipped with a motor.

2. The IPSS according to claim 1, further comprising:
a computer;
the temperature sensor is configured to measure the temperature of the interior of said insect feeding chamber and send a signal to the computer; and
the air supply fan motor is equipped with a controller, the controller is configured to input and/or output a signal to the computer;
wherein:
the computer automatically adjusts the temperature within the interior of the insect feeding chamber to a temperature ranging from between 60 degrees Fahrenheit to 100 degrees Fahrenheit by operating the air supply fan motor in response to the input signal from the temperature sensor.

3. The IPSS according to claim 1, further comprising:
a computer; and
the temperature sensor is configured to measure the temperature within the interior of the insect feeding chamber and send a signal to the computer;
wherein:
the computer automatically adjusts the temperature within the interior of the insect feeding chamber to a temperature ranging from between 60 degrees Fahrenheit to 100 degrees Fahrenheit by adjusting the temperature of the air heater in response to the input signal from the temperature sensor.

4. The IPSS according to claim 1, further comprising:
a computer; and
the air supply fan motor is equipped with a controller, the controller is configured to input and/or output a signal to the computer;
wherein:
the air heater and/or the air supply fan motor and/or the controller are communicatively coupled to the computer, the computer comprises a processor and a memory, the memory includes code configured to cause the processor to transmit a signal to the air heater and/or the air supply fan motor and/or the controller to control the temperature within the interior of the insect feeding chamber to a temperature ranging from between 60 degrees Fahrenheit to 100 degrees Fahrenheit.

5. The IPSS according to claim 1, wherein:
the filter includes an entry section and an exit section, a filter element is positioned in between the entry section from the exit section, the filter element permits the particulate-depleted gas stream to flow through the filter element from the entry section and into the exit section.

6. The IPSS according to claim 1, wherein:
the evacuation fan evacuates the particulate-depleted gas stream from the filter at a velocity pressure ranging from 0.015 inches of water to 100 inches of water.

7. The IPSS according to claim 1, further comprising:
(g) a network of cells positioned within the interior of the insect feeding chamber for insects to live in, the network of cells have a first set of openings positioned at a first end and have a second set of openings positioned at a second end, insects reside in passageways between the first set of openings and the second set of openings;
wherein:
the cells have a cell length and a cell width, the cell width ranges from between 1 inch to 5 inches, the cell length ranges from between 0.5 feet to 4 feet;
the network of cells has a network length and a network width, the network width ranges from between 1 foot to 20 feet, the network length ranges from between 1 foot to 40 feet.

8. The IPSS according to claim 1, further comprising:
(g) a unit configured to heat at least a portion of the insects removed from the interior of the insect feeding chamber, the unit is configured to produce heated insects by heating the insects to a temperature ranging from between 170 degrees Fahrenheit and about 250 degrees Fahrenheit.

9. The IPSS according to claim 8, further comprising:
(h) a grinder configured to grind at least a portion of the heated insects from the unit to form ground insects.

10. The IPSS according to claim 1, wherein:
(g) a grinder configured to grind at least a portion of the insects removed from within the interior of the insect feeding chamber to form ground insects.

11. The IPSS according to claim 1, further comprising:
(g) a feedstock distributor positioned within the interior of the insect feeding chamber, the feedstock distributor is configured to accept a source of feedstock from a conveyor and make the feedstock available to the insects; and
(h) the conveyor is configured to introduce the feedstock to the feedstock distributor;
wherein:
the feedstock is one or more materials selected from the group consisting of agriculture residue, alcohol production coproducts, animal waste, bio-waste, compost, crop residues, energy crops, fermentation waste, fermentative process wastes, food processing residues, food waste, garbage, industrial waste, livestock waste, municipal solid waste, plant matter, poultry wastes, rice straw, sewage, spent grain, spent microorganisms, urban waste, vegetative material, and wood waste.

12. The IPSS according to claim 1, further comprising:
(g) a first water treatment unit configured to accept a source of water and remove contaminants therefrom, the first water treatment unit includes one or more selected from the group consisting of an adsorbent, ion-exchange resin, catalyst, and activated carbon;
(h) a valve configured to accept at least a portion of the water from the first water treatment unit; and
(i) a distributor positioned within the interior of the insect feeding chamber, the distributor is configured to accept at least a portion of the water discharged from the valve and make the water available to the insect.

13. The IPSS according to claim 1, further comprising:
(g) a first water treatment unit configured to accept a source of water and remove contaminants therefrom, the first water treatment unit includes one or more treatment materials selected from the group consisting of an adsorbent, ion-exchange resin, catalyst, and activated carbon;
(h) a water supply pump configured to accept at least a portion of the water from the first water treatment unit;
(i) a valve configured to accept at least a portion of the water from the water supply pump; and
(j) a distributor positioned within the interior of the insect feeding chamber, the distributor is configured to accept at least a portion of the water discharged from the valve and make the water available to the insects.

14. An Insect Production Superstructure System (IPSS), the IPSS includes:
(a) an insect feeding chamber having an interior and having insects present therein;
(b) a network of cells positioned within the interior of the insect feeding chambe for insects to live in, the network of cells have a first set of openings positioned at a first end and a second set of openings positioned at a second end, insects reside in passageways between the first set of openings at the first end and the second set of openings at the second end;
(c) a computer;
(d) a temperature sensor configured to measure the temperature within the interior of the insect feeding chamber and send a signal to the computer;
(e) an air supply fan equipped with an air supply fan motor, the air supply fan provides an air supply to an air heater;
(f) the air heater is configured to accept the air supply from the air supply fan and produce a heated air supply to heat the interior of the insect feeding chamber;
(g) a filter configured to accept a particulate and gas mixture from the interior of the insect feeding chamber, the filter separates particulates from the particulate and gas mixture and outputs a particulate-depleted gas stream, the particulate-depleted gas stream has a reduced amount of particulates relative to the particulate and gas mixture; and
(h) an evacuation fan configured to evacuate at least a portion of the particulate-depleted gas stream from the filter, the evacuation fan is equipped with a motor;
wherein:
the computer automatically adjusts the temperature within the interior of the insect feeding chamber to a temperature ranging from between 60 degrees Fahrenheit to 100 degrees Fahrenheit by adjusting the temperature of the air heater and/or the air supply fan motor in response to the input signal from the temperature sensor;
the cells have a cell length and a cell width, the cell width ranges from between 1 inch to 5 inches, the cell length ranges from between 0.5 feet to 4 feet;
the network of cells has a network length and a network width, the network width ranges from between 1 foot to 20 feet, the network length ranges from between 1 foot to 40 feet.

15. An Insect Production Superstructure System (IPSS), the IPSS includes:
(a) an insect feeding chamber having an interior and having insects present therein;
(b) a computer;
(c) a temperature sensor configured to measure the temperature within the interior of the insect feeding chamber and send a signal to the computer;
(d) an air supply fan equipped with an air supply fan motor, the air supply fan motoris equipped with a controller, the controller is configured to input and/or output a signal to the computer, the air supply fan provides an air supply to an air heater;
(e) the air heater is configured to accept the air supply from the air supply fan and produce a heated air supply to heat the interior of the insect feeding chamber;
(f) a filter configured to accept a particulate and gas mixture from the interior of the insect feeding chamber, the filter separates particulates from the particulate and gas mixture and outputs a particulate-depleted gas stream, the particulate-depleted gas stream has a reduced amount of particulates relative to the particulate and gas mixture; and
(g) an evacuation fan configured to evacuate at least a portion of the particulate-depleted gas stream from the filter, the evacuation fan is equipped with a motor;
wherein:
the computer automatically adjusts the temperature within the interior of the insect feeding chamber to a temperature ranging from between 60 degrees Fahrenheit to 100 degrees Fahrenheit by adjusting the temperature of the air heater and/or the air supply fan motor and/or the controller in response to the input signal from the temperature sensor.

16. The IPSS according to claim 15, further comprising:
(h) a unit configured to heat at least a portion of the insects removed from the interior of the insect feeding chamber, the unit is configured to produce heated insects by heating the insects to a temperature ranging from between 170 degrees Fahrenheit and about 250 degrees Fahrenheit.

17. The IPSS according to claim 16, further comprising:
(i) a grinder configured to grind at least a portion of the heated insects from the unit to form ground insects.

18. The IPSS according to claim 15, wherein:
(h) a grinder configured to grind at least a portion of the insects removed from within the interior of the insect feeding chamber to form ground insects.

19. The IPSS according to claim 15, further comprising:
(h) a feedstock distributor positioned within the interior of the insect feeding chamber, the feedstock distributor is configured to accept a source of feedstock from a conveyor and make the feedstock available to the insects; and
(i) the conveyor is configured to introduce the feedstock to the feedstock distributor;
wherein:
feedstock is one or more materials selected from the group consisting of agriculture residue, alcohol production coproducts, animal waste, bio-waste, compost, crop residues, energy crops, fermentation waste, fermentative process wastes, food processing residues, food waste, garbage, industrial waste, livestock waste, municipal solid waste, plant matter, poultry wastes, rice straw, sewage, spent grain, spent microorganisms, urban waste, vegetative material, and wood waste.

20. The IPSS according to claim 15, further comprising:
(h) a first water treatment unit configured to accept a source of water and remove contaminants therefrom, the first water treatment unit includes one or more treatment materials selected from the group consisting of an adsorbent, ion-exchange resin, catalyst, and activated carbon;
(i) a valve configured to accept at least a portion of the water from the first water treatment unit; and
(j) a distributor positioned within the interior of the insect feeding chamber, the distributor is configured to accept at least a portion of the water discharged from the valve and make the water available to the insects.


CASE 2600 (USSN 15/651,535)
57. (New) An Insect Production Superstructure System (IPSS), the IPSS includes:
(a) an insect feeding chamber (200) having an interior (201) and having insects (225) present therein;
(b) a temperature sensor (210) that is configured to measure the temperature within the interior (201) of the insect feeding chamber (200);
(c) an air supply fan (271) that is equipped with an air supply fan motor (272), the air supply fan (271) provides an air supply (262) to an air heater (264);
(d) the air heater (264) is configured to accept the air supply (262) from the air supply fan (271) and produce a heated air supply (262) to heat the interior (201) of the insect feeding chamber (200), the air heater (264) heats the air supply (262) by using one or more selected from the group consisting of electricity, combustion of natural gas, natural gas, combustion, solar energy, and steam;
(e) a filter (300, S1A) that is configured to accept a particulate and gas mixture (304) from the interior (201) of the insect feeding chamber (200), the filter (300, S1A) separates particulates from the particulate and gas mixture (304) and outputs a particulate-depleted gas stream (355), the particulate-depleted gas stream (355) has a reduced amount of particulates relative to the particulate and gas mixture (304);
(f) an evacuation fan (312) that is configured to evacuate at least a portion of the particulate-depleted gas stream (355) from the filter (300, S1A), the evacuation fan (312) is equipped with a motor (314);
(g) a refrigerant (Q31) that is configured to be transferred from a compressor (Q30) to a condenser (Q32), from the condenser (Q32) to an evaporator (Q34), and from the evaporator (Q34) to the compressor (Q30), the compressor (Q31) is in fluid communication with the condenser (Q32), the condenser (Q32) is in fluid communication with the evaporator (Q34), the evaporator (Q34) is in fluid communication with the compressor (Q30), the evaporator (Q34) is configured to evaporate the refrigerant (Q31) to absorb heat from the interior (201) of the insect feeding chamber (200); and
(h) a network (220) of cells (219) positioned within the interior (201) of the insect feeding chamber (200), the network (220) of cells (219) have a first set of openings (222) positioned at a first end (221) and have a second set of openings (224) positioned at a second end (223), insects (225) reside in passageways between the first set of openings (222) and the second set of openings (224);
wherein:
the cells (219) have a cell length (C-L) and a cell width (C-W), the cell width (C-W) ranges from between 1 inch to 5 inches, the cell length (C-L) ranges from between 0.5 feet to 4 feet;
the network (220) of cells (219) has a network length (N-L) and a network width (N-W), the network width (N-W) ranges from between 1 foot to 20 feet, the network length (N-L) ranges from between 1 foot to 40 feet.

58. (New) The IPSS according to claim 57, wherein:
the system is configured to operate in a plurality of modes of operation, the modes of operation including at least:
(i) a first mode of operation in which compression of a refrigerant (Q31) takes place within the compressor (Q30), and the refrigerant (Q31) leaves the compressor (Q30) as a superheated vapor at a temperature above the condensing point of the refrigerant (Q31);
(ii) a second mode of operation in which condensation of refrigerant (Q31) takes place within the condenser (Q32), heat is rejected and the refrigerant (Q31) condenses from a superheated vapor into a liquid, and the liquid is cooled to a temperature below the boiling temperature of the refrigerant (Q31); and
(iii) a third mode of operation in which evaporation of the refrigerant (Q31) takes place within the evaporator (Q34), the liquid phase refrigerant (Q31) boils in the evaporator (Q34) to form a vapor and/or a superheated vapor while absorbing heat from the interior (201) of the insect feeding chamber (200).

59. (New) The IPSS according to claim 57, further comprising:
a computer (COMP);
the temperature sensor (210) is configured to measure the temperature within the interior (201) of the insect feeding chamber (200) and send a signal (211) to the computer (COMP); and
the air supply fan motor (272) is equipped with a controller (273), the controller (273) is configured to input and/or output a signal (274) to the computer (COMP);
wherein:
the computer (COMP) automatically adjusts the temperature within the interior (201) of the insect feeding chamber (200) to a temperature ranging from between 60 degrees Fahrenheit to 100 degrees Fahrenheit by operating the air supply fan motor (272) in response to the input signal (211) from the temperature sensor (210).

60. (New) The IPSS according to claim 57, further comprising:
a computer (COMP); and
the temperature sensor (210) is configured to measure the temperature within the interior (201) of the insect feeding chamber (200) and send a signal (211) to the computer (COMP);
wherein:
the computer (COMP) automatically adjusts the temperature within the interior (201) of the insect feeding chamber (200) to a temperature ranging from between 60 degrees Fahrenheit to 100 degrees Fahrenheit by adjusting the temperature of the air heater (264) in response to the input signal (211) from the temperature sensor (210).

61. (New) The IPSS according to claim 57, further comprising:
a computer (COMP); and
the air supply fan motor (272) is equipped with a controller (273), the controller (273) is configured to input and/or output a signal (274) to the computer (COMP);
wherein:
the air heater (264) and/or the air supply fan motor (272) and/or the controller (273) are communicatively coupled to the computer (COMP), the computer (COMP) comprises a processor (PROC) and a memory (MEM), the memory (MEM) includes code (CODE) configured to cause the processor (PROC) to transmit a signal to the air heater (264) and/or the air supply fan motor (272) and/or the controller (273) to control the temperature within the interior (201) of the insect feeding chamber (200) to a temperature ranging from between 60 degrees Fahrenheit to 100 degrees Fahrenheit.

62. (New) The IPSS according to claim 57, wherein:
the filter (300, S1A) includes an entry section (305) and an exit section (307), a filter element (306) is positioned in between the entry section (305) from the exit section (307), the filter element (306) permits the particulate-depleted gas stream (355) to flow through the filter element (306) from the entry section (305) and into the exit section (307).

63. (New) The IPSS according to claim 57, further comprising:
(i) a mixing tank (G15) having an interior (G14), the mixing tank (G15) has an input (G100) that is configured to accept at least a portion of the insects (225) from the interior (201) of the insect feeding chamber (200), the mixing tank (G15) mixes water with the insects (225) to form a liquid mixture, the mixing tank (G15) has an output (G49) that is configured to transfer the liquid mixture to a supply pump (G18);
(j) the supply pump (G18) is configured to transfer the liquid mixture from the interior (G14) of the mixing tank (G15) to a filter (H11);
(k) the filter (H11) is configured to filter the liquid mixture that is supplied by the supply pump (G18) to form an exoskeleton-depleted insect liquid mixture (H19) that has a reduced amount of exoskeleton relative to the liquid mixture supplied by the supply pump (G18);
(l) an evaporator (J11) that is configured to accept the exoskeleton-depleted insect liquid mixture (H19) from the filter (H11), the evaporator (J11) is configured to evaporate at least a portion of the liquid from the exoskeleton-depleted insect liquid mixture (H19) to form vaporized liquid (J22) and liquid-depleted insects (J10), the liquid-depleted insects (J10) have a reduced amount of liquid relative to the exoskeleton-depleted insect liquid mixture (H19);
(m) a condenser (J26) that is configured to accept and condense the vaporized liquid (J22) from the evaporator (J11), gas (J35) is evacuated from the condenser (J27) and is transferred to a vacuum system (J26); and
(n) the vacuum system (J26) is configured to accept the gas (J35) from the condenser (J26), at least a portion of the gas (J35) is discharged from the vacuum system (J26) via a gas transfer line (J39).

64. (New) The IPSS according to claim 57, further comprising:
(i) a water bath (1581) that is configured to accept at least a portion of the insects (225) from the interior (201) of the insect feeding chamber (200); and
(j) a grinder (1250) that is configured to grind at least a portion of the insects (225) that are discharged from the water bath (1581) to form ground insects.

65. (New) The IPSS according to claim 57, further comprising:
(i) a mixing tank (C15) that is configured to accept at least a portion of the insects (225) from the interior (201) of the insect feeding chamber (200), the insects (225) are mixed with water within the mixing tank (C15) to form a multifunctional flour and water mixture (C17);
(j) a shaping system (14D) that is configured to shape at least a portion of the multifunctional flour and water mixture (C17) to form a shaped multifunctional flour mixture (D10);
(k) a cooking system (14E) that is configured to cook at least a portion of the shaped multifunctional flour mixture (D10) to form a cooked multifunctional flour mixture (E18A); and
(l) a flavoring system (14F) that is configured to flavor the cooked multifunctional flour mixture (E18A) provided from the cooking system (14E) to form a flavored multifunctional flour mixture (F10).

66. (New) The IPSS according to claim 65, wherein:
the shaping system (14D) includes an extrusion system (D12), the extrusion system (D12) forms the shaped multifunctional flour mixture (D10) by pressing the multifunctional flour and water mixture (C17) through a die (D15), the die (D15) has a fixed cross-sectional profile and is configured to accept the multifunctional flour and water mixture (C17) and press it into an extrudate (D11).

67. (New) The IPSS according to claim 65, wherein:
the cooking system (14E) includes one or more selected from the group consisting of a dryer (E13), a pressure cooker (E14), a dehydrator (E15), and a freeze dryer (E16), the cooking system (14E) is configured cook the shaped multifunctional flour mixture (D10) to form a cooked multifunctional flour mixture (E18A).

68. (New) The IPSS according to claim 65, wherein:
the cooking system (14E) includes one or more selected from the group consisting an oven (E11) and a fryer (E12), the cooking module (14E) is configured cook the shaped multifunctional flour mixture (D10) to form a cooked multifunctional flour mixture (E18A).

69. (New) The IPSS according to claim 65, wherein:
the flavoring system (14F) is configured to provide contact between flavoring (F18) and the cooked multifunctional flour mixture (E18A) to form a flavored multifunctional flour mixture (F10A).

70. (New) The IPSS according to claim 69, wherein:
the flavoring system (14F) includes a tumbler (F13), the tumbler (F13) has a motor (F14), the tumbler (F13) rotates and is configured to provide contact between the flavoring (F18) and the cooked multifunctional flour mixture (E18A) to form a flavored multifunctional flour mixture (F10A), the tumbler (F13) rotates at a revolution per minute (RPM) ranging from between 3 RPM to 20 RPM.

71. (New) The IPSS according to claim 57, further comprising:
(i) a feedstock distributor (207) that is positioned within the interior (201) of the insect feeding chamber (200), the feedstock distributor (207) is configured to accept a source of feedstock (1A1) from a conveyor (1F9) and make the feedstock (1A1) available to the insects (225); and
(j) the conveyor (1F9) is configured to introduce the feedstock (1A1) to the feedstock distributor (207);
wherein:
the feedstock (1A1) is comprised of one or more selected from the group consisting of agriculture residue, alcohol production coproducts, animal waste, bio-waste, compost, crop residues, energy crops, fermentation waste, fermentative process wastes, food processing residues, food waste, garbage, industrial waste, livestock waste, municipal solid waste, plant matter, poultry wastes, rice straw, sewage, spent grain, spent microorganisms, urban waste, vegetative material, and wood waste.

72. (New) The IPSS according to claim 57, further comprising:
(i) a first water treatment unit (1E6) that is configured to accept a source of water (1E1) and remove contaminants therefrom, the first water treatment unit (1E6) includes one or more selected from the group consisting of an adsorbent, ion-exchange resin, catalyst, and activated carbon;
(j) a valve (1E23, 1E36) that is configured to accept at least a portion of the water (1E1) from the first water treatment unit (1E6); and
(k) a distributor (207) that is positioned within the interior (201) of the insect feeding chamber (200), the distributor (207) is configured to accept at least a portion of the water (1E1) that is discharged from the valve (1E23, 1E36) and make the water (1E1) available to the insects (225).

73. (New) The IPSS according to claim 57, further comprising:
(i) a first water treatment unit (1E6) that is configured to accept a source of water (1E1) and remove contaminants therefrom, the first water treatment unit (1E6) includes one or more selected from the group consisting of an adsorbent, ion-exchange resin, catalyst, and activated carbon;
(j) a water supply pump (1E22) that is that is configured to accept at least a portion of the water (1E1) from the first water treatment unit (1E6);
(k) a valve (1E36) that is configured to accept at least a portion of the water (1E1) from the water supply pump (1E22); and
(l) a distributor (207) that is positioned within the interior (201) of the insect feeding chamber (200), the distributor (207) is configured to accept at least a portion of the water (1E1) that is discharged from the valve (1E23) and make the water (1E1) available to the insects (225).

74. (New) An Insect Production Superstructure System (IPSS), the IPSS includes:
(a) an insect feeding chamber (200) having an interior (201) and having insects (225) present therein;
(b) a network (220) of cells (219) positioned within the interior (201) of the insect feeding chamber (200), the network (220) of cells (219) have a first set of openings (222) positioned at a first end (221) and a second set of openings (224) positioned at a second end (223), insects (225) reside in passageways between the first set of openings (222) at the first end (221) and the second set of openings (224) at the second end (223);
(c) a computer (COMP);
(d) a temperature sensor (210) that is configured to measure the temperature within the interior (201) of the insect feeding chamber (200) and send a signal (211) to the computer (COMP);
(e) an air supply fan (271) that is equipped with an air supply fan motor (272), the air supply fan (271) provides an air supply (262) to an air heater (264);
(f) the air heater (264) is configured to accept the air supply (262) from the air supply fan (271) and produce a heated air supply (262) to heat the interior (201) of the insect feeding chamber (200);
(g) a filter (300, S1A) that is configured to accept a particulate and gas mixture (304) from the interior (201) of the insect feeding chamber (200), the filter (300, S1A) separates particulates from the particulate and gas mixture (304) and outputs a particulate-depleted gas stream (355), the particulate-depleted gas stream (355) has a reduced amount of particulates relative to the particulate and gas mixture (304);
(h) an evacuation fan (312) that is configured to evacuate at least a portion of the particulate-depleted gas stream (355) from the filter (300, S1A), the evacuation fan (312) is equipped with a motor (314); and
(i) a refrigerant (Q31) that is configured to be transferred from a compressor (Q30) to a condenser (Q32), from the condenser (Q32) to an evaporator (Q34), and from the evaporator (Q34) to the compressor (Q30), the compressor (Q31) is in fluid communication with the condenser (Q32), the condenser (Q32) is in fluid communication with the evaporator (Q34), the evaporator (Q34) is in fluid communication with the compressor (Q30), the evaporator (Q34) is configured to evaporate the refrigerant (Q31) to absorb heat from the interior (201) of the insect feeding chamber (200);
wherein:
the computer (COMP) automatically adjusts the temperature within the interior (201) of the insect feeding chamber (200) to a temperature ranging from between 60 degrees Fahrenheit to 100 degrees Fahrenheit by adjusting the temperature of the air heater (264) and/or the air supply fan motor (272) in response to the input signal (211) from the temperature sensor (210);
the cells (219) have a cell length (C-L) and a cell width (C-W), the cell width (C-W) ranges from between 1 inch to 5 inches, the cell length (C-L) ranges from between 0.5 feet to 4 feet;
the network (220) of cells (219) has a network length (N-L) and a network width (N-W), the network width (N-W) ranges from between 1 foot to 20 feet, the network length (N-L) ranges from between 1 foot to 40 feet.

75. (New) The IPSS according to claim 74, further comprising:
(j) a mixing tank (G15) having an interior (G14), the mixing tank (G15) has an input (G100) that is configured to accept at least a portion of the insects (225) from the interior (201) of the insect feeding chamber (200), the mixing tank (G15) mixes water with the insects (225) to form a liquid mixture, the mixing tank (G15) has an output (G49) that is configured to transfer the liquid mixture to a supply pump (G18);
(k) the supply pump (G18) is configured to transfer the liquid mixture from the interior (G14) of the mixing tank (G15) to a filter (H11);
(l) the filter (H11) is configured to filter the liquid mixture that is supplied by the supply pump (G18) to form an exoskeleton-depleted insect liquid mixture (H19) that has a reduced amount of exoskeleton relative to the liquid mixture supplied by the supply pump (G18);
(m) an evaporator (J11) that is configured to accept the exoskeleton-depleted insect liquid mixture (H19) from the filter (H11), the evaporator (J11) is configured to evaporate at least a portion of the liquid from the exoskeleton-depleted insect liquid mixture (H19) to form vaporized liquid (J22) and liquid-depleted insects (J10), the liquid-depleted insects (J10) have a reduced amount of liquid relative to the exoskeleton-depleted insect liquid mixture (H19); and
(n) a condenser (J26) that is configured to accept and condense the vaporized liquid (J22) from the evaporator (J11).

76. (New) An Insect Production Superstructure System (IPSS), the IPSS includes:
(a) an insect feeding chamber (200) having an interior (201) and having insects (225) present therein;
(b) a network (220) of cells (219) positioned within the interior (201) of the insect feeding chamber (200), the network (220) of cells (219) have a first set of openings (222) positioned at a first end (221) and a second set of openings (224) positioned at a second end (223), insects (225) reside in passageways between the first set of openings (222) at the first end (221) and the second set of openings (224) at the second end (223);
(c) a computer (COMP);
(d) a temperature sensor (210) that is configured to measure the temperature within the interior (201) of the insect feeding chamber (200) and send a signal (211) to the computer (COMP);
(e) an air supply fan (271) that is equipped with an air supply fan motor (272), the air supply fan (271) provides an air supply (262) to an air heater (264);
(f) the air heater (264) is configured to accept the air supply (262) from the air supply fan (271) and produce a heated air supply (262) to heat the interior (201) of the insect feeding chamber (200);
(g) a filter (300, S1A) that is configured to accept a particulate and gas mixture (304) from the interior (201) of the insect feeding chamber (200), the filter (300, S1A) separates particulates from the particulate and gas mixture (304) and outputs a particulate-depleted gas stream (355), the particulate-depleted gas stream (355) has a reduced amount of particulates relative to the particulate and gas mixture (304);
(h) an evacuation fan (312) that is configured to evacuate at least a portion of the particulate-depleted gas stream (355) from the filter (300, S1A), the evacuation fan (312) is equipped with a motor (314); and
(i) a refrigerant (Q31) that is configured to be transferred from a compressor (Q30) to a condenser (Q32), from the condenser (Q32) to an evaporator (Q34), and from the evaporator (Q34) to the compressor (Q30), the compressor (Q31) is in fluid communication with the condenser (Q32), the condenser (Q32) is in fluid communication with the evaporator (Q34), the evaporator (Q34) is in fluid communication with the compressor (Q30), the evaporator (Q34) is configured to evaporate the refrigerant (Q31) to absorb heat from the interior (201) of the insect feeding chamber (200);
(j) a mixing tank (C15) that is configured to accept at least a portion of the insects (225) from the interior (201) of the insect feeding chamber (200), the insects (225) are mixed with water within the mixing tank (C15) to form a multifunctional flour and water mixture (C17);
(k) a shaping system (14D) that is configured to shape at least a portion of the multifunctional flour and water mixture (C17) to form a shaped multifunctional flour mixture (D10);
(l) a cooking system (14E) that is configured to cook at least a portion of the shaped multifunctional flour mixture (D10) to form a cooked multifunctional flour mixture (E18A); and
(m) a flavoring system (14F) that is configured to flavor the cooked multifunctional flour mixture (E18A) provided from the cooking system (14E) to form a flavored multifunctional flour mixture (F10).
wherein:
the computer (COMP) automatically adjusts the temperature within the interior (201) of the insect feeding chamber (200) to a temperature ranging from between 60 degrees Fahrenheit to 100 degrees Fahrenheit by adjusting the temperature of the air heater (264) and/or the air supply fan motor (272) in response to the input signal (211) from the temperature sensor (210);
the cells (219) have a cell length (C-L) and a cell width (C-W), the cell width (C-W) ranges from between 1 inch to 5 inches, the cell length (C-L) ranges from between 0.5 feet to 4 feet;
the network (220) of cells (219) has a network length (N-L) and a network width (N-W), the network width (N-W) ranges from between 1 foot to 20 feet, the network length (N-L) ranges from between 1 foot to 40 feet.


CASE 2700 (USSN 15/664,490)
101. (New) A method to separate crickets from a cricket and gas mixture, the method includes:
(a) providing: 
(a1) a separator having an input and an output, the input is configured to accept a cricket and gas mixture, the separator separates crickets from the cricket and gas mixture and outputs a cricket-depleted gas stream via said output, the cricket-depleted gas stream has a reduced amount of crickets relative to the cricket and gas mixture; and
(b) separating crickets from the cricket and gas mixture to form a cricket-depleted gas stream that has a reduced amount of crickets relative to the cricket and gas mixture.

102. (New) The method according to claim 101, wherein:
the crickets separated in step (b) include:
a protein content ranging from between 45 weight percent to 85 weight percent; 
a calcium content ranging from between 50 parts per million to 1 weight percent; 
a carbohydrate content ranging from between 3.5 weight percent to 13 weight percent; 
a fat content ranging from between 5 weight percent to 60 weight percent; 
an iron content ranging from between 25 parts per million to 1,500 parts per million; 
a potassium content ranging from between 25 parts per million to 1 weight percent; and
a sodium content ranging from between 1,500 parts per million to 5,500 parts per million.

103. (New) The method according to claim 101, wherein:
the separator is a cyclone or a filter.

104. (New) The method according to claim 101, further comprising:
(c) after step (b), producing a multifunctional composition by mixing at least a portion of the crickets separated in step (b) with one or more materials selected from the group consisting of a fiber-starch material, a binding agent, a density improving textural supplement, a moisture improving textural supplement, a cannabis enhancer, and mixtures thereof;
wherein:
(i) the fiber-starch material is selected from the group consisting of cereal-grain-based materials, grass-based materials, nut-based materials, powdered fruit materials, root-based materials, tuber-based materials, vegetable-based materials, and mixtures thereof;
(ii) the binding agent is selected from the group consisting of agar, agave, alginin, arrowroot, carrageenan, collagen, cornstarch, egg whites, finely ground seeds, furcellaran, gelatin, guar gum, honey, katakuri starch, locust bean gum, pectin, potato starch, proteins, psyllium husks, sago, sugars, syrups, tapioca, vegetable gums, xanthan gum, and mixtures thereof;
(iii) the density improving textural supplement is selected from the group consisting of extracted arrowroot starch, extracted corn starch, extracted lentil starch, extracted potato starch, extracted tapioca starch, and mixtures thereof;
(iv) the moisture improving textural supplement is selected from the group consisting of almonds, brazil nuts, cacao, cashews, chestnuts, coconut, filberts, hazelnuts, indian nuts, macadamia nuts, nut butters, nut oils, nut powders, peanuts, pecans, pili nuts, pine nuts, pinon nuts, pistachios, soy nuts, sunflower seeds, tiger nuts, walnuts, vanilla, and mixtures thereof;
(v) the cannabis enhancer is selected from the group consisting of powdered marijuana, dried marijuana, ground marijuana, decarboxylated marijuana, marijuana fixed carbon feedstock components, marijuana volatile feedstock components, marijuana volatile feedstock components and a solvent, marijuana volatile feedstock components and an alcohol, marijuana volatile feedstock components and marijuana fixed carbon feedstock components, tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), and mixtures thereof.

105. (New) The method according to claim 104, further comprising:
(d) after step (c), producing a foodstuff from the multifunctional composition, the foodstuff includes one or more selected from the group consisting of ada, bagels, baked goods, biscuits, bitterballen, bonda, breads, cakes, candies, cereals, chips, chocolate bars, chocolate, coffee, cokodok, confectionery, cookies, cooking batter, corn starch mixtures, crackers, crêpes, croissants, croquettes, croutons, dolma, dough, doughnuts, energy bars, flapjacks, french fries, frozen custard, frozen desserts, frying cakes, fudge, gelatin mixes, granola bars, gulha, hardtack, ice cream, khandvi, khanom buang, krumpets, meze, mixed flours, muffins, multi-grain snacks, nachos, nian gao, noodles, nougat, onion rings, pakora, pancakes, panforte, pastas, pastries, pie crust, pita chips, pizza, poffertjes, pretzels, pudding, rice krispie treats, sesame sticks, smoothies, snacks, specialty milk, tele-bhaja, tempura, toffee, tortillas, totopo, turkish delights, and waffles.

106. (New) The method according to claim 104, further comprising:
(d) after step (c), mixing the multifunctional composition with water to form a multifunctional mixture;
(e) after step (d), pressurizing the multifunctional mixture to form a pressurized multifunctional mixture;
(f) after step (e), shaping the pressurized multifunctional mixture to form a shaped multifunctional mixture;
(g) after step (f), cooking the shaped multifunctional mixture to form a cooked multifunctional mixture; and
(h) after step (g), flavoring the cooked multifunctional mixture to form a flavored multifunctional mixture;
wherein:
the flavoring includes one or more flavorings selected from the group consisting of allspice berries, almond meal, anise seed, annato seed, arrowroot powder, basil, bay leaves, black pepper, buttermilk, caraway, cayenne, celery seed, cheese cultures,  chervil, Chile powder, chives, cilantro, cinnamon, citric acid, cloves, coconut shredded, coriander, corn oil, corn starch, cream of tartar, cubeb berries, cumin, curry, dextrose, dill, enzymes, fennel, fenugreek, file powder, garlic powder, ginger, grapefruit peel, green peppercorns, honey, horseradish powder, juniper berries, kaffir lime, lavender, lemon grass powder, lemon peel, lime peel, long pepper, marjoram, molasses, mustard, natural smoke flavor, nigella seeds, nutmeg, onion powder, orange peel, oregano, paprika, parsley, poppy seed, powdered cheese, red pepper, rose petals, rosemary, saffron, sage, salt, savory, sesame seed, star anise, sugar, sugar maple, sumac, tamarind, tangerine peel, tarragon, thyme, tomatillo powder, tomato powder, torula yeast, turmeric, vanilla extract, wasabi powder, whey, white peppercorns, yeast extract, and yeast.

107. (New) The method according to claim 101, further comprising:
(c) after step (b), extracting stearic acid from the crickets separated in step (b);
(d) after step (c), producing an intermediate product from the stearic acid, the intermediate product includes one or more intermediate products selected from the group consisting of glyceryl stearate, TEA-stearate, sorbitan stearate, stearyl alcohol, and combinations thereof; and
(e) after step (d), producing a consumer product from the  intermediate product, the  consumer product includes one or more consumer products selected from the group consisting of baby lotion, biomedical sensing device, blush, body cream, candles, cleanser, cologne, concealer, food, foot powder, foot spray, foundation, hand cream, hard candy, lubricant, mascara, moisturizer, nail products, nano-device, oils, perfume, pharmaceuticals, powders, shaving cream, soap, surfactant, thickener, and combinations thereof.

108. (New) The method according to claim 101, further comprising:
(c) after step (b), extracting oleic acid from the crickets separated in step (b);
(d) after step (c), producing a consumer product from the  oleic acid, the  consumer product includes one or more consumer products selected from the group consisting of baby lotion, biomedical sensing device, blush, body cream, candles, cleanser, cologne, concealer, food, foot powder, foot spray, foundation, hand cream, hard candy, lubricant, mascara, moisturizer, nail products, nano-device, oils, perfume, pharmaceuticals, powders, shaving cream, soap, surfactant, thickener, and combinations thereof.

109. (New) The method according to claim 104, further comprising:
providing a cooking module that includes one or more cooking modules selected from the group consisting of an oven, a fryer, a dryer, a pressure cooker, a dehydrator, and a freeze dryer, the cooking module is configured to accept and cook the multifunctional composition; and
(d) after step (c), cooking the multifunctional composition within the cooking module;
wherein:
the fryer cooks the multifunctional composition in an oil, and the oil includes one or more oils selected from the group consisting of lipids extracted from insects, almond oil, animal-based oils, apricot kernel oil, avocado oil, brazil nut oil, butter, canola oil, cashew oil, cocoa butter, coconut oil, cooking oil, corn oil, cottonseed oil, fish oil, grapeseed oil, hazelnut oil, hemp oil, insect oil, lard, lard oil, macadamia nut oil, mustard oil, olive oil, palm kernel oil, palm oil, peanut oil, rapeseed oil, rice oil, rice bran oil, safflower oil, semi-refined sesame oil, semi-refined sunflower oil, sesame oil, soybean oil, tallow of beef, tallow of mutton, vegetable oil, and walnut oil.

110. (New) The method according to claim 101, further including:
(c) after step (b), producing a cricket liquid biocatalyst mixture by mixing at least a portion of the crickets separated in step (b) with a water, a biocatalyst, and optionally an acid;
(d) after step (c), heating the cricket liquid biocatalyst mixture;
(e) after step (d), pressurizing the cricket liquid biocatalyst mixture to form a pressurized cricket liquid biocatalyst mixture; and
(f) after step (e), evaporating water from the cricket liquid biocatalyst mixture to form liquid depleted crickets, the liquid depleted crickets have a reduced amount of liquid relative to the pressurized cricket liquid biocatalyst mixture;
wherein:
the biocatalyst includes one or more biocatalyst selected from the group consisting of an enzyme, casein protease, atreptogrisin A, flavorpro, peptidase, protease A, protease, aspergillus oryzae, bacillus subtilis, bacillus licheniformis, aspergillus niger, aspergillus melleus, aspergilus oryzae, papain, carica papaya, bromelain, and ananas comorus stem;
the acid includes one or more acids selected from the group consisting of abscic acid, acetic acid, ascorbic acid, benzoic acid, citric acid, formic acid, fumaric acid, hydrochloric acid, lactic acid, malic acid, nitric acid, organic acids, phosphoric acid, potassium hydroxide, propionic acid, salicylic acid, sulfamic acid, sulfuric acid, and tartaric acid.

