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Aim of this Game

  • Increase the river base-flow by 10% and reduce pollution levels by 10% through improved management of the natural resources by the year 2020.

Issues addressed

  • poor land-use practices
  • pollution from urban development
  • siltation from roads
  • high poverty levels

Game structure / Spatial map

Players' roles & other relevant stakeholders

  • offer services to clients
  • increase income
Irrigation farmers
  • Increase food security
  • Increase income
Town residents
  • Avail clean water
  • increase incomes
Livestock farmers
  • Increase food security
  • increase income
Subsistence farmers
  • Increase food security
  • increase income
  • extension services

Resources considered

  • money
  • land
  • labor
  • soil
  • biodiversity
  • water
  • pollution

Activities per role

Livestock farmer-

  • livestock farming
  • sand harvesting
  • hunting
  • bee keeping
  • charcoal burning

Town residents-

  • abattoirs
  • live animal sale
  • construction
  • water treatment
  • car washing
  • petroleum sale


  • Education
  • healthcare
  • construction
  • incineration
  • laboratory services

Subsistence farmers

  • charcoal burning
  • maize, sorghum and peas farming

Irrigation farmers

  • kale
  • tomato
  • banana and
  • fruits growing

Environmental dynamic

Seasonal variation of water volumes (quantity)

Ecologically damaging activities

Upstream pollution

Rules for the players

The rules include:

  • engage in activities that bring economic gain
  • make enough money to sustain the family needs

Game organization

The game is modeled from river Thanantu, in Tharaka nithi. This is part of the mid-river system of Tana River basin. The area captured has a number of economic activities directly reliant on the river. As such, water quality and quantity are the main aspects being brought out in the game.