As opposed to any other theory or discussion available in the present era, it is found ...(according to ancient VED and PURAN)... that the present epoch or the present Yug is not KALI YUG but DWAPAR YUG.
Ancient Indian astronomy has told us about the ORBIT or REVOLUTION of each celestial body around other such celestial body. Moon revolves around the Earth, Earth revolves around the Sun, Sun revolves around the centre of Milky Way Galaxy and so on. Hence, the continuous motion was called JAGATHYAM and the world was being called as JAGAT. It is to be noted that the Sun also orbits one specific star (yet undiscovered by scientists). Scientists call such a phenomenon as a dual revolution of two stars (as shown here). Sun revolves around this new star in about 24,000 earth years. Other point that was found was that this celestial phenomenon has a certain impact i.e. it causes the backward movement of the equinoctial points around the Rashi/Zodiac constellations belt. These Zodiacs/Rashi are visible constellations/tara-samuh in the sky. They are the stars from our own galaxy and not from outside of Milky Way galaxy. All Rashi/Zodiac lies in the path of Sun and Moon and can be seen at night along a belt from east to west, called as zodiac belt. Research into this dual revolution of our Sun is being conducted by the Binary Research Institute. The backward motion of equinoctial point has again a certain impact on our solar system and us which is presented towards the bottom of the page.
The sun also has another motion by which it revolves around a grand centre called Vishnu-Nabhi, the Galactic Center of our universe. It is also named as the seat of the creative power. Thus, although sun revolves around Vishnu Nabhi, it also orbit his dual star during its galactic revolution. It can be seen as two dual stars one of which is our Sun orbit around each other while at the same time revolving around the galactic centre. Sun orbit around its binary star and takes 12,000 earth years to move away from Vishnu Nabhi (galactic centre) and next 12,000 earth years to move back towards it.
As the Sun starts moving away from Vishnu-Naabhi, it goes on a circular path along with its specific dual star, and finally returns to the same point. It takes the sun 24,000 years of our Earth. During this trip OUR solar system experiences the changing Epochs or Yug (because of this motion) in the following manner :
Few interesting facts based on this actual time system are following :
The process is better understood if one understand about equinoctial points. Now the Sun along with our solar system performs its revolution around its dual star in 24,000 years. This motion, as mentioned earlier, causes the equinoctial points to move backwards along the zodiac constellations. During this period, our Sun also perform another motion. It moves away but again comes back close to the Grand Centre in those 24,000 years. Now in this present era, the autumnal equinoctial point occurs in Virgo constellation while the vernal equinoctial point occurs just opposite to that every year in Pisces constellation. Western philosophers gave more importance to the vernal equinoctial point and hence they said that we are in the Piscean Age.
It can be said that presently we are in the Virgo-Piscean Age and in 2499 A.D. we will enter the Leo-Aquarius Age.
According to MANUSANHITA written by the great sage Manu of Sat Yug,
"Sat yug is 4000 years long added with 400 years of its arising and 400 years of its setting down.
Next three yug decrease by one respectively from the thousands of 4 going to 3 then 2 and finally 1 in kali yug .
( 400+4000+400.............300+3000+300.........200+2000+200.....100+1000+100 )
This cycle of epoch or yug covering 12,000 years is called one daytime of Brahma having the same length of His night afterwards."
The great sage Manu is described in Wikipedia as,
Vaivasvata Manu, whose original name was Satyavrata, saved humanity from the great flood — after being warned of it by the Matsya avatar of Vishnu, who had also advised him to build a giant boat. The story is mentioned in early Hindu scriptures such as the Satapatha Brahmana, Now this has often been compared with the popular traditions of a Great Deluge from other cultures around the world, particularly that of Noah's Ark mentioned in Bible and Qur'an. Because Manu was believed to be absolutely honest, he was initially known as Satyavrata ("One with the oath of truth").
If one understand and believes this cycle, astronomical scriptures tell us that the major/vernal equinoctial point was at a distance of 20°54'36'' from the first point ( called as Revati Nakshatra or ζ- Piscium star) of Aries constellation ( Mesh Rashi ) in 1894. It can then be calculated that it has been 1394 years since major/vernal equinoctial point passed this point (remember that the equinoctial points move opposite to the direction of zodiac series). Now Kali Yug is 1200 years long. Subtracting these 1200 years of Kali Yug from so found 1394 years, it can be concluded that Kali Yug ended 194 years (1394-1200=194) before 1894.
To find out how did we got the wrong information about yug...click this link below in subpages (1)