111. (New) The method according to claim 101, further comprising:
(c) after step (b), mixing at least a portion of the crickets separated in step (b) with three or more ingredients selected from the group consisting of almonds, cashews, coconut, honey, and egg whites.

112. (New) The method according to claim 101, further comprising:
 (c) after step (b), mixing at least a portion of the crickets separated in step (b) with a cannabis enhancer;
wherein:
the cannabis enhancer is selected from the group consisting of powdered marijuana, dried marijuana, ground marijuana, decarboxylated marijuana, marijuana fixed carbon feedstock components, marijuana volatile feedstock components, marijuana volatile feedstock components and a solvent, marijuana volatile feedstock components and an alcohol, marijuana volatile feedstock components and marijuana fixed carbon feedstock components, tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), and mixtures thereof.

113. (New) A method to separate crickets from a cricket and gas mixture, the method includes:
(a) providing a cricket and gas mixture; and
(b) separating crickets from the cricket and gas mixture to form a cricket-depleted gas stream that has a reduced amount of crickets relative to the cricket and gas mixture.

114. (New) The method according to claim 113, further comprising:
in step (b), separating crickets from the cricket and gas mixture with a cyclone and/or a filter.

115. (New) The method according to claim 113, further comprising:
(c) after step (b), producing a multifunctional composition by mixing at least a portion of the crickets separated in step (b) with one or more materials selected from the group consisting of a fiber-starch material, a binding agent, a density improving textural supplement, a moisture improving textural supplement, a cannabis enhancer, and mixtures thereof;
wherein:
(i) the fiber-starch material is selected from the group consisting of cereal-grain-based materials, grass-based materials, nut-based materials, powdered fruit materials, root-based materials, tuber-based materials, vegetable-based materials, and mixtures thereof;
(ii) the binding agent is selected from the group consisting of agar, agave, alginin, arrowroot, carrageenan, collagen, cornstarch, egg whites, finely ground seeds, furcellaran, gelatin, guar gum, honey, katakuri starch, locust bean gum, pectin, potato starch, proteins, psyllium husks, sago, sugars, syrups, tapioca, vegetable gums, xanthan gum, and mixtures thereof;
(iii) the density improving textural supplement is selected from the group consisting of extracted arrowroot starch, extracted corn starch, extracted lentil starch, extracted potato starch, extracted tapioca starch, and mixtures thereof;
(iv) the moisture improving textural supplement is selected from the group consisting of almonds, brazil nuts, cacao, cashews, chestnuts, coconut, filberts, hazelnuts, indian nuts, macadamia nuts, nut butters, nut oils, nut powders, peanuts, pecans, pili nuts, pine nuts, pinon nuts, pistachios, soy nuts, sunflower seeds, tiger nuts, walnuts, vanilla, and mixtures thereof;
(v) the cannabis enhancer is selected from the group consisting of powdered marijuana, dried marijuana, ground marijuana, decarboxylated marijuana, marijuana fixed carbon feedstock components, marijuana volatile feedstock components, marijuana volatile feedstock components and a solvent, marijuana volatile feedstock components and an alcohol, marijuana volatile feedstock components and marijuana fixed carbon feedstock components, tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), and mixtures thereof.

116. (New) The method according to claim 115, further comprising:
(d) after step (c), producing a foodstuff from the multifunctional composition, the foodstuff includes one or more selected from the group consisting of ada, bagels, baked goods, biscuits, bitterballen, bonda, breads, cakes, candies, cereals, chips, chocolate bars, chocolate, coffee, cokodok, confectionery, cookies, cooking batter, corn starch mixtures, crackers, crêpes, croissants, croquettes, croutons, dolma, dough, doughnuts, energy bars, flapjacks, french fries, frozen custard, frozen desserts, frying cakes, fudge, gelatin mixes, granola bars, gulha, hardtack, ice cream, khandvi, khanom buang, krumpets, meze, mixed flours, muffins, multi-grain snacks, nachos, nian gao, noodles, nougat, onion rings, pakora, pancakes, panforte, pastas, pastries, pie crust, pita chips, pizza, poffertjes, pretzels, pudding, rice krispie treats, sesame sticks, smoothies, snacks, specialty milk, tele-bhaja, tempura, toffee, tortillas, totopo, turkish delights, and waffles.

117. (New) The method according to claim 113, further comprising:
(c) after step (b), mixing at least a portion of the crickets separated in step (b) with three or more ingredients selected from the group consisting of almonds, cashews, coconut, honey, and egg whites.

118. (New) The method according to claim 113, wherein:
the crickets separated in step (b) include:
a protein content ranging from between 45 weight percent to 85 weight percent; 
a calcium content ranging from between 50 parts per million to 1 weight percent; 
a carbohydrate content ranging from between 3.5 weight percent to 13 weight percent; 
a fat content ranging from between 5 weight percent to 60 weight percent; 
an iron content ranging from between 25 parts per million to 1,500 parts per million; 
a potassium content ranging from between 25 parts per million to 1 weight percent; and
a sodium content ranging from between 1,500 parts per million to 5,500 parts per million.

119. (New) A method of making a multifunctional composition, the method includes:
(a) providing a cricket and gas mixture;
(b) after step (a), separating crickets from the cricket and gas mixture to form a cricket-depleted gas stream that has a reduced amount of crickets relative to the cricket and gas mixture; and
(c) after step (b), mixing at least a portion of the crickets separated in step (b) with one or more materials selected from the group consisting of a fiber-starch material, a binding agent, a moisture improving textural supplement, and a cannabis enhancer to produce a multifunctional composition;
wherein:
(i) the fiber-starch material is selected from the group consisting of cereal-grain-based materials, grass-based materials, nut-based materials, powdered fruit materials, root-based materials, tuber-based materials, vegetable-based materials, and mixtures thereof;
(ii) the binding agent is selected from the group consisting of agar, agave, alginin, arrowroot, carrageenan, collagen, cornstarch, egg whites, finely ground seeds, furcellaran, gelatin, guar gum, honey, katakuri starch, locust bean gum, pectin, potato starch, proteins, psyllium husks, sago, sugars, syrups, tapioca, vegetable gums, xanthan gum, and mixtures thereof;
(iii) the moisture improving textural supplement is selected from the group consisting of almonds, brazil nuts, cacao, cashews, chestnuts, coconut, filberts, hazelnuts, indian nuts, macadamia nuts, nut butters, nut oils, nut powders, peanuts, pecans, pili nuts, pine nuts, pinon nuts, pistachios, soy nuts, sunflower seeds, tiger nuts, walnuts, vanilla, and mixtures thereof;
(iv) the cannabis enhancer is selected from the group consisting of powdered marijuana, dried marijuana, ground marijuana, decarboxylated marijuana, marijuana fixed carbon feedstock components, marijuana volatile feedstock components, marijuana volatile feedstock components and a solvent, marijuana volatile feedstock components and an alcohol, marijuana volatile feedstock components and marijuana fixed carbon feedstock components, tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), and mixtures thereof.


120. (New) The method according to claim 101, wherein:
(d) after step (c), producing a foodstuff from the multifunctional composition, the foodstuff includes one or more selected from the group consisting of ada, bagels, baked goods, biscuits, bitterballen, bonda, breads, cakes, candies, cereals, chips, chocolate bars, chocolate, coffee, cokodok, confectionery, cookies, cooking batter, corn starch mixtures, crackers, crêpes, croissants, croquettes, croutons, dolma, dough, doughnuts, energy bars, flapjacks, french fries, frozen custard, frozen desserts, frying cakes, fudge, gelatin mixes, granola bars, gulha, hardtack, ice cream, khandvi, khanom buang, krumpets, meze, mixed flours, muffins, multi-grain snacks, nachos, nian gao, noodles, nougat, onion rings, pakora, pancakes, panforte, pastas, pastries, pie crust, pita chips, pizza, poffertjes, pretzels, pudding, rice krispie treats, sesame sticks, smoothies, snacks, specialty milk, tele-bhaja, tempura, toffee, tortillas, totopo, turkish delights, and waffles.


CASE 3000 (USSN 15/815,013)
1. A method to separate insects from an insect and gas mixture, the method includes:
(a) providing: 
a separator having an input and an output, the input is configured to accept an insect and gas mixture, the separator separates insects from the insect and gas mixture and outputs an insect-depleted gas stream via said output, the insect-depleted gas stream has a reduced amount of insects relative to the insect and gas mixture; and
(b) separating insects from the insect and gas mixture to form an insect-depleted gas stream that has a reduced amount of insects relative to the insect and gas mixture.

2. The method according to claim 1, wherein:
the separator is a cyclone.

3. The method according to claim 1, wherein:
the separator is a filter.

4. The method according to claim 1, further comprising:
the separator is connected to a dipleg, the dipleg is configured to accept the insects that were separated within the separator, wherein the insects pass through the dipleg; and
passing insects that were separated within the separator through the dipleg.

5. The method according to claim 4, further comprising:
a valve interposed on the dipleg to control the flow of insects through the dipleg; and
passing insects that were separated within the separator through the valve.

6. The method according to claim 5, further comprising:
the dipleg is connected to a conveyor, the insects are routed through the valve and into the conveyor; and
passing insects through the valve and into the conveyor.

7. The method according to claim 1, further including:
a fan configured to accept at least a portion of the insect-depleted gas stream discharged from the separator; and
after step (b), introducing at least a portion of the insect-depleted gas stream discharged from the separator to the fan.

8. The method according to claim 1, further including:
a filter element configured to accept at least a portion of the insect-depleted gas stream discharged from the separator;
a fan configured to accept at least a portion of the insect-depleted gas stream discharged from the filter element;
(c) after step (b), passing at least a portion of the insect-depleted gas stream through the filter element; and
(d) after step (c), introducing at least a portion of the insect-depleted gas stream discharged from the filter element to the fan.

9. The method according to claim 1, further comprising:
(c) after step (b), producing a multifunctional composition by mixing at least a portion of the insects separated in step (b) with one or more materials selected from the group consisting of a fiber-starch material, a binding agent, a density improving textural supplement, a moisture improving textural supplement, a cannabis enhancer, and mixtures thereof;
wherein:
(i) the fiber-starch material is selected from the group consisting of cereal-grain-based materials, grass-based materials, nut-based materials, powdered fruit materials, root-based materials, tuber-based materials, vegetable-based materials, and mixtures thereof;
(ii) the binding agent is selected from the group consisting of agar, agave, alginin, arrowroot, carrageenan, collagen, cornstarch, egg whites, finely ground seeds, furcellaran, gelatin, guar gum, honey, katakuri starch, locust bean gum, pectin, potato starch, proteins, psyllium husks, sago, sugars, syrups, tapioca, vegetable gums, xanthan gum, and mixtures thereof;
(iii) the density improving textural supplement is selected from the group consisting of extracted arrowroot starch, extracted corn starch, extracted lentil starch, extracted potato starch, extracted tapioca starch, and mixtures thereof;
(iv) the moisture improving textural supplement is selected from the group consisting of almonds, brazil nuts, cacao, cashews, chestnuts, coconut, filberts, hazelnuts, indian nuts, macadamia nuts, nut butters, nut oils, nut powders, peanuts, pecans, pili nuts, pine nuts, pinon nuts, pistachios, soy nuts, sunflower seeds, tiger nuts, walnuts, vanilla, and mixtures thereof;
(v) the cannabis enhancer is selected from the group consisting of powdered marijuana, dried marijuana, ground marijuana, decarboxylated marijuana, marijuana fixed carbon feedstock components, marijuana volatile feedstock components, marijuana volatile feedstock components and a solvent, marijuana volatile feedstock components and an alcohol, marijuana volatile feedstock components and marijuana fixed carbon feedstock components, tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), and mixtures thereof.

10. The method according to claim 9, further comprising:
(d) after step (c), producing a foodstuff from the multifunctional composition, the foodstuff includes one or more selected from the group consisting of ada, bagels, baked goods, biscuits, bitterballen, bonda, breads, cakes, candies, cereals, chips, chocolate bars, chocolate, coffee, cokodok, confectionery, cookies, cooking batter, corn starch mixtures, crackers, crêpes, croissants, croquettes, croutons, dolma, dough, doughnuts, energy bars, flapjacks, french fries, frozen custard, frozen desserts, frying cakes, fudge, gelatin mixes, granola bars, gulha, hardtack, ice cream, khandvi, khanom buang, krumpets, meze, mixed flours, muffins, multi-grain snacks, nachos, nian gao, noodles, nougat, onion rings, pakora, pancakes, panforte, pastas, pastries, pie crust, pita chips, pizza, poffertjes, pretzels, pudding, rice krispie treats, sesame sticks, smoothies, snacks, specialty milk, tele-bhaja, tempura, toffee, tortillas, totopo, turkish delights, and waffles.

11. The method according to claim 1, further comprising:
(c) after step (b), mixing at least a portion of the insects separated in step (b) with three or more ingredients selected from the group consisting of almonds, cashews, coconut, honey, and egg whites.

12. The method according to claim 1, further comprising:
 (c) after step (b), mixing at least a portion of the insects separated in step (b) with a cannabis enhancer;
wherein:
the cannabis enhancer is selected from the group consisting of powdered marijuana, dried marijuana, ground marijuana, decarboxylated marijuana, marijuana fixed carbon feedstock components, marijuana volatile feedstock components, marijuana volatile feedstock components and a solvent, marijuana volatile feedstock components and an alcohol, marijuana volatile feedstock components and marijuana fixed carbon feedstock components, tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), and mixtures thereof.

13. A method to separate insects from an insect and gas mixture, the method includes:
(a) providing an insect and gas mixture; and
(b) separating insects from the insect and gas mixture to form an insect-depleted gas stream that has a reduced amount of insects relative to the insect and gas mixture.

14. The method according to claim 13, further comprising:
in step (b), separating insects from the insect and gas mixture with a cyclone and/or a filter.

15. The method according to claim 13, further comprising:
(c) after step (b), producing a multifunctional composition by mixing at least a portion of the insects separated in step (b) with one or more materials selected from the group consisting of a fiber-starch material, a binding agent, a density improving textural supplement, a moisture improving textural supplement, a cannabis enhancer, and mixtures thereof;
wherein:
(i) the fiber-starch material is selected from the group consisting of cereal-grain-based materials, grass-based materials, nut-based materials, powdered fruit materials, root-based materials, tuber-based materials, vegetable-based materials, and mixtures thereof;
(ii) the binding agent is selected from the group consisting of agar, agave, alginin, arrowroot, carrageenan, collagen, cornstarch, egg whites, finely ground seeds, furcellaran, gelatin, guar gum, honey, katakuri starch, locust bean gum, pectin, potato starch, proteins, psyllium husks, sago, sugars, syrups, tapioca, vegetable gums, xanthan gum, and mixtures thereof;
(iii) the density improving textural supplement is selected from the group consisting of extracted arrowroot starch, extracted corn starch, extracted lentil starch, extracted potato starch, extracted tapioca starch, and mixtures thereof;
(iv) the moisture improving textural supplement is selected from the group consisting of almonds, brazil nuts, cacao, cashews, chestnuts, coconut, filberts, hazelnuts, indian nuts, macadamia nuts, nut butters, nut oils, nut powders, peanuts, pecans, pili nuts, pine nuts, pinon nuts, pistachios, soy nuts, sunflower seeds, tiger nuts, walnuts, vanilla, and mixtures thereof;
(v) the cannabis enhancer is selected from the group consisting of powdered marijuana, dried marijuana, ground marijuana, decarboxylated marijuana, marijuana fixed carbon feedstock components, marijuana volatile feedstock components, marijuana volatile feedstock components and a solvent, marijuana volatile feedstock components and an alcohol, marijuana volatile feedstock components and marijuana fixed carbon feedstock components, tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), and mixtures thereof.

16. The method according to claim 15, further comprising:
(d) after step (c), producing a foodstuff from the multifunctional composition, the foodstuff includes one or more selected from the group consisting of ada, bagels, baked goods, biscuits, bitterballen, bonda, breads, cakes, candies, cereals, chips, chocolate bars, chocolate, coffee, cokodok, confectionery, cookies, cooking batter, corn starch mixtures, crackers, crêpes, croissants, croquettes, croutons, dolma, dough, doughnuts, energy bars, flapjacks, french fries, frozen custard, frozen desserts, frying cakes, fudge, gelatin mixes, granola bars, gulha, hardtack, ice cream, khandvi, khanom buang, krumpets, meze, mixed flours, muffins, multi-grain snacks, nachos, nian gao, noodles, nougat, onion rings, pakora, pancakes, panforte, pastas, pastries, pie crust, pita chips, pizza, poffertjes, pretzels, pudding, rice krispie treats, sesame sticks, smoothies, snacks, specialty milk, tele-bhaja, tempura, toffee, tortillas, totopo, turkish delights, and waffles.

17. The method according to claim 13, further comprising:
(c) after step (b), mixing at least a portion of the insects separated in step (b) with three or more ingredients selected from the group consisting of almonds, cashews, coconut, honey, and egg whites.

18. The method according to claim 13, further comprising:
 (c) after step (b), mixing at least a portion of the insects separated in step (b) with a cannabis enhancer;
wherein:
the cannabis enhancer is selected from the group consisting of powdered marijuana, dried marijuana, ground marijuana, decarboxylated marijuana, marijuana fixed carbon feedstock components, marijuana volatile feedstock components, marijuana volatile feedstock components and a solvent, marijuana volatile feedstock components and an alcohol, marijuana volatile feedstock components and marijuana fixed carbon feedstock components, tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), and mixtures thereof.

19. A method of making a multifunctional composition, the method includes:
(a) providing an insect and gas mixture;
(b) after step (a), separating insects from the insect and gas mixture to form an insect-depleted gas stream that has a reduced amount of insects relative to the insect and gas mixture; and
(c) after step (b), mixing at least a portion of the insects separated in step (b) with one or more materials selected from the group consisting of a fiber-starch material, a binding agent, a moisture improving textural supplement, and a cannabis enhancer to produce a multifunctional composition;
wherein:
(i) the fiber-starch material is selected from the group consisting of cereal-grain-based materials, grass-based materials, nut-based materials, powdered fruit materials, root-based materials, tuber-based materials, vegetable-based materials, and mixtures thereof;
(ii) the binding agent is selected from the group consisting of agar, agave, alginin, arrowroot, carrageenan, collagen, cornstarch, egg whites, finely ground seeds, furcellaran, gelatin, guar gum, honey, katakuri starch, locust bean gum, pectin, potato starch, proteins, psyllium husks, sago, sugars, syrups, tapioca, vegetable gums, xanthan gum, and mixtures thereof;
(iii) the moisture improving textural supplement is selected from the group consisting of almonds, brazil nuts, cacao, cashews, chestnuts, coconut, filberts, hazelnuts, indian nuts, macadamia nuts, nut butters, nut oils, nut powders, peanuts, pecans, pili nuts, pine nuts, pinon nuts, pistachios, soy nuts, sunflower seeds, tiger nuts, walnuts, vanilla, and mixtures thereof;
(iv) the cannabis enhancer is selected from the group consisting of powdered marijuana, dried marijuana, ground marijuana, decarboxylated marijuana, marijuana fixed carbon feedstock components, marijuana volatile feedstock components, marijuana volatile feedstock components and a solvent, marijuana volatile feedstock components and an alcohol, marijuana volatile feedstock components and marijuana fixed carbon feedstock components, tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), and mixtures thereof.

20. The method according to claim 19, further comprising:
(d) after step (c), producing a foodstuff from the multifunctional composition, the foodstuff includes one or more selected from the group consisting of ada, bagels, baked goods, biscuits, bitterballen, bonda, breads, cakes, candies, cereals, chips, chocolate bars, chocolate, coffee, cokodok, confectionery, cookies, cooking batter, corn starch mixtures, crackers, crêpes, croissants, croquettes, croutons, dolma, dough, doughnuts, energy bars, flapjacks, french fries, frozen custard, frozen desserts, frying cakes, fudge, gelatin mixes, granola bars, gulha, hardtack, ice cream, khandvi, khanom buang, krumpets, meze, mixed flours, muffins, multi-grain snacks, nachos, nian gao, noodles, nougat, onion rings, pakora, pancakes, panforte, pastas, pastries, pie crust, pita chips, pizza, poffertjes, pretzels, pudding, rice krispie treats, sesame sticks, smoothies, snacks, specialty milk, tele-bhaja, tempura, toffee, tortillas, totopo, turkish delights, and waffles.


CASE 3100 (USSN 15/841,886)
156. (New) A alimentary multifunctional composition having a bulk density ranging from between 3.5 pounds per cubic foot to 50 pounds per cubic foot, an energy content ranging from 4,500 British Thermal Units per pound to 10,500 British Thermal Units per pound, the composition includes:
(a) a cannabis enhancer including one or more cannabis enhancers selected from the group consisting of cannabis, dried cannabis, ground cannabis, decarboxylated cannabis, cannabis volatile feedstock components, cannabis fixed carbon feedstock components, and mixtures thereof;
(b) tetrahydrocannabinol;
(c) a carbon content ranging from between 15 weight percent to 55 weight percent;
(d) an oxygen content ranging from between 15 weight percent to 55 weight percent;
(e) a hydrogen content ranging from between 2.5 weight percent to 20 weight percent;
(f) an ash content ranging from between 2.5 weight percent to 7.5 weight percent;
(g) a fat content ranging from between 5 weight percent to 60 weight percent, the fat includes linoleic acid, alpha-linoleic acid, and oleic acid; and
(h) N-acetylglucosamine and/or pathogens including one or more pathogens selected from the group consisting of a bacteria, a parasite, a fungus, and combinations thereof.

157. (New) The composition according to claim 156, wherein:
the N-acetylglucosamine is derived from insects.

158. (New) The composition according to claim 156, wherein:
the N-acetylglucosamine is derived from arthropods.

159. (New) The composition according to claim 156, further comprising:
a water content ranging from between 2 weight percent to 10 weight percent.

160. (New) The composition according to claim 156, further comprising:
a niacin content ranging from between 50 parts per million to 5 weight percent; and
a L-phenylalanine content ranging from between 50 parts per million to 5 weight percent.

161. (New) The composition according to claim 160, wherein:
a magnesium content ranging from between 50 parts per million to 5 weight percent; 
a manganese content ranging from between 50 parts per million to 1 weight percent; and
an iron content ranging from between 25 parts per million to 1,500 parts per million.

162. (New) The composition according to claim 161, wherein the composition includes a particle size that ranges from between 100 microns to 1,000 microns.

163. (New) The composition according to claim 156, further comprising:
treated water, the treated water is treated with one or more water treatment units selected from the group consisting of an adsorbent, an ion-exchange resin, a catalyst, activated carbon, a membrane, ultraviolet unit, an ozone unit, a microwave unit, a filter, and combinations thereof.

164. (New) The composition according to claim 163, further comprising:
a biocatalyst and/or an acid;
wherein:
the biocatalyst includes one or more biocatalysts selected from the group consisting of an enzyme, casein protease, atreptogrisin A, flavorpro, peptidase, protease A, protease, aspergillus oryzae, bacillus subtilis, bacillus licheniformis, aspergillus niger, aspergillus melleus, aspergilus oryzae, papain, carica papaya, bromelain, ananas comorus stem, a microorganism, and yeast;
the acid includes one or more acids selected from the group consisting of abscic acid, acetic acid, ascorbic acid, benzoic acid, citric acid, formic acid, fumaric acid, hydrochloric acid, lactic acid, malic acid, nitric acid, organic acids, phosphoric acid, potassium hydroxide, propionic acid, salicylic acid, sulfamic acid, sulfuric acid, and tartaric acid.

165. (New) The composition according to claim 164, further comprising:
one or more ingredients selected from the group consisting of malt, grain, barley, honey, and hops.

166. (New) An alcoholic beverage derived from at least a portion of the composition according to claim 156, the alcoholic beverage is derived by mixing at least a portion of the composition with:
treated water, the treated water is treated with one or more water treatment units selected from the group consisting of an adsorbent, an ion-exchange resin, a catalyst, activated carbon, a membrane, and combinations thereof; and
 a biocatalyst including one or more biocatalysts selected from the group consisting of an enzyme, casein protease, atreptogrisin A, flavorpro, peptidase, protease A, protease, aspergillus oryzae, bacillus subtilis, bacillus licheniformis, aspergillus niger, aspergillus melleus, aspergilus oryzae, papain, carica papaya, bromelain, ananas comorus stem, a fungus, a microorganism, and yeast.

167. (New) A fermented alcoholic beverage including ethanol and carbon dioxide derived from at least a portion of the composition according to claim 156, the alcoholic beverage is derived by mixing at least a portion of the composition with:
treated water, the treated water is treated with one or more water treatment units selected from the group consisting of an adsorbent, an ion-exchange resin, a catalyst, activated carbon, a membrane, and combinations thereof; and
 a biocatalyst including one or more biocatalysts selected from the group consisting of an enzyme, casein protease, atreptogrisin A, flavorpro, peptidase, protease A, protease, aspergillus oryzae, bacillus subtilis, bacillus licheniformis, aspergillus niger, aspergillus melleus, aspergilus oryzae, papain, carica papaya, bromelain, ananas comorus stem, a fungus, a microorganism, and yeast.

168. (New) The composition according to claim 156, further comprising an oil including one or more oils selected from the group consisting of lipids extracted from insects, almond oil, animal-based oils, apricot kernel oil, avocado oil, brazil nut oil, butter, canola oil, cashew oil, cocoa butter, coconut oil, cooking oil, corn oil, cottonseed oil, fish oil, grapeseed oil, hazelnut oil, hemp oil, insect oil, lard, lard oil, macadamia nut oil, mustard oil, olive oil, palm kernel oil, palm oil, peanut oil, rapeseed oil, rice oil, rice bran oil, safflower oil, semi-refined sesame oil, semi-refined sunflower oil, sesame oil, soybean oil, tallow of beef, tallow of mutton, vegetable oil, and walnut oil.

169. (New) The composition according to claim 156, further comprising:
one or more ingredients selected from the group consisting of alcohol, diglycerides, esters, ethanol, ethyl acetate, glycerin, glycerol, hexane, hydrocarbon, isopropyl alcohol, methanol, monoglycerides, and a solvent.

170. (New) The composition according to claim 156, further comprising:
carbon dioxide.

171. (New) The composition according to claim 156, further comprising:
one or more ingredients selected from the group consisting of allspice berries, almond meal, anise seed, annato seed, arrowroot powder, basil, bay leaves, black pepper, buttermilk, caraway, cayenne, celery seed, cheese cultures,  chervil, chile powder, chives, cilantro, cinnamon, citric acid, cloves, coconut shredded, coriander, corn oil, corn starch, cream of tartar, cubeb berries, cumin, curry, dextrose, dill, enzymes, fennel, fenugreek, file powder, garlic powder, ginger, grapefruit peel, green peppercorns, honey, horseradish powder, juniper berries, kaffir lime, lavender, lemon grass powder, lemon peel, lime peel, long pepper, marjoram, molasses, mustard, natural smoke flavor, nigella seeds, nutmeg, onion powder, orange peel, oregano, paprika, parsley, poppy seed, powdered cheese, red pepper, rose petals, rosemary, saffron, sage, salt, savory, sesame seed, star anise, sugar, sugar maple, sumac, tamarind, tangerine peel, tarragon, thyme, tomatillo powder, tomato powder, turmeric, vanilla extract, wasabi powder, whey, and white peppercorns.

172. (New) The composition according to claim 156, further comprising one or more materials selected from the group consisting of a fiber-starch material, a binding agent, a density improving textural supplement, a moisture improving textural supplement, and mixtures thereof;
wherein:
(i) the fiber-starch material is selected from the group consisting of cereal-grain-based materials, grass-based materials, nut-based materials, powdered fruit materials, root-based materials, tuber-based materials, vegetable-based materials, and mixtures thereof;
(ii) the binding agent is selected from the group consisting of agar, agave, alginin, arrowroot, carrageenan, collagen, cornstarch, egg whites, finely ground seeds, furcellaran, gelatin, guar gum, honey, katakuri starch, locust bean gum, pectin, potato starch, proteins, psyllium husks, sago, sugars, syrups, tapioca, vegetable gums, xanthan gum, and mixtures thereof;
(iii) the density improving textural supplement is selected from the group consisting of extracted arrowroot starch, extracted corn starch, extracted lentil starch, extracted potato starch, extracted tapioca starch, and mixtures thereof;
(iv) the moisture improving textural supplement is selected from the group consisting of almonds, brazil nuts, cacao, cashews, chestnuts, coconut, filberts, hazelnuts, indian nuts, macadamia nuts, nut butters, nut oils, nut powders, peanuts, pecans, pili nuts, pine nuts, pinon nuts, pistachios, soy nuts, sunflower seeds, tiger nuts, walnuts, vanilla, and mixtures thereof.

173. (New) A foodstuff comprising the composition according to claim 172, wherein:
the foodstuff includes one or more selected from the group consisting of ada, bagels, baked goods, biscuits, bitterballen, bonda, breads, cakes, candies, cereals, chips, chocolate bars, chocolate, coffee, cokodok, confectionery, cookies, cooking batter, corn starch mixtures, crackers, crêpes, croissants, croquettes, croutons, dolma, dough, doughnuts, energy bars, flapjacks, french fries, frozen custard, frozen desserts, frying cakes, fudge, gelatin mixes, granola bars, gulha, hardtack, ice cream, khandvi, khanom buang, krumpets, meze, mixed flours, muffins, multi-grain snacks, nachos, nian gao, noodles, nougat, onion rings, pakora, pancakes, panforte, pastas, pastries, pie crust, pita chips, pizza, poffertjes, pretzels, pudding, rice krispie treats, sesame sticks, smoothies, snacks, specialty milk, tele-bhaja, tempura, toffee, tortillas, totopo, turkish delights, and waffles.

174. (New) A method to produce a foodstuff, the method includes:
(a) providing the composition according to claim 156;
(b) after step (a), producing a multifunctional composition by mixing at least a portion of the composition with one or more materials selected from the group consisting of a fiber-starch material, a binding agent, a density improving textural supplement, a moisture improving textural supplement; and
(c) after step (b), producing a foodstuff from the multifunctional composition, the foodstuff includes one or more selected from the group consisting of ada, bagels, baked goods, biscuits, bitterballen, bonda, breads, cakes, candies, cereals, chips, chocolate bars, chocolate, coffee, cokodok, confectionery, cookies, cooking batter, corn starch mixtures, crackers, crêpes, croissants, croquettes, croutons, dolma, dough, doughnuts, energy bars, flapjacks, french fries, frozen custard, frozen desserts, frying cakes, fudge, gelatin mixes, granola bars, gulha, hardtack, ice cream, khandvi, khanom buang, krumpets, meze, mixed flours, muffins, multi-grain snacks, nachos, nian gao, noodles, nougat, onion rings, pakora, pancakes, panforte, pastas, pastries, pie crust, pita chips, pizza, poffertjes, pretzels, pudding, rice krispie treats, sesame sticks, smoothies, snacks, specialty milk, tele-bhaja, tempura, toffee, tortillas, totopo, turkish delights, and waffles;
wherein:
(i) the fiber-starch material is selected from the group consisting of cereal-grain-based materials, grass-based materials, nut-based materials, powdered fruit materials, root-based materials, tuber-based materials, vegetable-based materials, and mixtures thereof;
(ii) the binding agent is selected from the group consisting of agar, agave, alginin, arrowroot, carrageenan, collagen, cornstarch, egg whites, finely ground seeds, furcellaran, gelatin, guar gum, honey, katakuri starch, locust bean gum, pectin, potato starch, proteins, psyllium husks, sago, sugars, syrups, tapioca, vegetable gums, xanthan gum, and mixtures thereof;
(iii) the density improving textural supplement is selected from the group consisting of extracted arrowroot starch, extracted corn starch, extracted lentil starch, extracted potato starch, extracted tapioca starch, and mixtures thereof;
(iv) the moisture improving textural supplement is selected from the group consisting of almonds, brazil nuts, cacao, cashews, chestnuts, coconut, filberts, hazelnuts, indian nuts, macadamia nuts, nut butters, nut oils, nut powders, peanuts, pecans, pili nuts, pine nuts, pinon nuts, pistachios, soy nuts, sunflower seeds, tiger nuts, walnuts, vanilla, and mixtures thereof.

175. (New) A method to produce a cooked multifunctional mixture, the method includes:
(a) providing the composition according to claim 156;
(b) after step (a), producing a multifunctional composition by mixing at least a portion of the composition with one or more materials selected from the group consisting of a fiber-starch material, a binding agent, a density improving textural supplement, and a moisture improving textural supplement; and
(c) after step (b), producing a cooked multifunctional mixture by cooking the multifunctional mixture using a cooking module that includes one or more cooking modules selected from the group consisting of an oven, a fryer, a dryer, a pressure cooker, a dehydrator, and a freeze dryer, the cooking module is configured to accept and cook the multifunctional composition;
wherein:
(i) the fiber-starch material is selected from the group consisting of cereal-grain-based materials, grass-based materials, nut-based materials, powdered fruit materials, root-based materials, tuber-based materials, vegetable-based materials, and mixtures thereof;
(ii) the binding agent is selected from the group consisting of agar, agave, alginin, arrowroot, carrageenan, collagen, cornstarch, egg whites, finely ground seeds, furcellaran, gelatin, guar gum, honey, katakuri starch, locust bean gum, pectin, potato starch, proteins, psyllium husks, sago, sugars, syrups, tapioca, vegetable gums, xanthan gum, and mixtures thereof;
(iii) the density improving textural supplement is selected from the group consisting of extracted arrowroot starch, extracted corn starch, extracted lentil starch, extracted potato starch, extracted tapioca starch, and mixtures thereof;
(iv) the moisture improving textural supplement is selected from the group consisting of almonds, brazil nuts, cacao, cashews, chestnuts, coconut, filberts, hazelnuts, indian nuts, macadamia nuts, nut butters, nut oils, nut powders, peanuts, pecans, pili nuts, pine nuts, pinon nuts, pistachios, soy nuts, sunflower seeds, tiger nuts, walnuts, vanilla, and mixtures thereof.

176. (New) A method to produce an ethanol-depleted-fermented-liquid-biocatalyst-mixture, the method includes:
(a) providing the composition according to claim 156;
(b) after step (a), producing a liquid biocatalyst mixture by mixing at least a portion of the composition with treated water and a biocatalyst, the biocatalyst includes one or more biocatalysts selected from the group consisting of an enzyme, casein protease, atreptogrisin A, flavorpro, peptidase, protease A, protease, aspergillus oryzae, bacillus subtilis, bacillus licheniformis, aspergillus niger, aspergillus melleus, aspergilus oryzae, papain, carica papaya, bromelain, ananas comorus stem, a fungus, a microorganism, and yeast;
(c) after step (b), heating the liquid biocatalyst mixture to produce a heated liquid mixture; 
(d) after step (c), fermenting the heated liquid biocatalyst mixture to produce a fermented liquid biocatalyst mixture including ethanol; and
(e) after step (d), evaporating ethanol from the fermented liquid biocatalyst mixture to produce an ethanol-depleted-fermented-liquid-biocatalyst-mixture, the ethanol-depleted-fermented-liquid-biocatalyst-mixture has a reduced amount of ethanol relative to the fermented liquid biocatalyst mixture;
wherein:
the treated water is treated with one or more water treatment units selected from the group consisting of an adsorbent, an ion-exchange resin, a catalyst, activated carbon, a membrane, and combinations thereof.

177. (New) A method to produce a liquid depleted biocatalyst mixture, the method includes:
(a) providing the composition according to claim 156;
(b) after step (a), producing a liquid biocatalyst mixture by mixing at least a portion of the composition with water, a biocatalyst, and optionally an acid;
(c) after step (b), heating the liquid biocatalyst mixture;
(d) after step (c), pressurizing the liquid biocatalyst mixture to form a pressurized liquid biocatalyst mixture; and
(e) after step (d), evaporating water from the liquid biocatalyst mixture to form a liquid depleted biocatalyst mixture, the liquid depleted biocatalyst mixture has a reduced amount of liquid relative to the pressurized liquid biocatalyst mixture;
wherein:
the biocatalyst includes one or more biocatalysts selected from the group consisting of an enzyme, casein protease, atreptogrisin A, flavorpro, peptidase, protease A, protease, aspergillus oryzae, bacillus subtilis, bacillus licheniformis, aspergillus niger, aspergillus melleus, aspergilus oryzae, papain, carica papaya, bromelain, ananas comorus stem, a fungus, a microorganism, and yeast;
the acid includes one or more acids selected from the group consisting of abscic acid, acetic acid, ascorbic acid, benzoic acid, citric acid, formic acid, fumaric acid, hydrochloric acid, lactic acid, malic acid, nitric acid, organic acids, phosphoric acid, potassium hydroxide, propionic acid, salicylic acid, sulfamic acid, sulfuric acid, and tartaric acid.

178. (New) A method to produce a consumer product, the method includes:
(a) providing the composition according to claim 156;
(b) after step (a), extracting stearic acid from at least a portion of the composition;
(c) after step (b), producing an intermediate product from the stearic acid, the intermediate product includes one or more intermediate products selected from the group consisting of glyceryl stearate, TEA-stearate, sorbitan stearate, stearyl alcohol, and combinations thereof; and
(d) after step (c), producing a consumer product from the  intermediate product, the  consumer product includes one or more consumer products selected from the group consisting of baby lotion, biomedical sensing device, blush, body cream, candles, cleanser, cologne, concealer, food, foot powder, foot spray, foundation, hand cream, hard candy, lubricant, mascara, moisturizer, nail products, nano-device, oils, perfume, pharmaceuticals, powders, shaving cream, soap, surfactant, thickener, and combinations thereof.

