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INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY

Intellectual Property

One of the critical components that enables our clients to gain every possible competitive advantage is the intellectual property (IP) we offer through our industrially proven patents.  INSECTERGY has designed all of our technology packages, systems, and sub-systems with a thorough review of prior art and the existing IP of others. We are acutely aware of the need for designs that our licensees can execute with confidence that they will have “freedom to operate.”

In addition to INSECTERGY’s portfolio of patents, know-how, and proprietary technology, the company also has assets, equipment, instrumentation, computer algorithms, and processes used in INSECTERGY's insect, aeroponic, and cannabis farming systems are protected by pending patents in the United States. This website is provided to satisfy the virtual patent marking provisions of various jurisdictions including the virtual patent marking provisions of the America Invents Act.

The following list of INSECTERGY, LLC IP may not be all inclusive, and other items not listed here may be protected by one or more patent applications or listed below:

THE "INSECT PATENT PORTFOLIO":
USPA2018049414
U.S. Patent Application No. 15/242,579, filed 08/21/2016
1. A method to separate insects from an insect and gas mixture, the method includes:
(a) providing:
(a1) a first separator (S1A) having a first input (S1A1) that is configured to accept an insect and gas mixture (304), the first separator (S1A) separates insects from the insect and gas mixture (304) and outputs a first insect-depleted gas stream (355) via a first output (356), the first insect-depleted gas stream (355) has a reduced amount of insects relative to the insect and gas mixture (304); and
(a2) a second separator (S2A) having a second input (S2A1) that is in fluid communication with the first output (356) of the first separator (S1A), the second separator (S2A) is configured to accept at least a portion of the first insect-depleted gas stream (355) from the first separator (S1A) and separate additional insects therefrom and output a second insect-depleted gas stream (362) via a second output (363), the second insect-depleted gas stream (362) has a reduced amount of insects relative to the first insect-depleted gas stream (355); 
(b) separating insects from the insect and gas mixture to form a first insect-depleted gas stream that has a reduced amount of insects relative to the insect and gas mixture; and
(c) after step (b), separating additional insects from the first insect-depleted gas stream to form a second insect-depleted gas stream that has a reduced amount of insects relative to the first insect-depleted gas stream.

2. A method to separate insects from an insect and gas mixture, the method includes:
(a) separating insects from an insect and gas mixture to form a first insect-depleted gas stream that has a reduced amount of insects relative to the insect and gas mixture; and
(b) after step (a), separating additional insects from the first insect-depleted gas stream to form a second insect-depleted gas stream that has a reduced amount of insects relative to the first insect-depleted gas stream.

3. A method to create a multifunctional flour composition from insects separated from an insect and gas mixture, the method includes:
(a) separating insects from an insect and gas mixture to form a first insect-depleted gas stream that has a reduced amount of insects relative to the insect and gas mixture;
(b) after step (a), separating additional insects from the first insect-depleted gas stream to form a second insect-depleted gas stream that has a reduced amount of insects relative to the first insect-depleted gas stream; and
(c) after step (b), mixing at least a portion of the insects separated in step (a) and/or step (b) with a fiber-starch material, a binding agent, and a moisture improving textural supplement;
wherein:
(i) the fiber-starch material is comprised of one or more from the group consisting of cereal-grain-based materials, grass-based materials, nut-based materials, powdered fruit materials, root-based materials, tuber-based materials, and vegetable-based materials;
(ii) the binding agent is comprised of one or more from the group consisting of agar, agave, alginin, arrowroot, carrageenan, collagen, cornstarch, egg whites, finely ground seeds, furcellaran, gelatin, guar gum, honey, katakuri starch, locust bean gum, pectin, potato starch, proteins, psyllium husks, sago, sugars, syrups, tapioca, vegetable gums, and xanthan gum;
(iii) the moisture improving textural supplement is comprised of one or more from the group consisting of almonds, brazil nuts, cacao, cashews, chestnuts, coconut, filberts, hazelnuts, indian nuts, macadamia nuts, nut butters, nut oils, nut powders, peanuts, pecans, pili nuts, pine nuts, pinon nuts, pistachios, soy nuts, sunflower seeds, tiger nuts, walnuts, and vanilla.


USPA2018049415
U.S. Patent Application No. 15/242,581, filed 08/21/2016
1. A method to introduce water to an insect feeding chamber, the method includes:
(a) providing a source of water;
(b) after step (a), passing the water through a first water treatment unit;
(c) after step (b), passing the water through a valve;
(d) after step (c), introducing the water to a distributor positioned within an interior of an insect feeding chamber; and
(e) after step (d), growing insects within the interior of the insect feeding chamber;
wherein:
(i) the pressure drop across the valve ranges from 5 pound per square inch to 200 pounds per square inch;
(ii) the first water treatment unit includes one or more from the group consisting of an adsorbent, ion-exchange resin, catalyst, and activated carbon.

2. A method to introduce water to an insect feeding chamber, the method includes:
(a) providing a source of water;
(b) after step (a), passing the water through a first water treatment unit;
(c) after step (b), passing the water through a valve;
(d) after step (c), introducing the water to a distributor positioned within an interior of an insect feeding chamber;
(e) after step (d), growing insects within the interior of the insect feeding chamber; 
(f) after step (e), removing insects from the interior of the feeding chamber to form removed insects; and
(g) after step (f), heating a portion of the removed insects to form heated insects;
wherein:
(i) the pressure drop across the valve ranges from 5 pound per square inch to 200 pounds per square inch;
(ii) the first water treatment unit includes one or more from the group consisting of an adsorbent, ion-exchange resin, catalyst, and activated carbon.

3. A system to introduce water to an insect feeding chamber, the system includes:
(a) a water treatment unit (1E6) including one or more from the group consisting of an adsorbent, ion-exchange resin, catalyst, and activated carbon;
(b) a computer (COMP);
(c) a control valve (1E36) that is configured to accept water from the water treatment unit (1E6), the control valve (1E36) is equipped with a controller (1E37), the controller (1E37) is configured to input and/or output a signal (1E38) to the computer (COMP); and
(d) an insect feeding chamber (200) having an interior (201), and a distributor (207) positioned within the interior (201) of the feeding chamber (200), the distributor (207) is configured to accept water that has passed through the control valve (1E36);
wherein:
the pressure drop across the control valve (1E36) ranges from 5 pound per square inch to 200 pounds per square inch.


US Patent No. X,XXX,XXX, Issued on June XX, 2018
USPA2018049416
U.S. Patent Application No. 15/242,582, filed 08/21/2016
1. An alimentary protein powder composition comprised of: (i) ground insects; and (ii) ground cannabis.

2. The composition according to claim 1, further comprising caffeine.

3. The composition according to claim 1, wherein the ground cannabis includes tetrahydrocannabinol.

4. The composition according to claim 1, wherein the ground cannabis includes no tetrahydrocannabinol.

5. The composition according to claim 1, further comprising calcium, vitamin A, and L-phenylalanine.

6. The composition according to claim 1, wherein the ground cannabis is decarboxylated and includes tetrahydrocannabinol.

7. The composition according to claim 1, further comprising glucuronic acid.

8. The composition according to claim 1, further comprising fatty acids including one or more selected from the group consisting of palmitoleic acid, linoleic acid, alpha-linoleic acid, oleic acid, gamma-linoleic acid, and stearic acid.

9. The composition according to claim 1, further comprising vitamin B1.

10. The composition according to claim 1, further comprising vitamin B2.

11. The composition according to claim 1, further comprising vitamin E.

12. The composition according to claim 1, further comprising N-acetylglucosamine.

13. The composition according to claim 1, wherein the ground cannabis includes dried cannabis.

14. The composition according to claim 1, wherein the ground cannabis is decarboxylated and includes no tetrahydrocannabinol.

15. The composition according to claim 1, further comprising a moisture improving textural supplement comprised of one or more supplements selected from the group consisting of almonds, brazil nuts, cacao, cashews, chestnuts, coconut, filberts, hazelnuts, Indian nuts, macadamia nuts, nut butter, nut oil, nut powder, peanuts, pecans, pili nuts, pine nuts, pinon nuts, pistachios, soy nuts, sunflower seeds, tiger nuts, and walnuts.

16. The composition according to claim 1, further comprising a density improving textural supplement comprised of one or more supplements selected from the group consisting of extracted arrowroot starch, extracted corn starch, extracted lentil starch, extracted potato starch, and extracted tapioca starch.

17. The composition according to claim 1, further comprising minerals comprised of three or more minerals selected from the group consisting of potassium, chloride, sodium, calcium, phosphorous, magnesium, zinc, iron, manganese, copper, iodine, selenium, and molybdenum.

18. The composition according to claim 1, further comprising niacin.

19. The composition according to claim 1, further comprising N-acetyl L tyrosine.

20. The composition according to claim 1, further comprising vitamin B1, vitamin B2, vitamin E, and vitamin A.

21. The composition according to claim 1, further comprising a fiber-starch material comprised of one or more materials selected from the group consisting of a cereal-grain-based material, a grass-based material, a nut-based material, a powdered fruit material, a root-based material, a tuber-based material, and a vegetable-based material.

