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Luke Chapter 23

For details of the color coding, see Marcion Luke ParallelFor details of the color coding, see Marcion Luke Parallel. For details of the rationale behind the text given in the 'Marcion' Column, see Lk 23.

Marcion

 

Luke, Chapter 23

Notes

Jesus Before Pilate and Herod

 

 

 

And the whole company arose, and brought him before Pilate.

23:1

And the whole multitude of them arose, and led him unto Pilate.

 

And they began to accuse him, saying, We found this fellow perverting the nation, and destroying the law and the prophets, and forbidding to give tribute to Caesar, and turning away the women and children, saying that he himself is Christ a King.

23:2

And they began to accuse him, saying, We found this fellow perverting the nation, and forbidding to give tribute to Caesar, saying that he himself is Christ a King.

Dr. Holmes note: “In chap. xxiii. 2, after the words "perverting the nation," Marcion added, "and destroying the law and the prophets;" and again, after "forbidding to give tribute unto Caesar," he added, "and perverting women and children."

And Pilate asked him, saying, Art thou the King of the Jews? And he answered him and said, Thou sayest.

23:3

And Pilate asked him, saying, Art thou the King of the Jews? And he answered him and said, Thou sayest it.


And Pilate said to the chief priests and the multitudes, I find no fault in this man.

23:4

Then said Pilate to the chief priests and to the people, I find no fault in this man.

 

And they were urgent, saying, He stirreth up the people, teaching throughout all Judaea, having begun from Galilee to this place.

23:5

And they were the more fierce, saying, He stirreth up the people, teaching throughout all Jewry, beginning from Galilee to this place.

 

But when Pilate heard of Galilee, he asked whether the man were a Galilaean.

23:6

When Pilate heard of Galilee, he asked whether the man were a Galilaean.

 

And when he knew that he was from Herod's jurisdiction, he sent him up to Herod, who himself also was at Jerusalem at that time.

23:7

And as soon as he knew that he belonged unto Herod's jurisdiction, he sent him to Herod, who himself also was at Jerusalem at that time.

 

And when Herod saw Jesus, he was exceeding glad: for he was of a long time desirous to see him, because he had heard many things about him; and was hoping to see some sign done by him.

23:8

And when Herod saw Jesus, he was exceeding glad: for he was desirous to see him of a long season, because he had heard many things of him; and he hoped to have seen some miracle done by him.

 

And he questioned him in many words; but he answered him nothing.

23:9

Then he questioned with him in many words; but he answered him nothing.

 

And the chief priests and the scribes stood vehemently accusing him.

23:10

And the chief priests and scribes stood and vehemently accused him.

 

And Herod with his soldiers set him at nought, and mocked him, and arraying him in a gorgeous robe, sent him back to Pilate.

23:11

And Herod with his men of war set him at nought, and mocked him, and arrayed him in a gorgeous robe, and sent him again to Pilate.

 

And Pilate and Herod became friends with each other that very day: for before they were at enmity between themselves.

23:12

And the same day Pilate and Herod were made friends together: for before they were at enmity between themselves.

 

Jesus Sentenced to Death

 

 

 

And Pilate called together the chief priests and the rulers and the people, and said unto them,

23:13

And Pilate, when he had called together the chief priests and the rulers and the people,

 

Ye brought this man unto me, as one that perverteth the people: and, behold, I examined him before you, and found no fault in this man of what ye charge against him:

23:14

Said unto them, Ye have brought this man unto me, as one that perverteth the people: and, behold, I, having examined him before you, have found no fault in this man touching those things whereof ye accuse him:

 

No, nor yet Herod: for I sent you to him; and, lo, nothing worthy of death hath been done by him.

23:15

No, nor yet Herod: for I sent you to him; and, lo, nothing worthy of death is done unto him.

 

I will therefore chastise him, and release him.

23:16

I will therefore chastise him, and release him.

 

(Now he under a necessity to release unto them at every feast one).

23:17

(For of necessity he must release one unto them at the feast.)

 

But they cried out all at once, saying, Away with this man, and release unto us Barabbas:

23:18

And they cried out all at once, saying, Away with this man, and release unto us Barabbas:

 

(one who for a certain insurrection made in the city, and for murder, had been cast into prison.)

