Its streets, normally jammed with tourists, were deserted as security guards patrolled the island, ensuring that locals and foreigners alike stayed indoors, and even exhorting them to turn off their lights.
The authorities closed down Bali not to stamp down on political unrest, but to mark the annual Day of Silence, a Balinese Hindu holiday called Nyepi that ushers in the New Year. For a full 24 hours starting at 6 am Saturday, Balinese Hindus were urged to remain silent and engage in introspection. Bali, which first became known as a destination among hippies from the West a couple of generations ago, tuned in and dropped out, at least for the day.
“Have a quiet time! Enjoy the silent day!” Wayan Sutama, 51, a traditional security guard called a pecalang, called out to a group of potentially unquiet Australians gathered on a terrace overlooking the beach here. With a half-wary smile, he flashed them a thumbs-up.
In Kuta, a rowdy beach resort on the southern tip of the island, only roosters and pigeons, usually drowned out by the din, could be heard on Saturday. The pecalang peered down side streets in search of transgressors but found only other pecalang looking back, or the occasional stray cat.
As the last redoubt of Hinduism in Indonesia, the nation with the world’s largest Muslim population, the island of Bali has been attracting increasing numbers of outsiders in recent years, thanks to its booming tourism industry. While Hollywood romanticised Bali in the recent movie ‘Eat Pray Love,’ Indonesians, mostly Muslims from the islands of Java and Sumatra, have been gravitating here looking for jobs.
The tension between local tradition and outside forces is perhaps at its most intense in Kuta, where Islamic extremists bombed a nightclub in 2002, killing 202 people, and bombed three restaurants in 2005, killing more than 20 people.
In reaction, officials in Bali have been reinforcing local customs, especially those surrounding Nyepi. Three years ago, they began sealing off Bali from the rest of Indonesia for 24 hours after tour organisers were caught smuggling in tourists on the Day of Silence as part of ‘Nyepi packages.’ At the same time, the authorities banned radio and television, starting with local broadcasters and, last year, extending the ban to all satellite transmissions.
“The lesson from the Bali bombings was to return to our traditions and not be too influenced by outsiders,” Sutama said. He and another pecalang, Nengah Renda, 51, spoke as they faced a memorial for the bombing victims on Kuta’s main commercial strip; behind them, a lingerie shop called 69Slam featured an image of a woman with a man on all fours attached to a dog leash.
The day before, in one of the many local temples squeezed between shops in Kuta, the residents of a neighbourhood called Pande Mas had been putting the final touches on their ogoh-ogohs, effigies 20 feet tall representing evil spirits that would be burned later.
“After chasing away the evil spirits, we have Nyepi to purify our minds, to reflect on what we did in the past year and to engage in introspection,” said Made Mastra, 52, the neighbourhood chief. “Then we will be clean to enter the new year.”
Neighbourhood boys, who can often be seen rubbing shoulders on Kuta’s streets with Australian, Asian and European tourists, were required to make their own ogoh-ogohs. On Saturday, a group of boys, led by Wayan Putra Setiaman, 14, said they would obediently stay home, not daring to step outside lest they be caught by the pecalang.
They would not be allowed to use their television sets.
“But we can send SMSs to our friends as long as we’re quiet?” he said, zeroing in on a subject under debate among the pecalang.
How about video games? “Yes,” he said. “No!” said another boy, Wayan Wima Putra, 10, said, tapping the older boy across the chest.
“No,” the older boy corrected himself, explaining that video games connected to television sets were forbidden but that portable ones were OK.
Even as Bali has reinforced its traditions, some outsiders said it had lost a bit of its legendary openness. Ucok, 41, the manager of a tattoo shop who moved to Bali from Sumatra 15 years ago, said he and other Muslims felt a little ‘discrimination.’
“Since the bombing, the locals are more suspicious toward Muslims,” Ucok said, adding that outsiders would nonetheless keep coming here. “Bali is like sugar. Ants come to it.”
Made Darsana, 59, the deputy chief of one of Kuta’s three subdistricts, said outsiders were occupying an increasingly larger share of the population.
On Saturday, Darsana and a dozen pecalang were taking a break from their patrol at a temple where they quietly shared fried rice. Darsana, who spoke English with an unmistakably American accent, explained that he learned English about 40 years ago from an American Indian named Joe. Joe was among the hippies who discovered Bali, back in the day when Kuta had perhaps a single guesthouse, Darsana said.