22. The composition according to claim 1, further comprising a binding agent comprised of one or more selected from the group consisting of agar, agave, alginin, arrowroot, carrageenan, collagen, cornstarch, egg whites, finely ground seeds, furcellaran, gelatin, guar gum, honey, katakuri starch, locust bean gum, pectin, potato starch, proteins, psyllium husks, sago, sugar, syrup, tapioca, vegetable gum, and xanthan gum.

23. The composition according to claim 1, further comprising water; wherein:
the composition is included in a foodstuff; 
wherein the foodstuff includes one or more selected from the group consisting of ada, bagels, baked goods, biscuits, bitterballen, bonda, breads, cakes, candies, cereals, chips, chocolate bars, chocolate, coffee, cokodok, confectionery, cookies, cooking batter, corn starch mixtures, crackers, crêpes, croissants, croquettes, croutons, dolma, dough, doughnuts, energy bars, flapjacks, french fries, frozen custard, frozen desserts, frying cakes, fudge, gelatin mixes, granola bars, gulha, hardtack, ice cream, khandvi, khanom buang, krumpets, meze, mixed flours, muffins, multi-grain snacks, nachos, nian gao, noodles, nougat, onion rings, pakora, pancakes, panforte, pastas, pastries, pie crust, pita chips, pizza, poffertjes, pretzels, protein powders, pudding, rice krispie treats, sesame sticks, smoothies, snacks, specialty milk, tele-bhaja, tempura, toffee, tortillas, totopo, turkish delights, and waffles.

24. The composition according to claim 1, wherein the ground insects are selected from the group consisting of grasshoppers, crickets, cave crickets, Jerusalem crickets, katydids, weta, lubber, acrida, and locusts.

25. An alimentary protein powder composition having a fat content that ranges from between 5 weight percent to 60 weight percent, the composition is comprised of:
(i) ground insects;
(ii) ground cannabis;
(iii) fat;
(iv) L-phenylalanine; and
(v) cacao.

26. An alimentary protein powder composition having a fat content that ranges from between 5 weight percent to 60 weight percent, the composition is comprised of:
(i) ground crickets;
(ii) ground cannabis; 
(iii) fat;
(iv) L-phenylalanine;
(v) powdered fruit;
(vi) xanthan gum;
(vii) sodium;
(viii) potassium;
(ix) calcium;
(x) iron; and
(xi) vitamin A.


USPA2018049417
U.S. Patent Application No. 15/257,761, filed 09/06/2016
1. A method to introduce water to a plurality of insect feeding chambers, the method includes:
(a) providing a source of water;
(b) after step (a), passing the water through a first water treatment unit;
(c) after step (b), pressurizing the water to a pressure ranging from 5 pounds per square inch to 200 pounds per square inch;
(d) after step (c), apportioning the water into a plurality of streams;
(e) after step (d), introducing each of the plurality of streams to a distributor that is positioned within an interior of an insect feeding chamber; and
(f) after step (e), growing insects within the interior of each insect feeding chamber;
wherein:
the first water treatment unit includes one or more from the group consisting of an adsorbent, ion-exchange resin, catalyst, and activated carbon.

2. A method to introduce water to an insect feeding chamber, the method includes:
(a) providing a source of water;
(b) after step (a), passing the water through a first water treatment unit;
(c) after step (b), apportioning the water into a plurality of streams;
(d) after step (c), introducing each of the plurality of streams to a distributor that is positioned within an interior of an insect feeding chamber;
(e) after step (d), growing insects within the interiors of each insect feeding chamber;
(f) after step (e), removing insects from the interiors of the feeding chambers to form removed insects;
(g) after step (f), heating a portion of the removed insects to form heated insects.
wherein:
the first water treatment unit includes one or more from the group consisting of an adsorbent, ion-exchange resin, catalyst, and activated carbon.

3. A system to introduce water to a plurality of insect feeding chambers, the system includes:
(a) a water treatment unit (1E6) including one or more from the group consisting of an adsorbent, ion-exchange resin, catalyst, and activated carbon;
(b) a computer (COMP);
(c) a control valve (1E36) that is configured to accept water from the water treatment unit (1E6), the control valve (1E36) is equipped with a controller (1E37), the controller (1E37) is configured to input and/or output a signal (1E38) to the computer (COMP); and
(d) a plurality of insect feeding chambers (200-1, 200-2) each having: 
(d1) an interior, and 
(d2) a distributor that is positioned within the interior of each feeding chamber (200-1, 200-2), each distributor is configured to accept water that has passed through the control valve (1E36);
wherein:
the pressure drop across the control valve (1E36) ranges from 5 pound per square inch to 200 pounds per square inch.


USPA2018049418
U.S. Patent Application No. 15/257,854, filed 09/06/2016
1. An Insect Production Superstructure System (IPSS), the IPSS includes:
(a) an insect feeding chamber (200) having an interior (201) and having insects (225) present therein;
(b) a temperature sensor (210) that is configured to measure the temperature within the interior (201) of the insect feeding chamber (200);
(c) an air supply fan (271) that is equipped with an air supply fan motor (272), the air supply fan (271) provides an air supply (262) to an air heater (264);
(d) the air heater (264) is configured to accept the air supply (262) from the air supply fan (271) and produce a heated air supply (262) to heat the interior (201) of the insect feeding chamber (200), the air heater (264) heats the air supply (262) by using one or more from the group consisting of electricity, combustion of natural gas, natural gas, combustion, solar energy, and steam;
(e) a filter (300, S1A) that is configured to accept a particulate and gas mixture (304) from the interior (201) of the insect feeding chamber (200), the filter (300, S1A) separates particulates from the particulate and gas mixture (304) and outputs a particulate-depleted gas stream (355), the particulate-depleted gas stream (355) has a reduced amount of particulates relative to the particulate and gas mixture (304); and
(f) an evacuation fan (312) that is configured to evacuate at least a portion of the particulate-depleted gas stream (355) from the filter (300, S1A), the evacuation fan (312) is equipped with a motor (314).

2. An Insect Production Superstructure System (IPSS), the IPSS includes:
(a) an insect feeding chamber (200) having an interior (201) and having insects (225) present therein;
(b) a network (220) of cells (219) positioned within the interior (201) of the insect feeding chamber (200), the network (220) of cells (219) have a first set of openings (222) positioned at a first end (221) and a second set of openings (224) positioned at a second end (223), insects (225) reside in passageways between the first set of openings (222) at the first end (221) and the second set of openings (224) at the second end (223);
(c) a computer (COMP);
(d) a temperature sensor (210) that is configured to measure the temperature within the interior (201) of the insect feeding chamber (200) and send a signal (211) to the computer (COMP);
(e) an air supply fan (271) that is equipped with an air supply fan motor (272), the air supply fan (271) provides an air supply (262) to an air heater (264);
(f) the air heater (264) is configured to accept the air supply (262) from the air supply fan (271) and produce a heated air supply (262) to heat the interior (201) of the insect feeding chamber (200);
(g) a filter (300, S1A) that is configured to accept a particulate and gas mixture (304) from the interior (201) of the insect feeding chamber (200), the filter (300, S1A) separates particulates from the particulate and gas mixture (304) and outputs a particulate-depleted gas stream (355), the particulate-depleted gas stream (355) has a reduced amount of particulates relative to the particulate and gas mixture (304); and
(h) an evacuation fan (312) that is configured to evacuate at least a portion of the particulate-depleted gas stream (355) from the filter (300, S1A), the evacuation fan (312) is equipped with a motor (314);
wherein:
the computer (COMP) automatically adjusts the temperature within the interior (201) of the insect feeding chamber (200) to a temperature ranging from between 60 degrees Fahrenheit to 100 degrees Fahrenheit by adjusting the temperature of the air heater (264) and/or the air supply fan motor (272) in response to the input signal (211) from the temperature sensor (210);
the cells (219) have a cell length (C-L) and a cell width (C-W), the cell width (C-W) ranges from between 1 inch to 5 inches, the cell length (C-L) ranges from between 0.5 feet to 4 feet;
the network (220) of cells (219) has a network length (N-L) and a network width (N-W), the network width (N-W) ranges from between 1 foot to 20 feet, the network length (N-L) ranges from between 1 foot to 40 feet.

3. An Insect Production Superstructure System (IPSS), the IPSS includes:
(a) an insect feeding chamber (200) having an interior (201) and having insects (225) present therein;
(b) a computer (COMP);
(c) a temperature sensor (210) that is configured to measure the temperature within the interior (201) of the insect feeding chamber (200) and send a signal (211) to the computer (COMP);
(d) an air supply fan (271) that is equipped with an air supply fan motor (272), the air supply fan motor (272) is equipped with a controller (273), the controller (273) is configured to input and/or output a signal (274) to the computer (COMP), the air supply fan (271) provides an air supply (262) to an air heater (264);
(e) the air heater (264) is configured to accept the air supply (262) from the air supply fan (271) and produce a heated air supply (262) to heat the interior (201) of the insect feeding chamber (200);
(f) a filter (300, S1A) that is configured to accept a particulate and gas mixture (304) from the interior (201) of the insect feeding chamber (200), the filter (300, S1A) separates particulates from the particulate and gas mixture (304) and outputs a particulate-depleted gas stream (355), the particulate-depleted gas stream (355) has a reduced amount of particulates relative to the particulate and gas mixture (304); and
(g) an evacuation fan (312) that is configured to evacuate at least a portion of the particulate-depleted gas stream (355) from the filter (300, S1A), the evacuation fan (312) is equipped with a motor (314);
wherein:
the computer (COMP) automatically adjusts the temperature within the interior (201) of the insect feeding chamber (200) to a temperature ranging from between 60 degrees Fahrenheit to 100 degrees Fahrenheit by adjusting the temperature of the air heater (264) and/or the air supply fan motor (272) and/or the controller (273) in response to the input signal (211) from the temperature sensor (210).


