Department of Cognitive Science, University of California, San Diego
Summer Session I (June 29 - Aug 1, 2009)
Instructor: Kensy Cooperrider

Lectures: TuTh, 11:00 am - 1:50 pm, Center Hall 205
Office hours: Tu 2:30 - 3:30 pm; Th 9:30 - 10:30 am (CSB 217)

Face-to-face interaction is a cornerstone of social life. In this course we will analyze face-to-face interaction as an everyday, richly structured, quintessentially human activity. Our focus will be on non-linguistic, embodied aspects of interaction such as turn-taking, gaze, facial expression, affect, joint attention, and gesture. We'll look at other societies (and occasionally other species) to try to better understand the interplay of human biology and cultural convention. We'll discuss findings from a range of different disciplines, including anthropology, cognitive psychology, gesture studies, neuroscience, and ethology. We'll take on questions like: How is conversation organized? How is eye contact used across cultures? Why are head shakes used to express negation? Where did laughter come from? Why do we gesture when we speak? And many, many more.



Tuesday, June 30. Face-to-face interaction as the basic mode of human sociality

(1) Clark, Herbert H. (1996). Using Language. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. [only Chapter One, 'Language Use']
(2) Levinson, Stephen C. (2006). On the human "interaction engine". In N. J. Enfield & S. C. Levinson (Eds.), Roots of human sociality: Culture, cognition and interaction (pp. 39-69). Oxford: Berg.

Thursday, July 2. Conversation; discourse markers

(1) Stivers, Tanya, et al. (2009). Universals and cultural variation in turn-taking in conversation. PNAS, 106 (26), pp. 10587-92.

(2) Clark, Herbert H. (2002). Conversation, structure of. In L. Nadel (Ed.) Enyclopedia of Cognitive Science (pp. 820-3). Basingstoke, England: Macmillan.


Monday, July 6th. Assignment #1 due by noon.

Tuesday, July 7. Interpersonal space; interpersonal coordination

(1) Ciolek, T. Matthew and Adam Kendon (1980). Environment and the spatial arrangement of conversational encounters. Sociological Inquiry, 50 (3-4), 237-271.
(2) Chartrand, Tanya L. and John A. Bargh (1999). The Chameleon Effect: The Perception-Behavior Link and Social Interaction. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 76 (6), 893-910.

Thursday, July 9.  Eyes, gaze, and mutual gaze

(1) Tomasello, Michael. (2007). For human eyes only. New York Times Op-Ed, January 13, 2007.

(2) Goodwin, Charles (1981). Conversational Organization: Interaction Between Speakers and Hearers. New York: Academic Press. [only Chapter Two, 'Achieving Mutual Orientation at Turn Beginning']


Tuesday, July 14. Facial expression; laughter, tickling, and yawning

(1) Bavelas, J. B., & Chovil, N. (1997). Faces in dialogue. In J. A. Russell & J. Fernandez-Dols (Eds.), The psychology of facial expression (pp. 334-346). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.   

(2) Fridlund, Alan. J. (1997). The new ethology of human facial expressions. In J. A. Russell & J. Fernandez-Dols (Eds.), The psychology of facial expression (pp. 103-129). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

(3) Provine, Robert R. (1997). Yawns, laughs, smiles, tickles, and talking: Naturalistic and laboratory studies of facial action and social communication. In J. A. Russell & J. Fernandez-Dols (Eds.), The psychology of facial expression (pp. 158-175). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Thursday, July 16. Deixis and demonstratives; Pointing

(1) Diessel, Holger (2006). Demonstratives. In Keith Brown (ed.) Encyclopedia of Language and Linguistics, 430-435. Elsevier: Oxford.
(2) Kita, Sotaro (2003). Pointing: A foundational building block of human communication. In S. Kita (Ed.) Pointing : where language, culture, and cognition meet (pp. 1-8). Mahwah, N.J.: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
Friday, July 17. Assignment #2 due by 5 pm.


Tuesday, July 21. Gesture

(1) Kendon, Adam (1997). Gesture. Annual Review of Anthropology, 26, 109-28.

Thursday, July 23. Joint activities in the material world
(1) Clark, Herbert H. (2005). Coordinating with each other in a material world. Discourse Studies, 7 (4-5), 507-525.

Friday, July 24. Assignment #3 due by noon.


Tuesday, July 28. Greetings; Time


Thursday, July 30. Negation; Demonstrations


Friday, July 31. Assignment #4 due by 5 pm.