Workshop on Inclusive Web Programming – Programming on the Web with Open Data for Societal Applications

In conjunction with 36th International Conference on Software Engineering Hyderabad, India; May 31-June 4, 2014


Workshop is confirmed for 01-June-2014

Workshop paper submissions due
(hard deadline)
February 09, 2014
Notification to authors February 24, 2014

Camera-ready copies of authors’ papers
March 14, 2014    


Papers should be submitted on Easychair here.

Arrangements are being made to have all accepted papers appear in ACM Digital Library.

Paper Guidelines

All papers must be consistent with ICSE guidelines in terms of format and paper length. Posters and demos will be up to 4 pages.


[2 June 2014] Workshop proceedings and working notes are now available on the site. The event is now closed.


The  workshop, Inclusive Web Programming – Programming on the Web with Open Data for Societal Applications, IWP 2014 for short, connects  three  themes – open data, web programming and the need to provide better analytics over the web with open data to citizens to promote better quality of life.

Open Government Data is a recent and rapidly growing phenomenon. Governments are increasingly taking initiatives to make their data available online in open formats and under licenses that allow use, reuse & redistribution of government data. More than two hundred open data catalogs exist for cities, state and federal governments that have made their data publicly available. Prominent among them are London (UK), Chicago (USA), Washington DC (USA), Dublin (Ireland), USA (, India ( and Kenya (‎). Some of these agencies have also opened up their data as a platform encouraging development of applications  for public good. There is a World Wide Web Consortium’s working group on Government Linked Data (W3C GLD WG) specifically to promote usage of open data programmatically with web standards.

The  second  theme  is  web  programming.  Services  Oriented Architecture technologies  like  Web  Services  have  simplified application integration across  organizations  and  over the web in the past (2003-2008).  However, their  adoption  in  practice  was  somewhat  limited  due  to  plethora of middleware  technologies to assemble such services (SOAP, JMS, UDDI, .Net). Recently,  this  has seen a shift with mass-scale adoption of web standards (HTTP,  JSON,  REST)  for  integration  leading  to  reduction of the entry barrier.  Consequently, web application development has become democratized with  more  situational  applications being developed by non-programmers at higher   levels  of  abstractions.  Specifically,  applications  are  being developed  (composed)  from  available  services  with  the  aim to quickly prototype  a  capability  following  standard  patterns  of data (resource) access. If the application is found useful, a new application is built with more  robust  constituent  services  by  the same or more trained developer later.   Sites  like  are  promoting  such  simplified web-programming model.

The  third  theme  is  sustainability  as  a  domain  to  build  useful and analytical  applications  that  improve citizens’ quality of life. As human population  increases  and  resources become scarce, there is an increasing challenge faced by governments about how to promote better usage of what we have.  The  scientific  community  has  responded  to  these  challenges by promoting  the computational sustainability vision where resources consumed by  a  city, such as water, energy, land, food and air, can be monitored to know   the  accurate  present  picture  and  then  optimized  for  resource efficiency  without  degrading  quality  of  services  it provides -traffic movement,  water availability, sanitation, public safety, etc. Industry has joined the vision with a “smart” or “intelligent” prefix for cyber-physical systems,  which  involve  sensing  the  data  through physical instruments, interconnecting  and  integrating  them from multiple sources and analyzing them for intelligent patterns.

The  trends  are  converging. In this context, the aims of the workshop are to:
  1. Draw  the  attention  of  the  Software engineering community to the research  challenges  and  opportunities in building web applications using open data for citizens
  2. Draw the attention on the multi-disciplinary dimension and its impact on government   e.g.,  transportation,  energy,  water  management, building, infrastructure
  3. Identify  unique  issues  of  this  domain  and  what  new  (hybrid) techniques  may be needed. As example, since governments and citizens are involved, data security and privacy are first-class concerns.
  4. Explore  the  software life cycle for the web applications including building,  hosting  and  maintenance, commercialization, upgrades and retirement
  5. Cloud hosting issues
  6. Elaborate  a  benchmark  for testing web applications techniques for city applications
  7. Provide a platform for sharing best-practices and discussion
  8. Understand how governments can help in better usage of their data and building  of  high-quality, usable applications, and provide feedback to improve

We encourage submissions that deal with topics involved in building web or mobile programs (applications and APIs) leveraging open data. Special preference  will  be given  to  contributions that go beyond open to other data  sources (e.g., enterprise) and drive citizen centric decisions.

Topics of interest include, but not restricted to, are:

  1. Experience in building and deploying Applications (apps) using public data
  2. Application Program Interfaces (APIs) for working with Public Data
  3. API programming model
  4. API composition
  5. API patterns
  6. Web-program testing
  7. Web programming life cycle
  8. Semantic APIs
  9. Platforms  to  manage  government  data: provenance, access control and privacy-preserving issues in open data
  10. Semantic models and APIs
  11. Linked open data tools
  12. Semantic event detection and classification
  13. Applications   in   cities  e.g.,  transportation,  public  safety, healthcare, water / energy / building management
  14. Web-based spatio-temporal reasoning, analysis and visualization
  15. User interfaces and interaction
  16. Issues in scaling out; Case studies, successes, lessons learnt

Workshop Notes

The official workshop proceedings can be found in the ACM Digital library here. (Note: due to publication deadlines, not all papers are here but listed at this site.)