USPA20170311612
U.S. Patent Application No. 15/651,535, filed 07/17/2017
1. An Insect Production Superstructure System (IPSS), the IPSS includes:
(a) an insect feeding chamber (200) having an interior (201) and having insects (225) present therein;
(b) a temperature sensor (210) that is configured to measure the temperature within the interior (201) of the insect feeding chamber (200);
(c) an air supply fan (271) that is equipped with an air supply fan motor (272), the air supply fan (271) provides an air supply (262) to an air heater (264);
(d) the air heater (264) is configured to accept the air supply (262) from the air supply fan (271) and produce a heated air supply (262) to heat the interior (201) of the insect feeding chamber (200), the air heater (264) heats the air supply (262) by using one or more selected from the group consisting of electricity, combustion of natural gas, natural gas, combustion, solar energy, and steam;
(e) a filter (300, S1A) that is configured to accept a particulate and gas mixture (304) from the interior (201) of the insect feeding chamber (200), the filter (300, S1A) separates particulates from the particulate and gas mixture (304) and outputs a particulate-depleted gas stream (355), the particulate-depleted gas stream (355) has a reduced amount of particulates relative to the particulate and gas mixture (304);
(f) an evacuation fan (312) that is configured to evacuate at least a portion of the particulate-depleted gas stream (355) from the filter (300, S1A), the evacuation fan (312) is equipped with a motor (314);
(g) a refrigerant (Q31) that is configured to be transferred from a compressor (Q30) to a condenser (Q32), from the condenser (Q32) to an evaporator (Q34), and from the evaporator (Q34) to the compressor (Q30), the compressor (Q31) is in fluid communication with the condenser (Q32), the condenser (Q32) is in fluid communication with the evaporator (Q34), the evaporator (Q34) is in fluid communication with the compressor (Q30), the evaporator (Q34) is configured to evaporate the refrigerant (Q31) to absorb heat from the interior (201) of the insect feeding chamber (200); and
(h) a network (220) of cells (219) positioned within the interior (201) of the insect feeding chamber (200), the network (220) of cells (219) have a first set of openings (222) positioned at a first end (221) and have a second set of openings (224) positioned at a second end (223), insects (225) reside in passageways between the first set of openings (222) and the second set of openings (224);
wherein:
the cells (219) have a cell length (C-L) and a cell width (C-W), the cell width (C-W) ranges from between 1 inch to 5 inches, the cell length (C-L) ranges from between 0.5 feet to 4 feet;
the network (220) of cells (219) has a network length (N-L) and a network width (N-W), the network width (N-W) ranges from between 1 foot to 20 feet, the network length (N-L) ranges from between 1 foot to 40 feet.

2. An Insect Production Superstructure System (IPSS), the IPSS includes:
(a) an insect feeding chamber (200) having an interior (201) and having insects (225) present therein;
(b) a network (220) of cells (219) positioned within the interior (201) of the insect feeding chamber (200), the network (220) of cells (219) have a first set of openings (222) positioned at a first end (221) and a second set of openings (224) positioned at a second end (223), insects (225) reside in passageways between the first set of openings (222) at the first end (221) and the second set of openings (224) at the second end (223);
(c) a computer (COMP);
(d) a temperature sensor (210) that is configured to measure the temperature within the interior (201) of the insect feeding chamber (200) and send a signal (211) to the computer (COMP);
(e) an air supply fan (271) that is equipped with an air supply fan motor (272), the air supply fan (271) provides an air supply (262) to an air heater (264);
(f) the air heater (264) is configured to accept the air supply (262) from the air supply fan (271) and produce a heated air supply (262) to heat the interior (201) of the insect feeding chamber (200);
(g) a filter (300, S1A) that is configured to accept a particulate and gas mixture (304) from the interior (201) of the insect feeding chamber (200), the filter (300, S1A) separates particulates from the particulate and gas mixture (304) and outputs a particulate-depleted gas stream (355), the particulate-depleted gas stream (355) has a reduced amount of particulates relative to the particulate and gas mixture (304);
(h) an evacuation fan (312) that is configured to evacuate at least a portion of the particulate-depleted gas stream (355) from the filter (300, S1A), the evacuation fan (312) is equipped with a motor (314); and
(i) a refrigerant (Q31) that is configured to be transferred from a compressor (Q30) to a condenser (Q32), from the condenser (Q32) to an evaporator (Q34), and from the evaporator (Q34) to the compressor (Q30), the compressor (Q31) is in fluid communication with the condenser (Q32), the condenser (Q32) is in fluid communication with the evaporator (Q34), the evaporator (Q34) is in fluid communication with the compressor (Q30), the evaporator (Q34) is configured to evaporate the refrigerant (Q31) to absorb heat from the interior (201) of the insect feeding chamber (200);
wherein:
the computer (COMP) automatically adjusts the temperature within the interior (201) of the insect feeding chamber (200) to a temperature ranging from between 60 degrees Fahrenheit to 100 degrees Fahrenheit by adjusting the temperature of the air heater (264) and/or the air supply fan motor (272) in response to the input signal (211) from the temperature sensor (210);
the cells (219) have a cell length (C-L) and a cell width (C-W), the cell width (C-W) ranges from between 1 inch to 5 inches, the cell length (C-L) ranges from between 0.5 feet to 4 feet;
the network (220) of cells (219) has a network length (N-L) and a network width (N-W), the network width (N-W) ranges from between 1 foot to 20 feet, the network length (N-L) ranges from between 1 foot to 40 feet.

3. An Insect Production Superstructure System (IPSS), the IPSS includes:
(a) an insect feeding chamber (200) having an interior (201) and having insects (225) present therein;
(b) a network (220) of cells (219) positioned within the interior (201) of the insect feeding chamber (200), the network (220) of cells (219) have a first set of openings (222) positioned at a first end (221) and a second set of openings (224) positioned at a second end (223), insects (225) reside in passageways between the first set of openings (222) at the first end (221) and the second set of openings (224) at the second end (223);
(c) a computer (COMP);
(d) a temperature sensor (210) that is configured to measure the temperature within the interior (201) of the insect feeding chamber (200) and send a signal (211) to the computer (COMP);
(e) an air supply fan (271) that is equipped with an air supply fan motor (272), the air supply fan (271) provides an air supply (262) to an air heater (264);
(f) the air heater (264) is configured to accept the air supply (262) from the air supply fan (271) and produce a heated air supply (262) to heat the interior (201) of the insect feeding chamber (200);
(g) a filter (300, S1A) that is configured to accept a particulate and gas mixture (304) from the interior (201) of the insect feeding chamber (200), the filter (300, S1A) separates particulates from the particulate and gas mixture (304) and outputs a particulate-depleted gas stream (355), the particulate-depleted gas stream (355) has a reduced amount of particulates relative to the particulate and gas mixture (304);
(h) an evacuation fan (312) that is configured to evacuate at least a portion of the particulate-depleted gas stream (355) from the filter (300, S1A), the evacuation fan (312) is equipped with a motor (314); and
(i) a refrigerant (Q31) that is configured to be transferred from a compressor (Q30) to a condenser (Q32), from the condenser (Q32) to an evaporator (Q34), and from the evaporator (Q34) to the compressor (Q30), the compressor (Q31) is in fluid communication with the condenser (Q32), the condenser (Q32) is in fluid communication with the evaporator (Q34), the evaporator (Q34) is in fluid communication with the compressor (Q30), the evaporator (Q34) is configured to evaporate the refrigerant (Q31) to absorb heat from the interior (201) of the insect feeding chamber (200);
(j) a mixing tank (C15) that is configured to accept at least a portion of the insects (225) from the interior (201) of the insect feeding chamber (200), the insects (225) are mixed with water within the mixing tank (C15) to form a multifunctional flour and water mixture (C17);
(k) a shaping system (14D) that is configured to shape at least a portion of the multifunctional flour and water mixture (C17) to form a shaped multifunctional flour mixture (D10);
(l) a cooking system (14E) that is configured to cook at least a portion of the shaped multifunctional flour mixture (D10) to form a cooked multifunctional flour mixture (E18A); and
(m) a flavoring system (14F) that is configured to flavor the cooked multifunctional flour mixture (E18A) provided from the cooking system (14E) to form a flavored multifunctional flour mixture (F10).
wherein:
the computer (COMP) automatically adjusts the temperature within the interior (201) of the insect feeding chamber (200) to a temperature ranging from between 60 degrees Fahrenheit to 100 degrees Fahrenheit by adjusting the temperature of the air heater (264) and/or the air supply fan motor (272) in response to the input signal (211) from the temperature sensor (210);
the cells (219) have a cell length (C-L) and a cell width (C-W), the cell width (C-W) ranges from between 1 inch to 5 inches, the cell length (C-L) ranges from between 0.5 feet to 4 feet;
the network (220) of cells (219) has a network length (N-L) and a network width (N-W), the network width (N-W) ranges from between 1 foot to 20 feet, the network length (N-L) ranges from between 1 foot to 40 feet.