179. (New) An alcoholic beverage derived by mixing:
(I) an alimentary multifunctional composition having a bulk density ranging from between 3.5 pounds per cubic foot to 50 pounds per cubic foot, an energy content ranging from 4,500 British Thermal Units per pound to 10,500 British Thermal Units per pound, the composition includes:
(a) cannabis;
(b) tetrahydrocannabinol;
(c) a carbon content ranging from between 15 weight percent to 55 weight percent;
(d) an oxygen content ranging from between 15 weight percent to 55 weight percent;
(e) a hydrogen content ranging from between 2.5 weight percent to 20 weight percent;
(f) an ash content ranging from between 2.5 weight percent to 7.5 weight percent;
(g) a water content ranging from between 2 weight percent to 10 weight percent; and
(h) a fat content ranging from between 5 weight percent to 60 weight percent, the fat includes linoleic acid, alpha-linoleic acid, and oleic acid;
(i) a niacin content ranging from between 50 parts per million to 5 weight percent;
(j) a L-phenylalanine content ranging from between 50 parts per million to 5 weight percent;
(k) a magnesium content ranging from between 50 parts per million to 5 weight percent; 
(l) a manganese content ranging from between 50 parts per million to 1 weight percent; and
(m) an iron content ranging from between 25 parts per million to 1,500 parts per million;
(II) treated water, the treated water is treated with one or more water treatment units selected from the group consisting of an adsorbent, an ion-exchange resin, a catalyst, activated carbon, a membrane, a filter, and combinations thereof; and
(III) a biocatalyst including one or more biocatalysts selected from the group consisting of an enzyme, casein protease, atreptogrisin A, flavorpro, peptidase, protease A, protease, aspergillus oryzae, bacillus subtilis, bacillus licheniformis, aspergillus niger, aspergillus melleus, aspergilus oryzae, papain, carica papaya, bromelain, ananas comorus stem, a fungus, a microorganism, and yeast.

180. (New) The alcoholic beverage according to claim 179, wherein:
the alcoholic beverage is further derived by mixing with one or more ingredients selected from the group consisting of malt, grain, barley, honey, hops, and sugar.

181. (New) A foodstuff comprising:
(I)  an alimentary multifunctional particulate composition having a bulk density ranging from between 15 pounds per cubic foot to 50 pounds per cubic foot, a particle size that ranges from between 10 microns to 500 microns, and an energy content ranging from 4,500 British Thermal Units per pound to 10,500 British Thermal Units per pound, the composition includes:
(a) a cannabis enhancer including one or more cannabis enhancers selected from the group consisting of cannabis, dried cannabis, ground cannabis, decarboxylated cannabis, cannabis volatile feedstock components, cannabis fixed carbon feedstock components, and mixtures thereof;
(b) tetrahydrocannabinol;
(c) a carbon content ranging from between 15 weight percent to 55 weight percent;
(d) an oxygen content ranging from between 15 weight percent to 55 weight percent;
(e) a hydrogen content ranging from between 2.5 weight percent to 20 weight percent;
(f) an ash content ranging from between 2.5 weight percent to 7.5 weight percent;
(g) a water content ranging from between 2 weight percent to 10 weight percent;
(h) a fat content ranging from between 5 weight percent to 60 weight percent, the fat includes linoleic acid, alpha-linoleic acid, and oleic acid;
(i) a niacin content ranging from between 50 parts per million to 5 weight percent; and
(j) a L-phenylalanine content ranging from between 50 parts per million to 5 weight percent; and
(II) one or more materials selected from the group consisting of a fiber-starch material, a binding agent, a density improving textural supplement, a moisture improving textural supplement, and mixtures thereof;
wherein:
(i) the fiber-starch material is selected from the group consisting of cereal-grain-based materials, grass-based materials, nut-based materials, powdered fruit materials, root-based materials, tuber-based materials, vegetable-based materials, and mixtures thereof;
(ii) the binding agent is selected from the group consisting of agar, agave, alginin, arrowroot, carrageenan, collagen, cornstarch, egg whites, finely ground seeds, furcellaran, gelatin, guar gum, honey, katakuri starch, locust bean gum, pectin, potato starch, proteins, psyllium husks, sago, sugars, syrups, tapioca, vegetable gums, xanthan gum, and mixtures thereof;
(iii) the density improving textural supplement is selected from the group consisting of extracted arrowroot starch, extracted corn starch, extracted lentil starch, extracted potato starch, extracted tapioca starch, and mixtures thereof;
(iv) the moisture improving textural supplement is selected from the group consisting of almonds, brazil nuts, cacao, cashews, chestnuts, coconut, filberts, hazelnuts, indian nuts, macadamia nuts, nut butters, nut oils, nut powders, peanuts, pecans, pili nuts, pine nuts, pinon nuts, pistachios, soy nuts, sunflower seeds, tiger nuts, walnuts, vanilla, and mixtures thereof;
(v) the foodstuff includes one or more selected from the group consisting of ada, bagels, baked goods, biscuits, bitterballen, bonda, breads, cakes, candies, cereals, chips, chocolate bars, chocolate, coffee, cokodok, confectionery, cookies, cooking batter, corn starch mixtures, crackers, crêpes, croissants, croquettes, croutons, dolma, dough, doughnuts, energy bars, flapjacks, french fries, frozen custard, frozen desserts, frying cakes, fudge, gelatin mixes, granola bars, gulha, hardtack, ice cream, khandvi, khanom buang, krumpets, meze, mixed flours, muffins, multi-grain snacks, nachos, nian gao, noodles, nougat, onion rings, pakora, pancakes, panforte, pastas, pastries, pie crust, pita chips, pizza, poffertjes, pretzels, pudding, rice krispie treats, sesame sticks, smoothies, snacks, specialty milk, tele-bhaja, tempura, toffee, tortillas, totopo, turkish delights, and waffles.


CASE 3300 (USSN 15/901,546)
1. An alimentary protein powder composition having a bulk density that ranges from between 15 pounds per cubic foot to 50 pounds per cubic foot, a protein content that ranges from between 45 weight percent to 85 weight percent, and a fat content that ranges from between 5 weight percent to 60 weight percent, the composition is comprised of:
(i) ground crickets; 
(ii) ground cannabis; and
(iii) water;
wherein the composition has a water content that ranges from between 2 weight percent to 10 weight percent.

2. The composition according to claim 1, wherein the ground cannabis is decarboxylated and includes tetrahydrocannabinol.

3. The composition according to claim 1, wherein the ground cannabis includes no tetrahydrocannabinol.

4. The composition according to claim 1, further comprising L-phenylalanine, calcium, vitamin A, sodium, and potassium;
wherein:
the composition has:
a L-phenylalanine content ranging from between 50 parts per million to 5 weight percent;
a sodium content ranging from between 1,500 parts per million to 5,500 parts per million;
a potassium content ranging from between 25 parts per million to 1 weight percent.

5. The composition according to claim 1, further includes N-acetylglucosamine.

6. The composition according to claim 1, further comprising glucuronic acid.

7. The composition according to claim 1, wherein the composition includes: 
a carbon content that ranges from between 15 weight percent to 55 weight percent.

8. The composition according to claim 1, further comprising caffeine; wherein the composition has a caffeine content that is at most 50 parts per million.

9. The composition according to claim 1, further comprising: 
fatty acids including one or more selected from the group consisting of palmitoleic acid, linoleic acid, alpha-linoleic acid, oleic acid, gamma-linoleic acid, and stearic acid.

10. The composition according to claim 1, wherein the composition includes:
an oxygen content that ranges from between 15 weight percent to 55 weight.

11. The composition according to claim 1, further comprising niacin; wherein the composition has a niacin content that ranges from between 50 parts per million to 5 weight percent.

12. The composition according to claim 1, wherein the ground cannabis includes dried cannabis.

13. The composition according to claim 1, wherein the ground cannabis includes decarboxylated cannabis.

14. The composition according to claim 1, further comprising xanthan gum.

15. The composition according to claim 1, further comprising nut oil from coconut.

16. The composition according to claim 1, wherein the composition includes:
a carbohydrate content of at least 13 weight percent.

17. The composition according to claim 1, further comprising caffeine; wherein the composition has a caffeine content that is at least 50 parts per million.

18. The composition according to claim 1, wherein the composition has an energy content that is at most 4,500 British Thermal Units per pound.

19. The composition according to claim 1, wherein the composition has an energy content that ranges from between about 4,500 British Thermal Units per pound to 10,500 BTU per pound.

20. The composition according to claim 1, further comprising citicoline.

21. The composition according to claim 1, further comprising taurine; wherein the composition has a taurine content that ranges from between 50 parts per million to 5 weight percent.

22. The composition according to claim 1, further comprising malic acid; wherein the composition has a malic acid content that ranges from between 50 parts per million to 5 weight percent.

23. The composition according to claim 1, further comprising caffeine and niacin;
wherein: 
the composition has: 
a caffeine content that is at most 50 parts per million;
a niacin content that ranges from between 50 parts per million to 5 weight percent.

24. The composition according to claim 1, further comprising caffeine, niacin, vitamin B1, vitamin B2, vitamin B12, vitamin E; 
wherein: 
the composition has: 
a caffeine content that is at most 50 parts per million;
a niacin content that ranges from between 50 parts per million to 5 weight percent;
a vitamin B1 content of at most 15 ppm; 
a vitamin B2 content of at most 15 ppm; 
a vitamin B12 content of at most 15 ppm; 
a vitamin E content of at most 15 ppm.

25. The composition according to claim 1, wherein the composition has: a calcium content that ranges from between 50 parts per million to 1 weight percent.

26. The composition according to claim 1, wherein the composition includes:
a hydrogen content that ranges from between 2.5 weight percent to 20 weight percent.

27. The composition according to claim 1, wherein the composition includes steroids and/or human growth hormones.

28. The composition according to claim 1, wherein the composition has:
an iron content that ranges from between 25 parts per million to 1,500 parts per million.

29. An alimentary energy bar composition having a protein content of at most 45 weight percent, and a fat content ranging from between 5 weight percent to 60 weight percent, the energy bar composition is comprised of:
(A) an alimentary protein powder composition having a bulk density that ranges from between 15 pounds per cubic foot to 50 pounds per cubic foot, that includes:
(i) ground crickets; and
(ii) decarboxylated ground cannabis; and
(B) caffeine and water;
wherein:
the energy bar composition has:
a caffeine content that is at least 50 parts per million; and
a water content ranging from between 2 weight percent to 10 weight percent and/or
a water content of at least 10 weight percent.

30. An alimentary protein powder composition having a bulk density that ranges from between 15 pounds per cubic foot to 50 pounds per cubic foot, a protein content that ranges from between 45 weight percent to 85 weight percent, and a fat content that ranges from between 5 weight percent to 60 weight percent, the composition is comprised of:
(i) ground crickets;
(ii) ground cannabis; and
(iii) L-phenylalanine, calcium, vitamin A, sodium, and potassium;
wherein:
the composition has:
a L-phenylalanine content ranging from between 50 parts per million to 5 weight percent;
a sodium content ranging from between 1,500 parts per million to 5,500 parts per million;
a potassium content ranging from between 25 parts per million to 1 weight percent.

 
CANNABIS PATENT PORTFOLIO

CASE 2100 (USSN 15/600,714)
41. (New) A farming superstructure system, including:
(a) a plurality of vertically stacked growing assemblies (100, 200), each growing assembly (100, 200) having an interior (101, 201), a top (102, 202), a bottom (103, 203), and a longitudinal axis (AX1, AX2) extending along a height direction of each growing assembly (100, 200); 
(b) an enclosure (ENC) having an interior (ENC1), the plurality of growing assemblies are positioned within the interior (ENC1) of the enclosure (ENC);
(c) a fabric (104, 204) that partitions each growing assembly (100, 200) into an upper-section (105, 205) close to the top (102, 202) and a lower-section (106, 206) close to the bottom (103, 203), the fabric (104, 204) is used to provide structure for plants (107, 207) to root into, plants (107, 207) rooted in the fabric (104, 204) have roots that grow downward and extend into the lower-section (106, 206), the fabric is comprised of one or more selected from the group consisting of plastic, polyethylene, high-density polyethylene (HDPE), low-density polyethylene (LDPE), polyethylene terephthalate (PET), polyacrylonitrile, and polypropylene;
(d) a plurality of light emitting diodes (L1, L2) positioned within the upper-section (105, 205) of each growing assembly (100, 200) above the fabric (104, 204), plants (107, 207) rooted in the fabric (104, 204) grow upward extending into the upper-section (105, 205) towards the plurality of light emitting diodes (L1, L2), each plurality of light emitting diodes (L1, L2) are configured to be controlled by the computer (COMP);
(e) a carbon dioxide tank (CO2T) that contains pressurized carbon dioxide (CO2), at least one carbon dioxide valve (V8, V9, V10) configured to transfer the pressurized carbon dioxide (CO2) from the carbon dioxide tank (CO2T) and into the interior (ENC1) of the enclosure (ENC);
(f) a plurality of fans (FN1, FN2) positioned in the upper-section (105, 205) of each growing assembly (100, 200), the fans (FN1, FN2) are configured to blow air onto the plants (107, 207);
(g) a common reservoir (500) configured to accept a source of water;
(h) a pump (P1) configured to accept and pressurize water from the common reservoir (500);
(i) a liquid distributor (108, 208) positioned in the lower-section (106, 206) of each growing assembly (100, 200) below the fabric (104, 204) and equipped with a plurality of restrictions (109, 209) installed thereon, each restriction (109, 209) is configured to accept pressurized water from the pump (P1) and introduce the water into the lower-section (106, 206) of each growing assembly (100, 200) while reducing the pressure of the water that passes through each restriction (109, 209), each liquid distributor (108, 208) is configured to receive water from a liquid supply conduit (113, 213);
(j) a pump discharge conduit (304) in fluid communication with each liquid supply conduit (113, 213), the pump discharge conduit (304) is in fluid communication with the pump (P1);
(k) at least one filter (F1, F2) installed in between the pump (P1) and the liquid supply conduits (113, 213), the pump (P1) pressurizes and transfers water from the common reservoir (500) through the filter (F1, F2) and into each liquid supply conduit (113, 213);
(l) at least one valve (V1, V3, V4) positioned in between the filter (F1, F2) and each growing assembly (100, 200), the at least one valve (V1, V3, V4) is configured to be opened and closed by the computer (COMP); and
(m) a computer (COMP) configured to open and/or closes the at least one valve (V1, V3, V4) to periodically introduce the pressurized water into to each growing assembly with an open-close ratio ranging from between 0.008 to 0.33, the open-close ratio is defined as the duration of time when the valve (V1, V3, V4) is open in seconds divided by the subsequent duration of time when the same valve is closed in seconds before the same valve opens again;
wherein:
the fabric (104) is configured to have a wicking height constant characterized by a wicking height range from 0.4 inches to 1.9 inches, the wicking height constant is a measurement of an ability of the fabric (104) to absorb moisture; and
the fabric (104) is configured to have an absorbance constant characterized by an absorbance range from 0.001 lb/in2 to 0.005 lb/in2, the absorbance constant is a measurement of moisture the fabric retains.

42. The system according to claim 41, further comprising:
a gas quality sensor (GC1, GC2) configured to monitor the concentration of carbon dioxide within the interior (ENC1) of the enclosure (ENC), the gas quality sensor (GC1, GC2) is configured to send a signal (XGC2) to the computer (COMP) to open and/or close the carbon dioxide valve (V8, V9, V10) to maintain the interior (ENC1) of the enclosure (ENC) at a pre-determined carbon dioxide concentration greater than  400 parts per million.

43. The system according to claim 41, further comprising:
a cation configured to remove positively charged ions from water to form a positively charged ion depleted water (06A);
an anion configured to remove negatively charged ions from the positively charged ion depleted water (06A) to form a negatively charged ion depleted water (09A); and
a membrane configured to remove undesirable compounds from the negatively charged ion depleted water (09A) to form an undesirable compounds depleted water (12A), the undesirable compounds are comprised of one or more selected from the group consisting of dissolved organic chemicals, viruses, bacteria, and particulates, the undesirable compounds depleted water (12A) is provided to the common reservoir (500) as the source of water.

44. The system according to claim 41, further comprising:
a cation configured to remove positively charged ions from water to form a positively charged ion depleted water (06A);
an anion configured to remove negatively charged ions from the positively charged ion depleted water (06A) to form a negatively charged ion depleted water (09A), the negatively charged ion depleted water (09A) is provided to the common reservoir (500) as the source of water.

45. The system according to claim 41, further comprising:
a refrigerant (Q31)  configured to be transferred from a compressor (Q30) to a condenser (Q32), from the condenser (Q32) to an evaporator (Q34), and from the evaporator (Q34) to the compressor (Q30), the compressor (Q31) is in fluid communication with the condenser (Q32), the condenser (Q32) is in fluid communication with the evaporator (Q34), and the evaporator (Q34) is in fluid communication with the compressor (Q30), the evaporator (Q34) is configured to evaporate the refrigerant (Q31) to absorb heat from the interior (ENC1) of the enclosure (ENC).

46. The system according to claim 41, further comprising one or more selected from the group consisting of:
(I) a macro-nutrient supply tank (600) is connected to the common reservoir (500) via a macro-nutrient transfer conduit (602), the macro-nutrient transfer conduit (602) is configured to transfer a macro-nutrient to the common reservoir (500), the macro-nutrient is comprised of one or more selected from the group consisting of nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, calcium, magnesium, and sulfur;
(II) a micro-nutrient supply tank (700) is connected to the common reservoir (500) via a micro-nutrient transfer conduit (702), the micro-nutrient transfer conduit (702) is configured to transfer a micro-nutrient to the common reservoir (500), the micro-nutrient is comprised of one or more selected from the group consisting of iron, manganese, boron, molybdenum, copper, zinc, sodium, chlorine, and silicon; and
(III) a pH adjustment solution supply tank (800) is connected to the common reservoir (500) via a pH adjustment solution transfer conduit (802), the pH adjustment solution transfer conduit (802) is configured to transfer a pH adjustment solution to the common reservoir (500), the pH adjustment solution is comprised of one or more selected from the group consisting of acid, nitric acid, phosphoric acid, potassium hydroxide, sulfuric acid, organic acids, citric acid, and acetic acid.

47. The system according to claim 41, further comprising:
an analyzer (AZ) configured to analyze a portion of water within the common reservoir (500);
wherein the analyzer is comprised of one or more selected from the group consisting of a mass spectrometer, fourier transform infrared spectrometer, infrared spectrometer, potentiometric pH meter, electrical conductivity meter, and liquid chromatograph.

48. The system according to claim 41, further comprising: 
a temperature sensor (QT0) configured to measure the temperature within the interior (ENC1) of the enclosure (ENC), the temperature sensor (QT0) is configured to output a signal (QXT0) to the computer (COMP); and
an air heat exchanger (HXA) configured to provide a temperature controlled air supply (Q3) to the interior (ENC1) of the enclosure (ENC), in response to the signal (QXT0) from the temperature sensor (QT0) the computer (COIMP) adjusts the air heat exchanger (HXA) to maintain a pre-determined temperature within the interior (ENC1) of the enclosure (ENC). 

49. The system according to claim 41, further comprising: 
an air supply fan (Q12)  configured to provide an air supply (Q3) to an air heat exchanger (HXA);
the air heat exchanger (HXA) is configured to provide a temperature controlled air supply (Q3) to the interior (ENC1) of the enclosure (ENC); and
a temperature sensor (QT0)  configured to measure the temperature within the interior (ENC1) of the enclosure (ENC).

50. The system according to claim 41, further comprising: 
a humidity sensor (QH0)  configured to measure the humidity within the interior (ENC1) of the enclosure (ENC), the humidity sensor (QH0) is configured to output a signal (QXH0) to the computer (COMP); and
a control system configured to maintain a pre-determined humidity within the interior (ENC1) of the enclosure (ENC) within a humidity range between 35 percent humidity to 55 percent humidity.

51. The system according to claim 41, further comprising: 
an air supply fan (Q12) that accepts an air supply (Q3) from the interior (ENC1) of the enclosure (ENC) via an air discharge exit conduit (Q23);
the air discharge exit conduit (Q23) is connected at one end to the enclosure (ENC) via an air output (Q22) and at another end to the air supply fan (Q12);
the air supply fan (Q12) is connected to the enclosure (ENC) via an air input (Q1) and an air supply entry conduit (Q2), the air supply fan (Q12) is configured to introduce air to the interior (ENC1) of the enclosure (ENC); and
an air filter (Q24) is installed on the air discharge exit conduit (Q23) in between the enclosure (ENC) and the air supply fan (Q12), the air filter (Q24) is configured to remove particulates from the air.

52. The system according to claim 41, further comprising: 
a pressure tank (PT) installed in between the pump (P1) and the filter (F1, F2), the pressure tank (PT) serves as a pressure storage reservoir in which a liquid is held under pressure.

53. The system according to claim 41, wherein: 
the pressure tank (PT) is a cylindrical tank that has a length to diameter ratio ranging from 1.25 to 2.5.

54. The system according to claim 41, further comprising: 
an oxygen emitter (EZ, EZ1, EZ2, EZ3) configured to oxygenate a portion of the water, the oxygen emitter (EZ, EZ1, EZ2, EZ3) includes a sparger and/or an electrolytic cell configured to produce oxygenated water, the electrolytic cell is comprised of an anode and a cathode.

55. (New) A farming superstructure system, including:
(a) a common reservoir (500) configured to accept a source of water;
(b) a pump (P1) configured to accept and pressurize water from the common reservoir (500);
(c) a plurality of growing assemblies (100, 200) configured to grow plants, each of the plurality of growing assemblies (100, 200) is configured to receive water from a liquid supply conduit (113, 213);
(d) an enclosure (ENC) having an interior (ENC1), the plurality of growing assemblies (100, 200) are positioned within the interior (ENC1) of the enclosure (ENC);
(e) a pump discharge conduit (304) in fluid communication with each liquid supply conduit (113, 213), the pump discharge conduit (304) is in fluid communication with the pump (P1);
(f) at least one filter (F1, F2) installed in between the pump (P1) and the liquid supply conduits (113, 213), the pump (P1) pressurizes and transfers water from the common reservoir (500) through the filter (F1, F2) and into each liquid supply conduit (113, 213);
(g) at least one valve (V1, V3, V4) positioned in between the filter (F1, F2) and each growing assembly (100, 200), the at least one valve (V1, V3, V4) is configured to be opened and closed by the computer (COMP);
(h) a computer (COMP) configured to open and/or closes the at least one valve (V1, V3, V4) to periodically introduce the pressurized water into to each growing assembly with an open-close ratio ranging from between 0.008 to 0.33, the open-close ratio is defined as the duration of time when the valve (V1, V3, V4) is open in seconds divided by the subsequent duration of time when the same valve is closed in seconds before the same valve opens again;
(i) a plurality of light emitting diodes (L1, L2) configured to illuminate the plurality of growing assemblies (100, 200);
(o) a refrigerant (Q31)  configured to be transferred from a compressor (Q30) to a condenser (Q32), from the condenser (Q32) to an evaporator (Q34), and from the evaporator (Q34) to the compressor (Q30), the compressor (Q31) is in fluid communication with the condenser (Q32), the condenser (Q32) is in fluid communication with the evaporator (Q34), the evaporator (Q34) is in fluid communication with the compressor (Q30), the evaporator (Q34) is configured to evaporate the refrigerant (Q31) to absorb heat from the interior (ENC1) of an enclosure (ENC).

56. The system according to claim 55, wherein the system is configured to operate in a plurality of modes of operation, the modes of operation including at least: 
(1) a first mode of operation in which compression of a refrigerant (Q31) takes place within the compressor (Q30), and the refrigerant (Q31) leaves the compressor (Q30) as a superheated vapor at a temperature above the condensing point of the refrigerant (Q31); 
(2) a second mode of operation in which condensation of refrigerant (Q31) takes place within the condenser (Q32), heat is rejected and the refrigerant (Q31) condenses from a superheated vapor into a liquid, and the liquid is cooled to a temperature below the boiling temperature of the refrigerant (Q31); and 
(3) a third mode of operation in which evaporation of the refrigerant (Q31) takes place, and the liquid phase refrigerant (Q31) boils in evaporator (Q34) to form a vapor or a superheated vapor while absorbing heat from the interior (ENC1) of the enclosure (ENC).

57. The system according to claim 55, further comprising: 
an oxygen emitter (EZ, EZ1, EZ2, EZ3) and/or a pressure tank (PT);
wherein:
the oxygen emitter (EZ, EZ1, EZ2, EZ3) is configured to oxygenate a portion of the water, the oxygen emitter (EZ, EZ1, EZ2, EZ3) includes a sparger and/or an electrolytic cell configured to produce oxygenated water, the electrolytic cell is comprised of an anode and a cathode;
the a pressure tank (PT) is installed in between the pump (P1) and the filter (F1, F2), the pressure tank (PT) serves as a pressure storage reservoir in which a liquid is held under pressure.

58. (New) A farming superstructure system, including:
(a) a common reservoir (500) configured to accept a source of water;
(b) a pump (P1) configured to accept and pressurize water from the common reservoir (500);
(c) a plurality of growing assemblies (100, 200) configured to grow plants, each of the plurality of growing assemblies (100, 200) is configured to receive water from a liquid supply conduit (113, 213);
(d) an enclosure (ENC) having an interior (ENC1), the plurality of growing assemblies (100, 200) are positioned within the interior (ENC1) of the enclosure (ENC);
(e) a pump discharge conduit (304) in fluid communication with each liquid supply conduit (113, 213), the pump discharge conduit (304) is in fluid communication with the pump (P1);
(f) at least one filter (F1, F2) installed in between the pump (P1) and the liquid supply conduits (113, 213), the pump (P1) pressurizes and transfers water from the common reservoir (500) through the filter (F1, F2) and into each liquid supply conduit (113, 213);
(g) at least one valve (V1, V3, V4) positioned in between the filter (F1, F2) and each growing assembly (100, 200), the at least one valve (V1, V3, V4) is configured to be opened and closed by the computer (COMP);
(h) a computer (COMP) configured to open and/or closes the at least one valve (V1, V3, V4) to periodically introduce the pressurized water into to each growing assembly with an open-close ratio ranging from between 0.008 to 0.33, the open-close ratio is defined as the duration of time when the valve (V1, V3, V4) is open in seconds divided by the subsequent duration of time when the same valve is closed in seconds before the same valve opens again; and 
(i) a plurality of light emitting diodes (L1, L2) configured to illuminate the plurality of growing assemblies (100, 200);

59. The system according to claim 55, further comprising: 
an oxygen emitter (EZ, EZ1, EZ2, EZ3) is configured to oxygenate a portion of the water, the oxygen emitter (EZ, EZ1, EZ2, EZ3) includes a sparger and/or an electrolytic cell configured to produce oxygenated water, the electrolytic cell is comprised of an anode and a cathode;
a carbon dioxide tank (CO2T) that contains pressurized carbon dioxide (CO2), at least one carbon dioxide valve (V8, V9, V10) configured to transfer carbon dioxide (CO2) from the carbon dioxide tank (CO2T) and into the interior (ENC1) of the enclosure (ENC);
a gas quality sensor (GC1, GC2) configured to monitor the concentration of carbon dioxide within the interior (ENC1) of the enclosure (ENC), the gas quality sensor (GC1, GC2) is configured to send a signal (XGC2) to the computer (COMP) to open and/or close the carbon dioxide valve (V8, V9, V10) to maintain the interior (ENC1) of the enclosure (ENC) at a pre-determined carbon dioxide concentration.
a pressure tank (PT) is installed in between the pump (P1) and the filter (F1, F2), the pressure tank (PT) serves as a pressure storage reservoir in which a liquid is held under pressure.

60. The system according to claim 58, further comprising:
a refrigerant (Q31)  configured to be transferred from a compressor (Q30) to a condenser (Q32), from the condenser (Q32) to an evaporator (Q34), and from the evaporator (Q34) to the compressor (Q30), the compressor (Q31) is in fluid communication with the condenser (Q32), the condenser (Q32) is in fluid communication with the evaporator (Q34), the evaporator (Q34) is in fluid communication with the compressor (Q30), the evaporator (Q34) is configured to evaporate the refrigerant (Q31) to absorb heat from the interior (ENC1) of an enclosure (ENC); 
wherein:
the system is configured to operate in a plurality of modes of operation, the modes of operation including at least: 
(1) a first mode of operation in which compression of a refrigerant (Q31) takes place within the compressor (Q30), and the refrigerant (Q31) leaves the compressor (Q30) as a superheated vapor at a temperature above the condensing point of the refrigerant (Q31); 
(2) a second mode of operation in which condensation of refrigerant (Q31) takes place within the condenser (Q32), heat is rejected and the refrigerant (Q31) condenses from a superheated vapor into a liquid, and the liquid is cooled to a temperature below the boiling temperature of the refrigerant (Q31); and 
(3) a third mode of operation in which evaporation of the refrigerant (Q31) takes place, and the liquid phase refrigerant (Q31) boils in evaporator (Q34) to form a vapor or a superheated vapor while absorbing heat from the interior (ENC1) of the enclosure (ENC).


CASE 2200 (USSN 15/600,716)
41. (New) A farming superstructure system (FSS), including:
(a) an enclosure (ENC) having an interior (ENC1);
(b) a plurality of growing assemblies (100, 200) positioned within the interior (ENC1) of the enclosure (ENC), the plurality of growing assemblies (100, 200) include a first growing assembly (100) and a second growing assembly (200), the plurality of growing assemblies (100, 200) are configured to grow plants;
(c) a computer (COMP);
(d) a plurality of light emitting diodes (L1, L2) configured to illuminate the plurality of growing assemblies (100, 200), each plurality of light emitting diodes (L1, L2) are configured to be controlled by the computer (COMP);
(e) a common reservoir (500) configured to accept a source of water;
(f) a pump (P1) configured to accept and pressurize water from the common reservoir (500) to form pressurized water;
(g) a pump discharge conduit (304) that transfers the pressurized water from the pump (P1) to a plurality of liquid distributors (108, 208);
(h) the plurality of liquid distributors (108, 208) are configured to accept the pressurized water from the pump (P1) and introduce the pressurized water into each growing assembly (100, 200);
(i) a refrigerant (Q31) configured to be transferred from a compressor (Q30) to a condenser (Q32), from the condenser (Q32) to an evaporator (Q34), and from the evaporator (Q34) to the compressor (Q30), the evaporator (Q34) is configured to evaporate the refrigerant (Q31) to absorb heat from the interior (ENC1) of an enclosure (ENC);
(j) a carbon dioxide tank (CO2T) that contains pressurized carbon dioxide (CO2), at least one carbon dioxide valve (V8, V9, V10) configured to transfer pressurized carbon dioxide (CO2) from the carbon dioxide tank (CO2T) into the interior (ENC1) of the enclosure (ENC);
(k) a gas quality sensor (GC1) configured to monitor the concentration of carbon dioxide within the interior (ENC1) of the enclosure (ENC), the gas quality sensor (GC1) is equipped to send a signal (XGC1) to the computer (COMP);
(l) a temperature sensor (T1) configured to measure the temperature within the interior (ENC1) of the enclosure (ENC), the temperature sensor (T1) is configured to send a signal (XT1) to the computer (COMP); and
(m) an air heater (HXA) configured to accept an air supply (Q3) and produce a heated air supply (Q3) to heat the interior (ENC1) of the enclosure (ENC), the air heater (HXA) heats the air supply (Q3) by using one or more selected from the group consisting of electricity, combustion of natural gas, natural gas, combustion, solar energy, and steam;
wherein:
in response to the signal (XT1) from the temperature sensor (T1), the computer (COMP) automatically adjusts the air heater (HXA) to maintain the temperature within the interior (ENC1) of the enclosure (ENC) at a predetermined temperature;
in response to the signal (XGC1) from the gas quality sensor (GC1), the computer (COMP) automatically adjusts the carbon dioxide valve (V8, V9, V10) to maintain the interior (ENC1) of the enclosure (ENC) at a carbon dioxide concentration greater than 400 parts per million.

42. (New) The FSS according to claim 41, wherein:
the system is configured to operate in a plurality of modes of operation, the modes of operation including at least:
a first mode of operation in which compression of a refrigerant (Q31) takes place within the compressor (Q30), and the refrigerant (Q31) leaves the compressor (Q30) as a superheated vapor at a temperature above the condensing point of the refrigerant (Q31);
a second mode of operation in which condensation of refrigerant (Q31) takes place within the condenser (Q32), heat is rejected and the refrigerant (Q31) condenses from a superheated vapor into a liquid, and the liquid is cooled to a temperature below the boiling temperature of the refrigerant (Q31); and
a third mode of operation in which evaporation of the refrigerant (Q31) takes place within the evaporator (Q34), the liquid phase refrigerant (Q31) boils in the evaporator (Q34) to form a vapor and/or a superheated vapor while absorbing heat from the interior (ENC1) of the enclosure (ENC).

43. (New) The FSS according to claim 41, further comprising:
at least one filter (F1, F2) installed in between the pump (P1) and each growing assembly (100, 200), the filter (F1, F2) is configured to filter the pressurized water discharged from the pump (P1); and
at least one valve (V1, V3, V4) positioned in between the pump (P1) and each growing assembly (100, 200), the at least one valve (V1, V3, V4) is configured to be opened and closed by the computer (COMP).

44. (New) The FSS according to claim 41, further comprising:
an oxygen emitter (EZ, EZ1, EZ2) configured to contact at least a portion of the water from the common reservoir (500), the oxygen emitter (EZ, EZ1, EZ2) includes an electrolytic cell configured to produce oxygenated water, the oxygenated water has more oxygen within it relative to the water from the common reservoir (500), the electrolytic cell is comprised of an anode and a cathode, current is applied across the anode and the cathode of the electrolytic cell, hydrogen gas is produced at the cathode and oxygen gas is produced at the anode; and/or
an ozone unit (313) configured to contact at least a portion of the water from the common reservoir (500), the ozone unit (313) is configured to destroy one or more selected from the group consisting of an organic molecule, waste, bacteria, protozoa, helminths, and viruses.

45. (New) The FSS according to claim 41, further comprising:
a cation configured to remove positively charged ions from a source of water to form a positively charged ion depleted water (06A); and
an anion configured to remove negatively charged ions from the positively charged ion depleted water (06A) to form a negatively charged ion depleted water (09A);
wherein:
the common reservoir (500) is configured to accept at least a portion of the negatively charged ion depleted water (09A).

46. (New) The FSS according to claim 41, further comprising:
a first water treatment unit (A1) configured to remove contaminants from a source of water to form treated water, the first water treatment unit (A1) includes one or more selected from the group consisting of a cation, an anion, a membrane, a filter, activated carbon, an adsorbent, and an absorbent;
wherein:
the common reservoir (500) is configured to accept at least a portion of the treated water.

47. (New) The FSS according to claim 41, further comprising:
an analyzer (AZ) configured to analyze the water within the common reservoir (500), the analyzer (AZ) is configured to input a signal (XAZ) to the computer (COMP), the analyzer (AZ) is selected from one or more from the group consisting of a mass spectrometer, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, infrared spectroscopy, potentiometric pH meter, a pH meter, an electrical conductivity meter, and a liquid chromatograph; and
one or more selected from the group consisting of:
(I) a macro-nutrient supply tank (600) connected to the common reservoir (500) via a macro-nutrient transfer conduit (602), a macro-nutrient supply valve (V5) installed on the macro-nutrient transfer conduit (602), the macro-nutrient supply valve (V5) is equipped with a controller (CV5) that inputs and outputs a signal (XV5) to and from the computer (COMP), the macro-nutrients are comprised of one or more selected from the group consisting of nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, calcium, magnesium, and sulfur;
(II) a micro-nutrient supply tank (700) connected to the common reservoir (500) via a micro-nutrient transfer conduit (702), a micro-nutrient supply valve (V6) is installed on the micro-nutrient transfer conduit (702), the micro-nutrient supply valve (V6) is equipped with a controller (CV6) that inputs and outputs a signal (XV6) to and from the computer (COMP), the micro-nutrients are comprised of one or more selected from the group consisting of iron, manganese, boron, molybdenum, copper, zinc, sodium, chlorine, and silicon; and
(III) a pH adjustment solution supply tank (800) connected to the common reservoir (500) via a pH adjustment solution transfer conduit (802), a pH adjustment solution supply valve (V8) is installed on the pH adjustment solution transfer conduit (802), the pH adjustment solution supply valve (V8) is equipped with a controller (CV8) that inputs and outputs a signal (XV8) to and from the computer (COMP), the pH adjustment solution is comprised of one or more selected from the group consisting acid, nitric acid, phosphoric acid, potassium hydroxide, sulfuric acid, organic acids, citric acid, and acetic acid;
wherein:
in response to the signal (XAZ) from the analyzer (AZ), the computer (COMP) automatically adjusts the macro-nutrient supply valve (V5), the micro-nutrient supply valve (V6), and/or the pH adjustment solution supply valve (V8) to introduce the macro-nutrients, the micro-nutrients, and/or the pH adjustment solution into the common reservoir (500).

48. (New) The FSS according to claim 41, wherein:
the plurality of light emitting diodes (L1, L2) illuminate the interior (ENC1) of an enclosure (ENC) at an illumination on-off ratio ranging from between 0.5 and 5, the illumination on-off ratio is defined as the duration of time when the lights are on and illuminate the interior (ENC1) of an enclosure (ENC) in hours divided by the subsequent duration of time when the lights are off and are not illuminating the interior (ENC1) of an enclosure (ENC) in hours before the lights are turned on again; and
the plurality of light emitting diodes (L1, L2) operate at a wavelength ranging from 400 nm to 700 nm.

49. (New) The FSS according to claim 41, further comprising:
the plurality of growing assemblies (100, 200) include a plurality of vertically stacked growing assemblies (100, 200), the second growing assembly (200) is located above the first growing assembly (100), the plurality of vertically stacked growing assemblies (100, 200) include a first system (1500), the first system (1500) includes a first vertical support structure (VSS1), a first horizontal support structure (SS1), a second vertical support structure (VSS2), and a second horizontal support structure (SS2);
wherein:
the first growing assembly (100) is supported by the first horizontal support structure (SS1) and a second growing assembly (200) is supported by the second horizontal support structure (SS2).

