ICT-based In-Service Teacher Education for Secondary School Teachers in Tanzania

The millennium goal to “achieve general primary school for all” is about to be reached in Tanzania. Almost all children start primary school, the "net enrolment ratio" was 97.3% in 2007. However, the pressure on secondary education caused by the higher number of primary school leavers has created a shortage of secondary school teachers with adequate capacity. Courses at-a-distance, using the communicative potential of ICT to extend learning beyond the classroom walls, might be the only realistic way to train the number of teachers necessary.

The project "ICT-Based In-Service Teacher Education for Secondary School Teacher in Tanzania"  (ICT BITES) was set up to deal with the shortage of qualified teachers. The project was initiated by the Ministry of Education and Vocational Training in Tanzania and is funded by SPIDER, The Swedish Program for ICT in Developing Regions.

There is a special focus in the project on in-service education of "Licensed Teachers", teachers with only a few weeks of formal teacher education.A number of these licensed teachers are enrolled in an education program run by the Open University of Tanzania. 50 students in this group will participate in the project pilot, using ICT to increase their capacity as teachers.

Some goals of the project are:

1. To "exploit the interactive potential of ICT in the provision of modern education theory and practice via distance education programmes."

One of the leading e-learning institutions in Sweden is Mid Sweden University (MiUn). About 80% of the teacher training at MiUn is on distance, using a blended learning approach. MiUn is contributing to the project with its experience in using ICT and Internet in teaching and learning.

The project uses the e-learning platform Moodle for interaction between the teacher/tutor and the student, for student group work, for assignments and assessments.

2. To use available infrastructure and media: “Develop models for communication and distribution of learning material for different technical environments (broadband, VSAT, mobile phones, CD/DVD, memory cards etc).”

In Tanzania, like in many other countries in the developing world, the general infrastructure is weak. However, the mobile phone networks offer new possibilities to communicate. In Tanzania where the population is about 40 millions, there are about 10 millions of mobile phones.

3. To exploit other possibilities of the new global world of information and communication: “Support teachers to handle the challenges of using e-resources through knowledge sharing, networking and collaboration for improving teaching." The use of “Open Course ware” is one of these possibilities.

For more information about the project, please contact



For information about various techniques for e-learning and m-learning (mobile learning)  used in the project, please visit the blog m-e-learning.blogspot.com

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