USPA20170325431 
U.S. Patent Application No. 15/664,490, filed as a Continuation-In-Part of Application No. 15/257,761 with a filing date 09/06/2016
1. A method to produce liquid depleted insects, the method includes:
(a) providing a source of insects;
(b) after step (a), mixing the insects with water to form an insect liquid mixture;
(c) after step (b), heating the insect liquid mixture to form a heated insect liquid mixture;
(d) after step (c), pressurizing the heated insect liquid mixture to form a pressurized insect liquid mixture;
(e) after step (d), filtering the pressurized insect liquid mixture to form an exoskeleton-depleted insect liquid mixture that has a reduced amount of exoskeleton relative to the pressurized insect liquid mixture; and
(f) after step (e), removing liquid from the exoskeleton-depleted insect liquid mixture to form liquid depleted insects, the liquid depleted insects have a reduced amount of liquid relative to the exoskeleton-depleted insect liquid mixture.

2. A method to produce liquid depleted insects, the method includes:
(a) providing a source of insects;
(b) after step (a), mixing the insects with water to form an insect liquid mixture;
(c) after step (b), heating the insect liquid mixture to form a heated insect liquid mixture;
(d) after step (c), pressurizing the heated insect liquid mixture to form a pressurized insect liquid mixture;
(e) after step (d), filtering the pressurized insect liquid mixture to form an exoskeleton-depleted insect liquid mixture that has a reduced amount of exoskeleton relative to the pressurized insect liquid mixture;
(f) after step (e), pressurizing the exoskeleton-depleted insect liquid mixture to form a pressurized exoskeleton-depleted insect liquid mixture; and
(g) after step (f), removing liquid from the pressurized exoskeleton-depleted insect liquid mixture to form liquid depleted insects, the liquid depleted insects have a reduced amount of liquid relative to the pressurized exoskeleton-depleted insect liquid mixture.


USPA2018070567
U.S. Patent Application No. 15/815,013 filed as a Continuation of U.S. Patent Application No. 15/242,579, filed 08/21/2016
1. A method to produce insects, the method includes: 
(a) providing a source of water;
(b) removing contaminants from the water by contacting with one or more from the group consisting of an adsorbent, a molecular sieve adsorbent, an ion-exchange resin, a catalyst, and activated carbon;
(c) after step (b), introducing the water and an enhanced feedstock into a plurality of insect feeding chambers to feed insects present therein;
(d) after step (c), growing insects within the insect feeding chambers;
(e) after step (d), removing at least a portion of the insects from the insect feeding chambers to form removed insects; and
(f) after step (e), heating at least a portion of the removed insects to form heated insects;
wherein:
(I) the enhanced feedstock includes a mixture of feedstock, calcium, phosphorous, and sodium;
(II) the enhanced feedstock includes between 0.5 pounds of calcium per ton of feedstock to 250 pounds of calcium per ton of feedstock;
(III) the enhanced feedstock includes between 0.5 pounds of phosphorous per ton of feedstock to 250 pounds of phosphorous per ton of feedstock;
(IV) the enhanced feedstock includes between 0.5 pounds of sodium per ton of feedstock to 250 pounds of sodium per ton of feedstock;
(V) the feedstock is selected from of one or more from the group consisting of agriculture residue, alcohol production coproducts, bio-waste, compost, crop residues, energy crops, fermentation waste, fermentative process wastes, food processing residues, food waste, livestock waste, plant matter, rice straw, spent grain, spent microorganisms, urban waste, vegetative material, and wood waste.

2. A method to produce insects, the method includes: 
(a) providing:
(a1) a source of water;
(a2) a plurality of insect feeding chambers each having an interior and having insects present therein; 
(a3) a feedstock for feeding insects, the feedstock is selected from of one or more from the group consisting of agriculture residue, alcohol production coproducts, bio-waste, compost, crop residues, energy crops, fermentation waste, fermentative process wastes, food processing residues, food waste, livestock waste, plant matter, rice straw, spent grain, spent microorganisms, urban waste, vegetative material, and wood waste;
(a4) a lipid extraction unit that is configured to extract lipids from insects by use of a first immiscible liquid and a second immiscible liquid;
(b) introducing the water and the feedstock to the interiors of the insect feeding chambers;
(c) after step (b), growing insects within the interiors of the insect feeding chambers;
(d) after step (c), removing at least a portion of the insects from the interiors of the insect feeding chambers to form removed insects; 
(e) after step (d), introducing at least a portion of the removed insects to the lipid extraction unit;
(f) after step (e), forming a first immiscible liquid and lipid mixture comprised of a lipids portion and a first immiscible liquid portion; and
(g) after step (f), forming a second immiscible liquid and particulate mixture comprised of a particulate portion and a second immiscible liquid portion;
wherein:
the lipids include one or more from the group consisting of palmitoleic acid, linoleic acid, alpha-linoleic acid, oleic acid, gamma-linoleic acid, and stearic acid;
the particulate portion is comprised of one or more from the group consisting of insect legs, insect wings, and protein.

3. A method to produce insects, the method includes: 
(a) providing a source of water;
(b) after step (a), removing contaminants from the water by contacting with one or more from the group consisting of an adsorbent, a molecular sieve adsorbent, an ion-exchange resin, a catalyst, and activated carbon;
(c) after step (b), introducing the water and a feedstock into a plurality of insect feeding chambers to feed insects present therein;
(d) after step (c), growing insects within the insect feeding chambers;
(e) after step (d), removing at least a portion of the insects from the insect feeding chambers to form removed insects; and
(f) after step (e), heating at least a portion of the removed insects to a temperature that ranging from between about 170 degrees Fahrenheit to 350 degrees Fahrenheit;
wherein:
the feedstock is selected from of one or more from the group consisting of agriculture residue, alcohol production coproducts, bio-waste, compost, crop residues, energy crops, fermentation waste, fermentative process wastes, food processing residues, food waste, livestock waste, plant matter, rice straw, spent grain, spent microorganisms, urban waste, vegetative material, and wood waste.

USPA 20180103679
U.S. Patent Application No. 15/841,886, filed on 12/14/2017 as a Continuation-In-Part Patent Application Ser. No. 15/651,535, filed on July 17, 2017, which is a Continuation-In-Part of co-pending Patent Application Ser. No.  15/257,854, filed on September 6, 2016, which is a Continuation-In-Part of my co-pending Patent Application Ser. No. 15/242,579, filed on August 21, 2016.
1. A system for producing spray dried insects, the system includes:
(a) a spray dryer (KAP) having:
(a0) an interior (KAP');
(a1) a top (K-T) and a bottom (K-B) that are spaced apart along a vertical axis (KYY);
(a2) a liquid input (KAR) that is configured to introduce an insect liquid mixture (H39, KAS) to the interior (KAP') of the spray dryer (KAP); 
(a3) a gas input (KAQ) that is configured to introduce a heated gas supply (KAG') to the interior (KAP') of the spray dryer (KAP);
(a4) a first output (KBS) that is configured to discharge spray dried insects (KBT) from the from the interior (KAP') of the spray dryer (KAP);
(a5) a second output (KBU) that is configured to evacuate an insect and gas mixture (KBV) away from the interior (KAP') of the spray dryer (KAP), the insect and gas mixture (KBV) includes a spray dried insect portion (KBV'), a vapor portion (KBV"), and a gas portion (KBV''');
(b) an air heater (KAF) that is configured to heat a gas supply (KAG) and provide the heated gas supply (KAG') to the interior (KAP') of the spray dryer (KAP) via the gas input (KAQ);
(c) a fan (KAI) that is configured to transfer the gas supply (KAG) to the air heater (KAF);
(d) a pump (H40) that is connected to an insect liquid mixture conduit (H38), the insect liquid mixture conduit (H38) is connected to the liquid input (KAR) of the spray dryer (KAP), the pump (H40) is configured to transfer the insect liquid mixture (H39, KAS) through the insect liquid mixture conduit (H38) and into the liquid input (KAR) of the spray dryer (KAP);
(e) a first separator (KCA) that is configured to separate first separated insects (KCG) from the insect and gas mixture (KBV) to produce a first insect depleted gas stream (KCD), the first insect depleted gas stream (KCD) has a reduced amount of insects relative to the insect and gas mixture (KBV), the first separator (KCA) includes:
(e0) a first-first input (KCB) that is configured to receive the insect and gas mixture (KBV) from the second output (KBU) of the spray dryer (KAP), the first-first input (KCB) is connected to the second output (KBU) via a first transfer conduit (KBW);
(e1) a first-first output (KCC) that is configured to transfer a first insect depleted gas stream (KCD) towards a second separator (KCI), the first-first output (KCC) is connected to a second-first input (KCK) of the second separator (KCI) via a second transfer conduit (KCE); and
(e2) a first-second output (KCF) that is configured to transfer first separated insects (KCG) towards a third separator (KCR), the first-second output (KCF) is connected to the third-first input (KCS) of the third separator (KCR) via a first dipleg (KCH);
(f)  a second separator (KCI) that is configured to separate second separated insects (KCP) from the first insect depleted gas stream (KCD) to produce a second insect depleted gas stream (KCM), the second insect depleted gas stream (KCM) has a reduced amount of insects relative to the first insect depleted gas stream (KCD), the second separator (KCI) includes:
(f0) a second-first input (KCK) that is configured to receive the first insect depleted gas stream (KCD) from the first separator (KCA), the second-first input (KCK) is connected to the first-first output (KCC) of the first separator (KCA) via the second transfer conduit (KCE);
(f1) a second-first output (KCJ) that is configured to transfer a second insect depleted gas stream (KCM) away from the second separator (KCI); and 
(f2) a second-second output (KCO) that is configured to transfer second separated insects (KCP) towards a third separator (KCR), the second-second output (KCF) is connected to a third-first input (KCS) of a third separator (KCR) via a second dipleg (KCQ);
(g) a third separator (KCR) that is configured to combine the first separated insects (KCG) with the second separated insects (KCP) and separate third separated insects (KCV) and fourth separated insects (KCX) therefrom, the third separator (KCR) includes:
(g0) a third-first input (KCS) that is configured to receive the first separated insects (KCG) from the first dipleg (KCH) and the second separated insects (KCP) from the second dipleg (KCQ);
(g1) a third-first output (KCT) that is configured to transfer third separated insects (KCV) away from the third separator (KCR); and
(g2) a third-second output (KCU) that is configured to transfer fourth separated insects (KCX) from the third separator (KCR);
wherein:
the third separator (KCR) separates the third separated insects (KCV) using a screen (KM3) or a mesh (KM3');
the screen (KM3) or mesh (KM3') have openings (KM4) that permit only the third separated insects (KCV) to pass through the openings (KM4).