50. (New) The FSS according to claim 41, further comprising:
wherein:
the enclosure (ENC) includes a shipping container.

51. (New) A farming superstructure system (FSS), including:
(a) an enclosure (ENC) having an interior (ENC1);
(b) a first vertically stacked system (1500) and a second vertically stacked system (1500’) are positioned within the interior (ENC1) of the enclosure (ENC), the first vertically stacked system (1500) and the second vertically stacked system (1500’) each include a first growing assembly (100, 100’) and a second growing assembly (200, 200’), the second growing assembly (200, 200’) is located above the first growing assembly (100, 100’), the first vertically stacked system (1500) and the second vertically stacked system (1500’) are configured to grow plants;
(c) a computer (COMP);
(d) a plurality of light emitting diodes (L1, L2) that are configured to illuminate the first vertically stacked system (1500) and the second vertically stacked system (1500’), each plurality of light emitting diodes (L1, L2) are configured to be controlled by the computer (COMP);
(e) a common reservoir (500) configured to accept a source of water;
(f) a pump (P1) configured to accept and pressurize water from the common reservoir (500) to form pressurized water;
(g) a pump discharge conduit (304) that transfers the pressurized water from the pump (P1) to a plurality of liquid distributors (108, 208);
(h) the plurality of liquid distributors (108, 208) are configured to accept the pressurized water from the pump (P1) and introduce the pressurized water into each growing assembly (100, 100’, 200, 200’) within the first vertically stacked system (1500) and the second vertically stacked system (1500’);
(i) a refrigerant (Q31) configured to be transferred from a compressor (Q30) to a condenser (Q32), from the condenser (Q32) to an evaporator (Q34), and from the evaporator (Q34) to the compressor (Q30), the evaporator (Q34) is configured to evaporate the refrigerant (Q31) to absorb heat from the interior (ENC1) of an enclosure (ENC);
(j) a carbon dioxide tank (CO2T) that contains pressurized carbon dioxide (CO2), at least one carbon dioxide valve (V8, V9, V10) configured to transfer pressurized carbon dioxide (CO2) from the carbon dioxide tank (CO2T) into the interior (ENC1) of the enclosure (ENC); and
(k) a gas quality sensor (GC1) configured to monitor the concentration of carbon dioxide within the interior (ENC1) of the enclosure (ENC), the gas quality sensor (GC1) is equipped to send a signal (XGC1) to the computer (COMP).

52. (New) The FSS according to claim 51, wherein:
the system is configured to operate in a plurality of modes of operation, the modes of operation including at least:
a first mode of operation in which compression of a refrigerant (Q31) takes place within the compressor (Q30), and the refrigerant (Q31) leaves the compressor (Q30) as a superheated vapor at a temperature above the condensing point of the refrigerant (Q31);
a second mode of operation in which condensation of refrigerant (Q31) takes place within the condenser (Q32), heat is rejected and the refrigerant (Q31) condenses from a superheated vapor into a liquid, and the liquid is cooled to a temperature below the boiling temperature of the refrigerant (Q31); and
a third mode of operation in which evaporation of the refrigerant (Q31) takes place within the evaporator (Q34), the liquid phase refrigerant (Q31) boils in the evaporator (Q34) to form a vapor and/or a superheated vapor while absorbing heat from the interior (ENC1) of the enclosure (ENC).

53. (New) The FSS according to claim 51, further comprising:
a temperature sensor (T1) configured to measure the temperature within the interior (ENC1) of the enclosure (ENC), the temperature sensor (T1) is configured to send a signal (XT1) to the computer (COMP);
an air supply fan (Q12) equipped with an air supply fan motor (Q13), the air supply fan (Q12) provides an air supply (Q3) to an air heater (HXA), the air supply fan motor (Q13) is equipped with a controller (Q14), the controller (Q14) is configured to input and/or output a signal (Q15) to the computer (COMP); and
the air heater (HXA) is configured to accept the air supply (Q3) from the air supply fan (Q12) and produce a heated air supply (Q3) to heat the interior (ENC1) of the enclosure (ENC), the air heater (HXA) heats the air supply (Q3) by using one or more selected from the group consisting of electricity, combustion of natural gas, natural gas, combustion, solar energy, and steam;
wherein:
in response to the signal (XT1) from the temperature sensor (T1), the computer (COMP) automatically adjusts the air heater (HXA) and/or the air supply fan motor (Q13) and/or the controller (Q14) to maintain the temperature within the interior (ENC1) of the enclosure (ENC) at a predetermined temperature.

54. (New) The FSS according to claim 51, further comprising:
at least one filter (F1, F2) installed in between the pump (P1) and the plurality of liquid distributors (108, 208), the filter (F1, F2) is configured to filter the pressurized water discharged from the pump (P1); and
at least one valve (V1, V3, V4) positioned in between the pump (P1) and each growing assembly (100, 200), the at least one valve (V1, V3, V4) is configured to be opened and closed by the computer (COMP).

55. (New) The FSS according to claim 51, further comprising:
an analyzer (AZ) configured to analyze the water within the common reservoir (500), the analyzer (AZ) is configured to input a signal (XAZ) to the computer (COMP), the analyzer (AZ) is selected from one or more from the group consisting of a mass spectrometer, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, infrared spectroscopy, potentiometric pH meter, a pH meter, an electrical conductivity meter, and a liquid chromatograph.

56. (New) The FSS according to claim 51, further comprising:
a cation configured to remove positively charged ions from water to form a positively charged ion depleted water (06A); and
an anion configured to remove negatively charged ions from the positively charged ion depleted water (06A) to form a negatively charged ion depleted water (09A);
wherein:
the common reservoir (500) is configured to accept at least a portion of the negatively charged ion depleted water (09A).

57. (New) The FSS according to claim 51, further comprising:
a first water treatment unit (A1) configured to remove contaminants from a source of water to form treated water, the first water treatment unit (A1) includes one or more selected from the group consisting of a cation, an anion, a membrane, a filter, activated carbon, an adsorbent, and an absorbent;
wherein:
the common reservoir (500) is configured to accept at least a portion of the treated water.

58. (New) The FSS according to claim 51, further comprising:
the common reservoir (500) is equipped with an upper level switch (LH) and a lower level switch (LL), the upper level switch (LH) is configured to detect a high level of water within the common reservoir (500), the lower level switch (LL) is configured to detect a low level of water within the common reservoir (500), the upper level switch (LH) is configured to output a signal (XLH) to the computer (COMP) when the upper level switch (LH) is triggered by a high level of water within the common reservoir (500), the lower level switch (LL) is configured to output a signal (XLL) to the computer (COMP) when the lower level switch (LL) is triggered by a low level of water within the common reservoir (500); and
a water valve (V0A) configured to introduce the water into the common reservoir (500), the water valve (V0A) is equipped with a controller (CV0A) which sends a signal (XV0A) to and/or from the computer (COMP);
wherein:
in response to the signal (XLL) from the lower level switch (LL), the computer (COMP) sends a signal (XV0A) to the controller (CV0A) to open the water valve (V0A) to introduce water to the common reservoir (500); and
in response to the signal (XLH) from the upper level switch (LH), the computer (COMP) sends a signal (XV0A) to the controller (CV0A) to close the water valve (V0A) to stop introducing water to the common reservoir (500).

59. (New) The FSS according to claim 51, wherein:
the plurality of light emitting diodes (L1, L2) illuminate the interior (ENC1) of an enclosure (ENC) at an illumination on-off ratio ranging from between 0.5 and 5, the illumination on-off ratio is defined as the duration of time when the lights are on and illuminate the interior (ENC1) of an enclosure (ENC) in hours divided by the subsequent duration of time when the lights are off and are not illuminating the interior (ENC1) of an enclosure (ENC) in hours before the lights are turned on again; and
the plurality of light emitting diodes (L1, L2) operate at a wavelength ranging from 400 nm to 700 nm.

60. (New) A farming superstructure system (FSS), including:
(a) an enclosure (ENC) having an interior (ENC1);
(b) a plurality of growing assemblies (100, 200) positioned within the interior (ENC1) of the enclosure (ENC), the plurality of growing assemblies (100, 200) include a first growing assembly (100) and a second growing assembly (200), the plurality of growing assemblies (100, 200) are configured to grow plants;
(c) a computer (COMP);
(d) a plurality of light emitting diodes (L1, L2) configured to illuminate the plurality of growing assemblies (100, 200), each plurality of light emitting diodes (L1, L2) are configured to be controlled by the computer (COMP);
(e) a first water treatment unit (A1) configured to remove contaminants from a source of water to form treated water, the first water treatment unit (A1) includes one or more selected from the group consisting of a cation, an anion, a membrane, a filter, activated carbon, an adsorbent, and an absorbent, 
(f) a common reservoir (500) configured to accept at least a portion of the treated water;
(g) an analyzer (AZ) configured to analyze the treated water within the common reservoir (500), the analyzer (AZ) is configured to input a signal (XAZ) to the computer (COMP), the analyzer (AZ) is selected from one or more from the group consisting of a mass spectrometer, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, infrared spectroscopy, potentiometric pH meter, a pH meter, an electrical conductivity meter, and a liquid chromatograph;
(h) a pump (P1) configured to accept and pressurize water from the common reservoir (500) to form pressurized water;
(i) a pump discharge conduit (304) that transfers the pressurized water from the pump (P1) to a plurality of liquid distributors (108, 208);
(j) the plurality of liquid distributors (108, 208) are configured to accept the pressurized water from the pump (P1) and introduce the pressurized water into each growing assembly (100, 200);
(k) at least one filter (F1, F2) installed in between the pump (P1) and the plurality of liquid distributors (108, 208), the filter (F1, F2) is configured to filter the pressurized water discharged from the pump (P1);
(l) at least one valve (V1, V3, V4) positioned in between the pump (P1) and each growing assembly (100, 200), the at least one valve (V1, V3, V4) is configured to be opened and closed by the computer (COMP);
(m) a refrigerant (Q31) configured to be transferred from a compressor (Q30) to a condenser (Q32), from the condenser (Q32) to an evaporator (Q34), and from the evaporator (Q34) to the compressor (Q30), the evaporator (Q34) is configured to evaporate the refrigerant (Q31) to absorb heat from the interior (ENC1) of an enclosure (ENC);
(n) a carbon dioxide tank (CO2T) that contains pressurized carbon dioxide (CO2), at least one carbon dioxide valve (V8, V9, V10) configured to transfer pressurized carbon dioxide (CO2) from the carbon dioxide tank (CO2T) into the interior (ENC1) of the enclosure (ENC); and
(o) a gas quality sensor (GC1) configured to monitor the concentration of carbon dioxide within the interior (ENC1) of the enclosure (ENC), the gas quality sensor (GC1) is equipped to send a signal (XGC1) to the computer (COMP), in response to the signal (XGC1) from the gas quality sensor (GC1), the computer (COMP) automatically adjusts the carbon dioxide valve (V8, V9, V10) to maintain the interior (ENC1) of the enclosure (ENC) at a predetermined carbon dioxide concentration greater than 400 parts per million;
wherein:
the system is configured to operate in a plurality of modes of operation, the modes of operation including at least:
a first mode of operation in which compression of a refrigerant (Q31) takes place within the compressor (Q30), and the refrigerant (Q31) leaves the compressor (Q30) as a superheated vapor at a temperature above the condensing point of the refrigerant (Q31);
a second mode of operation in which condensation of refrigerant (Q31) takes place within the condenser (Q32), heat is rejected and the refrigerant (Q31) condenses from a superheated vapor into a liquid, and the liquid is cooled to a temperature below the boiling temperature of the refrigerant (Q31); and
a third mode of operation in which evaporation of the refrigerant (Q31) takes place within the evaporator (Q34), the liquid phase refrigerant (Q31) boils in the evaporator (Q34) to form a vapor and/or a superheated vapor while absorbing heat from the interior (ENC1) of the enclosure (ENC).


CASE 2300 (USSN 15/600,717)
42. (New) A method to grow plants, the method includes:
(a) providing a source of water;
(b) after step (a), removing positively charged ions from the water to form a positively charged ion depleted water, the positively charged ions include one or more selected from the group consisting of calcium, magnesium, sodium, and iron;
(c) after step (b), removing negatively charged ions from the positively charged ion depleted water to form a negatively charged ion depleted water, the negatively charged ions include one or more selected from the group consisting of iodine, chloride, and sulfate;
(d) after step (c), removing undesirable compounds from the negatively charged ion depleted water to form an undesirable compounds depleted water, the undesirable compounds include one or more selected from the group consisting of dissolved organic chemicals, viruses, bacteria, and particulates;
(e) after step (d), introducing the undesirable compounds depleted water into a reservoir, the reservoir has an interior and is configured to contain the undesirable compounds depleted water within the interior;
(f) after step (e), pumping the undesirable compounds depleted water to form pressurized undesirable compounds depleted water;
(g) after step (f), splitting the pressurized undesirable compounds depleted water into a plurality of streams of pressurized undesirable compounds depleted water;
(h) after step (g), introducing each of the plurality of streams of pressurized undesirable compounds depleted water to a growing assembly, each growing assembly contains a plurality of plants;
(i) after step (h), growing said plants within each growing assembly.

43. (New) The method according to claim 42, further comprising:
in step (b), the positively charged ions are removed with a cation;
in step (c), the negatively charged ions are removed with an anion;
in step (d), the undesirable compounds are removed with one or more selected from the group consisting of a membrane, activated carbon, a filter, and/or an adsorbent.

44. (New) The method according to claim 42, further comprising a method to maintain each of the plurality of growing assemblies at a predetermined carbon dioxide concentration, the method includes:
 (i1) after step (i), providing:
(i1a) a computer;
(i1b) a carbon dioxide tank;
(i1c) a valve configured to transfer carbon dioxide from the carbon dioxide tank to the plurality of growing assemblies; and
(i1d) a gas quality sensor configured to monitor the concentration of carbon dioxide within at least one of the plurality of growing assemblies, the gas quality sensor is communicatively coupled to the computer, the computer comprises a processor and a memory, the memory includes code configured to cause the processor to transmit a signal to the valve to transfer carbon dioxide from the carbon dioxide tank and into the plurality of growing assemblies;
(i2) after step (i1), monitoring the concentration of carbon dioxide within at least one of the plurality of growing assemblies; and
(i3) after step (i2), adjusting the carbon dioxide concentration within the plurality of growing assemblies to a predetermined carbon dioxide concentration that is greater than 400 parts per million by opening and/or closing the valve.

45. (New) The method according to claim 42, further comprising:
after step (d), mixing the undesirable compounds depleted water with two or more selected from the group consisting of a pH adjustment solution, a macro-nutrient, a micro-nutrient, a carbohydrate, an enzyme, a microorganism, a vitamin, and a hormone;
wherein:
(I) the pH adjustment solution includes one or more selected from the group consisting of acid, nitric acid, phosphoric acid, potassium hydroxide, sulfuric acid, organic acids, citric acid, acetic acid, and combinations thereof;
(II) the macro-nutrient includes one or more selected from the group consisting of nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, calcium, magnesium, sulfur, and combinations thereof;
(III) the micro-nutrient includes one or more selected from the group consisting of iron, manganese, boron, molybdenum, copper, zinc, sodium, chlorine, silicon, and combinations thereof;
(IV) the carbohydrate includes one or more selected from the group consisting of sugar, sucrose, molasses, plant syrup, and combinations thereof;
(V) the enzyme includes one or more selected from the group consisting of amino acids, orotidine 5'-phosphate decarboxylase, OMP decarboxylase, glucanase, beta-glucanase, cellulase, and combinations thereof;
(VI) the microorganism includes one or more selected from the group consisting of bacteria, diazotroph bacteria, diazotrop archaea, azotobacter vinelandii, clostridium pasteurianu, fungi, arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi, glomus aggrefatum, glomus etunicatum, glomus intraradices, rhizophagus irregularis, glomus mosseae, and combinations thereof;
(VII) the vitamin includes one or more selected from the group consisting of vitamin B, vitamin C, vitamin D, vitamin E, and combinations thereof; and
(VIII) the hormone includes one or more selected from the group consisting of auxins, cytokinins gibberellins, abscic acid, brassinosteroids, salicylic acid, jasmonates, plant peptide hormones, polyamines, nitric oxide, strigolactones, triacontanol, and combinations thereof.

46. (New) The method according to claim 42, further comprising:
after step (d), mixing the undesirable compounds depleted water with a pH adjustment solution to a pH ranging from between 5.15 and 6.75, the pH adjustment solution includes one or more selected from the group consisting of acid, nitric acid, phosphoric acid, potassium hydroxide, sulfuric acid, organic acids, citric acid, acetic acid, and combinations thereof. 

47. (New) The method according to claim 42, further comprising:
after step (d), analyzing at least a portion of the undesirable compounds depleted water with an analyzer, the analyzer includes one or more selected from the group consisting of a mass spectrometer, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, infrared spectroscopy, potentiometric pH meter, pH meter, electrical conductivity meter, liquid chromatography, and combinations thereof.

48. (New) The method according to claim 42, further comprising:
after step (h), illuminating the plants with a plurality of lights, the lights illuminate the plants at an illumination on-off ratio ranging from between greater than 0.5 to less than 5, the illumination on-off ratio is defined as the duration of time when the lights are on and illuminate the plants in hours divided by the subsequent duration of time when the lights are off and are not illuminating the plants in hours before the lights are turned on again;
wherein:
the lights include one or more selected from the group consisting of compact fluorescent lights, light emitting diodes, incandescent lights, fluorescent lights, halogen lights, and combinations thereof.

49. (New) The method according to claim 42, further comprising a method to maintain each of the plurality of growing assemblies at a predetermined temperature, the method includes:
(i1) after step (i), providing:
(i1a) an enclosure having an interior;
(i1b) each said growing assembly is positioned within the interior of the enclosure; 
(i1c) a computer;
(i1d) an air heater configured to heat the interior of the enclosure, the air heater is communicatively coupled to the computer, the air heater is operated by one or more selected from the group consisting of electricity, natural gas, combustion, solar energy, a fuel cell, a heat pipe, steam, and combinations thereof, 
(i1e) a temperature sensor configured to measure the temperature within the interior of the enclosure, said temperature sensor is configured to input a temperature signal to the computer, the computer comprises a processor and a memory, the memory includes code configured to cause the processor to adjust the air heater in response to the signal from the temperature sensor;
(i2) measuring the temperature within the interior of the enclosure with the temperature sensor; and
(i3) after step (i2), adjusting the air heater to maintain each of the plurality of growing assemblies at a predetermined temperature ranging from between 45 degrees to 90 degrees Fahrenheit.

50. (New) The method according to claim 42, further comprising:
after step (d), oxygenating at least a portion of the undesirable compounds depleted water to form
supersaturated undesirable compounds depleted water, the supersaturated undesirable compounds depleted water has a relatively higher concentration of oxygen within it when compared to the normal calculated oxygen solubility at a particular temperature and pressure.

51. (New) A method to grow plants, the method includes:
(a) providing a source of water;
(b) after step (a), removing positively charged ions from the water to form a positively charged ion depleted water, the positively charged ions include one or more selected from the group consisting of calcium, magnesium, sodium, and iron;
(c) after step (b), removing negatively charged ions from the positively charged ion depleted water to form a negatively charged ion depleted water, the negatively charged ions include one or more selected from the group consisting of iodine, chloride, and sulfate;
(d) after step (c), removing undesirable compounds from the negatively charged ion depleted water to form an undesirable compounds depleted water, the undesirable compounds include one or more selected from the group consisting of dissolved organic chemicals, viruses, bacteria, and particulates;
(e) after step (d), introducing the undesirable compounds depleted water into a reservoir, the reservoir has an interior and is configured to contain the undesirable compounds depleted water within the interior;
(f) after step (e), pumping the undesirable compounds depleted water to form pressurized undesirable compounds depleted water;
(g) after step (f), splitting the pressurized undesirable compounds depleted water into a plurality of streams of pressurized undesirable compounds depleted water;
(h) after step (g), introducing each of the plurality of streams of pressurized undesirable compounds depleted water to a growing assembly, each growing assembly contains a plurality of plants;
(i) after step (h), illuminating said plants within said growing assemblies with a plurality of light emitting diodes, the light emitting diodes illuminate the plants at an illumination on-off ratio ranging from between greater than 0.5 to less than 5, the illumination on-off ratio is defined as the duration of time when the light emitting diodes are on and illuminate the plants in hours divided by the subsequent duration of time when the light emitting diodes are off and are not illuminating the plants in hours before the light emitting diodes are turned on again.

52. (New) The method according to claim 51, wherein: 
in step (b), the positively charged ions are removed with a cation;
in step (c), the negatively charged ions are removed with an anion;
in step (d), the undesirable compounds are removed with one or more selected from the group consisting of a membrane, activated carbon, a filter, and/or an adsorbent.

53. (New) The method according to claim 51, further comprising a method to maintain each of the plurality of growing assemblies at a predetermined carbon dioxide concentration, the method includes:
 (i1) after step (i), providing:
(i1a) a computer;
(i1b) a carbon dioxide tank;
(i1c) a valve configured to transfer carbon dioxide from the carbon dioxide tank to the plurality of growing assemblies; and
(i1d) a gas quality sensor configured to monitor the concentration of carbon dioxide within at least one of the plurality of growing assemblies, the gas quality sensor is communicatively coupled to the computer, the computer comprises a processor and a memory, the memory includes code configured to cause the processor to transmit a signal to the valve to transfer carbon dioxide from the carbon dioxide tank and into the plurality of growing assemblies;
(i2) after step (i1), monitoring the concentration of carbon dioxide within at least one of the plurality of growing assemblies; and
(i3) after step (i2), adjusting the carbon dioxide concentration within the plurality of growing assemblies to a predetermined carbon dioxide concentration that is greater than 400 parts per million by opening and/or closing the valve.

54. (New) The method according to claim 51, further comprising a method to maintain each of the plurality of growing assemblies at a predetermined temperature, the method includes:
(i1) after step (i), providing:
(i1a) an enclosure having an interior;
(i1b) each said growing assembly is positioned within the interior of the enclosure; 
(i1c) a computer;
(i1d) an air heater configured to heat the interior of the enclosure, the air heater is communicatively coupled to the computer, the air heater is operated by one or more selected from the group consisting of electricity, natural gas, combustion, solar energy, a fuel cell, a heat pipe, steam, and combinations thereof; and 
(i1e) a temperature sensor configured to measure the temperature within the interior of the enclosure, said temperature sensor is configured to input a temperature signal to the computer, the computer comprises a processor and a memory, the memory includes code configured to cause the processor to adjust the air heater in response to the signal from the temperature sensor;
(i2) measuring the temperature within the interior of the enclosure with the temperature sensor; and
(i3) after step (i2), adjusting the air heater to maintain each of the plurality of growing assemblies at a predetermined temperature ranging from between 45 degrees to 90 degrees Fahrenheit.

55. (New) The method according to claim 51, further comprising:
after step (d), mixing the undesirable compounds depleted water with a pH adjustment solution to a pH ranging from between 5.15 and 6.75, the pH adjustment solution includes one or more selected from the group consisting of acid, nitric acid, phosphoric acid, potassium hydroxide, sulfuric acid, organic acids, citric acid, acetic acid, and combinations thereof.

56. (New) The method according to claim 51, further comprising:
after step (d), analyzing at least a portion of the undesirable compounds depleted water with an analyzer, the analyzer includes one or more selected from the group consisting of a mass spectrometer, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, infrared spectroscopy, potentiometric pH meter, pH meter, electrical conductivity meter, liquid chromatography, and combinations thereof.

57. (New) The method according to claim 51, further comprising:
after step (h), illuminating the plants with a plurality of lights, the lights illuminate the plants at an illumination on-off ratio ranging from between greater than 0.5 to less than 5, the illumination on-off ratio is defined as the duration of time when the lights are on and illuminate the plants in hours divided by the subsequent duration of time when the lights are off and are not illuminating the plants in hours before the lights are turned on again.
wherein:
the lights include one or more selected from the group consisting of compact fluorescent lights, light emitting diodes, incandescent lights, fluorescent lights, halogen lights, and combinations thereof.

58. (New) The method according to claim 51, further comprising:
after step (h), illuminating the plants with a plurality of light emitting diodes, the light emitting diodes illuminate the plants at an illumination on-off ratio ranging from between greater than 0.5 to less than 5, the illumination on-off ratio is defined as the duration of time when the light emitting diodes are on and illuminate the plants in hours divided by the subsequent duration of time when the light emitting diodes are off and are not illuminating the plants in hours before the light emitting diodes are turned on again.
wherein:
the light emitting diodes operate at a wavelength ranging from 400 nm to 700 nm.

59. (New) A method to grow plants, the method includes:
(a) providing a source of water;
(b) after step (a), removing positively charged ions from the water with a cation to form a positively charged ion depleted water, the positively charged ions include one or more selected from the group consisting of calcium, magnesium, sodium, and iron;
(c) after step (b), removing negatively charged ions from the positively charged ion depleted water with an anion to form a negatively charged ion depleted water, the negatively charged ions include one or more selected from the group consisting of iodine, chloride, and sulfate;
(d) after step (c), introducing the undesirable compounds depleted water into a reservoir, the reservoir has an interior and is configured to contain the undesirable compounds depleted water within the interior;
(e) after step (d), oxygenating at least a portion of the undesirable compounds depleted water to form supersaturated undesirable compounds depleted water, the supersaturated undesirable compounds depleted water has a relatively higher concentration of oxygen within it when compared to the normal calculated oxygen solubility at a particular temperature and pressure;
(f) after step (e), pumping the supersaturated undesirable compounds depleted water to form pressurized undesirable compounds depleted water;
(g) after step (f), splitting the pressurized undesirable compounds depleted water into a plurality of streams of pressurized undesirable compounds depleted water;
(h) after step (g), introducing each of the plurality of streams of pressurized undesirable compounds depleted water to a growing assembly, each growing assembly contains a plurality of plants; and
(i) after step (h), illuminating said plants within said growing assemblies with a plurality of light emitting diodes, the light emitting diodes illuminate the plants at an illumination on-off ratio ranging from between greater than 0.5 to less than 5, the illumination on-off ratio is defined as the duration of time when the light emitting diodes are on and illuminate the plants in hours divided by the subsequent duration of time when the light emitting diodes are off and are not illuminating the plants in hours before the light emitting diodes are turned on again.

60. (New) The method according to claim 59, further comprising a method to maintain each of the plurality of growing assemblies at a predetermined carbon dioxide concentration, the method includes:
 (i1) after step (i), providing:
(i1a) a computer;
(i1b) a carbon dioxide tank;
(i1c) a valve configured to transfer carbon dioxide from the carbon dioxide tank to the plurality of growing assemblies; and
(i1d) a gas quality sensor configured to monitor the concentration of carbon dioxide within at least one of the plurality of growing assemblies, the gas quality sensor is communicatively coupled to the computer, the computer comprises a processor and a memory, the memory includes code configured to cause the processor to transmit a signal to the valve to transfer carbon dioxide from the carbon dioxide tank and into the plurality of growing assemblies;
(i2) after step (i1), monitoring the concentration of carbon dioxide within at least one of the plurality of growing assemblies; and
(i3) after step (i2), adjusting the carbon dioxide concentration within the plurality of growing assemblies to a predetermined carbon dioxide concentration that is greater than 400 parts per million by opening and/or closing the valve.


CASE 2400 (USSN 15/609,472)
23. (New) A method to grow cannabis, the method includes:
(a) providing a source of water;
(b) after step (a), removing positively charged ions from the water to form a positively charged ion depleted water, the positively charged ions include one or more selected from the group consisting of calcium, magnesium, sodium, and iron;
(c) after step (b), removing negatively charged ions from the positively charged ion depleted water to form a negatively charged ion depleted water, the negatively charged ions include one or more selected from the group consisting of iodine, chloride, and sulfate;
(d) after step (c), removing undesirable compounds from the negatively charged ion depleted water to form an undesirable compounds depleted water, the undesirable compounds include one or more selected from the group consisting of dissolved organic chemicals, viruses, bacteria, and particulates;
(e) after step (d), introducing the undesirable compounds depleted water into a reservoir, the reservoir has an interior and is configured to contain the undesirable compounds depleted water within the interior;
(f) after step (e), pumping the undesirable compounds depleted water to form pressurized undesirable compounds depleted water;
(g) after step (f), splitting the pressurized undesirable compounds depleted water into a plurality of streams of pressurized undesirable compounds depleted water;
(h) after step (g), introducing each of the plurality of streams of pressurized undesirable compounds depleted water to a separate growing assembly, each separate growing assembly contains a plurality of cannabis plants;
(i) after step (h), growing said cannabis plants within each growing assembly;
(j) after step (i), harvesting said cannabis plants to form harvested cannabis;
(k) after step (j), grinding said harvested cannabis to form ground cannabis; and
(l) after step (k), creating a multifunctional composition by mixing at least a portion of said ground cannabis with one or more from the group consisting of a fiber-starch material, a binding agent, a density improving textural supplement, a moisture improving textural supplement;
wherein:
the fiber-starch material includes one or more from the group consisting of cereal-grain-based materials, grass-based materials, nut-based materials, powdered fruit materials, root-based materials, tuber-based materials, vegetable-based materials, and combinations thereof;
the binding agent includes one or more from the group consisting of agar, agave, alginin, arrowroot, carrageenan, collagen, cornstarch, egg whites, finely ground seeds, furcellaran, gelatin, guar gum, honey, katakuri starch, locust bean gum, pectin, potato starch, proteins, psyllium husks, sago, sugars, syrups, tapioca, vegetable gums, xanthan gum, and combinations thereof;
the density improving textural supplement includes one or more from the group consisting of extracted arrowroot starch, extracted corn starch, extracted lentil starch, extracted potato starch, extracted tapioca starch, and combinations thereof;
the moisture improving textural supplement includes one or more from the group consisting of almonds, brazil nuts, cacao, cashews, chestnuts, coconut, filberts, hazelnuts, Indian nuts, macadamia nuts, nut butters, nut oils, nut powders, peanuts, pecans, pili nuts, pine nuts, pinon nuts, pistachios, soy nuts, sunflower seeds, tiger nuts, walnuts, and combinations thereof.

24. (New) The method according to claim 23, further comprising:
in step (b), the positively charged ions are removed with a cation;
in step (c), the negatively charged ions are removed with an anion;
in step (d), the undesirable compounds are removed with a membrane, the membrane has pores with a pore size ranging from 0.0001 microns to 0.5 microns; and
in step (e), the reservoir includes one or more materials selected from the group consisting of metal, plastic, fiberglass, a composite material, and combinations thereof.

25. (New) The method according to claim 23, further comprising a method to maintain each of the [[plurality of ]]growing assemblies at a predetermined carbon dioxide concentration, the method includes:
 (i1) after step (i), providing:
(i1a) a computer;
(i1b) a carbon dioxide tank;
(i1c) a valve configured to transfer carbon dioxide from the carbon dioxide tank to the plurality of growing assemblies; and
(i1d) a gas quality sensor configured to monitor the concentration of carbon dioxide within at least one of the plurality of growing assemblies, the gas quality sensor is communicatively coupled to the computer, the computer comprises a processor and a memory, the memory includes code configured to cause the processor to transmit a signal to the valve to transfer carbon dioxide from the carbon dioxide tank and into the plurality of growing assemblies;
(i2) after step (i1), monitoring the concentration of carbon dioxide within at least one of the plurality of growing assemblies; and
(i3) after step (i2), adjusting the carbon dioxide concentration within the plurality of growing assemblies to a predetermined carbon dioxide concentration that is greater than 400 parts per million by opening and/or closing the valve.

26. (New) The method according to claim 23, further comprising:
after step (d), mixing the undesirable compounds depleted water with three or more selected from the group consisting of a pH adjustment solution, a macro-nutrient, a micro-nutrient, a carbohydrate, an enzyme, a microorganism, a vitamin, and a hormone;
wherein:
(I) the pH adjustment solution includes one or more selected from the group consisting of acid, nitric acid, phosphoric acid, potassium hydroxide, sulfuric acid, organic acids, citric acid, acetic acid, and combinations thereof;
(II) the macro-nutrient includes one or more selected from the group consisting of nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, calcium, magnesium, sulfur, and combinations thereof;
(III) the micro-nutrient includes one or more selected from the group consisting of iron, manganese, boron, molybdenum, copper, zinc, sodium, chlorine, silicon, and combinations thereof;
(IV) the carbohydrate includes one or more selected from the group consisting of sugar, sucrose, molasses, plant syrup, and combinations thereof;
(V) the enzyme includes one or more selected from the group consisting of amino acids, orotidine 5'-phosphate decarboxylase, OMP decarboxylase, glucanase, beta-glucanase, cellulase, and combinations thereof;
(VI) the microorganism includes one or more selected from the group consisting of bacteria, diazotroph bacteria, diazotrop archaea, azotobacter vinelandii, clostridium pasteurianu, fungi, arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi, glomus aggrefatum, glomus etunicatum, glomus intraradices, rhizophagus irregularis, glomus mosseae, and combinations thereof;
(VII) the vitamin includes one or more selected from the group consisting of vitamin B, vitamin C, vitamin D, vitamin E, and combinations thereof; and
(VIII) the hormone includes one or more selected from the group consisting of auxins, cytokinins gibberellins, abscic acid, brassinosteroids, salicylic acid, jasmonates, plant peptide hormones, polyamines, nitric oxide, strigolactones, triacontanol, and combinations thereof.

27. (New) The method according to claim 23, further comprising:
after step (d), mixing the undesirable compounds depleted water with a pH adjustment solution to a pH ranging from between 5.15 and 6.75, the pH adjustment solution includes one or more selected from the group consisting of acid, nitric acid, phosphoric acid, potassium hydroxide, sulfuric acid, organic acids, citric acid, acetic acid, and combinations thereof; and
after step (l), creating a foodstuff with said multifunctional composition, the foodstuff includes one or more selected from the group consisting of ada, bagels, baked goods, biscuits, bitterballen, bonda, breads, cakes, candies, cereals, chips, chocolate bars, chocolate, coffee, cokodok, confectionery, cookies, cooking batter, corn starch mixtures, crackers, crêpes, croissants, croquettes, croutons, dolma, dough, doughnuts, energy bars, flapjacks, french fries, frozen custard, frozen desserts, frying cakes, fudge, gelatin mixes, granola bars, gulha, hardtack, ice cream, khandvi, khanom buang, krumpets, meze, mixed flours, muffins, multi-grain snacks, nachos, nian gao, noodles, nougat, onion rings, pakora, pancakes, panforte, pastas, pastries, pie crust, pita chips, pizza, poffertjes, pretzels, protein powders, pudding, rice krispie treats, sesame sticks, smoothies, snacks, specialty milk, tele-bhaja, tempura, toffee, tortillas, totopo, turkish delights, waffles, and combinations thereof.

28. (New) The method according to claim 23, further comprising:
after step (d), analyzing at least a portion of the undesirable compounds depleted water with an analyzer, the analyzer includes one or more selected from the group consisting of a mass spectrometer, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, infrared spectroscopy, potentiometric pH meter, pH meter, electrical conductivity meter, liquid chromatography, and combinations thereof.

29. (New) The method according to claim 23, further comprising:
after step (h), illuminating the cannabis plants with a plurality of lights, the lights illuminate the cannabis plants at an illumination on-off ratio ranging from between greater than 0.5 to less than 5, the illumination on-off ratio is defined as the duration of time when the lights are on and illuminate the cannabis plants in hours divided by the subsequent duration of time when the lights are off and are not illuminating the cannabis plants in hours before the lights are turned on again;
wherein:
the lights include one or more selected from the group consisting of compact fluorescent lights, light emitting diodes, incandescent lights, fluorescent lights, halogen lights, and combinations thereof.

30. (New) The method according to claim 23, further comprising a method to maintain each of the [[plurality of ]]growing assemblies at a predetermined temperature, the method includes:
(i1) after step (i), providing:
(i1a) an enclosure having an interior;
(i1b) each said growing assembly is positioned within the interior of the enclosure; 
(i1c) a computer;
(i1d) an air heater configured to heat the interior of the enclosure, the air heater is communicatively coupled to the computer, the air heater is operated by one or more selected from the group consisting of electricity, natural gas, combustion, solar energy, a fuel cell, a heat pipe, steam, and combinations thereof, 
(i1e) a temperature sensor configured to measure the temperature within the interior of the enclosure, said temperature sensor is configured to input a temperature signal to the computer, the computer comprises a processor and a memory, the memory includes code configured to cause the processor to adjust the air heater in response to the signal from the temperature sensor;
(i2) measuring the temperature within the interior of the enclosure with the temperature sensor; and
(i3) after step (i2), adjusting the air heater to maintain each of the [[plurality of ]]growing assemblies at a predetermined temperature ranging from between 50 degrees to 80 degrees Fahrenheit.

31. (New) The method according to claim 23, further comprising:
after step (d), oxygenating at least a portion of the undesirable compounds depleted water to form
supersaturated undesirable compounds depleted water, the supersaturated undesirable compounds depleted water has a relatively higher concentration of oxygen within it when compared to the normal calculated oxygen solubility at a particular temperature and pressure.