[1 June 2014]

It was a hectic day of high-quality discussion around IWP topics - open data, APIs and how to build high-quality social applications. By the end, it became clear that developer community should adopt libraries and best practices that promote security, performance and usability. The reason it was not emphasised was because most of the apps were not planned for commercial success when customers demand it.

1. Opening session was by Ms Neeta Verma who gave an overview of Open Data platform, policies and status
   - Biplav gave demo of portals from India (, US (, and city level - Chicago []

2. Session 2
  - Paper on Enabling the development of safer mashups for open data Safe mashups talked about attacks while building client-side mashups. They
     have built a JS library through which attacks can be prevented. Demo and codes are here:
     * (Code)

   - Paper on Full Community Engagement & Open Government Data: An Indian Case Study was done by Biplav
      * Talked about experience with usage of open data from India and in running Hackathons around it

   - Paper on Emerging Trends: Apps in Event Management talked about a use-case in running an app for technical (student) conference.
      They suggested working on locating toilets using open data which was appreciated. More inputs were given on using the event platform for crowd
       management to overcome stampede situations

3. Session 3
    - Paper on Building Apps With Open Data in India: An Experience talked about issues with the open data platform including support for search,
      lack of semantics and sufficient metadata.

     - Paper on From Architectural Requirements Towards an Open Architecture for Web and Mobile Societal Applications, talked about how to
        conform to open arch. while building apps. They shared experiences with previously closed IT systems.

      - The panel on Hackathon with winners of India's OpenDataApps Hackathon (Announced Feb 2014). Attendees were Aby Mathew from
        MarketWatch team and Neil Mathew from Gramseva team. They were asked about their motivations, challenges faced and what tooling
        could have helped them. The main points that emerged were:
        * Support to internationalize app, have multi-lingual support is needed,
        * In testing, basic availability is checked but not performance or security. To get commercially successful apps, the issues need to
           be considered. Libraries like SafeMash can help along with training.
        * Selection of platform to support in apps is important
        * It was felt that apps should be disability friendly by design, and this should be promoted

     - Discussion around engaging community around city- and national- level visualisations and analytics.
        * Biplav showed Amsterdam portal:
        * Discussion on how to support for Indian cities and national level
        * Consensus to have meet up activities around the theme.

Schedule (planned)

 09:00 - 10:30 Session I
           Introductions - [15 mins]
           Invited talk - 1 [60 + 15 mins]

10:30 - 11:00 Break

11:00 - 12:30 Session 2
           Full paper #2 - [30 mins]
           Full paper #3 - [30 mins]
           Short papers #1 & #2 - [15 + 15 mins]

12:30 - 14:00 Lunch

14:30 - 16:00 Session 3
           Invited talk - 2 [60 + 15 mins]
           Full paper #1 - [30 mins]
           Short paper #3 - [15 mins]

16:00 - 16:30 Break

16:30 - 17:45 Session 4
           Panel - [60 mins]
           Concluding comments - [15 mins]

Peer-reviewed Accepted Papers (in proceedings)

Paper: Type, Title, All Authors
  1. Full Building Apps With Open Data in India: An Experience Mitesh Vasa; Srikanth Tamilselvam;
  2. Full Enabling the development of safer mashups for open data Krishna Chaitanya; Venkatesh Choppella;
  3. Full Community Engagement & Open Government Data: An Indian Case Study Durgaprasad Misra; Alka Mishra;
  4. Short SMS based Service Delivery Platform for Mobile Cloud Applications Murali Kalyan; Siba Charan Pradhan;
  5. Short Emerging Trends: Apps in Event Management Vishalaksh Aggarwal; Nadeem Ansari;
  6. Short From Architectural Requirements Towards an Open Architecture for Web and Mobile Societal Applications Bahtijar Vogel; Arianit Kurti; Tommi Mikkonen; Marcelo Milrad;

Panel Participants - Winners of India's OpenDataApps Hackathon (Announced Feb 2014)
Entry descriptions (unreviewed):

  1. MarketWatch, by Salmon KP, Ameen Rashad, Aby Mathew(description)
  2. Indian Health stats, by Saurav Gupta (description)
  3. Go tourist, by Saurabh Kumar Verma (description)
  4. Earth Core, by Anshu Handa, Anmol Gupta (description)
  5. Gramseva - app for agricultural commodity prices, by Neil Mathew (description)


Dr.  Biplav Srivastava, IBM Research - India, New Delhi
Ms Neeta Verma, National Informatics Centre, DeitY, Govt of India

Program Committee

    •    Dr. Srinivas Padmanabhuni, Infosys Labs
    •    Dr. Ullas Nambiar, EMC, India
    •    Arjun Natarajan, IBM Research, USA
    •    Florian Pinel, IBM Research, USA
    •    Dr. Sugata Ghosal, IBM Research – India
    •    Pankaj Dhoolia, IBM Research – India
    •    Bob Schloss, IBM Research, USA
    •    Dr. Maja Vukovic,  IBM Research, USA
    •    Dr. Tope Omitola, University of Southampton, UK
    •    Prof. Mark Fox, University of Toronto, Canada
    •    Prof. Aditya Ghose, University of Wollongong, Australia
    •    Pramod Anantharam, Wright State University, USA
    •    D P Misra, NIC, India
    •    Prof. Deepak Khemani, IIT Madras, India
    •    Dr. John Breslin, National University of Ireland, Galway, Ireland