The State of Arizona has adopted a number of laws intended to discourage the presence of undocumented aliens within the state. Among these are (1) laws that make it a crime for noncitizens to fail to carry alien registration papers and that make it a crime for an undocumented alien to apply for work, and (2) laws that require employers to participate in federal programs for electronic verification of citizenship, and that impose sanctions on employers who hire undocumented aliens.
In Chamber of Commerce v. Whiting __ U.S. __ (2011) the Supreme Court upheld the state law imposing restrictions upon Arizona employers. However, in the case of United States v. Arizona, 641 F.3d 349 (9th Cir. 2011) the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals affirmed a decision of the District Court striking down the laws requiring noncitizens to carry alien registration papers and that made it a crime for undocumented aliens to apply for work. The decision of the Ninth Circuit is on appeal before the United States Supreme Court.
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