32. (New) A method to grow cannabis, the method includes:
(a) providing a source of water;
(b) after step (a), removing positively charged ions from the water to form a positively charged ion depleted water, the positively charged ions include one or more selected from the group consisting of calcium, magnesium, sodium, and iron;
(c) after step (b), removing negatively charged ions from the positively charged ion depleted water to form a negatively charged ion depleted water, the negatively charged ions include one or more selected from the group consisting of iodine, chloride, and sulfate;
(d) after step (c), removing undesirable compounds from the negatively charged ion depleted water to form an undesirable compounds depleted water, the undesirable compounds include one or more selected from the group consisting of dissolved organic chemicals, viruses, bacteria, and particulates;
(e) after step (d), introducing the undesirable compounds depleted water into a reservoir, the reservoir has an interior and is configured to contain the undesirable compounds depleted water within the interior;
(f) after step (e), pumping the undesirable compounds depleted water to form pressurized undesirable compounds depleted water;
(g) after step (f), splitting the pressurized undesirable compounds depleted water into a plurality of streams of pressurized undesirable compounds depleted water;
(h) after step (g), introducing each of the plurality of streams of pressurized undesirable compounds depleted water to a growing assembly, each growing assembly contains a plurality of cannabis plants;
(i) after step (h), illuminating said cannabis plants within said growing assemblies with a plurality of light emitting diodes, the light emitting diodes illuminate the cannabis plants at an illumination on-off ratio ranging from between greater than 0.5 to less than 5, the illumination on-off ratio is defined as the duration of time when the light emitting diodes are on and illuminate the cannabis plants in hours divided by the subsequent duration of time when the light emitting diodes are off and are not illuminating the cannabis plants in hours before the light emitting diodes are turned on again;
(j) after step (i), harvesting said cannabis plants to form harvested cannabis;
(k) after step (j), grinding said harvested cannabis to form ground cannabis; and
(l) after step (k), creating a multifunctional composition by mixing at least a portion of said ground cannabis with one or more from the group consisting of a fiber-starch material, a binding agent, a density improving textural supplement, a moisture improving textural supplement;
wherein:
the fiber-starch material includes one or more from the group consisting of cereal-grain-based materials, grass-based materials, nut-based materials, powdered fruit materials, root-based materials, tuber-based materials, vegetable-based materials, and combinations thereof;
the binding agent includes one or more from the group consisting of agar, agave, alginin, arrowroot, carrageenan, collagen, cornstarch, egg whites, finely ground seeds, furcellaran, gelatin, guar gum, honey, katakuri starch, locust bean gum, pectin, potato starch, proteins, psyllium husks, sago, sugars, syrups, tapioca, vegetable gums, xanthan gum, and combinations thereof;
the density improving textural supplement includes one or more from the group consisting of extracted arrowroot starch, extracted corn starch, extracted lentil starch, extracted potato starch, extracted tapioca starch, and combinations thereof;
the moisture improving textural supplement includes one or more from the group consisting of almonds, brazil nuts, cacao, cashews, chestnuts, coconut, filberts, hazelnuts, Indian nuts, macadamia nuts, nut butters, nut oils, nut powders, peanuts, pecans, pili nuts, pine nuts, pinon nuts, pistachios, soy nuts, sunflower seeds, tiger nuts, walnuts, and combinations thereof.

33. (New) The method according to claim 32, wherein: 
in step (b), the positively charged ions are removed with a cation;
in step (c), the negatively charged ions are removed with an anion;
in step (d), the undesirable compounds are removed with one or more selected from the group consisting of a membrane, activated carbon, a filter, and/or an adsorbent.

34. (New) The method according to claim 32, further comprising a method to maintain each of the [[plurality of ]]growing assemblies at a predetermined carbon dioxide concentration, the method includes:
 (i1) after step (i), providing:
(i1a) a computer;
(i1b) a carbon dioxide tank;
(i1c) a valve configured to transfer carbon dioxide from the carbon dioxide tank to the plurality of growing assemblies; and
(i1d) a gas quality sensor configured to monitor the concentration of carbon dioxide within at least one of the plurality of growing assemblies, the gas quality sensor is communicatively coupled to the computer, the computer comprises a processor and a memory, the memory includes code configured to cause the processor to transmit a signal to the valve to transfer carbon dioxide from the carbon dioxide tank and into the plurality of growing assemblies;
(i2) after step (i1), monitoring the concentration of carbon dioxide within at least one of the plurality of growing assemblies; and
(i3) after step (i2), adjusting the carbon dioxide concentration within the plurality of growing assemblies to a predetermined carbon dioxide concentration that is greater than 400 parts per million by opening and/or closing the valve.

35. (New) The method according to claim 32, further comprising a method to maintain each of the [[plurality of ]]growing assemblies at a predetermined temperature, the method includes:
(i1) after step (i), providing:
(i1a) an enclosure having an interior;
(i1b) each said growing assembly is positioned within the interior of the enclosure; 
(i1c) a computer;
(i1d) an air heater configured to heat the interior of the enclosure, the air heater is communicatively coupled to the computer, the air heater is operated by one or more selected from the group consisting of electricity, natural gas, combustion, solar energy, a fuel cell, a heat pipe, steam, and combinations thereof; and 
(i1e) a temperature sensor configured to measure the temperature within the interior of the enclosure, said temperature sensor is configured to input a temperature signal to the computer, the computer comprises a processor and a memory, the memory includes code configured to cause the processor to adjust the air heater in response to the signal from the temperature sensor;
(i2) measuring the temperature within the interior of the enclosure with the temperature sensor; and
(i3) after step (i2), adjusting the air heater to maintain each of the [[plurality of ]]growing assemblies at a predetermined temperature ranging from between 50 degrees to 80 degrees Fahrenheit;
wherein:
after step (d), mixing the undesirable compounds depleted water with three or more selected from the group consisting of:
(I) a pH adjustment solution including one or more selected from the group consisting of acid, nitric acid, phosphoric acid, potassium hydroxide, sulfuric acid, organic acids, citric acid, acetic acid, and combinations thereof;
(II) a macro-nutrient including one or more selected from the group consisting of nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, calcium, magnesium, sulfur, and combinations thereof;
(III) a micro-nutrient including one or more selected from the group consisting of iron, manganese, boron, molybdenum, copper, zinc, sodium, chlorine, silicon, and combinations thereof;
(IV) a carbohydrate including one or more selected from the group consisting of sugar, sucrose, molasses, plant syrup, and combinations thereof;
(V) an enzyme including one or more selected from the group consisting of amino acids, orotidine 5'-phosphate decarboxylase, OMP decarboxylase, glucanase, beta-glucanase, cellulase, and combinations thereof;
(VI) a microorganism including one or more selected from the group consisting of bacteria, diazotroph bacteria, diazotrop archaea, azotobacter vinelandii, clostridium pasteurianu, fungi, arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi, glomus aggrefatum, glomus etunicatum, glomus intraradices, rhizophagus irregularis, glomus mosseae, and combinations thereof;
(VII) a vitamin including one or more selected from the group consisting of vitamin B, vitamin C, vitamin D, vitamin E, and combinations thereof; and
(VIII) a hormone including one or more selected from the group consisting of auxins, cytokinins gibberellins, abscic acid, brassinosteroids, salicylic acid, jasmonates, plant peptide hormones, polyamines, nitric oxide, strigolactones, triacontanol, and combinations thereof.

36. (New) The method according to claim 32, further comprising:
after step (d), mixing the undesirable compounds depleted water with a pH adjustment solution to a pH ranging from between 5.15 and 6.75, the pH adjustment solution includes one or more selected from the group consisting of acid, nitric acid, phosphoric acid, potassium hydroxide, sulfuric acid, organic acids, citric acid, acetic acid, and combinations thereof.

37 (New) The method according to claim 32, further comprising:
after step (d), analyzing at least a portion of the undesirable compounds depleted water with an analyzer, the analyzer includes one or more selected from the group consisting of a mass spectrometer, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, infrared spectroscopy, potentiometric pH meter, pH meter, electrical conductivity meter, liquid chromatography, and combinations thereof.

38. (New) The method according to claim 32, further comprising:
after step (h), illuminating the cannabis plants with a plurality of lights, the lights illuminate the cannabis plants at an illumination on-off ratio ranging from between greater than 0.5 to less than 5, the illumination on-off ratio is defined as the duration of time when the lights are on and illuminate the cannabis plants in hours divided by the subsequent duration of time when the lights are off and are not illuminating the cannabis plants in hours before the lights are turned on again.
wherein:
the lights include one or more selected from the group consisting of compact fluorescent lights, light emitting diodes, incandescent lights, fluorescent lights, halogen lights, and combinations thereof.

39. (New) The method according to claim 32, further comprising:
after step (h), illuminating the cannabis plants with a plurality of light emitting diodes, the light emitting diodes illuminate the cannabis plants at an illumination on-off ratio ranging from between greater than 0.5 to less than 5, the illumination on-off ratio is defined as the duration of time when the light emitting diodes are on and illuminate the cannabis plants in hours divided by the subsequent duration of time when the light emitting diodes are off and are not illuminating the cannabis plants in hours before the light emitting diodes are turned on again.
wherein:
the light emitting diodes operate at a wavelength ranging from 400 nm to 700 nm.

40. (New) The method according to claim 32, further comprising:
(m) after step (l), creating a foodstuff with said multifunctional composition, the foodstuff includes one or more selected from the group consisting of ada, bagels, baked goods, biscuits, bitterballen, bonda, breads, cakes, candies, cereals, chips, chocolate bars, chocolate, coffee, cokodok, confectionery, cookies, cooking batter, corn starch mixtures, crackers, crêpes, croissants, croquettes, croutons, dolma, dough, doughnuts, energy bars, flapjacks, french fries, frozen custard, frozen desserts, frying cakes, fudge, gelatin mixes, granola bars, gulha, hardtack, ice cream, khandvi, khanom buang, krumpets, meze, mixed flours, muffins, multi-grain snacks, nachos, nian gao, noodles, nougat, onion rings, pakora, pancakes, panforte, pastas, pastries, pie crust, pita chips, pizza, poffertjes, pretzels, protein powders, pudding, rice krispie treats, sesame sticks, smoothies, snacks, specialty milk, tele-bhaja, tempura, toffee, tortillas, totopo, turkish delights, waffles, and combinations thereof.

41. (New) A cannabis farming superstructure system, including:
(a) a cation configured to accept a source of water, the cation is configured to remove positively charged ions from the water to form a positively charged ion depleted water, the positively charged ions include one or more selected from the group consisting of calcium, magnesium, sodium, and iron;
(b) an anion configured to accept the positively charged ion depleted water from the cation and remove negatively charged ions therefrom to produce a negatively charged ion depleted water, the negatively charged ions include one or more selected from the group consisting of iodine, chloride, and sulfate;
(c) a membrane configured to accept the negatively charged ion depleted water from the anion and remove undesirable compounds therefrom to produce an undesirable compounds depleted water, the undesirable compounds include one or more selected from the group consisting of dissolved organic chemicals, viruses, bacteria, and particulates;
(d) a reservoir configured to accept the undesirable compounds depleted water from the membrane, the reservoir has an interior and is configured to contain the undesirable compounds depleted water within said interior;
(e) a pump configured to transfer the undesirable compounds depleted water from the interior of the reservoir and into a liquid supply header, the liquid supply header has a first diameter, the pump pressurizes the undesirable compounds depleted water to form a pressurized undesirable compounds depleted water which passes through the liquid supply header;
(f) a plurality of conduits connected to the liquid supply header, each of the plurality of conduits is configured to accept at least a portion of the pressurized undesirable compounds depleted water transferred from the pump through the liquid supply header, each of the plurality of conduits have a second diameter that is lesser in diameter than the  liquid supply conduit;
(g) an enclosure having an interior, 
(h) a plurality of growing assembles configured to grow cannabis plants, each of the [[plurality of ]]growing assembles are positioned within the interior of the enclosure and are configured to accept pressurized undesirable compounds depleted water transferred from at least one of the plurality of conduits, each growing assembly has a growing medium configured to grow the cannabis plants in, the growing medium includes one or more selected from the group consisting of rockwool, perlite, amorphous volcanic glass, vermiculite, clay, clay pellets, lightweight expanded clay aggregate, coco-coir, fibrous coconut husks, soil, dirt, peat, peat moss, sand, soil, compost, manure, fir bark, foam, gel, oasis cubes, lime, gypsum, quartz, and combinations thereof;
(i) a cannabis grinding system configured to grind at least a portion of the cannabis that is harvested from the plurality of growing assembles;
(j) a computer;
(k) a carbon dioxide tank that contains pressurized carbon dioxide, a carbon dioxide supply header is connected to the carbon dioxide tank, the carbon dioxide supply header transfers pressurized carbon dioxide from the carbon dioxide tank and into the interior of the enclosure;
(l) a valve positioned on the carbon dioxide supply header and configured to transfer pressurized carbon dioxide from the carbon dioxide tank to the plurality of growing assemblies; and
(m) a gas quality sensor configured to monitor the concentration of carbon dioxide within the interior of the enclosure, the gas quality sensor is communicatively coupled to the computer, the computer comprises a processor and a memory, the memory includes code configured to cause the processor to transmit a signal to the valve to transfer carbon dioxide from the carbon dioxide tank and into the plurality of growing assemblies;
wherein:
(I) in a first mode of operation, the gas quality sensor monitors the concentration of carbon dioxide within at least one of the plurality of growing assemblies; and
(II) in a second mode of operation, the computer adjusts the carbon dioxide concentration within the plurality of growing assemblies to a predetermined carbon dioxide concentration that is greater than 400 parts per million by opening and/or closing the valve.


CASE 2500 (USSN 15/639,437)
152. (New) An alimentary multifunctional composition including cannabis and insects, the include one or more selected from the group consisting of Orthoptera order of insects, grasshoppers, crickets, katydids, weta, lubber, acrida, locusts, cicadas, ants, mealworms, agave worms, worms, bees, centipedes, cockroaches, dragonflies, beetles, scorpions, tarantulas, termites, and combinations thereof, the composition includes:
(a) a cannabidiol content ranging from 0.00005 weight percent to 15 weight percent;
(b) a tetrahydrocannabinol ranging from 5 weight percent to 63 weight percent;
(c) an energy content ranging from between 2,500 British Thermal Units per pound to 65,000 British Thermal Units per pound;
(d) a carbon content ranging from between 20 weight percent to 65 weight percent;
(e) an oxygen content ranging from between 12 weight percent to 55 weight percent;
(f) a hydrogen content ranging from between 2 weight percent to 20 weight percent;
(g) an ash content ranging from between 2.5 weight percent to 30 weight percent;
(h) volatiles content ranging from between 30 weight percent to 90 weight percent;
(i) a nitrogen content ranging from between 1 weight percent to 10 weight percent; 
(j) a sulfur content ranging from between 0.01 weight percent to 8 weight percent; 
(k) a chlorine content ranging from 0.05 weight percent to 5 weight percent; 
(l) a sodium content ranging from 0.02 weight percent to 15 weight percent;
(m) a potassium content ranging from 0.05 weight percent to 15 weight percent;
(n) an iron content ranging from 0.01 weight percent to 13 weight percent;
(o) a magnesium content ranging from 0.02 weight percent to 10 weight percent;
(p) a phosphorous content ranging from 0.05 weight percent to 12 weight percent;
(q) a calcium content ranging from 0.03 weight percent to 10 weight percent;
(r) a zinc content ranging from 0.01 weight percent to 5 weight percent;
(s) a cellulose content ranging from 25 weight percent to 75 weight percent;
(t) a lignin content ranging from 3 weight percent to 35 weight percent;
(u) a hemicellulose content ranging from 3 weight percent to 30 weight percent;
(v) a fat content ranging from 5 weight percent to 35 weight percent;
(w) a fiber content ranging from 5 weight percent to 75 weight percent; and
(x) a protein content ranging from 5 weight percent to 35 weight percent;
wherein:
the Cannabis sativa L. ssp. Sativa content ranges from 3 weight percent to 90 weight percent;
the Cannabis sativa L. ssp. Indica (Lam.) content ranges from 8 weight percent to 80 weight percent.

153. (New) The alimentary multifunctional composition according to claim 152, wherein:
the alimentary multifunctional composition includes an insect mass ratio that ranges from between 25 pounds of insects per ton of alimentary multifunctional composition to 1500 pounds of insects per ton of alimentary multifunctional composition.

154. (New) The alimentary multifunctional composition according to claim 152, further comprising:
a microorganism, the microorganism includes one or more microorganisms selected from the group consisting of bacteria, diazotroph bacteria, diazotrop archaea, azotobacter vinelandii, clostridium pasteurianu, fungi, arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi, glomus aggrefatum, glomus etunicatum, glomus intraradices, rhizophagus irregularis, glomus mosseae, and combinations thereof.

155. (New) The alimentary multifunctional composition according to claim 152, further comprising:
treated water, the treated water is treated with one or more water treatment units selected from the group consisting of an adsorbent, an ion-exchange resin, a catalyst, activated carbon, a membrane, a filter, and combinations thereof.

156. (New) The alimentary multifunctional composition according to claim 155, further comprising:
an enzyme.

157. (New) The alimentary multifunctional composition according to claim 152, further comprising:
one or more vitamins selected from the group consisting of vitamin B, vitamin C, vitamin D, and vitamin E.

158. (New) The alimentary multifunctional composition according to claim 152, further comprising:
sugar.

159. (New) The alimentary multifunctional composition according to claim 152, wherein:
the cannabis includes ground cannabis.

160. (New) The alimentary multifunctional composition according to claim 152, wherein:
the cannabis includes decarboxylated ground cannabis.

161. (New) The alimentary multifunctional composition according to claim 152, wherein:
the cannabis includes decarboxylated cannabis.

162. (New) A composition derived from the alimentary multifunctional composition according to claim 152, including:
one or more ingredients selected from the group consisting of:
a fiber-starch material;
a binding agent;
a density improving textural supplement; and
a moisture improving textural supplement;
wherein:
the fiber-starch material includes one or more from the group consisting of cereal-grain-based materials, grass-based materials, nut-based materials, powdered fruit materials, root-based materials, tuber-based materials, vegetable-based materials, and combinations thereof;
the binding agent includes one or more from the group consisting of agar, agave, alginin, arrowroot, carrageenan, collagen, cornstarch, egg whites, finely ground seeds, furcellaran, gelatin, guar gum, honey, katakuri starch, locust bean gum, pectin, potato starch, proteins, psyllium husks, sago, sugars, syrups, tapioca, vegetable gums, xanthan gum, and combinations thereof;
the density improving textural supplement includes one or more from the group consisting of extracted arrowroot starch, extracted corn starch, extracted lentil starch, extracted potato starch, extracted tapioca starch, and combinations thereof;
the moisture improving textural supplement includes one or more from the group consisting of almonds, brazil nuts, cacao, cashews, chestnuts, coconut, filberts, hazelnuts, Indian nuts, macadamia nuts, nut butters, nut oils, nut powders, peanuts, pecans, pili nuts, pine nuts, pinon nuts, pistachios, soy nuts, sunflower seeds, tiger nuts, walnuts, and combinations thereof.

163. (New) A foodstuff derived from the composition according to claim 162, the foodstuff includes:
one or more selected from the group consisting of ada, bagels, baked goods, biscuits, bitterballen, bonda, breads, cakes, candies, cereals, chips, chocolate bars, chocolate, coffee, cokodok, confectionery, cookies, cooking batter, corn starch mixtures, crackers, crêpes, croissants, croquettes, croutons, dolma, dough, doughnuts, energy bars, flapjacks, french fries, frozen custard, frozen desserts, frying cakes, fudge, gelatin mixes, granola bars, gulha, hardtack, ice cream, khandvi, khanom buang, krumpets, meze, mixed flours, muffins, multi-grain snacks, nachos, nian gao, noodles, nougat, onion rings, pakora, pancakes, panforte, pastas, pastries, pie crust, pita chips, pizza, poffertjes, pretzels, protein powders, pudding, rice krispie treats, sesame sticks, smoothies, snacks, specialty milk, tele-bhaja, tempura, toffee, tortillas, totopo, turkish delights, waffles, and combinations thereof.

164. (New) A foodstuff derived from the composition according to claim 162, the foodstuff includes:
candy.

165. (New) A foodstuff derived from the composition according to claim 162, the foodstuff includes:
energy bars.

166. (New) A foodstuff derived from the composition according to claim 162, the foodstuff includes:
gelatin mixes.

167. (New) A foodstuff derived from the composition according to claim 162, the foodstuff includes:
baked goods.

168. (New) A foodstuff derived from the composition according to claim 162, the foodstuff includes:
protein powder.

169. (New) An alimentary multifunctional composition including ground cannabis, bacteria, and fungus, the composition includes:
(a) a cannabidiol content ranging from 0.00005 weight percent to 15 weight percent;
(b) a tetrahydrocannabinol ranging from 5 weight percent to 63 weight percent;
(c) an energy content ranging from between 2,500 British Thermal Units per pound to 65,000 British Thermal Units per pound;
(d) a carbon content ranging from between 20 weight percent to 65 weight percent;
(e) an oxygen content ranging from between 12 weight percent to 55 weight percent;
(f) a hydrogen content ranging from between 2 weight percent to 20 weight percent;
(g) an ash content ranging from between 2.5 weight percent to 30 weight percent;
(h) volatiles content ranging from between 30 weight percent to 90 weight percent;
(i) a nitrogen content ranging from between 1 weight percent to 10 weight percent; 
(j) a sulfur content ranging from between 0.01 weight percent to 8 weight percent; 
(k) a chlorine content ranging from 0.05 weight percent to 5 weight percent; 
(l) a sodium content ranging from 0.02 weight percent to 15 weight percent;
(m) a potassium content ranging from 0.05 weight percent to 15 weight percent;
(n) an iron content ranging from 0.01 weight percent to 13 weight percent;
(o) a magnesium content ranging from 0.02 weight percent to 10 weight percent;
(p) a phosphorous content ranging from 0.05 weight percent to 12 weight percent;
(q) a calcium content ranging from 0.03 weight percent to 10 weight percent;
(r) a zinc content ranging from 0.01 weight percent to 5 weight percent;
(s) a cellulose content ranging from 25 weight percent to 75 weight percent;
(t) a lignin content ranging from 3 weight percent to 35 weight percent;
(u) a hemicellulose content ranging from 3 weight percent to 30 weight percent;
(v) a fat content ranging from 5 weight percent to 35 weight percent;
(w) a fiber content ranging from 5 weight percent to 75 weight percent; and
(x) a protein content ranging from 5 weight percent to 35 weight percent;
wherein:
the Cannabis sativa L. ssp. Sativa content ranges from 3 weight percent to 90 weight percent;
the Cannabis sativa L. ssp. Indica (Lam.) content ranges from 8 weight percent to 80 weight percent.

170. (New) The alimentary multifunctional composition according to claim 169, further comprising:
insects.

171. (New) The alimentary multifunctional composition according to claim 169, wherein:
the cannabis includes decarboxylated ground cannabis.

172. (New) The alimentary multifunctional composition according to claim 169, wherein:
the cannabis includes decarboxylated cannabis.

173. (New) A composition derived from the alimentary multifunctional composition according to claim 169, including:
one or more ingredients selected from the group consisting of:
a fiber-starch material;
a binding agent;
a density improving textural supplement; and
a moisture improving textural supplement;
wherein:
the fiber-starch material includes one or more from the group consisting of cereal-grain-based materials, grass-based materials, nut-based materials, powdered fruit materials, root-based materials, tuber-based materials, vegetable-based materials, and combinations thereof;
the binding agent includes one or more from the group consisting of agar, agave, alginin, arrowroot, carrageenan, collagen, cornstarch, egg whites, finely ground seeds, furcellaran, gelatin, guar gum, honey, katakuri starch, locust bean gum, pectin, potato starch, proteins, psyllium husks, sago, sugars, syrups, tapioca, vegetable gums, xanthan gum, and combinations thereof;
the density improving textural supplement includes one or more from the group consisting of extracted arrowroot starch, extracted corn starch, extracted lentil starch, extracted potato starch, extracted tapioca starch, and combinations thereof;
the moisture improving textural supplement includes one or more from the group consisting of almonds, brazil nuts, cacao, cashews, chestnuts, coconut, filberts, hazelnuts, Indian nuts, macadamia nuts, nut butters, nut oils, nut powders, peanuts, pecans, pili nuts, pine nuts, pinon nuts, pistachios, soy nuts, sunflower seeds, tiger nuts, walnuts, and combinations thereof.

174. (New) A foodstuff derived from the composition according to claim 173, the foodstuff includes:
one or more selected from the group consisting of ada, bagels, baked goods, biscuits, bitterballen, bonda, breads, cakes, candies, cereals, chips, chocolate bars, chocolate, coffee, cokodok, confectionery, cookies, cooking batter, corn starch mixtures, crackers, crêpes, croissants, croquettes, croutons, dolma, dough, doughnuts, energy bars, flapjacks, french fries, frozen custard, frozen desserts, frying cakes, fudge, gelatin mixes, granola bars, gulha, hardtack, ice cream, khandvi, khanom buang, krumpets, meze, mixed flours, muffins, multi-grain snacks, nachos, nian gao, noodles, nougat, onion rings, pakora, pancakes, panforte, pastas, pastries, pie crust, pita chips, pizza, poffertjes, pretzels, protein powders, pudding, rice krispie treats, sesame sticks, smoothies, snacks, specialty milk, tele-bhaja, tempura, toffee, tortillas, totopo, turkish delights, waffles, and combinations thereof.


175. (New) A foodstuff derived from the composition according to claim 173, the foodstuff includes:
candy.

176. (New) A foodstuff derived from the composition according to claim 173, the foodstuff includes:
gelatin mixes.

177. (New) A foodstuff derived from the composition according to claim 173, the foodstuff includes:
baked goods.

178. (New) A composition comprised of trimmed cannabis buds which are essentially free of cannabis leaves and cannabis stems made by a process comprising:
(I) providing a mixture of cannabis and bacteria, wherein the cannabis includes buds, leaves and stems, the mixture includes:
(a) a cannabidiol content ranging from 0.00005 weight percent to 15 weight percent;
(b) a tetrahydrocannabinol ranging from 5 weight percent to 63 weight percent;
(c) an energy content ranging from between 2,500 British Thermal Units per pound to 65,000 British Thermal Units per pound;
(d) a carbon content ranging from between 20 weight percent to 65 weight percent;
(e) an oxygen content ranging from between 12 weight percent to 55 weight percent;
(f) a hydrogen content ranging from between 2 weight percent to 20 weight percent;
(g) an ash content ranging from between 2.5 weight percent to 30 weight percent;
(h) volatiles content ranging from between 30 weight percent to 90 weight percent;
(i) a nitrogen content ranging from between 1 weight percent to 10 weight percent; 
(j) a sulfur content ranging from between 0.01 weight percent to 8 weight percent; 
(k) a chlorine content ranging from 0.05 weight percent to 5 weight percent; 
(l) a sodium content ranging from 0.02 weight percent to 15 weight percent;
(m) a potassium content ranging from 0.05 weight percent to 15 weight percent;
(n) an iron content ranging from 0.01 weight percent to 13 weight percent;
(o) a magnesium content ranging from 0.02 weight percent to 10 weight percent;
(p) a phosphorous content ranging from 0.05 weight percent to 12 weight percent;
(q) a calcium content ranging from 0.03 weight percent to 10 weight percent;
(r) a zinc content ranging from 0.01 weight percent to 5 weight percent;
(s) a cellulose content ranging from 25 weight percent to 75 weight percent;
(t) a lignin content ranging from 3 weight percent to 35 weight percent;
(u) a hemicellulose content ranging from 3 weight percent to 30 weight percent;
(v) a fat content ranging from 5 weight percent to 35 weight percent;
(w) a fiber content ranging from 5 weight percent to 75 weight percent; and
(x) a protein content ranging from 5 weight percent to 35 weight percent; and
(II) after step (I), introducing the mixture of cannabis and bacteria to a cannabis trimmer, the cannabis trimmer is configured to trim the leaves and stems from the buds to produce a composition comprised of trimmed cannabis buds which are essentially free of cannabis leaves and cannabis stems by applying a rotational motion to the mixture of cannabis and bacteria to pass the mixture of cannabis and bacteria across a blade.

179. (New) The composition according to claim 178, wherein:
the cannabis includes:
a Cannabis sativa L. ssp. Sativa content ranging from 3 weight percent to 90 weight percent;
a Cannabis sativa L. ssp. Indica (Lam.) content ranging from 8 weight percent to 80 weight percent.

180. (New) The composition according to claim 178, further comprising:
insects including one or more selected from the group consisting of Orthoptera order of insects, grasshoppers, crickets, katydids, weta, lubber, acrida, locusts, cicadas, ants, mealworms, agave worms, worms, bees, centipedes, cockroaches, dragonflies, beetles, scorpions, tarantulas, termites, and combinations thereof.

181. (New) The composition according to claim 178, further comprising:
a fungus.

182. (New) A composition derived from the composition according to claim 178, including:
one or more ingredients selected from the group consisting of:
a fiber-starch material;
a binding agent;
a density improving textural supplement; and
a moisture improving textural supplement;
wherein:
the fiber-starch material includes one or more from the group consisting of cereal-grain-based materials, grass-based materials, nut-based materials, powdered fruit materials, root-based materials, tuber-based materials, vegetable-based materials, and combinations thereof;
the binding agent includes one or more from the group consisting of agar, agave, alginin, arrowroot, carrageenan, collagen, cornstarch, egg whites, finely ground seeds, furcellaran, gelatin, guar gum, honey, katakuri starch, locust bean gum, pectin, potato starch, proteins, psyllium husks, sago, sugars, syrups, tapioca, vegetable gums, xanthan gum, and combinations thereof;
the density improving textural supplement includes one or more from the group consisting of extracted arrowroot starch, extracted corn starch, extracted lentil starch, extracted potato starch, extracted tapioca starch, and combinations thereof;
the moisture improving textural supplement includes one or more from the group consisting of almonds, brazil nuts, cacao, cashews, chestnuts, coconut, filberts, hazelnuts, Indian nuts, macadamia nuts, nut butters, nut oils, nut powders, peanuts, pecans, pili nuts, pine nuts, pinon nuts, pistachios, soy nuts, sunflower seeds, tiger nuts, walnuts, and combinations thereof.

183. (New) A foodstuff derived from the composition according to claim 182, the foodstuff includes:
one or more selected from the group consisting of ada, bagels, baked goods, biscuits, bitterballen, bonda, breads, cakes, candies, cereals, chips, chocolate bars, chocolate, coffee, cokodok, confectionery, cookies, cooking batter, corn starch mixtures, crackers, crêpes, croissants, croquettes, croutons, dolma, dough, doughnuts, energy bars, flapjacks, french fries, frozen custard, frozen desserts, frying cakes, fudge, gelatin mixes, granola bars, gulha, hardtack, ice cream, khandvi, khanom buang, krumpets, meze, mixed flours, muffins, multi-grain snacks, nachos, nian gao, noodles, nougat, onion rings, pakora, pancakes, panforte, pastas, pastries, pie crust, pita chips, pizza, poffertjes, pretzels, protein powders, pudding, rice krispie treats, sesame sticks, smoothies, snacks, specialty milk, tele-bhaja, tempura, toffee, tortillas, totopo, turkish delights, waffles, and combinations thereof.


CASE 2800 (USSN 15/667,022)
135. (New) A method to produce a harvested cannabis plants, the method includes: 
(a) providing:
(a1) an enclosure having an interior, a plurality of cannabis plants are positioned within the interior of the enclosure;
(a2) a water treatment unit configured to accept a source of water and produce treated water therefrom, the water treatment unit includes one or more water treatment units selected from the group consisting an adsorbent, an ion-exchange resin, a catalyst, activated carbon, a membrane, and a filter, the treated water is provided to the interior of a common reservoir;
(a3) the common reservoir is configured to contain the treated water within its interior;
(a4) a refrigerant configured to be transferred from a compressor to a condenser, from the condenser to an evaporator, and from the evaporator to the compressor, the evaporator is configured to evaporate the refrigerant to absorb heat from the interior of the enclosure and condense water vapor from the interior of the enclosure to produce condensate including water which is transferred to the common reservoir to be mixed with the treated water; and
(a5) a pump configured to transfer water from the common reservoir to the plurality cannabis plants;
(b) after step (a), providing a source of water;
(c) after step (b), removing contaminants from the water with the water treatment unit to produce a treated water that has a reduced amount of contaminants relative to the source of water, the contaminants include one or more contaminants selected from the group consisting of the positively charged ions, negatively charged ions, and undesirable compounds;
(d) after step (c), introducing both the treated water and the water condensed by the evaporator to the common reservoir;
(e) after step (d), transferring the water from the common reservoir to the plurality cannabis plants; and
(f) after step (e), growing then harvesting the cannabis plants to produce harvested cannabis plants having cannabis buds, cannabis leaves, and cannabis stems; 
wherein:
(i) the positively charged ions include one or more selected from the group consisting of calcium, magnesium, sodium, and iron;
(ii) the negatively charged ions include one or more selected from the group consisting of iodine, chloride, and sulfate;
(iii) the undesirable compounds include one or more selected from the group consisting of dissolved organic chemicals, viruses, bacteria, and particulates.

136. (New) The method according to claim 135, further comprising:
providing a cannabis trimmer configured to accept the harvested cannabis plants grown within the interior of the enclosure, the harvested cannabis plants include cannabis buds, cannabis leaves, and cannabis stems, the cannabis trimmer is configured to trim the cannabis leaves and the cannabis stems from the cannabis buds to produce a composition comprised of trimmed cannabis buds which are essentially free of cannabis leaves and cannabis stems by applying a rotational motion to the harvested cannabis plants to pass the harvested cannabis plants across a blade; and
(g) after step (f), introducing the harvested cannabis plants to the cannabis trimmer to trim the cannabis leaves and the cannabis stems from the cannabis buds to produce a composition comprised of trimmed cannabis buds which are essentially free of cannabis leaves and cannabis stems by applying a rotational motion to the harvested cannabis plants to pass the harvested cannabis across a blade.

137. (New) The method according to claim 135, further comprising:
providing a cannabis grinder configured to grind the harvested cannabis plants to produce ground cannabis; and
(g) after step (f), introducing the harvested cannabis plants to the cannabis grinder to grind the harvested cannabis plants and produce ground cannabis.

138. (New) The method according to claim 137, further comprising:
providing a heater configured to heat the ground cannabis plants to produce heated ground cannabis; and
(h) after step (g), heating the ground cannabis to form heated ground cannabis.

139. (New) The method according to claim 138, wherein:
the ground cannabis is heated for a duration of time ranging from between 45 minutes to 3 hours at a temperature ranging from between 205 degrees Fahrenheit to 280 degrees Fahrenheit

140. (New) The method according to claim 138, wherein:
the ground cannabis is heated at a pressure ranging from between 2 pounds per square inch absolute to 14.69 pounds per square inch absolute.

141. (New) The method according to claim 138, further comprising:
(i) after step (h), producing a multifunctional composition by mixing the heated ground cannabis with one or more materials selected from the group consisting of a fiber-starch material, a binding agent, a density improving textural supplement, a moisture improving textural supplement, and insects;
wherein:
the fiber-starch material includes one or more from the group consisting of cereal-grain-based materials, grass-based materials, nut-based materials, powdered fruit materials, root-based materials, tuber-based materials, vegetable-based materials, and combinations thereof;
the binding agent includes one or more from the group consisting of agar, agave, alginin, arrowroot, carrageenan, collagen, cornstarch, egg whites, finely ground seeds, furcellaran, gelatin, guar gum, honey, katakuri starch, locust bean gum, pectin, potato starch, proteins, psyllium husks, sago, sugars, syrups, tapioca, vegetable gums, xanthan gum, and combinations thereof;
the density improving textural supplement includes one or more from the group consisting of extracted arrowroot starch, extracted corn starch, extracted lentil starch, extracted potato starch, extracted tapioca starch, and combinations thereof;
the moisture improving textural supplement includes one or more from the group consisting of almonds, brazil nuts, cacao, cashews, chestnuts, coconut, filberts, hazelnuts, Indian nuts, macadamia nuts, nut butters, nut oils, nut powders, peanuts, pecans, pili nuts, pine nuts, pinon nuts, pistachios, soy nuts, sunflower seeds, tiger nuts, walnuts, and combinations thereof;
the insects includes one or more selected from the group consisting of Orthoptera order of insects including grasshoppers, crickets, katydids, weta, lubber, acrida, locusts, cicadas, ants, mealworms, beetles, scorpions, tarantulas, and combinations thereof.

142. (New) The method according to claim 141, further comprising:
(j) after step (i), producing a foodstuff from the multifunctional composition, the foodstuff includes one or more selected from the group consisting of ada, bagels, baked goods, biscuits, bitterballen, bonda, breads, cakes, candies, cereals, chips, chocolate bars, chocolate, coffee, cokodok, confectionery, cookies, cooking batter, corn starch mixtures, crackers, crêpes, croissants, croquettes, croutons, dolma, dough, doughnuts, energy bars, flapjacks, french fries, frozen custard, frozen desserts, frying cakes, fudge, gelatin mixes, granola bars, gulha, hardtack, ice cream, khandvi, khanom buang, krumpets, meze, mixed flours, muffins, multi-grain snacks, nachos, nian gao, noodles, nougat, onion rings, pakora, pancakes, panforte, pastas, pastries, pie crust, pita chips, pizza, poffertjes, pretzels, protein powders, pudding, rice krispie treats, sesame sticks, smoothies, snacks, specialty milk, tele-bhaja, tempura, toffee, tortillas, totopo, turkish delights, waffles, and combinations thereof.

143. (New) The method according to claim 135, wherein:
fish are contained within the interior of the common reservoir, the fish increase the concentration of nitrogen within the treated water by excreting nitrogen including ammonia and/or urea into the treated water.

144. (New) The method according to claim 135, wherein:
the evaporator condensate includes a mixture of water and bacteria which is transferred to the common reservoir to be mixed with the treated water.

145. (New) The method according to claim 135, wherein:
the harvested cannabis plants include a bacteria and/or a fungus.

146. (New) The method according to claim 135, further comprising:
providing an analyzer configured to analyze the water within the common reservoir, the analyzer includes one or more analyzers selected from the group consisting of a mass spectrometer, a Fourier transform infrared spectrometer, an infrared spectrometer, a potentiometric pH meter, a pH meter, an electrical conductivity meter, and a liquid chromatograph; and
after step (d) and before step (e), analyzing the water using a method that includes:
(i) analyzing the water; and
(ii) introducing to the water one or more selected from the group consisting of a macro-nutrient, a micro-nutrient, and a pH adjustment solution;
wherein:
the macro-nutrient is comprised of one or more selected from the group consisting of nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, calcium, magnesium, and sulfur;
the micro-nutrient is comprised of one or more selected from the group consisting of iron, manganese, boron, molybdenum, copper, zinc, sodium, chlorine, and silicon;
the pH adjustment solution is comprised of one or more from the group consisting acid, nitric acid, phosphoric acid, potassium hydroxide, sulfuric acid, an organic acid, citric acid, and acetic acid.

147. (New) The method according to claim 135, wherein:
compression of the refrigerant takes place within the compressor, and the refrigerant leaves the compressor as a superheated vapor at a temperature above the condensing point of the refrigerant;
condensation of the refrigerant takes place within the condenser, heat is rejected and the refrigerant condenses from a superheated vapor into a liquid, and the liquid is cooled to a temperature below the boiling temperature of the refrigerant; and
evaporation of the refrigerant takes place, and the liquid phase refrigerant boils in the evaporator to form a vapor and/or a superheated vapor while absorbing heat from the interior of the enclosure.

