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River Basin Game

Aim of this Game

  • Raise awareness on the impacts of activities along the river basin for sustainable management of natural resources by the year 2020.

Issues addressed

  1. Water issues
  • Quality (pollution)
  • Quantity (over-abstraction and obstruction)

     2.  Environmental issues

  • Quarrying
  • Sand harvesting
  • Riparian cultivation
  • Low tree cover
  • Soil Erosion
  • Deforestation

Game structure / Spatial map

Players' roles & other relevant stakeholders

  1. commercial farmers
  • grow food for large-scale sale
  • make money
    2.    Subsistence farmers
  • grow food for small scale sale & self sustenance
  • make money
    3.    Factories
  • tea, coffee and milk processing
  • make money
    4.    Town dwellers
  • make money
    5.    Livestock keepers
  • make money
  • improve food security
    6.    Kenya Forest Service (KFS) &  Water Resource management Authority (WRMA)- administrative officers  
  • licensing of resource users
  • monitoring and regulation of resource use

Resources considered

  • Land
  • Money
  • Water
  • Human labor
  • tea
  • coffee
  • milk

Activities per role

 commercial farmer-
  •  tea,
  • coffee,
  •  dairy
 subsistence farmer-
  • maize,
  • banana,
  • quarrying and
  • beans growing
  •  tea 
  • milk
  • and coffee processing
 town dwellers-
  • car washing,
  • illegal logging,
  • abattoirs
 livestock farmer-
  • charcoal burning,
  • livestock keeping,
  • sand harvesting,
  • fishing

Environmental dynamic

  • biodiversity destruction/degradation
  • seasonal water quantity and quality variation

Rules for the players

  • make enough money to sustain family needs
  • be mindful of environmental degradation

Game organization

The game is based on the upstream section of River Tana Basin from its source in Mt. Kenya. At the foothills of the mountain are small-scale farmers, who cultivate on the edges of the forest. Town dwellers are found further downstream. Commercial farmers and factories are also found in this area. Most environmentally damaging economic activities occur within the town. Further downstream are the livestock keepers.

The game is a reflection of the effects of pollution in the dry season. This is when water volumes are too small to dilute all the pollutants channeled into it and so the impacts of environmental degradation are clearly brought out.

christine wambui Mburu,
10 déc. 2013 à 01:52