23:19

(Who for a certain sedition made in the city, and for murder, was cast into prison.)

 

Pilate therefore spake again to them, wishing to release Jesus.

23:20

Pilate therefore, willing to release Jesus, spake again to them.

 

But they cried, saying, Crucify him, crucify him.

23:21

But they cried, saying, Crucify him, crucify him.

 

And he said unto them the third time, Why, what evil hath this man done? I have found no cause of death in him: I will therefore chastise him, and let him go.

23:22

And he said unto them the third time, Why, what evil hath he done? I have found no cause of death in him: I will therefore chastise him, and let him go.

 

But they were urgent with loud voices, asking that he might be crucified. And the voices of them and of the chief priests prevailed.

23:23

And they were instant with loud voices, requiring that he might be crucified. And the voices of them and of the chief priests prevailed.

 

And Pilate gave sentence that their request should be done.

23:24

And Pilate gave sentence that it should be as they required.

 

And he released unto them him that for insurrection and murder had been cast into prison, whom they were sking for; but Jesus he delivered up to their will.

23:25

And he released unto them him that for sedition and murder was cast into prison, whom they had desired; but he delivered Jesus to their will.

 

Jesus Crucified

 

c.f. Mt 27:33-44, Mk 15:22-32, Jn 19:17-24

 

And as they led him away, they laid hold upon one Simon, a Cyrenian, that was coming out of the country, and laid on him the cross, to bear it after Jesus.

23:26

And as they led him away, they laid hold upon one Simon, a Cyrenian, coming out of the country, and on him they laid the cross, that he might bear it after Jesus.

 

Daughters of Jerusalem

 

Lk 23:27-31 – Sondergut Luke

 

And there followed him a great company of the people, and of women, who also were bewailing and lamenting him.

23:27

And there followed him a great company of people, and of women, which also bewailed and lamented him.

 

But Jesus turning unto them said, Daughters of Jerusalem, weep not for me, but weep for yourselves, and for your children.

23:28

But Jesus turning unto them said, Daughters of Jerusalem, weep not for me, but weep for yourselves, and for your children.

 

For, behold, the days are coming, in the which they shall say, Blessed are the barren, and the wombs that bare not, and the breasts that gave not suck.

23:29

For, behold, the days are coming, in the which they shall say, Blessed are the barren, and the wombs that never bare, and the paps which never gave suck.

 

Then shall they begin to say to the mountains, Fall on us; and to the hills, Cover us.

23:30

Then shall they begin to say to the mountains, Fall on us; and to the hills, Cover us.

 

For if they do these things in the green tree, what shall be done in the dry?

23:31

For if they do these things in a green tree, what shall be done in the dry?


The Crucifixion

 

 

 

And there were also two other, malefactors, led with him to be put to death.

23:32

And there were also two other, malefactors, led with him to be put to death.

 

And when they were come to the place, which is called the Skull, there they crucified him, and the malefactors, one on the right hand, and the other on the left.

23:33

And when they were come to the place, which is called Calvary, there they crucified him, and the malefactors, one on the right hand, and the other on the left.


23:34

Then said Jesus, Father, forgive them; for they know not what they do. And they parted his raiment, and cast lots.

Tertillian: “Although His raiment was, without doubt, parted among the soldiers, and partly distributed by lot, yet Marcion has erased it all”

And the people stood beholding. And the rulers also with them scoffed at him, saying, Others he saved; let him save himself, if this is Christ, the chosen of God.

23:35

And the people stood beholding. And the rulers also with them derided him, saying, He saved others; let him save himself, if he be Christ, the chosen of God.

 

And the soldiers also mocked him, coming to him, and offering him vinegar, and saying,

23:36

And the soldiers also mocked him, coming to him, and offering him vinegar,

Head: “23:36-42 was probably omitted”

If thou be the king of the Jews, save thyself.

23:37

And saying, If thou be the king of the Jews, save thyself.

 

And a superscription also was written over him in letters of Greek, and Latin, and Hebrew, THIS IS THE KING OF THE JEWS.

23:38

And a superscription also was written over him in letters of Greek, and Latin, and Hebrew, THIS IS THE KING OF THE JEWS.