2. A system for producing spray dried insects, the system includes:
(a) mixing water with whole insects and ground insects, and optionally with a biocatalyst and an acid to create an exoskeleton-laden insect mixture;
(b) after step (a), filtering exoskeleton from the exoskeleton-laden insect mixture to create an insect liquid mixture, the insect liquid mixture has a reduced amount of exoskeleton relative to the exoskeleton-laden insect mixture;
(c) after step (b), introducing an insect liquid mixture and a heated gas supply to the interior of the spray dryer;
(d) after step (c), evacuating an insect and gas mixture from the interior of the spray dryer, the insect and gas mixture includes an insect portion, a vapor portion, and a gas portion;
(e) after step (d), separating first separated insects from the insect and gas mixture to produce a first insect depleted gas stream, the first insect depleted gas stream has a reduced amount of insects relative to the insect and gas mixture;
(f) after step (e), separating second separated insects from the first insect depleted gas stream to produce a second insect depleted gas stream, the second insect depleted gas stream has a reduced amount of insects relative to the first insect depleted gas stream; and
(g) after step (f), combining the first separated insects with the second separated insects and separating third separated insects and fourth separated insects therefrom using a screen or a mesh, wherein the screen or mesh has openings that permit only the third separated insects to pass through the openings;
wherein:
(ii) the biocatalyst is comprised of one or more from the group consisting of an enzyme, casein protease, atreptogrisin A, flavorpro, peptidase, protease A, protease, aspergillus oryzae, bacillus subtilis, bacillus licheniformis, aspergillus niger, aspergillus melleus, aspergilus oryzae, papain, carica papaya, bromelain, ananas comorus stem, and yeast;
(iii) the acid is comprised of one or more from the group consisting of an acid, abscic acid, acetic acid, ascorbic acid, benzoic acid, citric acid, formic acid, fumaric acid, hydrochloric acid, lactic acid, malic acid, nitric acid, organic acids, phosphoric acid, potassium hydroxide, propionic acid, salicylic acid, sulfamic acid, sulfuric acid, and tartaric acid.

3. A method to spray dry insects, the method includes:
(a) introducing an insect liquid mixture and a heated gas supply to the interior of the spray dryer;
(b) after step (a), evacuating an insect and gas mixture from the interior of the spray dryer, the insect and gas mixture includes an insect portion, a vapor portion, and a gas portion;
(c) after step (b), separating first separated insects from the insect and gas mixture to produce a first insect depleted gas stream, the first insect depleted gas stream has a reduced amount of insects relative to the insect and gas mixture;
(d) after step (c), separating second separated insects from the first insect depleted gas stream to produce a second insect depleted gas stream, the second insect depleted gas stream has a reduced amount of insects relative to the first insect depleted gas stream; and
(e) after step (d), combining the first separated insects with the second separated insects and separating third separated insects and fourth separated insects therefrom using a screen or a mesh, wherein the screen or mesh has openings that permit only the third separated insects to pass through the openings.


US Patent No. X,XXX,XXX, Issued on June XX, 2018
U.S. Patent Application No. 15/901,546, filed 02/21/2018
1. An alimentary protein powder composition having a bulk density that ranges from between 15 pounds per cubic foot to 50 pounds per cubic foot, a protein content that ranges from between 45 weight percent to 85 weight percent, and a fat content that ranges from between 5 weight percent to 60 weight percent, the composition is comprised of:
(i) ground crickets; 
(ii) ground cannabis; and
(iii) water;
wherein the composition has a water content that ranges from between 2 weight percent to 10 weight percent.

2. The composition according to claim 1, wherein the ground cannabis is decarboxylated and includes tetrahydrocannabinol.

3. The composition according to claim 1, wherein the ground cannabis includes no tetrahydrocannabinol.

4. The composition according to claim 1, further comprising L-phenylalanine, calcium, vitamin A, sodium, and potassium;
wherein:
the composition has:
a L-phenylalanine content ranging from between 50 parts per million to 5 weight percent;
a sodium content ranging from between 1,500 parts per million to 5,500 parts per million;
a potassium content ranging from between 25 parts per million to 1 weight percent.

5. The composition according to claim 1, further includes N-acetylglucosamine.

6. The composition according to claim 1, further comprising glucuronic acid.

7. The composition according to claim 1, wherein the composition includes: 
a carbon content that ranges from between 15 weight percent to 55 weight percent.

8. The composition according to claim 1, further comprising caffeine; wherein the composition has a caffeine content that is at most 50 parts per million.

9. The composition according to claim 1, further comprising: 
fatty acids including one or more selected from the group consisting of palmitoleic acid, linoleic acid, alpha-linoleic acid, oleic acid, gamma-linoleic acid, and stearic acid.

10. The composition according to claim 1, wherein the composition includes:
an oxygen content that ranges from between 15 weight percent to 55 weight.

11. The composition according to claim 1, further comprising niacin; wherein the composition has a niacin content that ranges from between 50 parts per million to 5 weight percent.

12. The composition according to claim 1, wherein the ground cannabis includes dried cannabis.

13. The composition according to claim 1, wherein the ground cannabis includes decarboxylated cannabis.

14. The composition according to claim 1, further comprising xanthan gum.

15. The composition according to claim 1, further comprising nut oil from coconut.

16. The composition according to claim 1, wherein the composition includes:
a carbohydrate content of at least 13 weight percent.

17. The composition according to claim 1, further comprising caffeine; wherein the composition has a caffeine content that is at least 50 parts per million.

18. The composition according to claim 1, wherein the composition has an energy content that is at most 4,500 British Thermal Units per pound.

19. The composition according to claim 1, wherein the composition has an energy content that ranges from between about 4,500 British Thermal Units per pound to 10,500 BTU per pound.

20. The composition according to claim 1, further comprising citicoline.

21. The composition according to claim 1, further comprising taurine; wherein the composition has a taurine content that ranges from between 50 parts per million to 5 weight percent.

22. The composition according to claim 1, further comprising malic acid; wherein the composition has a malic acid content that ranges from between 50 parts per million to 5 weight percent.

23. The composition according to claim 1, further comprising caffeine and niacin;
wherein: 
the composition has: 
a caffeine content that is at most 50 parts per million;
a niacin content that ranges from between 50 parts per million to 5 weight percent.

24. The composition according to claim 1, further comprising caffeine, niacin, vitamin B1, vitamin B2, vitamin B12, vitamin E; 
wherein: 
the composition has: 
a caffeine content that is at most 50 parts per million;
a niacin content that ranges from between 50 parts per million to 5 weight percent;
a vitamin B1 content of at most 15 ppm; 
a vitamin B2 content of at most 15 ppm; 
a vitamin B12 content of at most 15 ppm; 
a vitamin E content of at most 15 ppm.

25. The composition according to claim 1, wherein the composition has: a calcium content that ranges from between 50 parts per million to 1 weight percent.

26. The composition according to claim 1, wherein the composition includes:
a hydrogen content that ranges from between 2.5 weight percent to 20 weight percent.

27. The composition according to claim 1, wherein the composition includes steroids and/or human growth hormones.

28. The composition according to claim 1, wherein the composition has:
an iron content that ranges from between 25 parts per million to 1,500 parts per million.

29. An alimentary energy bar composition having a protein content of at most 45 weight percent, and a fat content ranging from between 5 weight percent to 60 weight percent, the energy bar composition is comprised of:
(A) an alimentary protein powder composition having a bulk density that ranges from between 15 pounds per cubic foot to 50 pounds per cubic foot, that includes:
(i) ground crickets; and
(ii) decarboxylated ground cannabis; and
(B) caffeine and water;
wherein:
the energy bar composition has:
a caffeine content that is at least 50 parts per million; and
a water content ranging from between 2 weight percent to 10 weight percent and/or
a water content of at least 10 weight percent.

