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Coptic Christmas

The Coptic Christmas follows the old calendar, and takes place on the 6th January. The Coptic Church is Catholic. It was founded by St Mark who spent much time in Egypt, and it is said that he wrote his Gospel there.
 

In the name of the Father, the Son and the Holy spirit one God Amen.

The Coptic Christmas:
In "Christmas" we participate the LORD's angels in their rejoice and praise:"glory to God in the highest, and on earth peace, good will toward men". (Luke 2:14)

The Christmas fast:
We have in our Coptic Orthodox Church a very special fast before the celebration of "Christmas", the so-called "the fast of Christmas" a forty three (43) days fast in reference to the following:

  1. the forty days of fast of Moses for receiving the "Ten Commandments" in the land of Sinai (Ex.: 24:18).
  2. the three days of fast in commemoration of the miracle of moving the mountain the so-called "EL MOKATTAM".
Noteworthy that, in the last thirty days of this fast we have the Coptic month "Kiahk" during which we are enjoying singing espcial hymns -"joy hymns"-of this month. The Christmas fast is a very special fast for us because, as we mentioned previously, we are enjoying the hymns of "Kiahk", the Holy Mass, and eating the vegetarian food specially for controlling the self.

The 7th of Jan. or Dec. The 25th and Why?:
Every year, according to the Coptic calendar, our Coptic Orthodox Church celebrates "Christmas" in the 29th of "Kiahk"-a Coptic month-which is simultaneous to the 7th of Jan. while all of us is wondering saying: Why the Eastern "Christmas" differs from the Western "Christmas"?

Till the year 1581 A.D the time of "Christmas" in the 29th of "Kiahk", a Coptic month, was simultaneous to the 25th of Dec. but a sudden change happened when the Pope of Rome "Christmas" in the 29th of "Kiahk" became in the 4th of Jan. then the difference began to exceed 3 days every 400 years .By the year 1800 till 1899 the difference became 12 days where "Christmas" was celebrated in the 6th of Jan. while recently the difference became 13 days from 1900 till 2099 where "Christmas" is and will be celebrated in the 7th of Jan. The following table - next page - is representing the difference in days between the Coptic- (Eastern)-Christmas & the Western Christmas chronologically:

Coptic calendar

The Western calendar

The difference in days

The chronological order

29th of Kiahk

4th of Jan.

10 days

From the 15th of Oct. 1582A.D. to the end of 1600 A.D.

29th of Kiahk

4th of Jan.

10 days

From the 1st of March 1600 A.D. to the end of Feb.1700 A.D.

29th of Kiahk

5th of Jan.

11 days

From the 1st f March 1700 A.D. to the end of Feb. 1800 A.D.

29th of Kiahk

6th of Jan.

12 days

From the 1st of March 1800 A.D. to the end of?Feb. 1900 A.D.

29th of Kiahk

7th of Jan.

13 days

From the 1st of March 1900 A.D. to the end of Feb. 2000 A.D.

29th of Kiahk

7th of Jan.

13 days

From the 1st of March 2000 A.D. to the end of Feb. 2100 A.D.

29th of Kiahk

8th of Jan.

14 days

From the 1st of March 2100 A.D. to the end of Feb. 2200 A.D.

29th of Kiahk

9th of Jan.

15 days

From the 1st of March 2200 A.D. to the end of Feb. 2300 A.D.

29th of Kiahk

10th of Jan.

16 days

From the 1st of March 2300 A.D. to the end of Feb. 2400 A.D.

29th of Kiahk

10th of Jan.

16 days

From the 1st of March 2400 A.D. to the end of Feb. 2500 A.D.

29th of Kiahk

11th of Jan.

17 days

From the 1st of March 2500 A.D. to the end of Feb. 2600 A.D.

29th of Kiahk

12th of Jan.

18 days

From the 1st of March 2600 A.D. to the end of Feb. 2700 A.D.

29th of Kiahk

13th of Jan.

19 days

From the 1st of March 2700 A.D. to the end of Feb. 2800 A.D.

29th of Kiahk

13th of Jan.

19 days

From the 1st of March 2800 A.D. to the end of Feb. 2900 A.D.

29th of Kiahk

14th of Jan.

20?days

From the 1st of March 2900 A.D. to the end of Feb. 3000 A.D.

 

 

 

 


The origin of the word Christmas:
And the angel said unto them, fear not: for, behold I bring you good tidings of great joy, which shall be to all people. For unto you is born this day in the city of David a saviour, Which is Christ the Lord. (Luke 2:11-12)

According to the recent researches, it is proved that the word "Christmas" is of an ancient Egyptian origin. Where this word is consisting of two parts: Christ & mas; Christ is the Lord, but what is mas?

Mas is an ancient Egyptian word means: to be born or Birth. The word is drawn in the Hieroglyphic language -the ancient Egyptian language-as follows

The name of the ancient Egyptian king "Thothmas" means: the Birth of Thoth -god of wisdom. Therefore, mas means Birth. Hence, "Christmas" means the Birth of -Our Lord Jesus-Christ.

© 2002 by Maria Hubert von Staufer

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