 

And one of the malefactors which were hanged railed on him, saying, If thou be Christ, save thyself and us.

23:39

And one of the malefactors which were hanged railed on him, saying, If thou be Christ, save thyself and us.

 

But the other answering rebuked him, saying, Dost not thou fear God, because thou art in the same condemnation?

23:40

But the other answering rebuked him, saying, Dost not thou fear God, seeing thou art in the same condemnation?

 

And we indeed justly; for we receive things worthy of our deeds: but this man did nothing amiss.

23:41

And we indeed justly; for we receive the due reward of our deeds: but this man hath done nothing amiss.

 

And he said unto Jesus, Lord, remember me when thou comest into thy kingdom.

23:42

And he said unto Jesus, Lord, remember me when thou comest into thy kingdom.

 

And Jesus answering said to him - the one who rebuked - `Courage!”

23:43

And Jesus said unto him, Verily I say unto thee, To day shalt thou be with me in paradise.


D: “and Jesus answering said to him - the one who rebuked - `Courage! To-day thou shalt be with me in paradise.” Epiphanius: Marcion removed the words, “Today thou shalt be with me in paradise.”

The death of Jesus

 

c.f. Mt 27:45-56, Mk 15:33-41, Jn 19:29-30

 

And it was about the sixth hour, and darkness came over the whole land until the ninth hour.

23:44

And it was about the sixth hour, and there was a darkness over all the earth until the ninth hour.

 

And the sun was darkened, and the veil of the sanctuary was rent in the midst.

23:45

And the sun was darkened, and the veil of the temple was rent in the midst.

Waite: ”And the vail of the temple was rent in the midst.”

And when Jesus had cried with a loud voice, he said, Father, into thy hands I commend my spirit: and having said this, he expired.

23:46

And when Jesus had cried with a loud voice, he said, Father, into thy hands I commend my spirit: and having said thus, he gave up the ghost.

Waite: “And crying out with a loud voice, he expired.”

Now when the centurion saw what was done, he glorified God, saying, Certainly this man was righteous.

23:47

Now when the centurion saw what was done, he glorified God, saying, Certainly this was a righteous man.

 

And all the multitude that came together to this sight, when they beheld the things which were done, returned smiting their breasts.

23:48

And all the people that came together to that sight, beholding the things which were done, smote their breasts, and returned.

 

And all his acquaintance, and the women that followed him from Galilee, stood afar off, seeing these things.

23:49

And all his acquaintance, and the women that followed him from Galilee, stood afar off, beholding these things.

 

Jesus Laid in the Sepulchre

 

c.f. Mt 27:57-61, Mk 15:42-47, Jn 19:38-42

 

And, behold, a man named Joseph, who was a counsellor, a good man, and a righteous

23:50

And, behold, there was a man named Joseph, a counseller; and he was a good man, and a just:


( he had not consented to their counsel and deed;) [a man] of Arimathaea, a city of the Jews: who also himself was looking for the kingdom of God:

23:51

(The same had not consented to the counsel and deed of them;) he was of Arimathaea, a city of the Jews: who also himself waited for the kingdom of God.

Waite: “(50 to 53 of Luke.) And behold, a man named Joseph taking down the body, wrapped it up, and placed it in a hewn tomb.”

This man went unto Pilate, and asked for the body of Jesus.

23:52

This man went unto Pilate, and begged the body of Jesus.

 

And he took it down, and wrapped it in a linen cloth, and laid it in a tomb that was hewn in stone, wherein no man had ever yet lain.

23:53

And he took it down, and wrapped it in linen, and laid it in a sepulchre that was hewn in stone, wherein never man before was laid.

 

And it was the day of the preparation, and the sabbath was dawning.

23:54

And that day was the preparation, and the sabbath drew on.

 

And the women also, which had come with him from Galilee, followed after, and beheld the tomb, and how his body was laid.

23:55

And the women also, which came with him from Galilee, followed after, and beheld the sepulchre, and how his body was laid.

 

And they returned, and prepared spices and ointments. And on the sabbath day they rested according to the commandment.

23:56

And they returned, and prepared spices and ointments; and rested the sabbath day according to the commandment.

Waite: “And returning, they rested the sabbath day, according to the commandment.”


Next: Luke Chapter 24
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