30. An alimentary protein powder composition having a bulk density that ranges from between 15 pounds per cubic foot to 50 pounds per cubic foot, a protein content that ranges from between 45 weight percent to 85 weight percent, and a fat content that ranges from between 5 weight percent to 60 weight percent, the composition is comprised of:
(i) ground crickets;
(ii) ground cannabis; and
(iii) L-phenylalanine, calcium, vitamin A, sodium, and potassium;
wherein:
the composition has:
a L-phenylalanine content ranging from between 50 parts per million to 5 weight percent;
a sodium content ranging from between 1,500 parts per million to 5,500 parts per million;
a potassium content ranging from between 25 parts per million to 1 weight percent.


THE "CANNABIS PATENT PORTFOLIO":
USPA2017XXXXXX
U.S. Patent Application No. 15/6XX,XXX, filed 05/20/2017

USPA2017XXXXXX
U.S. Patent Application No. 15/6XX,XXX, filed 05/20/2017

USPA2017XXXXXX
U.S. Patent Application No. 15/6XX,XXX, filed 05/20/2017

USPA2018XXXXXX
U.S. Patent Application No. 15/6XX,XXX, filed 05/31/2017
Cannabis Farming Systems and Methods.

USPA2018XXXXXX
U.S. Patent Application No. 15/6XX,XXX, filed 05/30/2017

USPA2018XXXXXX
U.S. Patent Application No. 15/6XX,XXX, filed 08/02/2017

USPA2018XXXXXX
U.S. Patent Application No. 15/7XX,XXX, filed 10/14/2017
Cannabis Farming Systems and Methods.

USPA    20180116131
U.S. Patent Application No. 15/841,923, filed 12/14/2017
Cannabis Farming Systems and Methods.
1. A system for producing electricity, heat, and cannabis, the system includes:
(a) a power production system (PPS), including a first compressor (LEB), a combustor (LED1), a turbine (LFE), a shaft (LFG), and a first generator (LFH):
(a1) the compressor (LEB) is configured to pressurize an oxygen-containing gas (LEA) to form a compressed gas stream (LEK);
(a2) the combustor (LED1) is configured to mix and combust the compressed gas stream (LEK) with a fuel (LEL) to produce a combustion stream (LEM);
(a3) the turbine (LFE) is configured to accept the combustion stream (LEM) and rotate a shaft (LFG) and output a depressurized combustion stream (LFD');
(a4) the shaft (LFG) is connected to a first generator (LFH) which produces electricity (ELEC);
(b) a farming superstructure system (FSS), including:
(b1) a cation that is configured to remove positively charged ions from water to form a positively charged ion depleted water (06A), the positively charged ions are comprised of one or more from the group consisting of calcium, magnesium, sodium, and iron;
(b2) an anion that is configured to remove negatively charged ions from the positively charged ion depleted water (06A) to form a negatively charged ion depleted water (09A), the negatively charged ions are comprised of one or more from the group consisting of iodine, chloride, and sulfate;
(b3) a common reservoir (500) that is configured to accept a portion of the negatively charged ion depleted water (09A) as well as one or more from the group consisting of a macro-nutrient, a micro-nutrient, a pH adjustment solution, a carbohydrate, an enzyme, a microorganism, a vitamin, and a hormone to form a liquid mixture;
(b4) a pump (P1) that is configured to accept and pressurize at least a portion of the liquid mixture from within the common reservoir (500);
(b5) a plurality of growing assemblies (100, 200) positioned within the interior (ENC1) of an enclosure (ENC), each growing assembly (100, 200) is configured to grow cannabis (107, 207), each growing assembly (100, 200) is configured to accept at least a portion of the liquid mixture provided by the pump (P1);
(b6) a plurality of lights (L1, L2) that are configured to illuminate the interior (ENC1) of the enclosure (ENC), the plurality of lights (L1, L2) are powered by the electricity (ELEC) produced by the first generator (LFH);
(b7) a computer (COMP) that is configured to operate the plurality of lights (L1, L2) to illuminate the interior (ENC1) of the enclosure (ENC);
(c) a temperature control unit (TCU), including a refrigerant (Q31) that is configured to be transferred from a second compressor (Q30) to a condenser (Q32), from the condenser (Q32) to an evaporator (Q34), and from the evaporator (Q34) to the second compressor (Q30);
(c1) the second compressor (Q31) is in fluid communication with the condenser (Q32);
(c2) the condenser (Q32) is in fluid communication with the evaporator (Q34);
(c3) the evaporator (Q34) in fluid communication with the compressor (Q30), the evaporator (Q34) is configured to evaporate the refrigerant (Q31) to absorb heat from the interior (ENC1) of the enclosure (ENC) and maintain a pre-determined temperature within the interior (ENC1) of the enclosure (ENC);
(c4) the second compressor (Q31) accepts either (i) heat from at least a portion of the depressurized combustion stream (LFD') or (ii) electricity (ELEC) produced by the first generator (LFH);
wherein:
(1) the macro-nutrient is comprised of one or more from the group consisting of nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, calcium, magnesium, and sulfur;
(2) the micro-nutrient is comprised of one or more from the group consisting of iron, manganese, boron, molybdenum, copper, zinc, sodium, chlorine, and silicon;
(3) the pH adjustment solution is comprised of one or more from the group consisting of acid, nitric acid, phosphoric acid, potassium hydroxide, sulfuric acid, organic acids, citric acid, and acetic acid;
(4) the carbohydrate is comprised of one or more from the group consisting of sugar, sucrose, molasses, and plant syrups;
(5) the enzyme is comprised of one or more from the group consisting of amino acids, orotidine 5'-phosphate decarboxylase, OMP decarboxylase, glucanase, beta-glucanase, cellulase, xylanase, HYGROZYME®, CANNAZYME®, MICROZYME®, and SENSIZYME®;
(6) the microorganism is comprised of one or more from the group consisting of bacteria, diazotroph bacteria, diazotrop archaea, azotobacter vinelandii, clostridium pasteurianu, fungi, arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi, glomus aggrefatum, glomus etunicatum, glomus intraradices, rhizophagus irregularis, and glomus mosseae;
(7) the vitamin is comprised of one or more from the group consisting of vitamin B, vitamin C, vitamin D, and vitamin E;
(8) the hormone is comprised of one or more from the group consisting of auxins, cytokinins gibberellins, abscic acid, brassinosteroids, salicylic acid, jasmonates, plant peptide hormones, polyamines, nitric oxide, strigolactones, and triacontanol.

2. The system according to claim 1, wherein the farming superstructure system (FSS) further includes a carbon dioxide tank (CO2T) and at least one carbon dioxide valve (V8, V9, V10), the at least one carbon dioxide valve (V8, V9, V10) is configured to take a pressure drop of greater than 50 pounds per square inch, and carbon dioxide is made available to the cannabis (107, 207) within the enclosure (ENC).

3. (Previously Presented) The system according to claim 2, further comprising:
(a) gas quality sensor (GC1, GC2) that is provided to monitor the concentration of carbon dioxide within the interior (ENC1) of an enclosure (ENC);
(b) the gas quality sensor (GC1, GC2) is equipped to send a signal (XGC2) to the computer (COMP); and
(c) at least one carbon dioxide supply valve (V8, V9) that is equipped with a controller (CV8, CV9) that sends a signal (XV8, XV9) to or from a computer (COMP) to maintain a carbon dioxide concentration within the interior (ENC1) of an enclosure (ENC) between 400 parts per million and less than 30,000 parts per million.

4. The system according to claim 1, wherein the second compressor (Q31) includes a second generator (Q50) and an absorber (Q60), a pump (Q45) connects the generator (Q50) to the absorber (Q60), and a metering device (Q55) is positioned in between the absorber (Q60) to the generator (Q50); wherein the generator (Q50) of the second compressor (Q31) accepts heat from at least a portion of the depressurized combustion stream (LFD').

6. A system for producing electricity, heat, and cannabis, the system includes:
(a) a power production system (PPS), including a first compressor (LEB), a combustor (LED1), a turbine (LFE), a shaft (LFG), and a first generator (LFH):
(a1) the compressor (LEB) is configured to pressurize an oxygen-containing gas (LEA) to form a compressed gas stream (LEK);
(a2) the combustor (LED1) is configured to mix and combust the compressed gas stream (LEK) with a fuel (LEL) to produce a combustion stream (LEM);
(a3) the turbine (LFE) is configured to accept the combustion stream (LEM) and rotate a shaft (LFG) and output a depressurized combustion stream (LFD');
(a4) the shaft (LFG) is connected to a first generator (LFH) which produces electricity (ELEC);
(b) a farming superstructure system (FSS), including:
(b1) an enclosure (ENC) having an interior (ENC1);
(b2) a plurality of growing assemblies (100, 200) positioned within the interior (ENC1) of the enclosure (ENC), each growing assembly (100, 200) is configured to grow cannabis (107, 207);
(b3) a plurality of lights (L1, L2) configured to illuminate the interior (ENC1) of the enclosure (ENC), the plurality of lights (L1, L2) are powered by the electricity (ELEC) produced by the first generator (LFH);
(b4) a computer (COMP) that is configured to operate the plurality of lights (L1, L2) to illuminate the interior (ENC1) of the enclosure (ENC);
(c) a temperature control unit (TCU), including a refrigerant (Q31) that is configured to be transferred from a second compressor (Q30) to a condenser (Q32), from the condenser (Q32) to an evaporator (Q34), and from the evaporator (Q34) to the second compressor (Q30);
(c1) the second compressor (Q31) is in fluid communication with the condenser (Q32);
(c2) the condenser (Q32) is in fluid communication with the evaporator (Q34);
(c3) the evaporator (Q34) in fluid communication with the compressor (Q30), the evaporator (Q34) is configured to evaporate the refrigerant (Q31) to absorb heat from the interior (ENC1) of the enclosure (ENC) and maintain a pre-determined temperature within the interior (ENC1) of the enclosure (ENC);
(c4) the second compressor (Q31) accepts either (i) heat from at least a portion of the depressurized combustion stream (LFD') or (ii) electricity (ELEC) produced by the first generator (LFH).

