Islam in International Relations: Islamism
 

Islam in International Relations: Islamism (Spring 2008)

Underwood College

Horace Jeffery Hodges

 

Course Description: As the title suggests, the course will attempt to understand the rise of Islamism in our time by tracing its development through reading primary and secondary sources. Students are expected to be familiar with Samuel P. Huntington’s article on the clash of civilizations, which argues that civilizations clash because they are based upon religions appealing to different fundamental values. This approach enables us to see two aspects to Islamism’s rise, as actor and as reactor.

 

Weekly Assignments: I have listed below the sources that I have located so far, but it will be expanded. Some of these will be required reading, and we will discuss these texts thoroughly, as in a seminar. However, most of these articles will be provided as resources for a paper to be written for the class. Student are expected to expand the list to fit their own research.

 

Classtime Work: Reading, analysis, and discussion of selected articles from the list below. Students are expected to read each assignment before class and come prepared for discussion. We will have regular student presentations to facilitate discussion.

 

Graded Work: Thesis paper of about 15 paragraphs, with formal thesis statement and sound sources. Two drafts to be written, each graded, with course grade depending on improvement.

 

 

Week                  Assignment

 

1.   3/5                Introduction

      3/7                Mneimneh/Makiya, "Manual for a 'Raid'" & Internet Research

2.   3/12              Handout: Thesis Statement, Introductory, Middle, Concluding Paragraphs

      3/14              Presentations: Islamism. Also: Decisions on Research Directions

3.   3/19              Presentations:

      3/21              Presentations:

4.   3/26              Presentations:

      3/28              Presentations:

5.   4/2                Presentations:

      4/4                Presentations:

6.   4/9                Presentations:

      4/11              Presentations:

7.   4/16              Presentations:

      4/18              Presentations:

8.   4/23              Midterm Week: Thesis Statement Due

      4/25              Presentations:

9.   4/30              Presentations:

      5/2                Presentations:

10. 5/7                Presentations:

      5/9                Presentations:

11. 5/14              Presentations:

      5/16              Presentations:

12. 5/21              Presentations:

      5/23              Presentations:

13. 5/28              Essays Due: First Draft

      5/30              Presentations:

14. 6/4                Presentations:

      6/6                Holiday

15. 6/11              Presentations:

      6/13              Presentations:

16. 6/18              Presentations:

      6/20              Essay Due: Final Draft

 

NOTE: The following items are sometimes linked to Wikipedia sites, but the link is no endorsement of Wikipedia as a reliable source, and it should not be cited as a source in papers. Wikpedia is merely a useful resource, used for preliminary research but not to be trusted and always to be checked.

 

Islamist Orientations

 

Al-Qaeda http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Al-Qaeda

Deobandi http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Deobandi

Islamism http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Islamism

Islamofascism http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Islamofascism

Muslim Brotherhood http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Muslim_Brotherhood

 Salafism http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Salafi

 Wahhabism http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wahhabi

 

 

Personalities

 

Jamal al-Din al-Afghani http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jamal_al-Din_al-Afghani

Mohamed Atta http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mohamed_Atta

Abdullah Yusuf Azzam http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Abdullah_Yusuf_Azzam

Hassan al-Banna http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hassan_al-Banna

Ruhollah Musawi Khomeini http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ayatollah_Khomeini

Abul Ala Maududi http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Abul_Ala_Maududi

Sayyid Qutb http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sayyid_Qutb

Ibn Taymiyyah http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ibn_Taymiyyah

Muhammad ibn Abd-al-Wahhab http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Muhammad_ibn_Abd-al-Wahhab

 

Websites (Professional)

 

Combating Terrorism Center (West Point) http://www.ctc.usma.edu/default.asp

Global Security Organization http://www.globalsecurity.org/

Long War Journal (Bill Roggio) http://www.longwarjournal.org/

MEMRI Islamist Website Monitor Project http://www.memriiwmp.org/

Online Magazine (Michael Yon) http://michaelyon-online.com/

Political Islam Online http://www.politicalislam.org/

Threats Watch (Bill Roggio et al.) http://threatswatch.org/

 

Websites (Nonprofessional)

 

Wikipedia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Main_Page

  

Blogs

 

Belmont Club (Richard Fernandez) http://fallbackbelmont.blogspot.com/

Counterterrorism Blog (Andrew Cochran et al.) http://counterterrorismblog.org/

Global Guerrillas (John Robb) http://globalguerrillas.typepad.com/globalguerrillas/

Middle East Journal (Michael Totten) http://www.michaeltotten.com/

 

Bibliography

 

 

Aboul-Enein - Khalidi - Revitalizing Qutb http://ctc.usma.edu/publications/pdf/Khalidi-Qutb.pdf

Aboul-Enein and Zohur - Islamic Rulings on Warfare http://www.au.af.mil/au/awc/awcgate/ssi/islam_warfare.pdf

