B. Panic Disorder

     Panic Disorder is an anxiety disorder characterized by minute-long episodes of terror and apprehension called "panic attacks". These debilitating attacks have many physical symptoms, including a racing heartbeat and sweating (for all, see chart below). Panic disorder is a vicious cycle, as it often causes people to become more afraid of having another panic attack, which makes them more likely to have another one. This can cause them to fear going out in public or fear going places where they have had panic attacks, which is called Agoraphobia. The disorder is two times as prevalent in women as in men, and 2.4 million adult Americans suffer from it (10). 
    There are no certain causes for panic disorder, but it can run in families (11). However, most doctors believe that panic disorders are caused when a person interprets nonthreatening stimuli as threatening. This causes their body to release adrenaline, but when that isn't used in a flight-or-fight response, it builds up, causing a panic attack later (12). Panic disorder is treated using psychotherapy and cognitive behavioral therapy. Another way it is treated is using medication. The medicines are usually anti-anxiety drugs, but antidepressants can also be used (10). 


http://www.cc.gatech.edu/gvu/people/Phd/Rob.Kooper/Thesis/images/Table4.1.gif (13)                             (14)

Dealing With Panic Attacks And Anxiety Simulation

 
The above video shows what it is like to experience your first panic attack and shows how it is possible to get another panic attack because of your fear of it. (27).



THE PANIC CYCLE CHART: (28)

Comments