Glossing of functional morphemes (affixes, adpositions, particles)
If you use glosses not listed here or prefer different terminology, please inform us at icaalprojects AT gmail.com.
Lexical items functioning as grammatical markers should be glossed with their lexical form if the connection is synchronically transparent. If possible, a one-to-one correspondence is preferable. If a verb meaning 'give' is also used as causative (permissive/jussive) and/or benefactive marker, the consistent use of the gloss 'give' tells more about the structure of the language than a gloss like CAUS or BEN. The function in each example should be evident from the translation. If a morpheme is fully lexicalised, the gloss should reflect this.
Grammatical labels for AA handbook