7. The system according to claim 6, wherein:
the first compressor (LEB) has a plurality of stages (LEC) and is an axial compressor.

8. The system according to claim 6, wherein the combustor (LED1) is comprised of an annular type gas mixer (LEE) that mixes the fuel with the oxygen containing-gas within the combustor to form a fuel-and-oxygen-containing gas mixture, which is then combusted.

9. The system according to claim 6, wherein:
(a) the power production system (PPS) includes a first combustor (LED1) and a second combustor (LED2):
(a1) the compressed gas stream (LEK) is apportioned into a plurality of compressed gas streams (LEK, LEN) that include at least a first compressed gas stream (LEK) that is provided to the first combustor (LED1) and a second compressed gas stream (LEN) that is provided to the second combustor (LED2);
(a2) the first combustor (LED1) is configured to mix and combust the first compressed gas stream (LEK) with a first fuel (LEL) to produce a first combustion stream (LEM);
(a3) the second combustor (LED2) is configured to mix and combust the second compressed gas stream (LEN) with a second fuel (LEO) to produce a second combustion stream (LEP); and
(a4) the first combustion stream (LEM) is combined with the second combustion stream (LEP) to form a combustion stream (LEM) that is transferred to the turbine (LFE).

10. The system according to claim 6, wherein the farming superstructure system (FSS) further includes:
(a1) a cation that is configured to remove positively charged ions from water to form a positively charged ion depleted water (06A), the positively charged ions are comprised of one or more from the group consisting of calcium, magnesium, sodium, and iron;
(a2) an anion that is configured to remove negatively charged ions from the positively charged ion depleted water (06A) to form a negatively charged ion depleted water (09A), the negatively charged ions are comprised of one or more from the group consisting of iodine, chloride, and sulfate;
(a3) a common reservoir (500) that is configured to accept a portion of the negatively charged ion depleted water (09A) as well as one or more from the group consisting of a macro-nutrient, a micro-nutrient, a pH adjustment solution, a carbohydrate, an enzyme, a microorganism, a vitamin, and a hormone to form a liquid mixture;
(a4) a pump (P1) configured to accept and pressurize at least a portion of the liquid mixture from within the common reservoir (500); and
(a5) a plurality of growing assemblies (100, 200) positioned within the interior (ENC1) of the enclosure (ENC), each growing assembly (100, 200) is configured to grow cannabis (107, 207), each growing assembly (100, 200) is configured to accept at least a portion of the liquid mixture provided by the pump (P1);
wherein:
(1) the macro-nutrient is comprised of one or more from the group consisting of nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, calcium, magnesium, and sulfur;
(2) the micro-nutrient is comprised of one or more from the group consisting of iron, manganese, boron, molybdenum, copper, zinc, sodium, chlorine, and silicon;
(3) the pH adjustment solution is comprised of one or more from the group consisting of acid, nitric acid, phosphoric acid, potassium hydroxide, sulfuric acid, organic acids, citric acid, and acetic acid;
(4) the carbohydrate is comprised of one or more from the group consisting of sugar, sucrose, molasses, and plant syrups;
(5) the enzyme is comprised of one or more from the group consisting of amino acids, orotidine 5'-phosphate decarboxylase, OMP decarboxylase, glucanase, beta-glucanase, cellulase, xylanase, HYGROZYME®, CANNAZYME®, MICROZYME®, and SENSIZYME®;
(6) the microorganism is comprised of one or more from the group consisting of bacteria, diazotroph bacteria, diazotrop archaea, azotobacter vinelandii, clostridium pasteurianu, fungi, arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi, glomus aggrefatum, glomus etunicatum, glomus intraradices, rhizophagus irregularis, and glomus mosseae;
(7) the vitamin is comprised of one or more from the group consisting of vitamin B, vitamin C, vitamin D, and vitamin E;
(8) the hormone is comprised of one or more from the group consisting of auxins, cytokinins gibberellins, abscic acid, brassinosteroids, salicylic acid, jasmonates, plant peptide hormones, polyamines, nitric oxide, strigolactones, and triacontanol.

11. The system according to claim 6, wherein the farming superstructure system (FSS) further includes a carbon dioxide tank (CO2T) and at least one carbon dioxide valve (V8, V9, V10), the at least one carbon dioxide valve (V8, V9, V10) is configured to take a pressure drop of greater than 50 pounds per square inch, and carbon dioxide is made available to the cannabis (107, 207) within the enclosure (ENC).

12. The system according to claim 11, further comprising:
(a) gas quality sensor (GC1, GC2) that is provided to monitor the concentration of carbon dioxide within the interior (ENC1) of the enclosure (ENC);
(b) the gas quality sensor (GC1, GC2) is equipped to send a signal (XGC2) to the computer (COMP); and
(c) the at least one carbon dioxide supply valve (V8, V9) is equipped with a controller (CV8, CV9) that sends a signal (XV8, XV9) to or from a computer (COMP) to maintain a carbon dioxide concentration within the interior (ENC1) of the enclosure (ENC) between 400 parts per million and less than 30,000 parts per million.

13. The system according to claim 6, wherein the temperature control unit (TCU) is configured to operate in a plurality of modes of operation, the modes of operation including at least:
a first mode of operation in which compression of a refrigerant takes place within the compressor, and the refrigerant leaves the compressor as a superheated vapor at a temperature greater than the condensation temperature of the refrigerant;
a second mode of operation in which condensation of refrigerant takes place within the condenser, heat is rejected and the refrigerant condenses from a superheated vapor into a liquid, and the liquid is cooled to a temperature below the boiling temperature of the refrigerant; and
a third mode of operation in which evaporation of the refrigerant takes place, and the liquid phase refrigerant boils in the evaporator to form a vapor or a superheated vapor while absorbing heat from the interior of the enclosure.

14. The system according to claim 6, wherein the second compressor (Q31) includes a second generator (Q50) and an absorber (Q60), a pump (Q45) connects the generator (Q50) to the absorber (Q60), and a metering device (Q55) is positioned in between the absorber (Q60) to the generator (Q50); wherein the generator (Q50) of the second compressor (Q31) accepts heat from at least a portion of the depressurized combustion stream (LFD').

15. The system according to claim 6, wherein the farming superstructure system (FSS) further includes:
a trimmer (TR) that is configured to accept at least a portion of the cannabis (107, 207) from at least one of the plurality of growing assemblies, the trimmer (TR) is configured to separate the buds from the leaves and stems by applying a rotational motion to the cannabis (107, 207) that is provided by a motor (MT1), wherein the rotational motion passes the cannabis (107, 207) across a blade (CT2), the blade (CT2) is configured to separate the leaves or stems from the buds, to provide trimmed cannabis (TR1).

16. The system according to claim 6, wherein the farming superstructure system (FSS) further includes: 
(a) a grinder (GR) that is configured to accept at least a portion of the cannabis (107, 207) from at least one of the plurality of growing assemblies, the grinder (GR) grinds a portion of the cannabis (107, 207) to produce ground cannabis (GR1); and
(b) a volatiles extraction system (VES) that is configured to extract volatiles from the ground cannabis (GR1) with a first solvent (SOLV1) to generate a first solvent and volatiles mixture (FSVM);
wherein the first solvent (SOLV1) includes one or more from the group consisting of acetone, alcohol, oil, butane, butter, carbon dioxide, coconut oil, ethanol, gas, gaseous carbon dioxide, hexane, isobutane, isopropanol, liquid carbon dioxide, liquid, naphtha, olive oil, pentane, propane, R134 refrigerant gas, subcritical carbon dioxide, supercritical carbon dioxide, and vapor.

17. The system according to claim 6, wherein the farming superstructure system (FSS) further includes: 
(a) a grinder (GR) that is configured to accept at least a portion of the cannabis (107, 207) from at least one of the plurality of growing assemblies, the grinder (GR) grinds a portion of the cannabis (107, 207) to produce ground cannabis (GR1);
(b) a volatiles extraction system (VES) that is configured to extract volatiles from the ground cannabis (GR1) with a first solvent (SOLV1) to generate a first solvent and volatiles mixture (FSVM),  the first solvent (SOLV1) includes one or more from the group consisting of acetone, alcohol, butane, carbon dioxide, ethanol, gas, gaseous carbon dioxide, hexane, isobutane, isopropanol, liquid carbon dioxide, liquid, naphtha, pentane, propane, R134 refrigerant gas, subcritical carbon dioxide, and supercritical carbon dioxide;
(c) a first solvent separation system (SSS) that is configured to separate volatiles (VOLT) from the first solvent and volatiles mixture (FSVM) and output both volatiles (VOLT) and a separated first solvent (SOLV1-S);
(d) a volatiles and solvent mixing system (VSMS) that is configured to mix the volatiles (VOLT) with a second solvent (SOLV2) to produce a second volatiles and solvent mixture (SVSM), the second solvent (SOLV2) includes one or more from the group consisting of a liquid, acetone, alcohol, oil, and ethanol.

