Railway Electrification

Electrical traction is as environmental friendly, pollution-free and energy efficient mode of transport and offer an excellent alternative to fossil fuels as a source of energy. Electrification was introduced on IR in 1925 with 1500 Volts DC and subsequently, extended by installing 3000 Volts DC system. 388 route Kms. had been electrified by the year 1936. In 1957, IR decided to adopt 25 KV AC traction system and, thus, selected main lines and high-density routes were taken up for Energisation in a planned manner. Today, out of the seven major trunk routes connecting Mumbai, Kolkata, New Delhi and Chennai, six are fully electrified and work is in progress on the remaining   Mumbai-Chennai route. 

Also, 2X25 KV Auto transformer system of traction was introduced in 1995 on Bina katni Anuppur-Bishrampur/Chirimiri section of West Central and South East Central Railway. 

Presently 31.33% of the total route Kms. of IR is electrified. Over the Years, the progress of electrification on IR has been as under:

ON GOING RAILWAY ELECTRIFICATION WORKS 2010-11
 
SN Name of Project  RAILWAY STATE RKM Balance RKM as on 01.04.10
1 Renigunta- Guntakal                                     South Central Andhra Pradesh 308 179
2 Khurja-Meerut-Saharanpur incl. Ghaziabad-Meerut  Northern Uttar Pradesh 254 142
3 Ernakulam-Trivandrum incl.TVC-Kanniyakumari      Southern Kerala & Tamil Nadu 429 87
4 Moradabad-Lucknow-Utratia             Northern  Uttar Pradesh 338 81
5 Utratia-Sultanpur-Mughalsarai                                        Northern Uttar Pradesh 288 123
6 Lingampalli-Wadi South Central Andhra Pradesh & Karnataka 161 52
7 Ujjain -Indore & Dewas -Maksi                            Western Madhya Pradesh 115 27
8 Shakurbasti -Rohtak  Northern Delhi & Haryana 60 3
9 Jalandhar-Jammu Tawi -Udhampur as phase I of Jalandhar-Jammu Tawi-Baramula   Northern Punjab, Himanchal Pradesh &  J&K 275 176
10 Barabanki-Gonda-Gorakhpur-Barauni incl. Siwan -Thawe  Text Box:  
Northeast & East Central
Uttar Pradesh & Bihar 729 399
11 Jhansi -Kanpur incl. Ait-Konch                       North Central Uttar Pradesh 240 240
12 Barauni-Katihar - Guwahati incl. Katihar -Barsoi                              East Central & North East Frontier Bihar, West Bengal & Assam 836 836
13 Madurai-Tuticorin-Nagercoil Southern Tamil Nadu 262 262
14 Varanasi-Janghai-Unchahar incl. Phaphamau-Prayag-Allahabad Northern  Uttar Pradesh 207 207
15 Delhi Sarai rohilla-Gurgaon Northern Delhi & Haryana 30 30
16 Ghaziabad-Moradabad Northern Uttar Pradesh 140 140
17 Rohtak-Bhatinda-Lehra Muhabat Northern Punjab & Haryana 252 252
18 Shoranur-Mangalore-Penambur Southern Kerala & Karnatak 328 328
19 Pandabeshwar–Sainthia – Pakur incl. Khana -Sainthia  Eastern West Bengal & Jharkhand 205 205
20 Gondia - Ballarshah South East Central Maharashtra 250 250
21 Daund – Manmad incl. Puntamba - Shirdi Central Maharashtra 255 255
  TOTAL     5847 4274

STATE WISE POSITION OF ROUTE KILOMETRES ELECTRIFIED
SN State Total Route Kilometer Route Kilometer electrified Percentage
1 Andhra Pradesh 5185 2493 48.08%
2 Bihar 3515 1053 29.96%
3 Chattisgarh 1186 861 72.60%
4 Delhi 182 139 76.37%
5 Gujarat 5328 723 13.57%
6 Haryana 1553 413 26.59%
7 Himachal Pradesh 285 23 8.07%
8 Jharkhand 1968 1591 80.84%
9 Karnataka 3007 161 5.35%
10 Kerala 1050 540 51.43%
11 Madhya Pradesh 4949 2126 42.96%
12 Maharashtra 5601 2065 36.87%
13 Orissa Text Box:  
2385
1371 57.48%
14 Punjab 2133 527 24.71%
15 Pondicherry 11 11 100.00%
16 Rajasthan 5854 642 10.97%
17 Tamil Nadu 4106 1235 30.08%
18 Uttar Pradesh 8702 2137 24.56%
19 Uttranchal 345 52 15.07%
20 West Bengal 3890 1896 48.74%
21 Other States 2780 0 0.00%
  Total  64015 20059 31.33%

Period

Route Kms. Electrified

Prior to Independence (1925-1947)

388

I Five Year Plan (1951-56)

141

II Five Year Plan (1956-61)

216

III Five Year Plan (1961-66)

1678

Annual Plan (1966-69

814

IV Five Year Plan (1969-74)

953

V Five Year Plan (1974-78)

533

Inter Plan (1978-80)

195

VI Five Year Plan (1980-85)

1522

VII Five Year Plan (1985-90)

2812

Annual Plan (1990-92)

1557

VIII Five Year Plan (1992-97)

2708

IX Five Year Plan (1997-2002)

2484

X Five Year Plan  (2002-07)

1810

XI Five Year Plan First Year (2007-08) *

502

XI Five Year Plan Second Year (2008-09)

797

XI Five Year Plan Third Year (2009-10)

1117

Total as on 31.03.2010

20059

 

*168 RKM of electrified MG dismantled
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