Our History

The Coptic Orthodox Church is very unique for two reasons:
It has a culture that has its roots in ancient Egypt, for indeed the Copts are the descendants of the ancient Egyptians, and are the indigenous people of Egypt;
It is a religion that has its genesis in apostolic Christianity.

The term "Coptic" describes the Egyptian Christians. Historically, it also refers to the last stage of the ancient Egyptian language, as well as the distinctive art and architecture that developed as an early expression of the new Christian faith in Egypt.

The Coptic Orthodox Church is one of the oldest apostolic churches in the world and the largest Christian denomination in Africa and the Middle East. It is based on the teachings of the apostle Mark, who brought Christianity to Egypt during the reign of the Roman emperor Nero in the first century A.D, a couple of decades after the resurrection and ascension of Jesus Christ. Saint Mark was one of the four evangelists who wrote the gospels in the New Testament of the Bible. Christianity spread throughout Egypt within half a century of the Apostle Mark's arrival in Alexandria, Egypt.

Although fully integrated into the body of the modern Egyptian nation, the Copts have survived as a strong religious entity who pride themselves on their contribution to the Christian world. The Coptic Orthodox Church regards itself as a strong defendant of Christian faith. From the beginning, it played a central role in Christian theology, and accordingly, has produced thousands of texts, biblical and theological studies. Many of these studies, including the Bible, were translated to the Coptic language in the early centuries A.D. Now libraries, museums and universities throughout the world possess thousands of Coptic manuscripts, which are important sources for research and archaeology.

But the greatest gift the Coptic Church of Egypt offered the world was the concept and practice of the monastic order. All Christian monasticism stems, either directly or indirectly, from the Egyptian example.

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