Malaysia - Introduction
In 1963, Malaysia was created through the merger of former British colonies and protectorates.Malaya ( which gained independent in 1957) and the former British Singapore, both of which formed West Malaysia, with Sabah and Sarawak in North Borneo which comprise East Malaysia. Singapore separated from the union in 1965.
Malaysia was successful in
diversifying its economy from dependence on exports of raw materials, to
expansion in manufacturing, services, and tourism in the 80s and the 90s.
Malaysia - Geography
Southeastern Asia. A peninsula bordering Thailand and northern one-third of the island of Borneo, bordering Indonesia and the South China Sea, south of Vietnam.
2 30 N, 112 30 E
Total: 329, 750 sq km
Total : 2,669km
Border countries :Brunei 381 km, Indonesia 1,782 km, Thailand 506 km
4, 675 km( Peninsular Malaysia 2,068km,
East Malaysia 2,607km )
Continental shelf : 200-m depth or to the depth of
exploitation; specified boundary in the South China Sea
Annual monsoons: southwest (April to October) and northeast (October to February)
Coastal plains rising to hills and mountains
Lowest point: Indian Ocean
Tin, petroleum, timber, copper, iron ore, natural gas, bauxite
Arable land: 3%
3,650 sq km (12003.)
Flooding, landslides forest-fires
Environment - current issues
air pollution from industrial and vehicular emissions; water pollution from raw sewage; deforestation; smoke/haze from Indonesian forest fires.
Environment - international agreements
Party to: Biodiversity, climate change, desertification,
endangered species, hazardous wastes, law of the sea, marine life
conservation, nuclear test ban, ozone layer protection, ship pollution,
tropical timber 83, tropical timber 94, wetlands.
One of the 12 megacity centers in the world
Strategic location along Strait of Malacca and southern South China Sea.