“Life isn’t about material things, about tall buildings,” he said. “It’s about being one with the world. That’s the core teaching of Hinduism. I didn’t know this when I was younger. You learn these things as you live. Been there, done that.”
With development and the influx of outsiders, Bali’s environment has been irreparably damaged, he said. Outsiders now owned almost all the major businesses in Kuta.
“It’s sad,” Darsana said. “We now have only our culture.”
His smile and constant cheerfulness, though, belied his expression of loss. Despite the Day of Silence, Darsana grew increasingly loquacious as he reminisced about his hippie youth — hanging out with Joe, mastering the surfboard as well as the bong, taking a three-day drive all the way to Jakarta.
“And my girlfriend was in the back,” he added, to roars of approval from the subdistrict chief as the other pecalang nearby immediately chided him in unison, “Shhhh!”
Sheepishly, Darsana mentioned that, at night, he himself would make sure that his neighbours turned off any electric lights or candles. Only nursing mothers or the sick would be allowed to leave their lights on.
“It’s going to be like Kuta in the 1960s,” he said. After a long pause and perhaps some memories left unmentioned, he added. “Been there, done that.”
Nyepi is a Balinese "Day of Silence" that is
commemorated every Isakawarsa (Sakanew year) according to
Bali's calendar (in 2011, it will be on March 5th). It is a day of silence,
fasting, and meditation. The day following Nyepi is also celebrated as New
Ogoh-ogoh being paraded in Ngrupuk or The Bhuta
Observed from 6 a.m. until 6 a.m. the next morning, Nyepi is
a day reserved for self-reflection and as such, anything
that might interfere with that purpose is restricted. The main restrictions
are: no lighting fires (and lights must be kept low); no working; no
entertainment or pleasure; no traveling; and for some, no talking or eating at
all. The effect of these prohibitions is that Bali’s usually bustling streets
and roads are empty, there is little or no noise from TVs and radios, and few
signs of activity are seen even inside homes. The only people to be seen
outdoors are the Pecalang,
traditional security men who patrol the streets to ensure the prohibitions are
Although Nyepi is primarily a Hindu holiday, non-Hindu residents of Bali observe the day of silence as
well, out of respect for their fellow citizens. Even tourists are not exempt;
although free to do as they wish inside their hotels, no one is allowed onto
the beaches or streets, and the only airport in Bali remains closed for the
entire day. The only exceptions granted are for emergency vehicles carrying those with life-threatening conditions and women about to
On the day after Nyepi, known as Ngembak Geni, social
activity picks up again quickly, as families and friends gather to ask
forgiveness from one another, and to perform certain religious rituals
First, The Melasti Ritual is performed at the 3-4 previous day. It is dedicated to Sanghyang
Widhi Wasa and is performed at the beach to respect them as the owner of The
Land and Sea. The ritual performed in Pura (Balinese temple)near
the sea (Pura Segara) and meant to purify Arca, Pratima, and Pralingga (sacred
objects) belongs to several temples, also to acquire sacred water from the sea.
Second, The Bhuta Yajna Ritual is performed in order to vanquish the negative elements and create
balance with God, Mankind, and Nature. The ritual also meant to appease Batara
Kala by Pecaruan offering. Devout Hindu Balinese villages usually make ogoh-ogoh, demonic statues made of bamboo and paper
symbolizing negative elements or malevolent spirits. After the ogoh-ogoh have
been paraded around the village, the Ngrupuk ritual takes place, which involves
burning the ogoh-ogoh.
Third, The Nyepi Rituals is performed with the following conditions:
Amati Geni: No fire/light, including no electricity
Amati Karya: No working
Amati Lelunganan: No travelling
Amati Lelanguan: Fasting and no revelry/self-entertainment
Fourth, The Yoga/Brata Ritual starts at 6:00 AM (e.g. March 26, 2009) and continues to 6:00 AM
the next day.
Fifth, The Ngebak Agni/Labuh Brata Ritual is performed for all Hindus to forgive each other and to welcome
the new days to come.
Sixth and finally, The Dharma Shanti Rituals is performed as the Nyepi Day or "Day of Silence."