148. (New) The method according to claim 135, further including a method to transfer the water to the plurality of cannabis plants according to step (e), the method includes:
providing:
(1) at least one of the cannabis plants according to claim 135 is positioned at a vertical location that is above at least another one of the cannabis plants;
(2) a first liquid supply conduit that is configured to transfer at least a portion of the water to at least one of the cannabis plants;
(3) a first liquid supply valve that is positioned on the first liquid supply conduit;
(4) a second liquid supply conduit that is configured to transfer at least a portion of the water to at least another one of the cannabis plants;
(5) a second liquid supply valve that is positioned on the second liquid supply conduit; and
(6)  a computer that is communicatively coupled to the first liquid supply valve and the second liquid supply valve, the computer comprises a processor and a memory, the memory includes code that is configured to cause the processor to transmit a signal to open and/or close the first liquid supply valve and/or the second liquid supply valve to periodically introduce the water to each of the cannabis plants;
(e1) transferring the water to the first liquid supply conduit and to the second liquid supply conduit;
(e2) after step (e1), transferring at least a portion of the water to at least one of the cannabis plants through the first liquid supply conduit, and transferring at least a portion of the water to at least one of other cannabis plants through the second liquid supply conduit; and
(e3) after step (e2), using the computer to: close the first liquid supply valve to stop transferring the water to at least one of the cannabis plants through the first liquid supply conduit, and close the second liquid supply valve to stop transferring the water to at least one of the other cannabis plants through the second liquid supply conduit.

149. (New) The method according to claim 135, further comprising:
after step (e) and before step (f), adjusting the temperature within the enclosure that includes the plurality of cannabis plants using a method that includes:
 (e1) providing:
(i) an air heat exchanger that is configured to provide a temperature-controlled air supply to the interior of the enclosure;
(ii) an enclosure temperature sensor that is configured to measure the temperature within the interior of the enclosure; and
(iii) a computer that is configured to automatically adjust the temperature within the interior of the enclosure to a temperature ranging from between 65 degrees Fahrenheit to 90 degrees Fahrenheit by operating the air heat exchanger in response to an input signal from the enclosure temperature sensor;
(e2) measuring the temperature within the interior of the enclosure with the enclosure temperature sensor;
(e3) after step (e2), inputting a signal from the enclosure temperature sensor to the computer; and
(e4) after step (e3), automatically adjusting the temperature within the interior of the enclosure to a temperature ranging from between 65 degrees Fahrenheit to 90 degrees Fahrenheit by operating the air heat exchanger.

150. (New) The method according to claim 135, further comprising:
after step (e) and before step (f), adjusting the temperature within the enclosure that includes the plurality of cannabis plants using a method that includes:
(e1) providing:
(i) an air supply fan that is configured to provide an air supply to an air heat exchanger;
(ii) the air heat exchanger is configured to provide a temperature-controlled air supply to the interior of the enclosure; and
(iii) an enclosure temperature sensor that is configured to measure the temperature within the interior of the enclosure;
(e2) measuring the temperature within the interior of the enclosure; and
(e3) after step (e2), adjusting the temperature within the interior of the enclosure from between 65 degrees Fahrenheit to 90 degrees Fahrenheit by adjusting the air supply fan and/or the air heat exchanger.

151. (New) The method according to claim 135, further including a method to illuminate the plurality of cannabis plants with a plurality of lights, the method includes:
(a) providing:
(i)  a plurality of lights including one or more lights selected from the group consisting of compact fluorescent lights, light emitting diodes, incandescent lights, fluorescent lights, and halogen lights; and
(ii)  a computer that is communicatively coupled to the lights, the computer comprises a processor and a memory, the memory includes code that is configured to cause the processor to transmit a signal to the lights to illuminate the interior of the enclosure at an illumination on-off ratio ranging from between 0.5 and 5, the illumination on-off ratio is defined as the duration of time when the lights are on and illuminate in hours divided by the subsequent duration of time when the lights are off and are not illuminating in hours before the lights are turned on again; and
(b) illuminating the interior of the enclosure at an illumination on-off ratio ranging from between 0.5 and 5.

152. (New) The method according to claim 135, further including a method to provide electricity to illuminate the plurality of cannabis plants with a plurality of lights and at least one solar panel, the method includes:
(a) providing:
(i)  a plurality of electrically-powered lights including one or more lights selected from the group consisting of compact fluorescent lights, light emitting diodes, incandescent lights, fluorescent lights, and halogen lights;
(ii) one or more solar panels configured to provide electricity to the plurality of electrically-powered lights; and
(ii)  a computer that is communicatively coupled to the lights, the computer comprises a processor and a memory, the memory includes code that is configured to cause the processor to transmit a signal to the lights to illuminate the interior of the enclosure at an illumination on-off ratio ranging from between 0.5 and 5, the illumination on-off ratio is defined as the duration of time when the lights are on and illuminate in hours divided by the subsequent duration of time when the lights are off and are not illuminating in hours before the lights are turned on again;
(b) after step (a), generating electricity with at least one solar panel;
(c) after step (b), transferring the electricity to a plurality of electrically-powered lights; and
(d) after step (c), illuminating the interior of the enclosure with the lights at an illumination on-off ratio ranging from between 0.5 and 5.

153. (New) The method according to claim 135, further including a method to illuminate the plurality of cannabis plants with a plurality of lights, the method includes:
(a) providing a plurality of light emitting diodes including one or more selected from the group consisting of blue light emitting diodes, red light emitting diodes, and green light emitting diodes; and
(b) illuminating the interior of the enclosure with the plurality of light emitting diodes;
wherein:
the blue light emitting diodes operate at a wavelength that ranges from 490 nanometers to 455 nanometers;
the red light emitting diodes operate at a wavelength that ranges from 620 nanometers to 780 nanometers;
the green light emitting diodes operate at a wavelength that ranges from 490 nanometers to 577 nanometers.

154. (New) The method according to claim 135, further including a method to transfer water to the plurality of cannabis plants according to step (e), the method includes:
(e1) providing:
(i) at least one filter configured to accept the water from the pump, the pump pressurizes and transfers water through the filter and to the cannabis plants;
(ii) a pressure tank installed in between the pump and the filter, the pressure tank is configured to serve as a pressure storage reservoir in which a water is held under pressure; and
(ii) at least one valve positioned in between the filter and the plurality of cannabis plants, the at least one valve is configured to be opened and closed by a computer;
(e2) after step (e1), providing a source of water to the pump;
(e3) after step (e2), turning the pump on;
(e4) after step (e3), pumping the water into a pressure tank;
(e5) after step (e4), pressurizing the pressure tank;
(e6) after step (e5), turning the pump off;
(e7) after step (e6), opening the at least one valve to decrease the pressure within the pressure tank;
(e8) after step (e7), filtering the water that is discharged from the pressure tank; and
(e9) after step (e8), passing the filtered water through at least one valve and to the plurality of cannabis plants.

155. (New) The method according to claim 135, wherein:
the water treatment unit includes:
(i) a first water treatment unit including a cation configured to remove positively charged ions from the source of water to form a positively charged ion depleted water, the positively charged ions are comprised of one or more from the group consisting of calcium, magnesium, sodium, and iron;
(ii) a second water treatment unit including an anion configured to remove negatively charged ions from the positively charged ion depleted water to form a negatively charged ion depleted water, the negatively charged ions are comprised of one or more from the group consisting of iodine, chloride, and sulfate; and
(iii) a third water treatment unit including a membrane configured to remove undesirable compounds from the negatively charged ion depleted water to form an undesirable compounds depleted water, the undesirable compounds are comprised of one or more from the group consisting of dissolved organic chemicals, viruses, bacteria, and particulates; and
in step (c), producing treated water according to a method, including:
(c1) removing positively charged ions from the water to form a positively charged ion depleted water;
(c2) after step (c1), removing negatively charged ions from the positively charged ion depleted water to form a negatively charged ion depleted water;
(c3) after step (c2), removing undesirable compounds from the negatively charged ion depleted water to form an undesirable compound depleted water; and
(c4) after step (c3), introducing the undesirable compound depleted water to the common reservoir as the treated water.

156. (New) The method according to claim 135, further including a method to remove solids from the water within the common reservoir, the method includes:
after step (e) and before step (f), providing:
(i) a reservoir recirculation pump configured to accept water from the common reservoir and pump the water back to the common reservoir; and
(ii) a reservoir recirculation filter configured to accept water from the reservoir recirculation pump and filter solids from the water before the water is returned back to the common reservoir; and
pumping water from the common reservoir and back to the common reservoir while filtering solids from the water.

157. (New) The method according to claim 135, further comprising:
after step (d) and before step (e), oxygenating at least a portion of the water within the common reservoir to form supersaturated water, the supersaturated water has a relatively higher concentration of oxygen within it when compared to the normal calculated oxygen solubility at a particular temperature and pressure.

158. (New) The method according to claim 135, further comprising:
after step (e) and before step (f), splitting the water into a plurality of streams of pressurized water, and introducing each of the plurality of streams of water to the plurality of cannabis plants.

159. (New) The method according to claim 135, further comprising a method to maintain the interior of the enclosure at a predetermined carbon dioxide concentration, the method includes:
 (e1) after step (e) and before step (f), providing:
(i) a computer;
(ii) a carbon dioxide tank;
(iii) a valve configured to transfer carbon dioxide from the carbon dioxide tank to the interior of the enclosure; and
(iv) a gas quality sensor configured to monitor the concentration of carbon dioxide within the interior of the enclosure, the gas quality sensor is communicatively coupled to the computer, the computer comprises a processor and a memory, the memory includes code configured to cause the processor to transmit a signal to the valve to transfer carbon dioxide from the carbon dioxide tank and into the interior of the enclosure;
(e2) after step (e1), monitoring the concentration of carbon dioxide within the interior of the enclosure; and
(e3) after step (e2), adjusting the carbon dioxide concentration within the interior of the enclosure to a predetermined carbon dioxide concentration that is greater than 400 parts per million by opening and/or closing the valve.

160. (New) The method according to claim 135, further comprising a method to maintain each of the interior of the enclosure at a predetermined temperature, the method includes:
(e1) after step (e) and before step (f), providing:
(i) a computer;
(ii) an air heater configured to heat the interior of the enclosure, the air heater is communicatively coupled to the computer, the air heater is operated by one or more selected from the group consisting of electricity, natural gas, combustion, solar energy, a fuel cell, a heat pipe, steam, and combinations thereof; and 
(iii) a temperature sensor configured to measure the temperature within the interior of the enclosure, said temperature sensor is configured to input a temperature signal to the computer, the computer comprises a processor and a memory, the memory includes code configured to cause the processor to adjust the air heater in response to the signal from the temperature sensor;
(e2) after step (e1), measuring the temperature within the interior of the enclosure with the temperature sensor; and
(e3) after step (e2), adjusting the air heater to maintain the interior of the enclosure at a predetermined temperature ranging from between 65 degrees to 90 degrees Fahrenheit.

161. (New) The method according to claim 135, further comprising a method to maintain the water within the common reservoir to a predetermined pH, the method includes:
(e1) after step (e) and before step (f), providing:
(i) a computer;
(ii) a pH adjustment solution supply tank configured to contain a pH adjustment solution, the pH adjustment solution includes one or more from the group consisting acid, nitric acid, phosphoric acid, potassium hydroxide, sulfuric acid, an organic acid, citric acid, and acetic acid;
(iii) a pH adjustment solution supply valve installed on a transfer conduit, the transfer conduit is configured to transfer the pH adjustment solution from the pH adjustment solution supply tank to the common reservoir;
(iv) a pH adjustment solution supply valve interposed on the transfer conduit, the pH adjustment solution supply valve is equipped with a controller that inputs and/or outputs a signal to and from the computer; and
(v) a reservoir pH sensor that is configured to measure the pH of the water within the common reservoir and output a signal the computer, the computer comprises a processor and a memory, the memory includes code configured to cause the processor to adjust the pH adjustment solution supply valve in response to the signal from the reservoir pH sensor to maintain the common reservoir at a predetermined pH ranging from between 4 to 7;
(e2) after step (e1), measuring the pH within the common reservoir; and
(e3) after step (e2), adjusting the pH within the common reservoir to a predetermined pH ranging from between 4 to 7 by opening and/or closing the pH adjustment solution supply valve.

162. (New) The method according to claim 135, further comprising a method to maintain the cannabis plants at a gas velocity less than 40 feet per second, the method includes:
in step (f), providing:
a plurality of fans configured to blow gas onto the cannabis plants at a velocity less than 40 feet per second, the fans operate at less than 6,000 revolutions per minute; and
blowing gas onto the cannabis plants at a gas velocity less than 40 feet per second by operating the fans at less than 6,000 revolutions per minute.

163. (New) The method according to claim 135, further comprising a method to protect against fire within the interior of the enclosure, the method includes:
(e1) after step (e) and before step (f), providing:
(i) a smoke detector configured to output a signal to the computer in the event of a fire within the interior of the enclosure;
(ii) a pump configured to provide a source of pressurized water to a water distribution header; and
(iii) a plurality of spray nozzles configured to accept the pressurized water from the water distribution header, the plurality of spray nozzles are configured to introduce water from the water distribution header to the interior of the enclosure;
(e2) after step (e1), monitoring the interior of the enclosure for smoke using the smoke detector; and
(e3) after step (e2), in the event of smoke detected by the smoke detector, pressurizing a source of water and introducing the pressurized water to the interior of the enclosure by passing the pressurized water through the water distribution header and the plurality of spray nozzles.

164. (New) The method according to claim 135, further comprising:
in step (e), transferring the water from the common reservoir to the plurality cannabis plants by pumping the water to a pressure ranging from 15 pounds per square inch to 300 pounds per square inch.

165. (New) The method according to claim 135, further comprising a method to maintain the water within the common reservoir to a predetermined level, the method includes:
(c1) after step (c) and before step (d), providing:
(i) a computer;
(ii) a valve configured to transfer treated water into the common reservoir, the valve is configured to introduce treated water into the common reservoir by opening or closing the valve, the valve is equipped with a controller which sends a signal to and/or from the computer;
(iii) at least one level sensor configured to monitor the level of water within the common reservoir, the level sensor is configured to output a signal to the computer, the computer comprises a processor and a memory, the memory includes code configured to cause the processor to introduce treated water to the common reservoir in response to the signal from the temperature sensor;
(c2) after step (c1), monitoring the level of water within the common reservoir with a level sensor;
(c3) after step (c2), start introducing treated water to the interior of the common reservoir to maintain a pre-determined level of water within the common reservoir; and
(c4) after step (c3), stop introducing treated water to the interior of the common reservoir when the level of water within the common reservoir reaches a pre-determined level.

166. (New) A method to produce a composition comprised of trimmed cannabis buds which are essentially free of cannabis leaves and cannabis stems, the method includes: 
(a) providing:
(a1) an enclosure having an interior, a plurality of cannabis plants are positioned within the interior of the enclosure;
(a2) a water treatment unit configured to accept a source of water and produce treated water therefrom, the water treatment unit includes one or more water treatment units selected from the group consisting an adsorbent, an ion-exchange resin, a catalyst, activated carbon, a membrane, and a filter, the treated water is provided to the interior of a common reservoir;
(a3) the common reservoir is configured to contain the treated water within its interior;
(a4) a refrigerant configured to be transferred from a compressor to a condenser, from the condenser to an evaporator, and from the evaporator to the compressor, the evaporator is configured to evaporate the refrigerant to absorb heat from the interior of the enclosure and condense water vapor from the interior of the enclosure to produce condensate including water which is transferred to the common reservoir to be mixed with the treated water;
(a5) a pump configured to transfer water from the common reservoir to the plurality cannabis plants; and
(a6) a cannabis trimmer configured to accept the cannabis plants grown within the interior of the enclosure and trim cannabis leaves and cannabis stems from cannabis buds to produce a composition comprised of trimmed cannabis buds which are essentially free of cannabis leaves and cannabis stems by applying a rotational motion to the cannabis to pass the mixture of cannabis and bacteria across a blade;
(b) after step (a), providing a source of water;
(c) after step (b), removing contaminants from the water with the water treatment unit to produce a treated water that has a reduced amount of contaminants relative to the source of water, the contaminants include one or more contaminants selected from the group consisting of the positively charged ions, negatively charged ions, and undesirable compounds;
(d) after step (c), introducing both the treated water and the water condensed by the evaporator to the common reservoir;
(e) after step (d), transferring the water from the common reservoir to the plurality cannabis plants;
(f) after step (e), growing then harvesting the cannabis plants to produce harvested cannabis plants having cannabis buds, cannabis leaves, and cannabis stems; and
(g) after step (f), introducing the harvested cannabis plants to the cannabis trimmer to trim the cannabis leaves and cannabis stems from the cannabis buds to produce a composition comprised of trimmed cannabis buds which are essentially free of cannabis leaves and cannabis stems by applying a rotational motion to the harvested cannabis to pass the harvested cannabis across a blade;
wherein:
(i) the positively charged ions include one or more selected from the group consisting of calcium, magnesium, sodium, and iron;
(ii) the negatively charged ions include one or more selected from the group consisting of iodine, chloride, and sulfate;
(iii) the undesirable compounds include one or more selected from the group consisting of dissolved organic chemicals, viruses, bacteria, and particulates.

167. (New) A method to produce a foodstuff, the method includes: 
(a) providing:
(a1) an enclosure having an interior, a plurality of cannabis plants are positioned within the interior of the enclosure;
(a2) a water treatment unit configured to accept a source of water and produce treated water therefrom, the water treatment unit includes one or more water treatment units selected from the group consisting an adsorbent, an ion-exchange resin, a catalyst, activated carbon, a membrane, and a filter, the treated water is provided to the interior of a common reservoir;
(a3) the common reservoir is configured to contain the treated water within its interior;
(a4) a refrigerant configured to be transferred from a compressor to a condenser, from the condenser to an evaporator, and from the evaporator to the compressor, the evaporator is configured to evaporate the refrigerant to absorb heat from the interior of the enclosure and condense water vapor from the interior of the enclosure to produce condensate including water which is transferred to the common reservoir to be mixed with the treated water;
(a5) a pump configured to transfer water from the common reservoir to the plurality cannabis plants;
(a6) a cannabis grinder configured to grind the harvested cannabis plants to produce ground cannabis; and
(a7) a heater configured to heat the ground cannabis plants to produce heated ground cannabis, the heater is configured to heat the ground cannabis to a temperature ranging from between 205 degrees F to 280 degrees F;
(b) after step (a), providing a source of water;
(c) after step (b), removing contaminants from the water with the water treatment unit to produce a treated water that has a reduced amount of contaminants relative to the source of water, the contaminants include one or more contaminants selected from the group consisting of the positively charged ions, negatively charged ions, and undesirable compounds;
(d) after step (c), introducing both the treated water and the water condensed by the evaporator to the common reservoir;
(e) after step (d), transferring the water from the common reservoir to the plurality cannabis plants;
(f) after step (e), growing then harvesting the cannabis plants to produce harvested cannabis plants; 
(g) after step (f), introducing the harvested cannabis plants to the cannabis grinder to grind the cannabis and produce ground cannabis;
(h) after step (g), heating the ground cannabis to a temperature ranging from between 205 degrees F to 280 degrees F to form heated ground cannabis;
(i) after step (h), producing a multifunctional composition by mixing the heated ground cannabis with one or more materials selected from the group consisting of a fiber-starch material, a binding agent, a density improving textural supplement, a moisture improving textural supplement, and insects; and
(j) after step (i), producing a foodstuff from the multifunctional composition, the foodstuff includes one or more selected from the group consisting of ada, bagels, baked goods, biscuits, bitterballen, bonda, breads, cakes, candies, cereals, chips, chocolate bars, chocolate, coffee, cokodok, confectionery, cookies, cooking batter, corn starch mixtures, crackers, crêpes, croissants, croquettes, croutons, dolma, dough, doughnuts, energy bars, flapjacks, french fries, frozen custard, frozen desserts, frying cakes, fudge, gelatin mixes, granola bars, gulha, hardtack, ice cream, khandvi, khanom buang, krumpets, meze, mixed flours, muffins, multi-grain snacks, nachos, nian gao, noodles, nougat, onion rings, pakora, pancakes, panforte, pastas, pastries, pie crust, pita chips, pizza, poffertjes, pretzels, protein powders, pudding, rice krispie treats, sesame sticks, smoothies, snacks, specialty milk, tele-bhaja, tempura, toffee, tortillas, totopo, turkish delights, waffles, and combinations thereof;
wherein:
(i) the positively charged ions include one or more selected from the group consisting of calcium, magnesium, sodium, and iron;
(ii) the negatively charged ions include one or more selected from the group consisting of iodine, chloride, and sulfate;
(iii) the undesirable compounds include one or more selected from the group consisting of dissolved organic chemicals, viruses, bacteria, and particulates;
(iv) the fiber-starch material includes one or more from the group consisting of cereal-grain-based materials, grass-based materials, nut-based materials, powdered fruit materials, root-based materials, tuber-based materials, vegetable-based materials, and combinations thereof;
(v) the binding agent includes one or more from the group consisting of agar, agave, alginin, arrowroot, carrageenan, collagen, cornstarch, egg whites, finely ground seeds, furcellaran, gelatin, guar gum, honey, katakuri starch, locust bean gum, pectin, potato starch, proteins, psyllium husks, sago, sugars, syrups, tapioca, vegetable gums, xanthan gum, and combinations thereof;
(vi) the density improving textural supplement includes one or more from the group consisting of extracted arrowroot starch, extracted corn starch, extracted lentil starch, extracted potato starch, extracted tapioca starch, and combinations thereof;
(vii) the moisture improving textural supplement includes one or more from the group consisting of almonds, brazil nuts, cacao, cashews, chestnuts, coconut, filberts, hazelnuts, Indian nuts, macadamia nuts, nut butters, nut oils, nut powders, peanuts, pecans, pili nuts, pine nuts, pinon nuts, pistachios, soy nuts, sunflower seeds, tiger nuts, walnuts, and combinations thereof;
(viii) the insects includes one or more selected from the group consisting of Orthoptera order of insects including grasshoppers, crickets, katydids, weta, lubber, acrida, locusts, cicadas, ants, mealworms, beetles, scorpions, tarantulas, and combinations thereof.


CASE 2900 (USSN 15/784,112)
81. (New) A concentrated mixture of ethanol and cannabis volatiles which is essentially free of wax made by a process comprising the steps of:
(a) providing a source of cannabis including:
an energy content ranging from between 2,500 British Thermal Units per pound to 65,000 British Thermal Units per pound;
a carbon content ranging from between 15 weight percent to 66 weight percent;
an oxygen content ranging from between 10 weight percent to 60 weight percent;
a hydrogen content ranging from between 2 weight percent to 25 weight percent;
an ash content ranging from between 2 weight percent to 35 weight percent;
a fat content ranging from 4 weight percent to 45 weight percent;
a volatiles content ranging from between 20 weight percent to 92 weight percent;
a cannabidiol content ranging from 0.00001 weight percent to 25 weight percent; and
a tetrahydrocannabinol content ranging from 4 weight percent to 66 weight percent;
(b) after step (a), extracting volatiles from the cannabis with CO2 to form a CO2 and volatiles mixture;
(c) after step (b), removing the CO2 from the CO2 and volatiles mixture to produce extracted volatiles;
(d) after step (c), mixing the extracted volatiles with ethanol to produce an ethanol and volatiles mixture having between 0.016 to 0.33 pounds of extracted volatiles per pound of ethanol;
(e) after step (d), cooling the ethanol and volatiles mixture to form a cooled ethanol and volatiles mixture;
(f) after step (e), filtering wax from the cooled ethanol and volatiles mixture to form a filtered ethanol and volatiles mixture;
(g) after step (f), evaporating the ethanol from the filtered ethanol and volatiles mixture under vacuum conditions to produce vaporized ethanol and a concentrated mixture of ethanol and cannabis volatiles;
(h) after step (g), condensing the vaporized ethanol to produce liquid ethanol and non-condensable gas, the non-condensable gas has a reduced amount of ethanol vapor relative to the vaporized ethanol; and
(i) after step (h), introducing the non-condensable gas to a vacuum system.

82. (New) An alimentary multifunctional composition made by a process comprising the steps of:
(a) providing the concentrated mixture of ethanol and cannabis volatiles according to claim 81;
(b) after step (a), producing an alimentary multifunctional composition by mixing the concentrated mixture of ethanol and cannabis volatiles with one or more ingredients selected from the group consisting of:
a fiber-starch material;
a binding agent;
a density improving textural supplement;
a moisture improving textural supplement; and
insects;
wherein:
the fiber-starch material includes one or more from the group consisting of cereal-grain-based materials, grass-based materials, nut-based materials, powdered fruit materials, root-based materials, tuber-based materials, vegetable-based materials, and combinations thereof;
the binding agent includes one or more from the group consisting of agar, agave, alginin, arrowroot, carrageenan, collagen, cornstarch, egg whites, finely ground seeds, furcellaran, gelatin, guar gum, honey, katakuri starch, locust bean gum, pectin, potato starch, proteins, psyllium husks, sago, sugars, syrups, tapioca, vegetable gums, xanthan gum, and combinations thereof;
the density improving textural supplement includes one or more from the group consisting of extracted arrowroot starch, extracted corn starch, extracted lentil starch, extracted potato starch, extracted tapioca starch, and combinations thereof;
the moisture improving textural supplement includes one or more from the group consisting of almonds, brazil nuts, cacao, cashews, chestnuts, coconut, filberts, hazelnuts, Indian nuts, macadamia nuts, nut butters, nut oils, nut powders, peanuts, pecans, pili nuts, pine nuts, pinon nuts, pistachios, soy nuts, sunflower seeds, tiger nuts, walnuts, and combinations thereof;
the insects include one or more selected from the group consisting of Orthoptera order of insects, grasshoppers, crickets, locusts, cicadas, ants, mealworms, agave worms, scorpions, tarantulas, termites, and insect lipids.

83. (New) A foodstuff made by a process comprising the steps of:
(a) providing the alimentary multifunctional composition according to claim 82;
(b) after step (a), producing a foodstuff from the alimentary multifunctional composition, the foodstuff includes:
one or more selected from the group consisting of ada, bagels, baked goods, biscuits, bitterballen, bonda, breads, cakes, candies, cereals, chips, chocolate bars, chocolate, coffee, cokodok, confectionery, cookies, cooking batter, corn starch mixtures, crackers, crêpes, croissants, croquettes, croutons, dolma, dough, doughnuts, energy bars, flapjacks, french fries, frozen custard, frozen desserts, frying cakes, fudge, gelatin mixes, granola bars, gulha, hardtack, ice cream, khandvi, khanom buang, krumpets, meze, mixed flours, muffins, multi-grain snacks, nachos, nian gao, noodles, nougat, onion rings, pakora, pancakes, panforte, pastas, pastries, pie crust, pita chips, pizza, poffertjes, pretzels, protein powders, pudding, rice krispie treats, sesame sticks, smoothies, snacks, specialty milk, tele-bhaja, tempura, toffee, tortillas, totopo, turkish delights, waffles, and combinations thereof.

84. (New) The concentrated mixture of ethanol and cannabis volatiles according to claim 81, wherein:
the cannabis further includes a bacteria.

85. (New) The concentrated mixture of ethanol and cannabis volatiles according to claim 81, wherein:
the cannabis further includes decarboxylated cannabis and/or ground cannabis.

86. (New) The concentrated mixture of ethanol and cannabis volatiles according to claim 81, wherein:
the cannabis further includes a fungus.

87. (New) The concentrated mixture of ethanol and cannabis volatiles according to claim 81, wherein:
the cannabis further includes:
a Cannabis sativa L. ssp. Sativa content ranging from 15 weight percent to 85 weight percent; and
a Cannabis sativa L. ssp. Indica (Lam.) content ranging from 15 weight percent to 85 weight percent.

88. (New) The concentrated mixture of ethanol and cannabis volatiles according to claim 81, wherein:
in step (b), the CO2 includes supercritical CO2 and/or subcritical CO2.

89. (New) A concentrated mixture of ethanol and cannabis volatiles which is essentially free of wax made by a process comprising the steps of:
(a) providing a source of cannabis including:
an energy content ranging from between 2,500 British Thermal Units per pound to 65,000 British Thermal Units per pound;
a carbon content ranging from between 15 weight percent to 66 weight percent;
an oxygen content ranging from between 10 weight percent to 60 weight percent;
a hydrogen content ranging from between 2 weight percent to 25 weight percent;
an ash content ranging from between 2 weight percent to 35 weight percent;
a fat content ranging from 4 weight percent to 45 weight percent;
a volatiles content ranging from between 20 weight percent to 92 weight percent;
a cannabidiol content ranging from 0.00001 weight percent to 25 weight percent;
a tetrahydrocannabinol content ranging from 4 weight percent to 66 weight percent; and
bacteria;
(b) after step (a), extracting volatiles from the cannabis with supercritical CO2 to form a CO2 and volatiles mixture;
(c) after step (b), removing the CO2 from the CO2 and volatiles mixture to produce extracted volatiles;
(d) after step (c), mixing the extracted volatiles with ethanol to produce an ethanol and volatiles mixture having between 0.016 to 0.33 pounds of extracted volatiles per pound of ethanol;
(e) after step (d), cooling the ethanol and volatiles mixture to form a cooled ethanol and volatiles mixture;
(f) after step (e), filtering wax from the cooled ethanol and volatiles mixture to form a filtered ethanol and volatiles mixture;
(g) after step (f), evaporating the ethanol from the filtered ethanol and volatiles mixture under vacuum conditions to produce vaporized ethanol and a concentrated mixture of ethanol and cannabis volatiles;
(h) after step (g), condensing the vaporized ethanol to produce liquid ethanol and non-condensable gas, the non-condensable gas has a reduced amount of ethanol vapor relative to the vaporized ethanol; and
(i) after step (h), introducing the non-condensable gas to a vacuum system.

90. (New) An alimentary multifunctional composition made by a process comprising the steps of:
(a) providing the concentrated mixture of ethanol and cannabis volatiles according to claim 89;
(b) after step (a), producing an alimentary multifunctional composition by mixing the concentrated mixture of ethanol and cannabis volatiles with one or more ingredients selected from the group consisting of:
a fiber-starch material;
a binding agent;
a density improving textural supplement;
a moisture improving textural supplement; and
insects;
wherein:
the fiber-starch material includes one or more from the group consisting of cereal-grain-based materials, grass-based materials, nut-based materials, powdered fruit materials, root-based materials, tuber-based materials, vegetable-based materials, and combinations thereof;
the binding agent includes one or more from the group consisting of agar, agave, alginin, arrowroot, carrageenan, collagen, cornstarch, egg whites, finely ground seeds, furcellaran, gelatin, guar gum, honey, katakuri starch, locust bean gum, pectin, potato starch, proteins, psyllium husks, sago, sugars, syrups, tapioca, vegetable gums, xanthan gum, and combinations thereof;
the density improving textural supplement includes one or more from the group consisting of extracted arrowroot starch, extracted corn starch, extracted lentil starch, extracted potato starch, extracted tapioca starch, and combinations thereof;
the moisture improving textural supplement includes one or more from the group consisting of almonds, brazil nuts, cacao, cashews, chestnuts, coconut, filberts, hazelnuts, Indian nuts, macadamia nuts, nut butters, nut oils, nut powders, peanuts, pecans, pili nuts, pine nuts, pinon nuts, pistachios, soy nuts, sunflower seeds, tiger nuts, walnuts, and combinations thereof;
the insects include one or more selected from the group consisting of Orthoptera order of insects, grasshoppers, crickets, locusts, cicadas, ants, mealworms, agave worms, scorpions, tarantulas, termites, and insect lipids.

91. (New) A foodstuff made by a process comprising the steps of:
(a) providing the alimentary multifunctional composition according to claim 89;
(b) after step (a), producing a foodstuff from the alimentary multifunctional composition, the foodstuff includes:
one or more selected from the group consisting of ada, bagels, baked goods, biscuits, bitterballen, bonda, breads, cakes, candies, cereals, chips, chocolate bars, chocolate, coffee, cokodok, confectionery, cookies, cooking batter, corn starch mixtures, crackers, crêpes, croissants, croquettes, croutons, dolma, dough, doughnuts, energy bars, flapjacks, french fries, frozen custard, frozen desserts, frying cakes, fudge, gelatin mixes, granola bars, gulha, hardtack, ice cream, khandvi, khanom buang, krumpets, meze, mixed flours, muffins, multi-grain snacks, nachos, nian gao, noodles, nougat, onion rings, pakora, pancakes, panforte, pastas, pastries, pie crust, pita chips, pizza, poffertjes, pretzels, protein powders, pudding, rice krispie treats, sesame sticks, smoothies, snacks, specialty milk, tele-bhaja, tempura, toffee, tortillas, totopo, turkish delights, waffles, and combinations thereof.

92. (New) The concentrated mixture of ethanol and cannabis volatiles according to claim 89, wherein:
the cannabis includes decarboxylated cannabis and/or ground cannabis.

93. (New) The concentrated mixture of ethanol and cannabis volatiles according to claim 89, wherein:
the cannabis further includes:
a Cannabis sativa L. ssp. Sativa content ranging from 15 weight percent to 85 weight percent; and
a Cannabis sativa L. ssp. Indica (Lam.) content ranging from 15 weight percent to 85 weight percent.

94. (New) An alimentary multifunctional composition made by a process comprising the steps of:
(a) providing the concentrated mixture of ethanol and cannabis volatiles according to claim 89;
(b) after step (a), producing an alimentary multifunctional composition by mixing the concentrated mixture of ethanol and cannabis volatiles with insects, the insects include one or more selected from the group consisting of Orthoptera order of insects, grasshoppers, crickets, locusts, cicadas, ants, mealworms, agave worms, scorpions, tarantulas, termites, and insect lipids.

95. (New) A foodstuff made by a process comprising the steps of:
(a) providing the alimentary multifunctional composition according to claim 94;
(b) after step (a), producing a foodstuff from the alimentary multifunctional composition, the foodstuff includes:
one or more selected from the group consisting of ada, bagels, baked goods, biscuits, bitterballen, bonda, breads, cakes, candies, cereals, chips, chocolate bars, chocolate, coffee, cokodok, confectionery, cookies, cooking batter, corn starch mixtures, crackers, crêpes, croissants, croquettes, croutons, dolma, dough, doughnuts, energy bars, flapjacks, french fries, frozen custard, frozen desserts, frying cakes, fudge, gelatin mixes, granola bars, gulha, hardtack, ice cream, khandvi, khanom buang, krumpets, meze, mixed flours, muffins, multi-grain snacks, nachos, nian gao, noodles, nougat, onion rings, pakora, pancakes, panforte, pastas, pastries, pie crust, pita chips, pizza, poffertjes, pretzels, protein powders, pudding, rice krispie treats, sesame sticks, smoothies, snacks, specialty milk, tele-bhaja, tempura, toffee, tortillas, totopo, turkish delights, waffles, and combinations thereof.

96. (New) An alimentary multifunctional composition made by a process comprising the steps of:
(a) providing a source of cannabis including:
an energy content ranging from between 2,500 British Thermal Units per pound to 65,000 British Thermal Units per pound;
a carbon content ranging from between 15 weight percent to 66 weight percent;
an oxygen content ranging from between 10 weight percent to 60 weight percent;
a hydrogen content ranging from between 2 weight percent to 25 weight percent;
an ash content ranging from between 2 weight percent to 35 weight percent;
a fat content ranging from 4 weight percent to 45 weight percent;
a volatiles content ranging from between 20 weight percent to 92 weight percent;
a cannabidiol content ranging from 0.00001 weight percent to 25 weight percent; and
a tetrahydrocannabinol content ranging from 4 weight percent to 66 weight percent;
(b) after step (a), extracting volatiles from the cannabis with CO2 to form a CO2 and volatiles mixture;
(c) after step (b), removing the CO2 from the CO2 and volatiles mixture to produce extracted volatiles;
(d) after step (c), mixing the extracted volatiles with ethanol to produce an ethanol and volatiles mixture having between 0.016 to 0.33 pounds of extracted volatiles per pound of ethanol;
(e) after step (d), cooling the ethanol and volatiles mixture to form a cooled ethanol and volatiles mixture;
(f) after step (e), filtering the cooled ethanol and volatiles mixture to form a filtered ethanol and volatiles mixture;
(g) after step (f), evaporating the ethanol from the filtered ethanol and volatiles mixture under vacuum conditions to produce a concentrated mixture of ethanol and cannabis volatiles;
(h) after step (h), producing a multifunctional composition by mixing the concentrated mixture of ethanol and cannabis volatiles with one or more ingredients selected from the group consisting of:
a fiber-starch material;
a binding agent;
a density improving textural supplement;
a moisture improving textural supplement; and
insects;
wherein:
the fiber-starch material includes one or more from the group consisting of cereal-grain-based materials, grass-based materials, nut-based materials, powdered fruit materials, root-based materials, tuber-based materials, vegetable-based materials, and combinations thereof;
the binding agent includes one or more from the group consisting of agar, agave, alginin, arrowroot, carrageenan, collagen, cornstarch, egg whites, finely ground seeds, furcellaran, gelatin, guar gum, honey, katakuri starch, locust bean gum, pectin, potato starch, proteins, psyllium husks, sago, sugars, syrups, tapioca, vegetable gums, xanthan gum, and combinations thereof;
the density improving textural supplement includes one or more from the group consisting of extracted arrowroot starch, extracted corn starch, extracted lentil starch, extracted potato starch, extracted tapioca starch, and combinations thereof;
the moisture improving textural supplement includes one or more from the group consisting of almonds, brazil nuts, cacao, cashews, chestnuts, coconut, filberts, hazelnuts, Indian nuts, macadamia nuts, nut butters, nut oils, nut powders, peanuts, pecans, pili nuts, pine nuts, pinon nuts, pistachios, soy nuts, sunflower seeds, tiger nuts, walnuts, and combinations thereof;
the insects include one or more selected from the group consisting of Orthoptera order of insects, grasshoppers, crickets, locusts, cicadas, ants, mealworms, agave worms, scorpions, tarantulas, termites, and insect lipids.

