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Scorpaeniformes


Pacific Staghorn Sculpin

(Leptocottus armatus)

     
Both adults and juveniles have been observed in Fishing Bay.
     Look for:  Spined, antler-like projections on gill covers
                          12 cm at maturity, to 40 cm
                          Grayish olive above, pale creamy yellow sides and
                                 a white belly.
    Diet: Feeds on a variety of invertebrate, primarily amphipods 
    Habitat: Nearshore, bays, estuaries to depths of 90 m.  
The 
                        staghorn sculpin is more tolerant of salinity change 
                        
than any other species. They are 
often found 
in
 
                         tidepools and
 shallow waters.  Staghorns burrow in 
                        the sand in 
shallow waters in order to hide from 
                         predators.
    Range: Bering Sea to Baja California
    Reproduction: 
 Spawning takes place in winter months.  Eggs are
    laid on rocks and guarded by males.  Hatching occurs in 9-14 
    days and the larvae remains in plankton for 60 days.




                          Buffalo Sculpin

                                                  (Enophrys bison) 
    
     Both adults and juveniles have been observed in Fishing Bay.
     Look for:  Elongated, tapering body, round in cross-section
                        Rounded snout
                        Large head
                        Dark gray, green or brown above, often with light blotches
                        Preopercular spine long and sharp
                        To 37 cm
    Diet: Adults feed mainly on algae, but also shrimps, crabs,
                        amphipods, mussels and small fishes. 
    Habitat:  Commonly found in rocky and sandy inshore areas to 20m.
                        Bottom dweller.
    Range: Kodiak Island, Alaska to Monterey, California
    Reproduction: 
 Spawning takes place in late winter and spring
.  The
    males guard eggs which females have laid on rocks.








 Grunt Sculpin

                                   
   (
Rhamphocottus richardsonii)

    Only adults have been observed in Fishing Bay.    
    
    Look for:  Short, stocky body                        
    
                        Spiny pectoral fins used to crawl or hop over sea floor                        
                      
                        (see video at right of grunt sculpin moving over rocks)                        
                      
                        Yellowish body, often camouflaged                        
                       
                        Fins bright orange                        
                      
                        Pointed snout                        
                      
                        To 9 cm                        
                      
                        Makes grunting noise when rightened or removed  
                      
                              from water                        
                        Often referred to as "cute" or "humorous"    
                        
    Diet: Feeds on zooplankton, invertebrates, fish larvae and small  
    
                      crustaceans.    
    Habitat:  Inhabits tidepools and areas with rocky or sandy bottoms,
    
                         to 165 m.  Frequently takes shelter in discarded bottles,
                         cans or empty shells.    
    Range: Bering Sea to southern California    
    
    Reproduction:  During reproduction, the female chases the male 
                                    into a rocky crevice and keeps him there until she 
                                    has laid her eggs.







Lingcod

                                              (Ophiodon elongatus)

      Only
 juveniles have been observed in Fishing Bay.
      
Look for: 
  Spotted coloration in various shades of gray
                           Large mouth
                           Up to 152 cm
                           Fleshy cirrus above each eye
                           Jaws have small pointed teeth interspersed with larger
                              fang-like teeth
       Diet: Voracious predator feeding on a wide variety of items.  
                    Said to 
eat 
anything they can get into their mouths including
                    invertebrates 
and many species of fish.
     Habitat: Most individuals occupy rocky areas at depths of 10–100m.
     Range: Gulf of Alaska to Baja California
     Reproduction:  Spawning starts in October when males establish 
          nesting 
sites in areas of strong currents among rocky crevices 
          or on ledges. 
Spawning occurs in December to March.  Females 
          leave the nesting
 site immediately after depositing eggs.  The
          male remains at the nest, defending it from predators.  Eggs
          hatch in early March or late April. Juveniles initially inhabit 
          eelgrass beds and sandy or muddy bottoms before migrating to 
          deeper waters.



Alaska Pollock

                                         (Theragra chalcogramma)

      
      Both adults and juveniles have been observed in Fishing Bay.
      
Look for: 
  Olive green to brown on back
                           Silvery sides
                           Often has mottled patterns or blotches
      Diet: eats mostly krill, but may also eat other fish or crustaceans
.
      Habitat:  Adults live near sea floor.  The individuals observed in 
                            Fishing 
Bay have been juvenile.
      Range: North Pacific from Kivalina, Alaska to Carmel, California.
      Notes:  Theragra chalcogramma is a Pacific species and should not
                        be confused with species of Atlantic pollock, Pollachius
                        pollachius and P. virens.
    The Alaska pollock fishery is the largest in the U.S. and one of the 
    largest in the world.  Landings of this species in Alaska are the
    largest of any single species in the United States.  It is a certified
    sustainable fish.



Slimy Snailfish

                                                 (Liparis mucosus)

      
Look for: 
 Color can range from red, brown, pink, 
                            greenish-brown to yellow-green
                          No scales
                          Streamlined body shaped like tadpole
                          Small tail
                          Minuscule eyes and tiny teeth
                          To 7 cm
    Diet: 
    Habitat: 
    Range: 
    Note: 
  (Due to technical difficulties some incorrect info was showing for this  fish. Correct info will be here ASAP.)

staghorn sculpin

buffalo sculpin
buffalo sculpin


grunt sculpin

grunt sculpin








juvenile lingcod








juvenile  pollock






slimy snailfish
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