^ Hogue, Thomas (2006-03-24). "In Bali, a
holiday for the ears". The New York Times (New York: NYTC). ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved
Norimitsu (2011-03-06). "Silence
Befalls Bali, but Only for a Day". The New York Times (New York: NYTC).ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved
Juniartha, I Wayan (2008-03-06). "Nyepi, in
search of the silence within". The Jakarta Post.
"Nyepi: Bali's day of
silence". indo.com. Retrieved 2009-01-13.
"Nyepi Day, a silence day to
mark Balinese New Year". balifriend.net. Retrieved 2009-01-13.
Dhadhiati, Anna. "Nyepi: the
balinese silence". essortment.com. Retrieved 2009-01-13.
Year in Bali". villajegeg.com. 2011-01-30. Retrieved 2011-01-30.
Every religion or
culture all over the world has their own way to define and celebrate their
new year. For example, the Chinese have the Imlek year and to celebrate it,
have, as they called it in their own language, "Gong Xi Fat Choy".
The Moslem societies have their Muharam year, and any of the people over the
world using the Gregorian calendar, celebrate the New Year on January 1st.
The same thing also
occurs in Bali, however the Balinese use many different calendar systems.
They have adopted the Gregorian calendar for business and government
purposes. But for the endless procession of holy days, temple anniversaries,
celebrations, sacred dances, building houses, wedding ceremonies, death and
cremation processes and other activities that define Balinese life, they have
two calendar systems. The first is the Pawukon (from the word Wuku which
means week) and Sasih (which is means month). Wuku consists of 30 items
starting from Sinta, the first Wuku and end up with the Watugunung the last
one. The Pawukon, a 210-day ritual calendar brought over from Java in the
14th century, is a complex cycle of numerological conjunctions that provides
the basic schedule for ritual activities on Bali. Sasih, a parallel system of
Indian origin, is a twelve month lunar calendar that starts with the vernal
equinox and is equally important in determining when to pay respect to the
Westerners open the New
Year in revelry, however, in contrast, the Balinese open their New Year in
silence. This is called Nyepi Day, the Balinese day of Silence, which falls
on the day following the dark moon of the spring equinox, and opens a new
year of the Saka Hindu era which began in 78 A.D.
Nyepi is a day to make
and keep the balance of nature. It is based on the story of when King Kaniska
I of India was chosen in 78 A.D. The King was famous for his wisdom and
tolerance for the Hinduism and Buddhism societies. In that age, Aji Saka did
Dharma Yatra (the missionary tour to promote and spread Hinduism) to
Indonesia and introduce the Saka year.
The lead upto Nyepi day
is as follows:
or Mekiyis or Melis (three days before Nyepi)
Melasti is meant to clean the pratima or arca or pralingga (statue),
with symbols that help to concentrate the mind in order to become closer
to God. The ceremony is aimed to clean all nature and its content, and
also to take the Amerta (the source for eternal life) from the ocean or
other water resources (ie lake, river, etc). Three days before Nyepi,
all the effigies of the Gods from all the village temples are taken to
the river in long and colourful ceremonies. There, they have are bathed
by the Neptune of the Balinese Lord, the God Baruna, before being taken
back home to their shrines.
Kesanga (the day before Nyepi)
Exactly one day before Nyepi, all villages in Bali hold a large exorcism
ceremony at the main village cross road, the meeting place of demons.
They usually make Ogoh-ogoh (the fantastic monsters or evil spirits or
the Butha Kala made of bamboo) for carnival purposes. The Ogoh-ogoh
monsters symbolize the evil spirits surrounding our environment which
have to be got rid of from our lives . The carnivals themselves are held
all over Bali following sunset. Bleganjur, a Balinese gamelan music
accompanies the procession. Some are giants taken from classical
Balinese lore. All have fangs, bulging eyes and scary hair and are
illuminated by torches.The procession is usually organised by the Seka
Teruna, the youth organisation of Banjar. When Ogoh-ogoh is being played
by the Seka Teruna, everyone enjoys the carnival. In order to make a
harmonic relation between human being and God, human and human, and
human and their environments, Tawur Kesanga is performed in every level
of society, from the people's house. In the evening, the Hindus
celebrating Ngerupuk, start making noises and light burning torches and
set fire to the Ogoh-ogoh in order to get the Bhuta Kala, evil spirits,
out of our lives.
On Nyepi day itself, every street is quiet - there are nobody doing
their normal daily activities. There is usually Pecalangs (traditional
Balinese security man) who controls and checks for street security.