18. The system according to claim 6, wherein the farming superstructure system (FSS) further includes: 
(1) a grinder (GR) that is configured to accept at least a portion of the cannabis (107, 207) from at least one of the plurality of growing assemblies, the grinder (GR) grinds a portion of the cannabis (107, 207) to produce ground cannabis (GR1);
(2) a volatiles extraction system (VES) that is configured to extract volatiles from the ground cannabis (GR1) with a first solvent (SOLV1) to generate a first solvent and volatiles mixture (FSVM),  the first solvent (SOLV1) includes one or more from the group consisting of acetone, alcohol, butane, carbon dioxide, ethanol, gas, gaseous carbon dioxide, hexane, isobutane, isopropanol, liquid carbon dioxide, liquid, naphtha, pentane, propane, R134 refrigerant gas, subcritical carbon dioxide, and supercritical carbon dioxide;
(3) a first solvent separation system (SSS) that is configured to separate volatiles (VOLT) from the first solvent and volatiles mixture (FSVM) and output both volatiles (VOLT) and a separated first solvent (SOLV1-S);
(4) a volatiles and solvent mixing system (VSMS) that is configured to mix the volatiles (VOLT) with a second solvent (SOLV2) to produce a second volatiles and solvent mixture (SVSM), the second solvent (SOLV2) includes one or more from the group consisting of a liquid, acetone, alcohol, oil, and ethanol;
(5) a solvent cooler (SOLV-C) that is configured to cool the second volatiles and solvent mixture (SVSM) that is evacuated from the volatiles and solvent mixing system (VSMS) to produce a reduced temperature second volatiles and solvent mixture (RTSVSM), the solvent cooler (SOLV-C) is configured to lower the temperature of the second volatiles and solvent mixture (SVSM);
(6) a solvent filter (SOLV-F) that is configured to accept at least a portion of the reduced temperature second volatiles and solvent mixture (RTSVSM), the solvent filter (SOLV-F) is configured to separate wax (WAX) from the reduced temperature second volatiles and solvent mixture (RTSVSM), the solvent filter (SOLV-F) discharges a filtered second volatiles and solvent mixture (SVSM); and
(7) a second solvent separation system (SEPSOL) that is configured to evaporate at least a portion of the second solvent (SOLV2) from the filtered second volatiles and solvent mixture (SVSM) to produce concentrated volatiles (CVOLT).

19. The system according to claim 6, wherein the plurality of lights (L1, L2) are light emitting diodes.

20. The system according to claim 19, wherein the plurality of lights (L1, L2)  illuminate the interior (ENC1) of the enclosure (ENC) at an illumination on-off ratio ranging from between greater than 0.5 to less than 5, the illumination on-off ratio is defined as the duration of time when the lights are on and illuminate the cannabis in hours divided by the subsequent duration of time when the lights are off and are not illuminating the cannabis in hours before the lights are turned on again.

21. A system for producing cannabis and concentrated volatiles, the system includes:
(a) a farming superstructure system (FSS), including:
(a1) a common reservoir (500) that is configured to accept water and one or more from the group consisting of a macro-nutrient, a micro-nutrient, a pH adjustment solution, a carbohydrate, an enzyme, a microorganism, a vitamin, and a hormone to form a liquid mixture;
(a2) a pump (P1) configured to accept and pressurize at least a portion of the liquid mixture from within the common reservoir (500);
(a3) a plurality of growing assemblies (100, 200) positioned within the interior (ENC1) of an enclosure (ENC), each growing assembly (100, 200) is configured to grow cannabis (107, 207), each growing assembly (100, 200) is configured to accept at least a portion of the liquid mixture provided by the pump (P1);
(a4) a plurality of lights (L1, L2) that are configured to illuminate the interior (ENC1) of the enclosure (ENC), the plurality of lights (L1, L2);
(a5) a computer (COMP) that is configured to operate the plurality of lights (L1, L2) to illuminate the interior (ENC1) of the enclosure (ENC);
(a6) gas quality sensor (GC1, GC2) that is provided to monitor the concentration of carbon dioxide within the interior (ENC1) of the enclosure (ENC), the gas quality sensor (GC1, GC2) is equipped to send a signal (XGC2) to the computer (COMP);
(a7) at least one carbon dioxide supply valve (V8, V9) is equipped with a controller (CV8, CV9) that sends a signal (XV8, XV9) to or from a computer (COMP) to maintain a carbon dioxide concentration within the interior (ENC1) of the enclosure (ENC) between 400 parts per million and less than 30,000 parts per million;
(a8) a grinder (GR) that is configured to accept at least a portion of the cannabis (107, 207) from one of the plurality of growing assemblies, the grinder (GR) grinds a portion of the cannabis (107, 207) to produce ground cannabis (GR1);
(a9) a volatiles extraction system (VES) that is configured to extract volatiles from the ground cannabis (GR1) with a first solvent (SOLV1) to generate a first solvent and volatiles mixture (FSVM),  the first solvent (SOLV1) includes one or more from the group consisting of acetone, alcohol, butane, carbon dioxide, ethanol, gas, gaseous carbon dioxide, hexane, isobutane, isopropanol, liquid carbon dioxide, liquid, naphtha, pentane, propane, R134 refrigerant gas, subcritical carbon dioxide, and supercritical carbon dioxide;
(a10) a first solvent separation system (SSS) that is configured to separate volatiles (VOLT) from the first solvent and volatiles mixture (FSVM) and output both volatiles (VOLT) and a separated first solvent (SOLV1-S);
(a11) a volatiles and solvent mixing system (VSMS) that is configured to mix the volatiles (VOLT) with a second solvent (SOLV2) to produce a second volatiles and solvent mixture (SVSM), the second solvent (SOLV2) includes one or more from the group consisting of a liquid, acetone, alcohol, oil, and ethanol;
(a12) a solvent cooler (SOLV-C) that is configured to cool the second volatiles and solvent mixture (SVSM) that is evacuated from the volatiles and solvent mixing system (VSMS) to produce a reduced temperature second volatiles and solvent mixture (RTSVSM), the solvent cooler (SOLV-C) is configured to lower the temperature of the second volatiles and solvent mixture (SVSM);
(a13) a solvent filter (SOLV-F) that is configured to accept at least a portion of the reduced temperature second volatiles and solvent mixture (RTSVSM), the solvent filter (SOLV-F) is configured to separate wax (WAX) from the reduced temperature second volatiles and solvent mixture (RTSVSM), the solvent filter (SOLV-F) discharges a filtered second volatiles and solvent mixture (SVSM); and
(a14) a second solvent separation system (SEPSOL) that is configured to evaporate at least a portion of the second solvent (SOLV2) from the filtered second volatiles and solvent mixture (SVSM) to produce concentrated volatiles (CVOLT);
(b) a temperature control unit (TCU), including a refrigerant (Q31) that is configured to be transferred from a compressor (Q30) to a condenser (Q32), from the condenser (Q32) to an evaporator (Q34), and from the evaporator (Q34) to the compressor (Q30);
(b1) the compressor (Q31) is in fluid communication with the condenser (Q32);
(b2) the condenser (Q32) is in fluid communication with the evaporator (Q34);
(b3) the evaporator (Q34) in fluid communication with the compressor (Q30), the evaporator (Q34) is configured to evaporate the refrigerant (Q31) to absorb heat from the interior (ENC1) of the enclosure (ENC) and maintain a pre-determined temperature within the interior (ENC1) of the enclosure (ENC);
wherein:
(1) the macro-nutrient is comprised of one or more from the group consisting of nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, calcium, magnesium, and sulfur;
(2) the micro-nutrient is comprised of one or more from the group consisting of iron, manganese, boron, molybdenum, copper, zinc, sodium, chlorine, and silicon;
(3) the pH adjustment solution is comprised of one or more from the group consisting of acid, nitric acid, phosphoric acid, potassium hydroxide, sulfuric acid, organic acids, citric acid, and acetic acid;
(4) the carbohydrate is comprised of one or more from the group consisting of sugar, sucrose, molasses, and plant syrups;
(5) the enzyme is comprised of one or more from the group consisting of amino acids, orotidine 5'-phosphate decarboxylase, OMP decarboxylase, glucanase, beta-glucanase, cellulase, xylanase, HYGROZYME®, CANNAZYME®, MICROZYME®, and SENSIZYME®;
(6) the microorganism is comprised of one or more from the group consisting of bacteria, diazotroph bacteria, diazotrop archaea, azotobacter vinelandii, clostridium pasteurianu, fungi, arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi, glomus aggrefatum, glomus etunicatum, glomus intraradices, rhizophagus irregularis, and glomus mosseae;
(7) the vitamin is comprised of one or more from the group consisting of vitamin B, vitamin C, vitamin D, and vitamin E;
(8) the hormone is comprised of one or more from the group consisting of auxins, cytokinins gibberellins, abscic acid, brassinosteroids, salicylic acid, jasmonates, plant peptide hormones, polyamines, nitric oxide, strigolactones, and triacontanol.



USPA2018XXXXXX
U.S. Patent Application No. 15/7XX,XXX, filed 02/23/2018


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