Research Homeschooling Methods
The Montessori method, developed in 1907 by Dr. Maria Montessori, was based on her discovery that children teach themselves. She designed a "prepared environment" which allowed children to freely choose from several developmentally appropriate activities.
A hands-on approach to learning. Children are encouraged to develop observation skills by doing different types of activities, which include the use of the five senses, small and large motor skill coordination, kinetic movement, spatial refinement, and concrete knowledge that will later lead to abstraction.
Arranged according to subject area, and children are free to move around the room instead of staying at their desks. There is no limit to how long a child can work on an activity.
There are no grades and no papers are corrected. Assesment is accomplished through teacher observation, record keeping and portfolio. The basis for ongoing curriculum development and introduction of new material for skill development and learning are based on the teacher's observation that the child has mastered the current activity.
This method is primarily used in preschool and elementary school settings, but can also be used for higher grade levels. For children under the age of six, there are one or two 3 hour, uninterrupted work periods each day.
Next: Religious Method
Back To: Research Homeschooling Methods