97. (New) A foodstuff including the alimentary multifunctional composition according to claim 96, the foodstuff includes:
one or more selected from the group consisting of ada, bagels, baked goods, biscuits, bitterballen, bonda, breads, cakes, candies, cereals, chips, chocolate bars, chocolate, coffee, cokodok, confectionery, cookies, cooking batter, corn starch mixtures, crackers, crêpes, croissants, croquettes, croutons, dolma, dough, doughnuts, energy bars, flapjacks, french fries, frozen custard, frozen desserts, frying cakes, fudge, gelatin mixes, granola bars, gulha, hardtack, ice cream, khandvi, khanom buang, krumpets, meze, mixed flours, muffins, multi-grain snacks, nachos, nian gao, noodles, nougat, onion rings, pakora, pancakes, panforte, pastas, pastries, pie crust, pita chips, pizza, poffertjes, pretzels, protein powders, pudding, rice krispie treats, sesame sticks, smoothies, snacks, specialty milk, tele-bhaja, tempura, toffee, tortillas, totopo, turkish delights, waffles, and combinations thereof.

98. (New) The concentrated mixture of ethanol and cannabis volatiles according to claim 96, wherein:
the cannabis further includes bacteria.

99. (New) The concentrated mixture of ethanol and cannabis volatiles according to claim 96, wherein:
the cannabis further includes fungus.

100. (New) The concentrated mixture of ethanol and cannabis volatiles according to claim 96, wherein:
the cannabis further includes:
a Cannabis sativa L. ssp. Sativa content ranging from 15 weight percent to 85 weight percent; and
a Cannabis sativa L. ssp. Indica (Lam.) content ranging from 15 weight percent to 85 weight percent.


CASE 3200 (USSN 15/841,923)
61. (New) An alimentary multifunctional composition including cannabis and a microorganism, the microorganism includes one or more microorganisms selected from the group consisting of bacteria, diazotroph bacteria, diazotrop archaea, azotobacter vinelandii, clostridium pasteurianu, fungi, arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi, glomus aggrefatum, glomus etunicatum, glomus intraradices, rhizophagus irregularis, glomus mosseae, and combinations thereof.

62. (New) The alimentary multifunctional composition according to claim 61, further comprising:
insects.

63. (New) The alimentary multifunctional composition according to claim 61, further comprising:
an energy content ranging from between 2,500 British Thermal Units per pound to 65,000 British Thermal Units per pound.
a carbon content ranging from between 15 weight percent to 66 weight percent;
an oxygen content ranging from between 10 weight percent to 60 weight percent;
a hydrogen content ranging from between 2 weight percent to 25 weight percent; and
an ash content ranging from between 2 weight percent to 35 weight percent.

64. (New) The alimentary multifunctional composition according to claim 63, further comprising:
a cannabidiol content ranging from 0.00001 weight percent to 25 weight percent; and
a tetrahydrocannabinol content ranging from 4 weight percent to 66 weight percent.

65. (New) The alimentary multifunctional composition according to claim 64, further comprising:
a nitrogen content ranging from between 0.5 weight percent to 20 weight percent; 
a sulfur content ranging from between 0.01 weight percent to 10 weight percent; 
a chlorine content ranging from 0.01 weight percent to 15 weight percent; and
a sodium content ranging from 0.01 weight percent to 20 weight percent.

66. (New) The alimentary multifunctional composition according to claim 65, further comprising:
a potassium content ranging from 0.01 weight percent to 15 weight percent;
an iron content ranging from 0.005 weight percent to 15 weight percent;
a magnesium content ranging from 0.01 weight percent to 11 weight percent;
a phosphorous content ranging from 0.02 weight percent to 14 weight percent;
a calcium content ranging from 0.02 weight percent to 12 weight percent; and
a zinc content ranging from 0.01 weight percent to 7 weight percent.

67. (New) The alimentary multifunctional composition according to claim 66, further comprising:
a cellulose content ranging from 15 weight percent to 77 weight percent;
a lignin content ranging from 2 weight percent to 40 weight percent; and
a hemicellulose content ranging from 2 weight percent to 36 weight percent.

68. (New) The alimentary multifunctional composition according to claim 67, further comprising:
a fat content ranging from 4 weight percent to 45 weight percent;
a fiber content ranging from 5 weight percent to 75 weight percent; and
a protein content ranging from 5 weight percent to 35 weight percent.

69. (New) The alimentary multifunctional composition according to claim 68, further comprising:
a volatiles content ranging from between 20 weight percent to 92 weight percent.

70. (New) The alimentary multifunctional composition according to claim 61, further comprising:
treated water, the treated water is treated with one or more water treatment units selected from the group consisting of an adsorbent, an ion-exchange resin, a catalyst, activated carbon, a membrane, a filter, and combinations thereof.

71. (New) The alimentary multifunctional composition according to claim 70, further comprising:
an enzyme.

72. (New) The alimentary multifunctional composition according to claim 61, further comprising:
one or more solvent selected from the group consisting of acetone, alcohol, oil, butane, butter, carbon dioxide, coconut oil, ethanol, gaseous carbon dioxide, hexane, isobutane, isopropanol, liquid carbon dioxide, naphtha, olive oil, pentane, propane, R134 refrigerant gas, subcritical carbon dioxide, supercritical carbon dioxide, and combinations thereof.

73. (New) The alimentary multifunctional composition according to claim 61, further comprising:
terpenes including one or more terpenes selected from the group consisting of limonene, humulene, pinene, linalool, caryophyllene, mycrene, eucalyptol, nerolidol, bisablol, and phytol.

74. (New) The alimentary multifunctional composition according to claim 61, wherein:
the multifunctional composition includes a Cannabis sativa L. ssp. Sativa content ranging from 15 weight percent to 85 weight percent.

75. (New) The alimentary multifunctional composition according to claim 74, wherein:
the Cannabis sativa L. ssp. Indica (Lam.) content ranging from 15 weight percent to 85 weight percent.

76. (New) The alimentary multifunctional composition according to claim 61, further comprising:
one or more ingredients selected from the group consisting of:
a fiber-starch material;
a binding agent;
a density improving textural supplement; and
a moisture improving textural supplement;
wherein:
the fiber-starch material includes one or more from the group consisting of cereal-grain-based materials, grass-based materials, nut-based materials, powdered fruit materials, root-based materials, tuber-based materials, vegetable-based materials, and combinations thereof;
the binding agent includes one or more from the group consisting of agar, agave, alginin, arrowroot, carrageenan, collagen, cornstarch, egg whites, finely ground seeds, furcellaran, gelatin, guar gum, honey, katakuri starch, locust bean gum, pectin, potato starch, proteins, psyllium husks, sago, sugars, syrups, tapioca, vegetable gums, xanthan gum, and combinations thereof;
the density improving textural supplement includes one or more from the group consisting of extracted arrowroot starch, extracted corn starch, extracted lentil starch, extracted potato starch, extracted tapioca starch, and combinations thereof;
the moisture improving textural supplement includes one or more from the group consisting of almonds, brazil nuts, cacao, cashews, chestnuts, coconut, filberts, hazelnuts, Indian nuts, macadamia nuts, nut butters, nut oils, nut powders, peanuts, pecans, pili nuts, pine nuts, pinon nuts, pistachios, soy nuts, sunflower seeds, tiger nuts, walnuts, and combinations thereof.

77. (New) A foodstuff derived from the alimentary multifunctional composition according to claim 76, the foodstuff includes:
one or more selected from the group consisting of ada, bagels, baked goods, biscuits, bitterballen, bonda, breads, cakes, candies, cereals, chips, chocolate bars, chocolate, coffee, cokodok, confectionery, cookies, cooking batter, corn starch mixtures, crackers, crêpes, croissants, croquettes, croutons, dolma, dough, doughnuts, energy bars, flapjacks, french fries, frozen custard, frozen desserts, frying cakes, fudge, gelatin mixes, granola bars, gulha, hardtack, ice cream, khandvi, khanom buang, krumpets, meze, mixed flours, muffins, multi-grain snacks, nachos, nian gao, noodles, nougat, onion rings, pakora, pancakes, panforte, pastas, pastries, pie crust, pita chips, pizza, poffertjes, pretzels, protein powders, pudding, rice krispie treats, sesame sticks, smoothies, snacks, specialty milk, tele-bhaja, tempura, toffee, tortillas, totopo, turkish delights, waffles, and combinations thereof.

78. (New) A alimentary multifunctional composition comprised of cannabis and a microorganism and optionally insects, the alimentary multifunctional composition includes:
an energy content ranging from between 2,500 British Thermal Units per pound to 65,000 British Thermal Units per pound;
a carbon content ranging from between 15 weight percent to 66 weight percent;
an oxygen content ranging from between 10 weight percent to 60 weight percent;
a hydrogen content ranging from between 2 weight percent to 25 weight percent;
an ash content ranging from between 2 weight percent to 35 weight percent;
a fat content ranging from 4 weight percent to 45 weight percent;
a fiber content ranging from 5 weight percent to 75 weight percent; and
a protein content ranging from 5 weight percent to 35 weight percent;
wherein:
the microorganism includes one or more selected from the group consisting of bacteria, diazotroph bacteria, diazotrop archaea, azotobacter vinelandii, clostridium pasteurianu, fungi, arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi, glomus aggrefatum, glomus etunicatum, glomus intraradices, rhizophagus irregularis, glomus mosseae, and combinations thereof.

79. (New) A foodstuff derived from the alimentary multifunctional composition according to claim 78, the foodstuff includes:
one or more ingredients selected from the group consisting of:
a fiber-starch material;
a binding agent;
a density improving textural supplement;
a moisture improving textural supplement; and
insects;
wherein:
the fiber-starch material includes one or more from the group consisting of cereal-grain-based materials, grass-based materials, nut-based materials, powdered fruit materials, root-based materials, tuber-based materials, vegetable-based materials, and combinations thereof;
the binding agent includes one or more from the group consisting of agar, agave, alginin, arrowroot, carrageenan, collagen, cornstarch, egg whites, finely ground seeds, furcellaran, gelatin, guar gum, honey, katakuri starch, locust bean gum, pectin, potato starch, proteins, psyllium husks, sago, sugars, syrups, tapioca, vegetable gums, xanthan gum, and combinations thereof;
the density improving textural supplement includes one or more from the group consisting of extracted arrowroot starch, extracted corn starch, extracted lentil starch, extracted potato starch, extracted tapioca starch, and combinations thereof;
the moisture improving textural supplement includes one or more from the group consisting of almonds, brazil nuts, cacao, cashews, chestnuts, coconut, filberts, hazelnuts, Indian nuts, macadamia nuts, nut butters, nut oils, nut powders, peanuts, pecans, pili nuts, pine nuts, pinon nuts, pistachios, soy nuts, sunflower seeds, tiger nuts, walnuts, and combinations thereof;
the insects include one or more selected from the group consisting of Orthoptera order of insects, grasshoppers, crickets, katydids, weta, lubber, acrida, locusts, cicadas, ants, mealworms, agave worms, worms, bees, centipedes, cockroaches, dragonflies, beetles, scorpions, tarantulas, termites, and insect lipids;
the foodstuff includes one or more foodstuffs selected from the group consisting of ada, bagels, baked goods, biscuits, bitterballen, bonda, breads, cakes, candies, cereals, chips, chocolate bars, chocolate, coffee, cokodok, confectionery, cookies, cooking batter, corn starch mixtures, crackers, crêpes, croissants, croquettes, croutons, dolma, dough, doughnuts, energy bars, flapjacks, french fries, frozen custard, frozen desserts, frying cakes, fudge, gelatin mixes, granola bars, gulha, hardtack, ice cream, khandvi, khanom buang, krumpets, meze, mixed flours, muffins, multi-grain snacks, nachos, nian gao, noodles, nougat, onion rings, pakora, pancakes, panforte, pastas, pastries, pie crust, pita chips, pizza, poffertjes, pretzels, protein powders, pudding, rice krispie treats, sesame sticks, smoothies, snacks, specialty milk, tele-bhaja, tempura, toffee, tortillas, totopo, turkish delights, waffles, and combinations thereof.

80. (New) A foodstuff derived by mixing:
(I) an alimentary multifunctional composition comprised of cannabis including:
an energy content ranging from between 2,500 British Thermal Units per pound to 65,000 British Thermal Units per pound;
a carbon content ranging from between 15 weight percent to 66 weight percent;
an oxygen content ranging from between 10 weight percent to 60 weight percent;
a hydrogen content ranging from between 2 weight percent to 25 weight percent;
an ash content ranging from between 2 weight percent to 35 weight percent;
a fat content ranging from 4 weight percent to 45 weight percent;
a fiber content ranging from 5 weight percent to 75 weight percent;
a protein content ranging from 5 weight percent to 35 weight percent;
a cannabidiol content ranging from 0.00001 weight percent to 25 weight percent; and
a tetrahydrocannabinol content ranging from 4 weight percent to 66 weight percent; and
(II) one or more ingredients selected from the group consisting of:
a fiber-starch material;
a binding agent;
a density improving textural supplement;
a moisture improving textural supplement; and
insects;
wherein:
the fiber-starch material includes one or more from the group consisting of cereal-grain-based materials, grass-based materials, nut-based materials, powdered fruit materials, root-based materials, tuber-based materials, vegetable-based materials, and combinations thereof;
the binding agent includes one or more from the group consisting of agar, agave, alginin, arrowroot, carrageenan, collagen, cornstarch, egg whites, finely ground seeds, furcellaran, gelatin, guar gum, honey, katakuri starch, locust bean gum, pectin, potato starch, proteins, psyllium husks, sago, sugars, syrups, tapioca, vegetable gums, xanthan gum, and combinations thereof;
the density improving textural supplement includes one or more from the group consisting of extracted arrowroot starch, extracted corn starch, extracted lentil starch, extracted potato starch, extracted tapioca starch, and combinations thereof;
the moisture improving textural supplement includes one or more from the group consisting of almonds, brazil nuts, cacao, cashews, chestnuts, coconut, filberts, hazelnuts, Indian nuts, macadamia nuts, nut butters, nut oils, nut powders, peanuts, pecans, pili nuts, pine nuts, pinon nuts, pistachios, soy nuts, sunflower seeds, tiger nuts, walnuts, and combinations thereof;
the insects include one or more selected from the group consisting of Orthoptera order of insects, grasshoppers, crickets, katydids, weta, lubber, acrida, locusts, cicadas, ants, mealworms, agave worms, worms, bees, centipedes, cockroaches, dragonflies, beetles, scorpions, tarantulas, termites, and insect lipids;
the foodstuff includes one or more foodstuffs selected from the group consisting of ada, bagels, baked goods, biscuits, bitterballen, bonda, breads, cakes, candies, cereals, chips, chocolate bars, chocolate, coffee, cokodok, confectionery, cookies, cooking batter, corn starch mixtures, crackers, crêpes, croissants, croquettes, croutons, dolma, dough, doughnuts, energy bars, flapjacks, french fries, frozen custard, frozen desserts, frying cakes, fudge, gelatin mixes, granola bars, gulha, hardtack, ice cream, khandvi, khanom buang, krumpets, meze, mixed flours, muffins, multi-grain snacks, nachos, nian gao, noodles, nougat, onion rings, pakora, pancakes, panforte, pastas, pastries, pie crust, pita chips, pizza, poffertjes, pretzels, protein powders, pudding, rice krispie treats, sesame sticks, smoothies, snacks, specialty milk, tele-bhaja, tempura, toffee, tortillas, totopo, turkish delights, waffles, and combinations thereof.


CASE 3400 (USSN 15/904,044)
29. (Currently Amended) A method to produce concentrated volatiles from cannabis, the method includes:
(a) providing a source of water;
(b) after step (a), passing the water through a water treatment unit to form treated water, the water treatment unit includes one or more selected from the group consisting a cation, an anion, a membrane, a filter, activated carbon, an adsorbent, and an absorbent;
 (c) after step (b), mixing the treated water with a macro-nutrient, a micro-nutrient, and a pH adjustment solution to form a liquid mixture that has a pH ranging from 5.15 to 6.75;
(d) after step (c), pressurizing the liquid mixture to form a pressurized liquid mixture;
(e) after step (d), transferring the pressurized liquid mixture to a plurality of growing assemblies;
(f) after step (e), illuminating the plurality of growing assemblies with a plurality of lights;
(g) after step (f), growing cannabis within the plurality of growing assemblies;
(h) after step (g), harvesting the cannabis;
(i) after step (h), grinding the cannabis;
(j) after step (i), extracting volatiles from the cannabis with a first solvent to form a first solvent and volatiles mixture;
(k) after step (j), separating at least a portion of the volatiles from the first solvent and volatiles mixture;
(l) after step (k), mixing the volatiles with a second solvent to form a second volatiles and solvent mixture;
(m) after step (l), cooling the second volatiles and solvent mixture;
(n) after step (m), filtering the second volatiles and solvent mixture; and
(o) after step (n), evaporating at least a portion of the second solvent from the second volatiles and solvent mixture to create concentrated volatiles and vaporized second solvent, the concentrated volatiles have a reduced amount of second solvent relative to the second volatiles and solvent mixture;
wherein: 
the macro-nutrient is comprised of one or more selected from the group consisting of nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, calcium, magnesium, and sulfur;
the micro-nutrient is comprised of one or more selected from the group consisting of iron, manganese, boron, molybdenum, copper, zinc, sodium, chlorine, and silicon;
the pH adjustment solution is comprised of one or more from the group consisting acid, nitric acid, phosphoric acid, potassium hydroxide, sulfuric acid, an organic acid, citric acid, and acetic acid;
the first solvent includes one or more selected from the group consisting of acetone, alcohol, butane, carbon dioxide, ethanol, gas, gaseous carbon dioxide, hexane, isobutane, isopropanol, liquid carbon dioxide, liquid, naphtha, pentane, propane, R134 refrigerant gas, subcritical carbon dioxide, supercritical carbon dioxide, and vapor;
the second solvent includes one or more selected from the group consisting of a liquid, acetone, alcohol, oil, and ethanol.

30. (Previously Presented) The method according to claim 29, further comprising:
in step (j), extracting volatiles from the cannabis using a method that includes:
(j1) separating terpenes from the cannabis at a first temperature and a first pressure; and 
(j2) after step (j1), separating oil and wax from the cannabis at a second temperature and a second pressure; 
wherein:
the second temperature is greater than the first temperature;
the second pressure is greater than the first pressure;
the volatiles include oil, wax, and terpenes.

31. (Previously Presented) The method according to claim 29, further including a method to maintain a pre-determined carbon dioxide concentration within an enclosure that contains the plurality of growing assemblies, the method includes:
(a) providing:
(i) an enclosure having an interior, the plurality of growing assemblies in accordance with claim 29 are positioned within the interior of the enclosure;
(ii) a carbon dioxide tank that contains pressurized carbon dioxide, at least one valve that is configured to transfer carbon dioxide from the carbon dioxide tank into the interior of the enclosure; and
(iii) a gas quality sensor that is configured to monitor the concentration of carbon dioxide within the interior of the enclosure;
(b) measuring the concentration of carbon dioxide within the interior of the enclosure; and
(c) after step (b), adjusting the carbon dioxide concentration within the interior of the enclosure to a range between 400 parts per million and 30,000 parts per million by passing the carbon dioxide through the valve;
wherein:
the pressure drop across the valve is greater than 50 pounds per square inch.

32. (Previously Presented) The method according to claim 29, further including a method to transfer the pressurized liquid mixture according to step (e) to the plurality of growing assemblies, the method includes:
providing:
(1) at least one of the plurality of growing assemblies according to claim 29 is positioned at a vertical location that is above at least another one of the plurality of growing assemblies;
(2) a first liquid supply conduit that is configured to transfer at least a portion of the pressurized liquid mixture to at least one of the plurality of growing assemblies;
(3) a first liquid supply valve that is positioned on the first liquid supply conduit;
(4) a second liquid supply conduit that is configured to transfer at least a portion of the pressurized liquid mixture to at least another one of the plurality of growing assemblies;
(5) a second liquid supply valve that is positioned on the second liquid supply conduit; and
(6)  a computer that is communicatively coupled to the first liquid supply valve and the second liquid supply valve, the computer comprises a processor and a memory, the memory includes code that is configured to cause the processor to transmit a signal to open and/or close the first liquid supply valve and/or the second liquid supply valve to periodically introduce the pressurized liquid mixture into to each growing assembly;
(e1) transferring the pressurized liquid mixture to the first liquid supply conduit and to the second liquid supply conduit;
(e2) after step (e1), transferring at least a portion of the pressurized liquid mixture into at least one of the plurality of growing assemblies through the first liquid supply conduit, and transferring at least a portion of the pressurized liquid mixture into at least one of the plurality of growing assemblies through the second liquid supply conduit; and
(e3) after step (e2), using the computer to: close the first liquid supply valve to stop transferring the pressurized liquid mixture into at least one of the plurality of growing assemblies through the first liquid supply conduit, and close the second liquid supply valve to stop transferring the pressurized liquid mixture into at least one of the plurality of growing assemblies through the second liquid supply conduit.

33. (Previously Presented) The method according to claim 29, further comprising:
after step (c), analyzing the liquid mixture using a method that includes:
(i) providing an analyzer that is configured to analyze a portion of the liquid mixture, the analyzer is comprised of one or more selected from the group consisting of a mass spectrometer, fourier transform infrared spectrometer, infrared spectrometer, potentiometric pH meter, electrical conductivity meter, and liquid chromatograph;
(ii) after step (i), analyzing the liquid mixture; and
(iii) after step (ii), introducing to the liquid mixture one or more selected from the group consisting of a macro-nutrient, a micro-nutrient, and a pH adjustment solution;
wherein:
the macro-nutrient is comprised of one or more selected from the group consisting of nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, calcium, magnesium, and sulfur;
the micro-nutrient is comprised of one or more selected from the group consisting of iron, manganese, boron, molybdenum, copper, zinc, sodium, chlorine, and silicon;
the pH adjustment solution is comprised of one or more from the group consisting acid, nitric acid, phosphoric acid, potassium hydroxide, sulfuric acid, an organic acid, citric acid, and acetic acid.

34. (Previously Presented) The method according to claim 29, further comprising:
in step (c), mixing the water with two or more selected from the group consisting of a carbohydrate, an enzyme, a microorganism, a vitamin, and a hormone to form the liquid mixture;
wherein:
the carbohydrate is comprised of one or more selected from the group consisting of sugar, sucrose, molasses, and plant syrups;
the enzyme is comprised of one or more selected from the group consisting of amino acids, orotidine 5'-phosphate decarboxylase, OMP decarboxylase, glucanase, beta-glucanase, cellulase, and xylanase;
the microorganism is comprised of one or more selected from the group consisting of bacteria, diazotroph bacteria, diazotrop archaea, azotobacter vinelandii, clostridium pasteurianu, fungi, arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi, glomus aggrefatum, glomus etunicatum, glomus intraradices, rhizophagus irregularis, and glomus mosseae;
the vitamin is comprised of one or more selected from the group consisting of vitamin B, vitamin C, vitamin D, and vitamin E;
the hormone is comprised of one or more selected from the group consisting of auxins, cytokinins gibberellins, abscic acid, brassinosteroids, salicylic acid, jasmonates, plant peptide hormones, polyamines, nitric oxide, strigolactones, and triacontanol.

35. (Previously Presented) The method according to claim 29, further comprising:
after step (g) and before step (h), removing heat from within an enclosure that contains the plurality of growing assemblies using a method that includes:
(g1) providing:
(1) an enclosure having an interior, the plurality of growing assemblies in accordance with claim 29 step (g) are positioned within the interior of the enclosure; and
(2) a refrigerant that is configured to be transferred from a compressor to a condenser, from the condenser to an evaporator, and from the evaporator to the compressor, the evaporator is configured to evaporate the refrigerant to absorb heat from the interior of the enclosure;
(g2) compressing the refrigerant within the compressor;
(g3) after step (g2), transferring the refrigerant to the condenser;
(g4) after step (g3), condensing the refrigerant within the condenser;
(g5) after step (g4), transferring the refrigerant to the evaporator; and
(g6) after step (g5), evaporating the refrigerant within the evaporator while absorbing heat from the interior of the enclosure.

36. (Previously Presented) The method according to claim 29, further comprising:
after step (g) and before step (h), adjusting the temperature within an enclosure that contains the plurality of growing assemblies using a method that includes:
 (g1) providing:
(a) an enclosure having an interior, the plurality of growing assemblies in accordance with claim 29 step (g) are positioned within the interior of the enclosure;
(b) an air heat exchanger that is configured to provide a temperature-controlled air supply to the interior of the enclosure;
(c) an enclosure temperature sensor that is configured to measure the temperature within the interior of the enclosure;
(d) a computer that is configured to automatically adjust the temperature within the interior of the enclosure to a temperature ranging from between 45 degrees Fahrenheit to 90 degrees Fahrenheit by operating the air heat exchanger in response to an input signal from the enclosure temperature sensor;
(g2) measuring the temperature within the interior of the enclosure with the enclosure temperature sensor;
(g3) after step (g2), inputting a signal from the enclosure temperature sensor to the computer; and
(g4) after step (g3), automatically adjusting the temperature within the interior of the enclosure to a temperature ranging from between 45 degrees Fahrenheit to 90 degrees Fahrenheit by operating the air heat exchanger.

37. (Previously Presented) The method according to claim 29, further comprising:
after step (g) and before step (h), adjusting the temperature within an enclosure that contains the plurality of growing assemblies using a method that includes:
(g1) providing:
(a) an enclosure having an interior, the plurality of growing assemblies in accordance with claim 29 step (g) are positioned within the interior of the enclosure;
(b) an air supply fan that is configured to provide an air supply to an air heat exchanger;
(c) the air heat exchanger is configured to provide a temperature-controlled air supply to the interior of the enclosure; and
(d) an enclosure temperature sensor that is configured to measure the temperature within the interior of the enclosure;
(g2) measuring the temperature within the interior of the enclosure; and
(g3) after step (g2), adjusting the temperature within the interior of the enclosure from between 45 degrees Fahrenheit to 90 degrees Fahrenheit by adjusting the air supply fan and/or the air heat exchanger.

38. (Previously Presented) The method according to claim 29, further including a method to illuminate the plurality of growing assemblies with the plurality of lights, the method includes:
(a) providing:
(i) an enclosure having an interior, the plurality of growing assemblies in accordance with claim 29 step (f) are positioned within the interior of the enclosure;
 (ii)  a computer that is communicatively coupled to the lights, the computer comprises a processor and a memory, the memory includes code that is configured to cause the processor to transmit a signal to the lights to illuminate the interior of the enclosure at an illumination on-off ratio ranging from between 0.5 and 5, the illumination on-off ratio is defined as the duration of time when the lights are on and illuminate in hours divided by the subsequent duration of time when the lights are off and are not illuminating in hours before the lights are turned on again;
(b) illuminating the interior of the enclosure at an illumination on-off ratio ranging from between 0.5 and 5;
wherein:
the lights are comprised of one or more selected from the group consisting of compact fluorescent lights, light emitting diodes, incandescent lights, fluorescent lights, and halogen lights.

39. (Previously Presented) The method according to claim 29, further including a method to transfer the pressurized liquid mixture to the plurality of growing assemblies, the method includes:
(a) providing:
(i) at least one valve that is configured to periodically introduce the pressurized liquid mixture according to claim 29 step (e) into to each growing assembly;
(ii)  a computer that is communicatively coupled to the valve, the computer comprises a processor and a memory, the memory includes code that is configured to cause the processor to transmit a signal to open and/or close the valve to periodically introduce the pressurized liquid mixture into to each growing assembly with an open-close ratio of at least 0.008, the open-close ratio is defined as the duration of time when the valve is open in seconds divided by the subsequent duration of time when the same valve is closed in seconds before the same valve opens again; and
(b) introducing the pressurized liquid mixture into to each growing assembly at an open-close ratio of at least 0.008.

40. (Previously Presented) The method according to claim 29, further comprising:
(p) after step (o), mixing at least a portion of the concentrated volatiles with insects;
wherein:
the insects are comprised of one or more selected from the group consisting of Orthoptera order of insects, grasshoppers, crickets, katydids, weta, lubber, acrida, locusts, cicadas, ants, mealworms, agave worms, worms, bees, centipedes, cockroaches, dragonflies, beetles, scorpions, tarantulas, termites, insect lipids, and insect oil.

41. (Previously Presented) The method according to claim 29, further including a method to oxygenate at least a portion of the treated water, the method includes:
(a) providing an oxygen emitter that is configured to contact at least a portion of the treated water, the oxygen emitter includes an electrolytic cell that is configured to produce oxygenated water from the treated water, the oxygenated water has more oxygen within it relative to the treated water, the electrolytic cell is comprised of an anode and a cathode, current is applied across the anode and the cathode of the electrolytic cell, hydrogen gas is produced at the cathode and oxygen gas is produced at the anode;
(b) contacting at least a portion of the treated water with the oxygen emitter;
(c) after step (b), applying a current across the anode and the cathode of the oxygen emitter;
(d) after step (c), producing oxygen at the anode of the oxygen emitter and producing hydrogen at the cathode of the oxygen emitter; and
(e) after step (d), mixing at least a portion of the oxygen produced in step (d) with the treated water to produce oxygenated water, the oxygenated water has more oxygen within it relative to the treated water.

42. (Previously Presented) The method according to claim 29, further comprising:
after step (c) and before step (d), heating and filtering at least a portion of the liquid mixture.

43. (Previously Presented) The method according to claim 29, further comprising:
after step (d) and before step (e), filtering the pressurized liquid mixture.

44. (Previously Presented) The method according to claim 29, further including a method to evaporate the second solvent from the second volatiles and solvent mixture, the method includes:
(a) providing:
(i) an evaporator that is configured to evaporate the second solvent from the second volatiles and solvent mixture;
(ii) a condenser that is configured to condense at least a portion of the vaporized second solvent; and
(iii) a vacuum system that is configured to draw a vacuum on the condenser;
(b) introducing the second volatiles and solvent mixture to the evaporator;
(c) after step (b), evaporating at least a portion of the second solvent to form a vaporized second solvent; and
(d) after step (c), condensing at least a portion of the vaporized second solvent under vacuum conditions.

45. (Previously Presented) A method to grow cannabis, the method includes:
(a) providing a source of water;
(b) after step (a), passing the water through a first water treatment unit to form a first treated water, the first water treatment unit includes one or more selected from the group consisting of carbon, activated carbon, an adsorbent, a cation, and an anion;
(c) after step (b), passing the first treated water through a second water treatment unit to form a second treated water, the second water treatment unit is configured to remove undesirable compounds from the first treated water, the undesirable compounds are comprised of one or more selected from the group consisting of dissolved organic chemicals, viruses, bacteria, and particulates;
(d) after step (c), mixing the second treated water with a macro-nutrient, a micro-nutrient, and a pH adjustment solution to form a liquid mixture having a pH ranging from 5.15 to 6.75;
(e) after step (d), pressurizing the liquid mixture to form a pressurized liquid mixture;
(f) after step (e), transferring the pressurized liquid mixture to a plurality of growing assemblies;
(g) after step (f), illuminating the plurality of growing assemblies with a plurality of lights;
(h) after step (g), growing cannabis within the plurality of growing assemblies;
(i) after step (h), harvesting the cannabis;
(j) after step (i), grinding the cannabis;
(k) after step (j), extracting volatiles from the cannabis with a first solvent to form a first solvent and volatiles mixture;
(l) after step (k), separating at least a portion of the volatiles from the first solvent and volatiles mixture;
(m) after step (l), mixing the volatiles with a second solvent to form a second volatiles and solvent mixture;
(n) after step (m), cooling the second volatiles and solvent mixture;
(o) after step (n), filtering the second volatiles and solvent mixture; and
(p) after step (o), evaporating at least a portion of the second solvent from the second volatiles and solvent mixture to create concentrated volatiles that have reduced amount of second solvent relative to the second volatiles and solvent mixture;
wherein: 
the macro-nutrient is comprised of one or more selected from the group consisting of nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, calcium, magnesium, and sulfur;
the micro-nutrient is comprised of one or more selected from the group consisting of iron, manganese, boron, molybdenum, copper, zinc, sodium, chlorine, and silicon;
the pH adjustment solution is comprised of one or more from the group consisting acid, nitric acid, phosphoric acid, potassium hydroxide, sulfuric acid, an organic acid, citric acid, and acetic acid;
the first solvent includes one or more selected from the group consisting of acetone, alcohol, butane, carbon dioxide, ethanol, gas, gaseous carbon dioxide, hexane, isobutane, isopropanol, liquid carbon dioxide, liquid, naphtha, pentane, propane, R134 refrigerant gas, subcritical carbon dioxide, supercritical carbon dioxide, and vapor;
the second solvent includes one or more selected from the group consisting of a liquid, acetone, alcohol, oil, and ethanol.

46. (Previously Presented) The method according to claim 45, further comprising:
in step (k), extracting volatiles from the cannabis using a method that includes:
(k1) separating terpenes from the cannabis at a first temperature and a first pressure; and 
(k2) after step (k1), separating oil and wax from the cannabis at a second temperature and a second pressure; 
wherein:
the second temperature is greater than the first temperature;
the second pressure is greater than the first pressure;
the volatiles include oil, wax, and terpenes.

47. (Previously Presented) The method according to claim 45, further including a method to maintain a pre-determined carbon dioxide concentration within an enclosure that contains the plurality of growing assemblies, the method includes:
(a) providing:
(i) an enclosure having an interior, the plurality of growing assemblies in accordance with claim 45 step (h) are positioned within the interior of the enclosure;
(ii) a carbon dioxide tank that contains pressurized carbon dioxide, at least one valve that is configured to transfer carbon dioxide from the carbon dioxide tank into the interior of the enclosure; and
(iii) a gas quality sensor that is configured to monitor the concentration of carbon dioxide within the interior of the enclosure;
(b) measuring the concentration of carbon dioxide within the interior of the enclosure; and
(c) after step (b), adjusting the carbon dioxide concentration within the interior of the enclosure to a range between 400 parts per million and 30,000 parts per million by passing the carbon dioxide through the valve;
wherein:
the pressure drop across the valve is greater than 50 pounds per square inch.

48. (Previously Presented) The method according to claim 45, further comprising:
after step (h) and before step (i), removing heat from within an enclosure that contains the plurality of growing assemblies using a method that includes:
(h1) providing:
(1) an enclosure having an interior, the plurality of growing assemblies in accordance with claim 45 step (h) are positioned within the interior of the enclosure; and
(2) a refrigerant that is configured to be transferred from a compressor to a condenser, from the condenser to an evaporator, and from the evaporator to the compressor, the evaporator is configured to evaporate the refrigerant to absorb heat from the interior of the enclosure;
(h2) compressing the refrigerant within the compressor;
(h3) after step (h2), transferring the refrigerant to the condenser;
(h4) after step (h3), condensing the refrigerant within the condenser;
(h5) after step (h4), transferring the refrigerant to the evaporator; and
(h6) after step (h5), evaporating the refrigerant within the evaporator while absorbing heat from the interior of the enclosure.

49. (Previously Presented) The method according to claim 45, further comprising:
after step (d), analyzing the liquid mixture using a method that includes:
(i) providing an analyzer that is configured to analyze a portion of the liquid mixture, the analyzer is comprised of one or more selected from the group consisting of a mass spectrometer, fourier transform infrared spectrometer, infrared spectrometer, potentiometric pH meter, electrical conductivity meter, and liquid chromatograph;
(ii) after step (i), analyzing the liquid mixture; and
(iii) after step (ii), introducing to the liquid mixture one or more selected from the group consisting of a macro-nutrient, a micro-nutrient, and a pH adjustment solution;
wherein:
the macro-nutrient is comprised of one or more selected from the group consisting of nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, calcium, magnesium, and sulfur;
the micro-nutrient is comprised of one or more selected from the group consisting of iron, manganese, boron, molybdenum, copper, zinc, sodium, chlorine, and silicon;
the pH adjustment solution is comprised of one or more from the group consisting acid, nitric acid, phosphoric acid, potassium hydroxide, sulfuric acid, an organic acid, citric acid, and acetic acid.

50. (Previously Presented) The method according to claim 45, further including a method to transfer the pressurized liquid mixture according to step (f) to the plurality of growing assemblies, the method includes:
providing:
(1) at least one of the plurality of growing assemblies according to claim 45 is positioned at a vertical location that is above at least another one of the plurality of growing assemblies;
(2) a first liquid supply conduit that is configured to transfer at least a portion of the pressurized liquid mixture to at least one of the plurality of growing assemblies;
(3) a first liquid supply valve that is positioned on the first liquid supply conduit;
(4) a second liquid supply conduit that is configured to transfer at least a portion of the pressurized liquid mixture to at least another one of the plurality of growing assemblies;
(5) a second liquid supply valve that is positioned on the second liquid supply conduit; and
(6)  a computer that is communicatively coupled to the first liquid supply valve and the second liquid supply valve, the computer comprises a processor and a memory, the memory includes code that is configured to cause the processor to transmit a signal to open and/or close the first liquid supply valve and/or the second liquid supply valve to periodically introduce the pressurized liquid mixture into to each growing assembly;
(f1) transferring the pressurized liquid mixture to the first liquid supply conduit and to the second liquid supply conduit;
(f2) after step (f1), transferring at least a portion of the pressurized liquid mixture into at least one of the plurality of growing assemblies through the first liquid supply conduit, and transferring at least a portion of the pressurized liquid mixture into at least one of the plurality of growing assemblies through the second liquid supply conduit; and
(f3) after step (f2), using the computer to: close the first liquid supply valve to stop transferring the pressurized liquid mixture into at least one of the plurality of growing assemblies through the first liquid supply conduit, and close the second liquid supply valve to stop transferring the pressurized liquid mixture into at least one of the plurality of growing assemblies through the second liquid supply conduit.