Pecalang wear a black uniform and a Udeng or Destar (a Balinese
traditional "hat" that is usually used in ceremony). The
Pecalangs main task is not only to control the security of the street
but also to stop any activities that disturb Nyepi. No traffic is allowed,
not only cars but also people, who have to stay in their own houses.
Light is kept to a minimum or not at all, the radio or TV is turned down
and, of course, no one works. Even love making, this ultimate activity
of all leisure times, is not supposed to take place, nor even attempted.
The whole day is simply filled with the barking of a few dogs, the
shrill of insect and is a simple long quiet day in the calendar of this
otherwise hectic island. On Nyepi the world expected to be clean and
everything starts anew, with Man showing his symbolic control over
himself and the "force" of the World, hence the mandatory
Geni (the day after Nyepi)
Ngembak is the day when Catur Berata Penyepian is over and Hindus
societies usually visit to forgive each other and doing the Dharma
Canthi. Dharma Canthi are activities of reading Sloka, Kekidung,
Kekawin, etc.(ancient scripts containing songs and lyrics).
From the religious and
philosophy point of view, Nyepi is meant to be a day of self introspection to
decide on values, eg humanity, love, patience, kindness, etc., that should
kept forever. Balinese Hindus have many kind of celebrations (some sacred
days) but Nyepi is, perhaps the most important of the island's religious days
and the prohibitions are taken seriously, particularly in villages outside of
Bali's southern tourist belt. Hotels are exempt from Nyepi's rigorous
practices but streets outside will be closed to both pedestrians and vehicles
(except for airport shuttles or emergency vehicles) and village wardens
(Pecalang) will be posted to keep people off the beach. So wherever you
happen to be staying on Nyepi Day in Bali, this will be a good day to spend
indoors. Indeed Nyepi day has made Bali a unique island.
Nyepi Day, a silence day to mark
Balinese New Year
Balinese Hindu uses two-calender system. One is Pawukon
system, a 210-day cycle that divided into ten separate week system. The other
one is Saka Calendar, a lunar calendar that originally from South India and
brought to Indonesia around 465 AD. One Saka year has 12 month and each month
ends on a new moon. The Saka Year is 78 years behind the Gregorian calendar.
The calendar begins on the first day of the 10th lunar month or ends on the
new moon of 9th month. It usually falls on March or April on Gregorian Calendar.
To mark the New Saka Year, Balinese celebrates a Nyepi Day. The next Nyepi
Day that will be celebrated on March 30th, 2006 (Gregorian Year) is to
celebrate 1928 Saka Year.
The main purpose of the Nyepi Day ceremonies is to pray
to the God (Hyang Widhi Wasa), wish that HE to clean the universe (bhuwana
agung) as well as the 'universe" within men (bhuwana alit). Based on the
history of its birth of Saka Year, Nyepi Day also means to be a momentum to
increase genuine solidarity and tolerance between people, accept the
differences and similarity as natural factor of life and put them in a
balance proportion so they can be in a positive side of life. We do not to
fight each other because our differences.
Several rites need to be done to
celebrate the Nyepi Day. Those are:
Mekiis or Melis or Melasti as part
of Nyepi Day.
On this day the effigies of God ('pratima') and temple
accessories of each village will be brought in a long and colorful procession
to the beach or water spring or river accompanied by gamelan orchestra and
followed by all villagers dress in traditional temple clothes. This
interesting occasion is usually hold three day or four days before the Nyepi
Day. Once they get into the beach than there will be a communal prayer toward
the ocean. After the rites in the beach finish, the procession is heading
back the village and the effigies of God as well as temple accessories will
be placed in one of the
village temple, Pura Desa. Several communal prayers will
also be held until the last evening before the Nyepi day.
The philosophy of this particular 'Melasti' rite to
Balinese is to cleanse all impure things of human as well as the universe and
to take the essences of life from the ocean. Ocean is the symbol of life
itself that consistently consist of happiness and sadness. Within those
happiness and sadness, we can find the essence of life.
Tawur Kesanga and Caru ,sacrifice
rites before Nyepi Day.