Berman - The Philosopher of Islamic Terror http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9F01E7D91731F930A15750C0A9659C8B63

Berman - Who's Afraid of Tariq Ramadan? http://www.tnr.com/docprint.mhtml?i=20070604&s=berman060407

Cook - Paradigmatic Jihadi Movements http://ctc.usma.edu/publications/pdf/CTC-Paradigmatic_Jihadi_Movements-10_06.pdf

Crone - Islam and Religious Freedom http://www.omnibus.uni-freiburg.de/~mr5/dot2007/vortrag_crone_final.doc

Eikmeier - Qutbism - Islamic Fascism http://carlisle-www.army.mil/usawc/Parameters/07spring/eikmeier.pdf

Felter - Cracks in Foundation - Leadership Schisms http://ctc.usma.edu/aq/pdf/Harmony_3_Schism.pdf

Felter and Fishman - Al Qa'ida's Foreign Fighters in Iraq http://www.ctc.usma.edu/harmony/pdf/CTCForeignFighter.19.Dec07.pdf

Fine - Contrasting Secular and Religious Terrorism http://www.meforum.org/article/1826

Fishman - Fourth Generation Governance http://www.ctc.usma.edu/pdf/ISI--Fourth_Gen4.pdf

Fishman - Al-Qa'ida's Imaginary Emir http://www.ctc.usma.edu/pdf/ISI--al-baghdadi%20fictitious2.pdf

Freeman - Democracy, Al Qaeda, Terrorism http://www.informaworld.com/smpp/content~content=a789156218~db=all~order=page

Hafez - Rationalty Culture Suicide Bombers http://mywebsite.register.com/db4/00365/suicidebombersiniraq.com/_download/rationalty_culture_suicide_bombers.pdf

Hamid - (Fradkin-Haqqani-Brown - Current Trends Islamist Ideology) - Development Jihadi Mind http://www.futureofmuslimworld.com/research/ctID.9/ctrend.asp

Huntington - Clash of Civilizations http://www.foreignaffairs.org/19930601faessay5188/samuel-p-huntington/the-clash-of-civilizations.html

Ibn Taimiyyah - Jihad http://abdurrahman.org/jihad/ibntaimiyyahjihad.html

Kydd and Walter - Strategies of Terrorism http://muse.jhu.edu/journals/international_security/v031/31.1kydd.html

Jasser - Americanism vs. Islamism: A Personal Perspective http://www.fpri.org/enotes/200801.jasser.americanismislamism.html

Kowalski - Geographical Spatial Imaginings of Islamist Extremism http://etd.uwaterloo.ca/etd/jdkowals2005.pdf

LaRossa - The Anchor of a Movement: Religious Ideology in Islamism http://www.allianceforunderstanding.org/literary/former%20articles/commentary/religiousideology.htm

Lia - Al Qaida Strategist Abu Mu'sab al Suri http://www.mil.no/multimedia/archive/00076/_The_Al-Qaida_strate_76568a.pdf

Lilla - Politics of God http://www.nytimes.com/2007/08/19/magazine/19Religion-t.html?_r=1&ex=1188273600&en=e84ed0ef107e84f7&ei=5070&emc=eta1&oref=slogin

Magouirk-Atran-Sageman - Connecting Terrorist Networks http://www.informaworld.com/smpp/content~content=a789156026~db=all~order=page

McCants - Problems with the Arabic Name Game http://ctc.usma.edu/publications/pdf/Problems%20with%20the%20Arabic%20Name%20Game.pdf

McGregor: Jihad and the Rifle Alone http://www.lib.unb.ca/Texts/JCS/Fall03/mcgregor.pdf

Mneimneh and Makiya - Manual for a 'Raid' http://www.nybooks.com/articles/article-preview?article_id=15106

Najdi - Management of Savagery http://ctc.usma.edu/publications/naji.asp

Pavlin - Ibn Taymiyya, Taqi al-Din (1263-1328) http://www.muslimphilosophy.com/ip/rep/H039.htm

Ranstorp - Virtual Sanctuary of Al Qaeda http://www.forsvarshogskolan.se/upload/Utbildning/Dokument/Publikationer/ISS/Virtual%20Al%20Qaeda%20-%20Ranstorp.pdf

Sageman - Understanding Terror Networks http://www.fpri.org/enotes/20041101.middleeast.sageman.understandingterrornetworks.html

Wahhab - Book of Tawheed http://islamicweb.com/beliefs/creed/abdulwahab/

Ward - Osama's Wake- 2nd Generation Al Qaeda http://www.au.af.mil/au/awc/awcgate/cpc-pubs/ward2.pdf

Wiktorowicz - Anatomy Salafi Movement http://informaworld.com/index/742005956.pdf

Wiktorowicz - Genealogy of Radical Islam http://www.informaworld.com/smpp/content~content=a725270654~db=all