51. (Previously Presented) The method according to claim 45, further comprising:
after step (h) and before step (i), adjusting the temperature within an enclosure that contains the plurality of growing assemblies using a method that includes:
 (h1) providing:
(1) an enclosure having an interior, the plurality of growing assemblies in accordance with claim 45 step (h) are positioned within the interior of the enclosure;
(2) an air heat exchanger that is configured to provide a temperature-controlled air supply to the interior of the enclosure;
(3) an enclosure temperature sensor that is configured to measure the temperature within the interior of the enclosure;
(4) a computer that is configured to automatically adjust the temperature within the interior of the enclosure to a temperature ranging from between 45 degrees Fahrenheit to 90 degrees Fahrenheit by operating the air heat exchanger in response to an input signal from the enclosure temperature sensor;
(h2) measuring the temperature within the interior of the enclosure with the enclosure temperature sensor;
(h3) after step (h2), inputting a signal from the enclosure temperature sensor to the computer; and
(h4) after step (h3), automatically adjusting the temperature within the interior of the enclosure to a temperature ranging from between 45 degrees Fahrenheit to 90 degrees Fahrenheit by operating the air heat exchanger.

52. (Previously Presented) The method according to claim 45, further including a method to oxygenate at least a portion of the treated water, the method includes:
(a) providing an oxygen emitter that is configured to contact at least a portion of the second treated water, the oxygen emitter includes an electrolytic cell that is configured to produce oxygenated water from the second treated water, the oxygenated water has more oxygen within it relative to the second treated water, the electrolytic cell is comprised of an anode and a cathode, current is applied across the anode and the cathode of the electrolytic cell, hydrogen gas is produced at the cathode and oxygen gas is produced at the anode;
(b) contacting at least a portion of the second treated water with the oxygen emitter;
(c) after step (b), applying a current across the anode and the cathode of the oxygen emitter;
(d) after step (c), producing oxygen at the anode of the oxygen emitter and producing hydrogen at the cathode of the oxygen emitter; and
(e) after step (d), mixing at least a portion of the oxygen produced in step (d) with the second treated water to produce oxygenated water, the oxygenated water has more oxygen within it relative to the second treated water.

53. (Previously Presented) The method according to claim 45, further comprising:
in step (d), mixing the second treated water with two or more selected from the group consisting of a carbohydrate, an enzyme, a microorganism, a vitamin, and a hormone to form the liquid mixture;
wherein:
the carbohydrate is comprised of one or more selected from the group consisting of sugar, sucrose, molasses, and plant syrups;
the enzyme is comprised of one or more selected from the group consisting of amino acids, orotidine 5'-phosphate decarboxylase, OMP decarboxylase, glucanase, beta-glucanase, cellulase, and xylanase;
the microorganism is comprised of one or more selected from the group consisting of bacteria, diazotroph bacteria, diazotrop archaea, azotobacter vinelandii, clostridium pasteurianu, fungi, arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi, glomus aggrefatum, glomus etunicatum, glomus intraradices, rhizophagus irregularis, and glomus mosseae;
the vitamin is comprised of one or more selected from the group consisting of vitamin B, vitamin C, vitamin D, and vitamin E;
the hormone is comprised of one or more selected from the group consisting of auxins, cytokinins gibberellins, abscic acid, brassinosteroids, salicylic acid, jasmonates, plant peptide hormones, polyamines, nitric oxide, strigolactones, and triacontanol.

54. (Previously Presented) The method according to claim 45, further comprising:
in step (p), at least a portion of the second solvent is evaporated from the second volatiles and solvent mixture by use of an evaporator;
wherein:
the evaporator is selected from one or more from the group consisting of an electrically-heated evaporator, a steam-heated evaporator, a wiped-film evaporator, a falling film tubular evaporator, a rising/falling film tubular evaporator, a rising film tubular evaporator, a forced circulation evaporator, an internal pump forced circulation evaporator, a plate evaporator, an evaporative cooler, a multiple-effect evaporator, a thermal vapor recompression evaporator, a mechanical vapor recompression evaporator, a flash tank, and a distillation column.

55. (Previously Presented) The method according to claim 45, further including a method to evaporate the second solvent from the second volatiles and solvent mixture, the method includes:
(a) providing:
(i) an evaporator that is configured to evaporate the second solvent from the second volatiles and solvent mixture;
(ii) a condenser that is configured to condense at least a portion of the second solvent;
(iii) a vacuum system that is configured to draw a vacuum on the condenser;
(b) introducing the second volatiles and solvent mixture to the evaporator;
(c) after step (b), evaporating at least a portion of the second solvent to form a vaporized second solvent; and
(d) after step (c), condensing at least a portion of the vaporized second solvent under vacuum conditions.

56. (Canceled)

57. (New) A method to produce concentrated volatiles from cannabis, the method includes:
(a) providing a source of cannabis;
(b) after step (a), extracting volatiles from the cannabis with CO2 to form a CO2 and volatiles mixture;
(c) after step (b), separating the CO2 from the CO2 and volatiles mixture to produce extracted volatiles;
(d) after step (c), mixing the extracted volatiles with ethanol to produce an ethanol and volatiles mixture, the ethanol and volatiles mixture includes 0.016 pounds of extracted volatiles per pound of ethanol to 0.2 pounds of extracted volatiles per pound of ethanol;
(e) after step (d), cooling the ethanol and volatiles mixture to form a cooled ethanol and volatiles mixture;
(f) after step (e), filtering the ethanol and volatiles mixture to form a filtered ethanol and volatiles mixture;
(g) after step (f), evaporating the ethanol from the ethanol and volatiles mixture under vacuum conditions to produce concentrated volatiles and vaporized ethanol;
(h) after step (g), condensing the vaporized ethanol to produce liquid ethanol and non-condensable gas, the non-condensable gas has a reduced amount of ethanol vapor relative to the vaporized ethanol; and
(i) after step (h), passing the non-condensable gas through a vacuum system.


CASE 3500 (USSN 16/029,627)
19. (New) A cannabinoid alcoholic beverage composition including:
(a) a cannabinoid and water emulsion including an average cannabinoid droplet size ranging from 10 nanometers to 200 nanometers, the cannabinoid includes cannabidiol and/or tetrahydrocannabinol;
(b) an alcohol; and
(c) two or more ingredients selected from the group consisting of barley, wheat, rice, corn, and combinations thereof;
wherein:
the alcoholic beverage composition has:
(I) a specific gravity ranging from between 0.995 to 1.2;
(II) a viscosity ranging from between 1 centipoise to 5 centipoise; and
(III) an electrical conductivity that ranges from between 750 microsiemens per centimeter to 5,000 microsiemens per centimeter.

20. (New) The composition according to claim 19, further comprising two or more materials selected from the group consisting of:
(a) a biocatalyst;
(b) a drug; and
(c) insects;
wherein:
(I) the biocatalyst includes one or more biocatalysts selected from the group consisting of a microorganism, bacteria, fungi, Lactobacilli, Lactobacillus acidophilus, Lactobacillus bulgaricus, Lactobacillus plantarum, Lactobacillus rhamnosus, Lactobacillus fermentum, Lactobacillus caucasicus, Lactobacillus helveticus, Lactobacillus lactis, Lactobacillus reuteri, Lactobacillus casei, Lactobacillus brevis, Lactobacillus gasseri, Lactobacillus paracasei, Lactobacillus salivarius, Bifidobacteria, Bifidobacterium animalis, Bifidobacterium bifidum, Bifidobacterium breve, Bifidobacterium infantis, Bifidobacterium lactis, Bifidobacterium longum, Enterococcus faecium, Streptococcus thermophilus, Bacillus laterosporus, Pediococcus acidilactici, and combinations thereof;
(II) the drug includes two or more drugs selected from the group consisting of a biologically active organic compound with four rings, a nootropic drug, acetate, activated charcoal, ascorbic acid, aspirin, butyrate, calcium, capsaicin, carnitine, carnosine, cacao, cinnamon, chondroitin sulfate, chromium, coenzyme q-10, cranberry, creatine, curcumin, deprenyl, echinacea, fish oil, garlic, ginger, ginkgo, ginseng, gluconic acid, glucosamine, green tea, hoodia, human growth hormone, inositol, lactic acid, lithium, lutein, magnesium, minerals, malate, melatonin, metformin, milk thistle, n-acetylcysteine, niacin, niacinamide, nicotinamide riboside, omega-3 fatty acid, oxaloacetate, piracetam, psilocybin, pyruvate, resveratrol, rhodiola, saw palmetto, selenium, saint john's wort, steroid alternatives, steroids, testosterone, theaflavins, turmeric, valerian, vitamins, vitamin B3, vitamin C, zinc, and combinations thereof;
(III) the insect includes one or more insects selected from the group consisting of Orthoptera order of insects, grasshoppers, crickets, cave crickets, Jerusalem crickets, katydids, weta, lubber, acrida, locusts, cicadas, ants, mealworms, agave worms, worms, bees, centipedes, dragonflies, beetles, scorpions, tarantulas, termites, insect lipids, and insect oil.

21. (New) The composition according to claim 19, wherein:
the cannabinoid is extracted from cannabis using one or more extraction systems selected from the group consisting of simulated moving bed extraction, adsorption, supercritical carbon dioxide extraction, gas extraction, vacuum flashing, vacuum evaporation, evaporation, wiped-film evaporation, spray drying, distillation, and combinations thereof.

22. (New) The composition according to claim 19, wherein the cannabinoid was extracted from cannabis using simulated moving bed extraction and/or supercritical carbon dioxide extraction.

23. (New) The composition according to claim 19, wherein:
the cannabinoid and water emulsion is created using an emulsifier system including one or more emulsifier systems selected from the group consisting of a stirred tank reactor, a homogenizer, ultrasound technology, an ultrasonic homogenizer, an ultrasonic horn, an acoustic horn, sonotrode, acoustic waveguide, an ultrasonic probe, an ultrasonic transducer, a converging ultrasonic horn, a barbell ultrasonic horn, a piezoelectric transducer, an agitator, a sawtooth blade, a closed rotor, a rotor/stator, a colloid mill, a piston pump, a microfluidizer, a microfluidizer processor, and combinations thereof.

24. (New) The composition according to claim 19, further comprising a flavoring including one or more flavorings selected from the group consisting of basil, bergamot, black pepper, cacao, cassia, cedarwood, cinnamon, citronella, clary sage, clove, coffee, cypress, eucalyptus, evening primrose, fennel, fir needle, frankincense, gardenia, geranium, ginger, grapefruit, helichrysum, hops, hyssop, jasmine, juniper berry, lavender, lemon, lemongrass, mandarin, marjoram, melaleuca, melissa, myrrh, neroli, orange, oregano, palo santo, patchouli, peppermint, pine, roman chamomile, rose, rosemary, sandalwood, spikenard, tea tree, thyme, turmeric, vetiver, wintergreen, ylang ylang, brown rice, buckwheat flour, buckwheat, bulgur, carrageenan, corn meal, cracked wheat, cricket flour, density improving textural supplements, farro, insect flour, insects, mealworms, millet, oatmeal, popcorn, quinoa, rye, sorghum, triticale, wheat, whole farro, whole grain barley, whole grain corn, whole oats, whole rye, whole wheat flour, wild rice, and combinations thereof.

25. (New) The composition according to claim 19, further comprising an emulsifier including one or more emulsifiers selected from the group consisting of a surfactant, a nonionic surfactant, lecithin, polyethylene (40), stearate, polysorbate, polyoxyethylene sorbitan monooleate, polyoxyethylene (20) sorbitan monooleate, polysorbate 80, polysorbate 60, polysorbate 65, ammonium salts of phosphatidic acid, sucrose acetate isobutyrate, potassium pyrophosphate, sodium acid pyrophosphate, sodium pyrophosphate, potassium polymetaphosphate, sodium metaphosphate, insoluble or sodium polyphosphates, sodium polyphosphates, insoluble polyphosphates, glassy salts of fatty acids, mono-and di-glycerides of fatty acids, mono-glycerides of fatty acids, di-glycerides of fatty acids, acetic and fatty acid esters of glycerol, lactic and fatty acid esters of glycerol, citric and fatty acid esters of glycerol, diacetyltartaric and fatty acid esters of glycerol, mixed fatty acid esters of glycerol, sucrose esters of fatty acids, polyglycerol esters of fatty acids, polyglycerol esters of interesterified ricinoleic acid, propylene glycol mono-and di-esters, propylene glycol di-esters, propylene glycol mono-esters, propylene glycol esters of fatty acids, propylene glycol esters, dioctyl sodium sulphosuccinate, sodium lactylate, sodium oleyl lactylate, sodium stearoyl lactylate, calcium lactylate, calcium oleyl lactylate, calcium stearoyl lactylate, sorbitan monostearate, maltodextrin, polyphosphates, formulated polyphosphates, gum arabic, and combinations thereof.

26. (New) An alcoholic beverage composition, the composition includes:
(a) an alcohol;
(b) water;
(c) one or more ingredients selected from the group consisting of barley, wheat, rice, corn, and combinations thereof; and
(d) insects including one or more insects selected from the group consisting of Orthoptera order of insects, grasshoppers, crickets, cave crickets, Jerusalem crickets, katydids, weta, lubber, acrida, locusts, cicadas, ants, mealworms, agave worms, worms, bees, centipedes, dragonflies, beetles, scorpions, tarantulas, termites, insect lipids, and insect oil; 
wherein:
the alcoholic beverage composition has:
(I) a specific gravity ranging from between 0.995 to 1.2;
(II) a viscosity ranging from between 1 centipoise to 5 centipoise; and
(III) an electrical conductivity that ranges from between 750 microsiemens per centimeter to 5,000 microsiemens per centimeter.

27. (New) The composition according to claim 26, further comprising an emulsifier and/or a biocatalyst;
wherein:
the emulsifier includes one or more emulsifiers selected from the group consisting of a surfactant, a nonionic surfactant, lecithin, polyethylene (40), stearate, polysorbate, polyoxyethylene sorbitan monooleate, polyoxyethylene (20) sorbitan monooleate, polysorbate 80, polysorbate 60, polysorbate 65, ammonium salts of phosphatidic acid, sucrose acetate isobutyrate, potassium pyrophosphate, sodium acid pyrophosphate, sodium pyrophosphate, potassium polymetaphosphate, sodium metaphosphate, insoluble or sodium polyphosphates, sodium polyphosphates, insoluble polyphosphates, glassy salts of fatty acids, mono-and di-glycerides of fatty acids, mono-glycerides of fatty acids, di-glycerides of fatty acids, acetic and fatty acid esters of glycerol, lactic and fatty acid esters of glycerol, citric and fatty acid esters of glycerol, diacetyltartaric and fatty acid esters of glycerol, mixed fatty acid esters of glycerol, sucrose esters of fatty acids, polyglycerol esters of fatty acids, polyglycerol esters of interesterified ricinoleic acid, propylene glycol mono-and di-esters, propylene glycol di-esters, propylene glycol mono-esters, propylene glycol esters of fatty acids, propylene glycol esters, dioctyl sodium sulphosuccinate, sodium lactylate, sodium oleyl lactylate, sodium stearoyl lactylate, calcium lactylate, calcium oleyl lactylate, calcium stearoyl lactylate, sorbitan monostearate, maltodextrin, polyphosphates, formulated polyphosphates, gum arabic, and combinations thereof;
the biocatalyst includes one or more biocatalysts selected from the group consisting of a microorganism, bacteria, fungi, Lactobacilli, Lactobacillus acidophilus, Lactobacillus bulgaricus, Lactobacillus plantarum, Lactobacillus rhamnosus, Lactobacillus fermentum, Lactobacillus caucasicus, Lactobacillus helveticus, Lactobacillus lactis, Lactobacillus reuteri, Lactobacillus casei, Lactobacillus brevis, Lactobacillus gasseri, Lactobacillus paracasei, Lactobacillus salivarius, Bifidobacteria, Bifidobacterium animalis, Bifidobacterium bifidum, Bifidobacterium breve, Bifidobacterium infantis, Bifidobacterium lactis, Bifidobacterium longum, Enterococcus faecium, Streptococcus thermophilus, Bacillus laterosporus, Pediococcus acidilactici, and combinations thereof.

28. (New) The composition according to claim 26, further comprising cannabidiol and/or  tetrahydrocannabinol.

29. (New) The composition according to claim 28, wherein the cannabidiol and/or  tetrahydrocannabinol was extracted from cannabis using one or more extraction systems selected from the group consisting of simulated moving bed extraction, adsorption, supercritical carbon dioxide extraction, gas extraction, vacuum flashing, vacuum evaporation, evaporation, wiped-film evaporation, spray drying, distillation, and combinations thereof.

30. (New) The composition according to claim 26, further comprising:
a cannabinoid and water emulsion including an average cannabinoid droplet size ranging from 10 nanometers to 200 nanometers, the cannabinoid includes cannabidiol and/or tetrahydrocannabinol.

32. (New) The composition according to claim 26, further comprising one or more materials selected from the group consisting of:
(a) a drug; and
(b) a flavoring;
wherein:
the drug includes one or more drugs selected from the group consisting of a biologically active organic compound with four rings, a nootropic drug, acetate, activated charcoal, ascorbic acid, aspirin, butyrate, calcium, capsaicin, carnitine, carnosine, cinnamon, chondroitin sulfate, chromium, coenzyme q-10, cranberry, creatine, curcumin, deprenyl, echinacea, fish oil, garlic, ginger, ginkgo, ginseng, gluconic acid, glucosamine, green tea, hoodia, human growth hormone, inositol, lactic acid, lithium, lutein, magnesium, minerals, malate, melatonin, metformin, milk thistle, n-acetylcysteine, niacin, niacinamide, nicotinamide riboside, omega-3 fatty acid, oxaloacetate, piracetam, psilocybin, pyruvate, resveratrol, rhodiola, saw palmetto, selenium, saint john's wort, steroid alternatives, steroids, testosterone, theaflavins, turmeric, valerian, vitamins, vitamin B3, vitamin C, zinc, and combinations thereof;
the flavoring includes one or more flavorings selected from the group consisting of basil, bergamot, black pepper, cacao, cassia, cedarwood, cinnamon, citronella, clary sage, clove, coffee, cypress, eucalyptus, evening primrose, fennel, fir needle, frankincense, gardenia, geranium, ginger, grapefruit, helichrysum, hops, hyssop, jasmine, juniper berry, lavender, lemon, lemongrass, mandarin, marjoram, melaleuca, melissa, myrrh, neroli, orange, oregano, palo santo, patchouli, peppermint, pine, roman chamomile, rose, rosemary, sandalwood, spikenard, tea tree, thyme, turmeric, vetiver, wintergreen, ylang ylang, brown rice, buckwheat flour, buckwheat, bulgur, carrageenan, corn meal, cracked wheat, cricket flour, density improving textural supplements, farro, insect flour, insects, mealworms, millet, oatmeal, popcorn, quinoa, rye, sorghum, triticale, wheat, whole farro, whole grain barley, whole grain corn, whole oats, whole rye, whole wheat flour, wild rice, and combinations thereof.

33. (New) A cannabinoid alcoholic beverage composition including:
(a) a cannabinoid and water emulsion including an average cannabinoid droplet size ranging from 10 nanometers to 35 nanometers, the cannabinoid includes cannabidiol and/or tetrahydrocannabinol;
(b) an alcohol;
(c) two or more ingredients selected from the group consisting of barley, wheat, rice, corn, hops, and combinations thereof;
wherein:
the alcoholic beverage composition has:
(I) a specific gravity ranging from between 0.995 to 1.2;
(II) a viscosity ranging from between 1 centipoise to 5 centipoise; and
(III) an electrical conductivity that ranges from between 750 microsiemens per centimeter to 5,000 microsiemens per centimeter.

34. (New) The composition according to claim 33, further comprising two or more materials selected from the group consisting of:
(a) a biocatalyst;
(b) a drug; and
(c) a flavoring;
wherein:
the biocatalyst includes one or more biocatalysts selected from the group consisting of a microorganism, bacteria, fungi, Lactobacilli, Lactobacillus acidophilus, Lactobacillus bulgaricus, Lactobacillus plantarum, Lactobacillus rhamnosus, Lactobacillus fermentum, Lactobacillus caucasicus, Lactobacillus helveticus, Lactobacillus lactis, Lactobacillus reuteri, Lactobacillus casei, Lactobacillus brevis, Lactobacillus gasseri, Lactobacillus paracasei, Lactobacillus salivarius, Bifidobacteria, Bifidobacterium animalis, Bifidobacterium bifidum, Bifidobacterium breve, Bifidobacterium infantis, Bifidobacterium lactis, Bifidobacterium longum, Enterococcus faecium, Streptococcus thermophilus, Bacillus laterosporus, Pediococcus acidilactici, and combinations thereof;
the drug includes one or more drugs selected from the group consisting of a biologically active organic compound with four rings, a nootropic drug, acetate, activated charcoal, ascorbic acid, aspirin, butyrate, calcium, capsaicin, carnitine, carnosine, cinnamon, chondroitin sulfate, chromium, coenzyme q-10, cranberry, creatine, curcumin, deprenyl, echinacea, fish oil, garlic, ginger, ginkgo, ginseng, gluconic acid, glucosamine, green tea, hoodia, human growth hormone, inositol, lactic acid, lithium, lutein, magnesium, minerals, malate, melatonin, metformin, milk thistle, n-acetylcysteine, niacin, niacinamide, nicotinamide riboside, omega-3 fatty acid, oxaloacetate, piracetam, psilocybin, pyruvate, resveratrol, rhodiola, saw palmetto, selenium, saint john's wort, steroid alternatives, steroids, testosterone, theaflavins, turmeric, valerian, vitamins, vitamin B3, vitamin C, zinc, and combinations thereof;
the flavoring includes one or more flavorings selected from the group consisting of basil, bergamot, black pepper, cacao, cassia, cedarwood, cinnamon, citronella, clary sage, clove, coffee, cypress, eucalyptus, evening primrose, fennel, fir needle, frankincense, gardenia, geranium, ginger, grapefruit, helichrysum, hops, hyssop, jasmine, juniper berry, lavender, lemon, lemongrass, mandarin, marjoram, melaleuca, melissa, myrrh, neroli, orange, oregano, palo santo, patchouli, peppermint, pine, roman chamomile, rose, rosemary, sandalwood, spikenard, tea tree, thyme, turmeric, vetiver, wintergreen, ylang ylang, brown rice, buckwheat flour, buckwheat, bulgur, carrageenan, corn meal, cracked wheat, cricket flour, density improving textural supplements, farro, insect flour, insects, mealworms, millet, oatmeal, popcorn, quinoa, rye, sorghum, triticale, whole farro, whole grain barley, whole grain corn, whole oats, whole rye, whole wheat flour, wild rice, and combinations thereof.

35. (New) The composition according to claim 33, further comprising an emulsifier including one or more emulsifiers selected from the group consisting of a surfactant, a nonionic surfactant, lecithin, polyethylene (40), stearate, polysorbate, polyoxyethylene sorbitan monooleate, polyoxyethylene (20) sorbitan monooleate, polysorbate 80, polysorbate 60, polysorbate 65, ammonium salts of phosphatidic acid, sucrose acetate isobutyrate, potassium pyrophosphate, sodium acid pyrophosphate, sodium pyrophosphate, potassium polymetaphosphate, sodium metaphosphate, insoluble or sodium polyphosphates, sodium polyphosphates, insoluble polyphosphates, glassy salts of fatty acids, mono-and di-glycerides of fatty acids, mono-glycerides of fatty acids, di-glycerides of fatty acids, acetic and fatty acid esters of glycerol, lactic and fatty acid esters of glycerol, citric and fatty acid esters of glycerol, diacetyltartaric and fatty acid esters of glycerol, mixed fatty acid esters of glycerol, sucrose esters of fatty acids, polyglycerol esters of fatty acids, polyglycerol esters of interesterified ricinoleic acid, propylene glycol mono-and di-esters, propylene glycol di-esters, propylene glycol mono-esters, propylene glycol esters of fatty acids, propylene glycol esters, dioctyl sodium sulphosuccinate, sodium lactylate, sodium oleyl lactylate, sodium stearoyl lactylate, calcium lactylate, calcium oleyl lactylate, calcium stearoyl lactylate, sorbitan monostearate, maltodextrin, polyphosphates, formulated polyphosphates, gum arabic, and combinations thereof.

36. (New) The composition according to claim 33, wherein the cannabinoid was extracted from cannabis using one or more extraction systems selected from the group consisting of simulated moving bed extraction, adsorption, supercritical carbon dioxide extraction, gas extraction, vacuum flashing, vacuum evaporation, evaporation, wiped-film evaporation, spray drying, distillation, and combinations thereof.

37. (New) The composition according to claim 33, wherein the cannabinoid was extracted from cannabis using simulated moving bed extraction and/or supercritical carbon dioxide extraction.

38. (New) The composition according to claim 33, further comprising insects which include one or more from the group consisting of Orthoptera order of insects, grasshoppers, crickets, cave crickets, Jerusalem crickets, katydids, weta, lubber, acrida, locusts, cicadas, ants, mealworms, agave worms, worms, bees, centipedes, dragonflies, beetles, scorpions, tarantulas, termites, insect lipids, and insect oil.


CASE 3600 (USSN 16/153,724)
1. A beverage derived by mixing:
an alimentary multifunctional composition having a bulk density ranging from between 3.5 pounds per cubic foot to 50 pounds per cubic foot, an energy content ranging from 4,500 British Thermal Units per pound to 10,500 British Thermal Units per pound, the composition includes a cannabis enhancer including one or more cannabis enhancers selected from the group consisting of cannabis, dried cannabis, ground cannabis, decarboxylated cannabis, tetrahydrocannabinol, and combinations thereof; and
treated water, the treated water is treated with one or more water treatment units selected from the group consisting of an adsorbent, an ion-exchange resin, a catalyst, activated carbon, a membrane, and combinations thereof.

2. The beverage according to Claim 1, further comprising:
pathogens including one or more pathogens selected from the group consisting of a bacteria, a fungus, and combinations thereof and/or N-acetylglucosamine derived from insects and/or arthropods.

3. The beverage according to Claim 1, further derived by mixing:
a biocatalyst including one or more biocatalysts selected from the group consisting of enzyme, casein protease, peptidase, protease A, protease, aspergillus oryzae, bacillus subtilis, bacillus licheniformis, aspergillus niger, aspergillus melleus, papain, carica papaya, bromelain, ananas comorus stem, a fungus, a microorganism, and yeast; and/or 
an acid including one or more acids selected from the group consisting of abscic acid, acetic acid, ascorbic acid, benzoic acid, citric acid, formic acid, fumaric acid, hydrochloric acid, lactic acid, malic acid, nitric acid, organic acids, phosphoric acid, potassium hydroxide, propionic acid, salicylic acid, sulfamic acid, sulfuric acid, and tartaric acid.

4. The beverage according to Claim 1, further comprising:
a sweetener including one or more sweeteners selected from the group consisting of a zero-calorie sweetener, aspartame, acesulfame potassium, saccharin, sucralose, neotame, erythritol, stevia, stevia leaf extract, a sugar alcohol, a polyol, sugar, honey, and combinations thereof.

5. The beverage according to Claim 1, wherein the beverage includes:
a specific gravity ranging from between 0.995 to 1.2;
a viscosity ranging from between 1 centipoise to 5 centipoise; and
an electrical conductivity that ranges from between 750 microsiemens per centimeter to 5,000 microsiemens per centimeter.

6. The beverage according to Claim 5, wherein the beverage includes:
a cannabinoid and water emulsion including:
an average cannabinoid droplet size ranging from 10 nanometers to 100 nanometers;
a cannabinoid including cannabidiol and/or tetrahydrocannabinol;
a serving size ranging from 6 fluid ounces to 16 fluid ounces;
a calorie content ranging from 0 calories per serving to 100 calories per serving; and
a cannabinoid content ranging from 2 milligrams per serving to 100 milligrams per serving.

7. A cannabinoid beverage including:
(a) a cannabinoid and water emulsion including:
(a1) an average cannabinoid droplet size ranging from 10 nanometers to 100 nanometers;
(a2) a cannabinoid including cannabidiol and/or tetrahydrocannabinol;
(a3) a serving size ranging from 6 fluid ounces to 16 fluid ounces;
(a3) a calorie content ranging from 0 calories per serving to 100 calories per serving;
(a4) a cannabinoid content ranging from 2 milligrams per serving to 100 milligrams per serving;
(b) treated water, the treated water is treated with one or more water treatment units selected from the group consisting of an adsorbent, an ion-exchange resin, a catalyst, activated carbon, a membrane, and combinations thereof; and
(c) an emulsifier including one or more emulsifiers selected from the group consisting of a surfactant, a nonionic surfactant, lecithin, polyethylene (40), stearate, polysorbate, polyoxyethylene sorbitan monooleate, polyoxyethylene (20) sorbitan monooleate, polysorbate 80, polysorbate 60, polysorbate 65, ammonium salts of phosphatidic acid, sucrose acetate isobutyrate, potassium pyrophosphate, sodium acid pyrophosphate, sodium pyrophosphate, potassium polymetaphosphate, sodium metaphosphate, insoluble or sodium polyphosphates, sodium polyphosphates, insoluble polyphosphates, glassy salts of fatty acids, mono-and di-glycerides of fatty acids, mono-glycerides of fatty acids, di-glycerides of fatty acids, acetic and fatty acid esters of glycerol, lactic and fatty acid esters of glycerol, citric and fatty acid esters of glycerol, diacetyltartaric and fatty acid esters of glycerol, mixed fatty acid esters of glycerol, sucrose esters of fatty acids, polyglycerol esters of fatty acids, polyglycerol esters of interesterified ricinoleic acid, propylene glycol mono-and di-esters, propylene glycol di-esters, propylene glycol mono-esters, propylene glycol esters of fatty acids, propylene glycol esters, dioctyl sodium sulphosuccinate, sodium lactylate, sodium oleyl lactylate, sodium stearoyl lactylate, calcium lactylate, calcium oleyl lactylate, calcium stearoyl lactylate, sorbitan monostearate, maltodextrin, polyphosphates, formulated polyphosphates, gum arabic, and combinations thereof.

8. The beverage according to Claim 7, wherein the beverage includes:
a specific gravity ranging from between 0.995 to 1.2;
a viscosity ranging from between 1 centipoise to 5 centipoise; and
an electrical conductivity that ranges from between 750 microsiemens per centimeter to 5,000 microsiemens per centimeter.

9. The beverage according to Claim 8, further derived by mixing:
a biocatalyst including one or more biocatalysts selected from the group consisting of enzyme, casein protease, peptidase, protease A, protease, aspergillus oryzae, bacillus subtilis, bacillus licheniformis, aspergillus niger, aspergillus melleus, papain, carica papaya, bromelain, ananas comorus stem, a fungus, a microorganism, and yeast; and/or 
an acid including one or more acids selected from the group consisting of abscic acid, acetic acid, ascorbic acid, benzoic acid, citric acid, formic acid, fumaric acid, hydrochloric acid, lactic acid, malic acid, nitric acid, organic acids, phosphoric acid, potassium hydroxide, propionic acid, salicylic acid, sulfamic acid, sulfuric acid, and tartaric acid.

10. The beverage according to Claim 9, further comprising:
an ingredient including one or more ingredients selected from the group consisting of malt, grain, barley, honey, and hops; and/or
a sweetener including one or more sweeteners selected from the group consisting of a zero-calorie sweetener, aspartame, acesulfame potassium, saccharin, sucralose, neotame, erythritol, stevia, stevia leaf extract, a sugar alcohol, a polyol, sugar, honey, and combinations thereof.

11. An alimentary multifunctional composition having a bulk density ranging from between 3.5 pounds per cubic foot to 50 pounds per cubic foot, an energy content ranging from 4,500 British Thermal Units per pound to 10,500 British Thermal Units per pound, the composition includes:
(a) a cannabis enhancer including one or more cannabis enhancers selected from the group consisting of cannabis, dried cannabis, ground cannabis, decarboxylated cannabis;
(b) tetrahydrocannabinol;
(c) a carbon content ranging from between 15 weight percent to 55 weight percent;
(d) an oxygen content ranging from between 15 weight percent to 55 weight percent;
(e) a hydrogen content ranging from between 2.5 weight percent to 20 weight percent;
(f) an ash content ranging from between 2.5 weight percent to 7.5 weight percent; and
(g) pathogens including one or more pathogens selected from the group consisting of a bacteria, a parasite, a fungus, and combinations thereof and/or N-acetylglucosamine derived from insects.

12. A beverage derived by mixing:
(I) the alimentary multifunctional composition according to Claim 11; and
(II) treated water, the treated water is treated with one or more water treatment units selected from the group consisting of an adsorbent, an ion-exchange resin, a catalyst, activated carbon, a membrane, and combinations thereof.

13. The beverage according to Claim 12, further derived by mixing with:
a biocatalyst including one or more biocatalysts selected from the group consisting of enzyme, casein protease, peptidase, protease A, protease, aspergillus oryzae, bacillus subtilis, bacillus licheniformis, aspergillus niger, aspergillus melleus, papain, carica papaya, bromelain, ananas comorus stem, a fungus, a microorganism, and yeast.

14. The beverage according to Claim 12, further derived by mixing with:
an acid including one or more acids selected from the group consisting of abscic acid, acetic acid, ascorbic acid, benzoic acid, citric acid, formic acid, fumaric acid, hydrochloric acid, lactic acid, malic acid, nitric acid, organic acids, phosphoric acid, potassium hydroxide, propionic acid, salicylic acid, sulfamic acid, sulfuric acid, and tartaric acid.

15. The beverage according to Claim 13, further comprising ethanol or no ethanol.

16. The beverage according to Claim 12, wherein the beverage includes:
a specific gravity ranging from between 0.995 to 1.2;
a viscosity ranging from between 1 centipoise to 5 centipoise; and
an electrical conductivity that ranges from between 750 microsiemens per centimeter to 5,000 microsiemens per centimeter.

17. The beverage according to Claim 12, further comprising:
a cannabinoid and water emulsion including:
an average cannabinoid droplet size ranging from 10 nanometers to 100 nanometers;
a cannabinoid including cannabidiol and/or tetrahydrocannabinol;
a serving size ranging from 6 fluid ounces to 16 fluid ounces;
a calorie content ranging from 0 calories per serving to 100 calories per serving; and
a cannabinoid content ranging from 2 milligrams per serving to 100 milligrams per serving.

18. The beverage according to Claim 12, wherein the beverage includes:
a cannabinoid and water emulsion including an average cannabinoid droplet size ranging from 10 nanometers to 75 nanometers, the cannabinoid includes cannabidiol and/or tetrahydrocannabinol.

19. The beverage according to Claim 18, further comprising:
an emulsifier including one or more emulsifiers selected from the group consisting of a surfactant, a nonionic surfactant, lecithin, polyethylene (40), stearate, polysorbate, polyoxyethylene sorbitan monooleate, polyoxyethylene (20) sorbitan monooleate, polysorbate 80, polysorbate 60, polysorbate 65, ammonium salts of phosphatidic acid, sucrose acetate isobutyrate, potassium pyrophosphate, sodium acid pyrophosphate, sodium pyrophosphate, potassium polymetaphosphate, sodium metaphosphate, insoluble or sodium polyphosphates, sodium polyphosphates, insoluble polyphosphates, glassy salts of fatty acids, mono-and di-glycerides of fatty acids, mono-glycerides of fatty acids, di-glycerides of fatty acids, acetic and fatty acid esters of glycerol, lactic and fatty acid esters of glycerol, citric and fatty acid esters of glycerol, diacetyltartaric and fatty acid esters of glycerol, mixed fatty acid esters of glycerol, sucrose esters of fatty acids, polyglycerol esters of fatty acids, polyglycerol esters of interesterified ricinoleic acid, propylene glycol mono-and di-esters, propylene glycol di-esters, propylene glycol mono-esters, propylene glycol esters of fatty acids, propylene glycol esters, dioctyl sodium sulphosuccinate, sodium lactylate, sodium oleyl lactylate, sodium stearoyl lactylate, calcium lactylate, calcium oleyl lactylate, calcium stearoyl lactylate, sorbitan monostearate, maltodextrin, polyphosphates, formulated polyphosphates, gum arabic, and combinations thereof.

20. A foodstuff derived by mixing:
(I)  the alimentary multifunctional composition according to Claim 11; and
(II) one or more materials selected from the group consisting of a fiber-starch material, a binding agent, a density improving textural supplement, a moisture improving textural supplement, and mixtures thereof;
wherein:
(i) the fiber-starch material is selected from the group consisting of cereal-grain-based materials, grass-based materials, nut-based materials, powdered fruit materials, root-based materials, tuber-based materials, vegetable-based materials, and mixtures thereof;
(ii) the binding agent is selected from the group consisting of agar, agave, alginin, arrowroot, carrageenan, collagen, cornstarch, egg whites, finely ground seeds, furcellaran, gelatin, guar gum, honey, katakuri starch, locust bean gum, pectin, potato starch, proteins, psyllium husks, sago, sugars, syrups, tapioca, vegetable gums, xanthan gum, and mixtures thereof;
(iii) the density improving textural supplement is selected from the group consisting of extracted arrowroot starch, extracted corn starch, extracted lentil starch, extracted potato starch, extracted tapioca starch, and mixtures thereof;
(iv) the moisture improving textural supplement is selected from the group consisting of almonds, brazil nuts, cacao, cashews, chestnuts, coconut, filberts, hazelnuts, indian nuts, macadamia nuts, nut butters, nut oils, nut powders, peanuts, pecans, pili nuts, pine nuts, pinon nuts, pistachios, soy nuts, sunflower seeds, tiger nuts, walnuts, vanilla, and mixtures thereof;
(v) the foodstuff includes one or more selected from the group consisting of ada, bagels, baked goods, biscuits, bitterballen, bonda, breads, cakes, candies, cereals, chips, chocolate bars, chocolate, coffee, cokodok, confectionery, cookies, cooking batter, corn starch mixtures, crackers, crêpes, croissants, croquettes, croutons, dolma, dough, doughnuts, energy bars, flapjacks, french fries, frozen custard, frozen desserts, frying cakes, fudge, gelatin mixes, granola bars, gulha, hardtack, ice cream, khandvi, khanom buang, krumpets, meze, mixed flours, muffins, multi-grain snacks, nachos, nian gao, noodles, nougat, onion rings, pakora, pancakes, panforte, pastas, pastries, pie crust, pita chips, pizza, poffertjes, pretzels, pudding, rice krispie treats, sesame sticks, smoothies, snacks, specialty milk, tele-bhaja, tempura, toffee, tortillas, totopo, turkish delights, and waffles.



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