Science is often, and rightly enough, seen as the epitome of what reasoning can achieve. The common view sees the individual genius rather than more communal as being responsible for these achievements. Historians and sociologists of science, on the contrary, put forward the importance of laboratories, meetings and the process of conviction and argumentation.
This more realistic vision of science dovetails nicely with the idea that reasoning has an argumentative function. Christophe Heintz and I are working on some papers that will try to uncover interesting convergences between these approaches - the historical, the sociological, and the psychological.
Galileo's Dialogue Concerning the Two Chief Systems
of the World
Mercier, H. & Heintz, C. (2013) "The place of evolved cognition in scientific thinking."Religion, Brain and Behavior
Mercier, H. & Heintz, C. (2014) Scientists’ argumentative reasoning. Thematic issue of Topoi.