Tawur Kesanga and Caru are sacrifice rituals that hold
one day before the Nyepi Day. Different levels of sacrifice are held for
village, district, regency and provinces by sacrificing chickens, duck, dog,
goat to the biggest one cow or bull. Many kind of plants are also use as part
of the offerings. By using those animal and plants on the ritual, Balinese
are motivated to preserve
the existence of those animal and plants. Balinese are
encouraged to raise the animal and to grow the plant, otherwise they would
not be able to perform their ritual activities and lost their source of life.
The ceremony itself usually held in crossroad of village
or village around noon. For the house compound a smaller rites also held in
family temple and series of offering will be offered in the front gate of
each house. The whole member of family will perform a prayer called
'mabyakala prayascita' to neutralize to bad force (bhutha) within themselves.
On the same day on sunset time around 5 or 6 PM there
will an event called Pengrupukan. Family member will walking around their
compound bringing fire torch and make a lot of noise by kulkul (traditional
bamboo bell). For village level, villagers will also held a procession with
the fire torch and kulkul. Since 1980 this procession also include procession
of Ogoh-Ogoh, a giant monster doll, in the form of demon characters as symbol
of evil (bhuta). The doll mainly made of bamboo and cement sacks. Before the
procession, a ceremony is perform to invite spirits occupy the
Ogoh-Ogoh and after the procession another ceremony is
held to neutralize the spirits by symbolically burn or actually burn the
Ogoh-ogoh. This spirit is believed as spirit of evil (bhuta) that may become
the disturbance for human and the universe and they will be always part of
human and universe. The purpose of the overall ceremony that held on this day
are to neutralize the bad force / spirit (bhuta) so it is not any longer
becomes disturbance but instead become positive force for the good of human
However, for this year, they will be no Ogoh-Ogoh parade
in most part of Bali (perhaps all part of Bali). This decision were made
during the meeting between government and police of Bali, Balinese Hindu
priests and head of village communities due to the political campaign period.
There is suspicion that the Ogoh-Ogoh parade which mainly involving young
crowd may be used for unexpected political interest. Based on religious point
of view, the priests ensure that the non-existing of Ogoh-Ogoh will not
decrease the essential meaning of the Nyepi celebration.
The Nyepi Day, the silence day
On the first day of the New Year
after the noisy night a silence and quite day is perform. Nyepi derive from
'sepi' means silence. The activities in all over the Bali island is stopped
for 24 hours. There are four mandatory religious prohibitions called Catur
Brata Penyepian that should be followed by common Hindu people in Bali. The
prohibitions include amati geni or no fire, amati karya or no work, amati
lelanguan or no entertainment and pleasure, and amati lelungan or no
travelling. These prohibitions help people to control their five earthy
senses by mind and wisdom in order to increase the quality of life for the
upcoming year. For people with higher spiritual ability or willing to have
higher spiritual life are expected to perform further prohibitions include
fasting by not eating or drinking, stay still by not talking, meditating by
focusing the mind to the God and praying.
Ngembak Geni, a day of forgiveness.
The anti-climax of the Nyepi day is
on the following day, which is called Ngembak Geni where people share
happiness by visiting their relatives and friend. The new year is started by
forgiving each other and forget the hate in the past year and work together to
face the challenge of the New Year. Only a simple ritual rite is performed
within the house compound for this day. However, various cakes will be made
to welcome the visit of relatives and friends.
Practical Info for visitors
To witness the Melasti procession,
it is best to be around the beach either in Kuta, Seminyak, Nusa Dua, Sanur
and others. Ask people at your hotel which part of the beach that usually use
for the Melasti near by your hotel and when they usually held the procession.
If you happen already on the road and see people dress in white and yellow on
a parade, just follow them. Please dress properly with sarong, sash and
shirt. Should you are on the beach sunbathing with your bikini and the
procession pass by you please kindly change your bikini with proper cloth or
stay away for a while. It is just too much contrast, you with your bikini
sunbathing, and one meter away Balinese with traditional cloth perform a
serious religious ceremony.
Most likely each village will make at least one
Ogoh-ogoh, the giant doll, and this particular thing will amazed you a lot.
Do drive around in the morning of the day before Nyepi when the Ogoh-Ogoh
will usually placed side of the road. It is a great picture time for the
scary face of the Ogoh-Ogoh. The actual procession of the Ogoh-Ogoh will be
held around sunset so make sure you come back with your vehicle before that
if you do not want to get stuck behind the procession. It is wiser and easier
to witness the procession near by your hotel by foot. In some main town like
Sanur, Kuta, Denpasar, Ubud and others, there are contest for the best
Should you be in Bali or first arrive in Bali on the
juncture of Nyepi Day, you must take the subsequent orders into account:
The silence begins at 5 a.m. of March 21st and the next
24 hours.The airport will be totally closed on March 21st, so there will be
neither arrival nor departure in the airport on that day. All connecting
airports around the globe have been informed about it in advance. If you take
surface trip, you should not plan your arrival in Bali on March 21st, there
is no activity in the bus terminal and most importantly there will be no
traffic on that day in the whole Bali Island.
You should stay inside your house/hotel. Do not go out
of the house/hotel. Should you need food or anything to buy, do it on the
previous day because on Nyepi Day all shops do not open. Since all activities
throughout the island are paused during the Nyepi Day, put your plan before
or ahead. Should you want to make a light or play the music, keep it minimum,
no light and sounds are allowed.Don't make any noise while you are at
There will be local officer on duty to ensure everybody
including visitors obey the prohibitions. Some exceptional are made only for
hospital, emergency situation and family with very young babies. If you
experience any emergency situation please report to the hotel staff or
manager on duty to obtain proper permission.
Melasti – Preparing for Bali's Day of Absolute Quiet
Make Annual Pilgrimage to the Seaside to Guard the Delicate Balance Between
Man, God and Nature.
(3/7/2011) On the run-up to Bali's day of absolute silence "Nyepi," Bali's Hindus observed the ritual
celebration of Melasti on Wednesday, March 2, 2011. On this
date, sacred religious objects are temporarily removed from village temples and
carried to the sea where they can be ritually cleansed in preparations for the
New Year observance that follow three days later.
The Balinese gathered at ocean shores across the island for Melastion Wednesday, starting
from approximately 3:00 pm. Kuta Beach in Bali was packed by local families
wearing traditional dress who flocked to the beach carrying a wide variety of
Young and old alike enthusiastically joined the long processions down to the
beach. There, the Melasti observance began with prayers led by a
Hindu priest, followed by the tossing of offerings into the sea. Then, young
girls are called upon to dance the Rejang - a dance whose very name means
"offering" and is generally performed for the gods with the dancers
backs turned to their human audience. The holy day at the beach concludes with
group prayers and meditations.
Following prayers the sacrifice of live goats, chicken and ducks is made by
throwing the livestock into the ocean's surf. This final part of the Melasti ritual - Pakelem is intended to seek safety and
security from Betara Segara who controls the oceans.
Following festive ogoh-ogoh parades on Friday night, the island
transformed into an isle of complete silence on Saturday, March 5, 2001, when,
from 6 am on Saturday until 24 hours later the Balinese are not allowed to
work, ignite flames, venture forth from their homes or satisfy personal appetites.
© Bali Discovery Tours. Articles may be quoted and reproduced if
attributed to http://www.balidiscovery.com. All images and graphics are
Buta Kala are demons or
malevolent spirits in Balinese mythology.
Come from Sanskit buta means time and kala elements.
They are usually portrayed as monstrous, with missing or
excessive body parts, animal features and the usual fangs, bulging eyes and
Buta-kala are considered as the immediate cause of all that
is injurious to human joy and comfort, physical and mental, natural and social.
Wars, epidemics, catastrophes, arguments, anger, confusion, greed, sadness and
other disturbances are signs of their presence.
The buta-kala are everywhere but their absence is felt
mainly when the gods are distant or when human neglect or wrongdoing has
alienated the Divinity.
Buta-kala are also considered as the angry forms of
divinities when they feel neglected or forgotten. They may also serve the gods
and carry out their orders.
They can also help humans to achieve important goals and
part of the Balinese magic is devoted to offerings to buta-kala.
Ogoh Ogoh monsters are colourful monster sculptures in the
form of creatures of the underworld known in Balinese as buta-kala. They are
made from bamboo frames and paper maché and are mainly built by the youngsters
of the villages and kampungs in the weeks and months before Melasti and Nyepi.
On the day preceding Nyepi, the Hindu new year, all traffic
is blocked and the Ogoh-Ogoh monsters are paraded around near the main
intersections and finally burned in the evening to drive away evil spirits.
Wiener, Margaret J. Visible and Invisible Realms: Power, Magic,
§ A gallery showing many Ogoh Ogoh monsters