PEER REVIEWED RESEARCH (open access noted with*)


1. Forman, H.J. and Feigelson, P.

Kinetic evidence indicating the absence during catalysis of an unbound ferroprotoporphyrin form of tryptophan oxygenase.

Biochemistry 10: 760‑763, 1971.


2. Brady, F.O., Forman, H.J. and Feigelson, P.

The role of superoxide and hydroperoxide in the reductive activation of tryptophan‑2,3‑dioxygenase.

J. Biol. Chem. 246: 7119‑7124, 1971.*


3. Forman, H.J. and Feigelson, P.

The effects of allosteric interaction on the kinetics, spectra and tertiary structure of Pseudomonad tryptophan oxygenase.

J. Biol. Chem. 247: 256‑259, 1972.*


4. Forman, H.J. and Fridovich, I.

Electrolytic univalent reduction of oxygen in aqueous solution demonstrated with superoxide dismutase.

Science 175: 339, 1972.*


5. Brady, F.O., Monaco, M.E., Forman, H.J., Schutz, G. and Feigelson, P.

On the role of copper in activation and catalysis by tryptophan‑2,3‑dioxygenase.

J. Biol. Chem. 247: 7915‑7922, 1972.*


6. Forman, H.J., Evans, H.J., Hill, R.L. and Fridovich, I.

Histidine at the active site of superoxide dismutase.

Biochemistry 12: 823‑827, 1973.*


7. Forman, H.J. and Fridovich, I.

On the stability of bovine superoxide dismutase: the effects of metals.

J. Biol. Chem. 248: 2645‑2649, 1973.*


8. Forman, H.J. and Fridovich, I.

Superoxide dismutase: a comparison of rate constants.

Arch. Biochem. Biophys. 158: 396‑400, 1973.


9. Forman, H.J., Waddell, R., Hamilton, P.B. and Grisolia, S.

Activation of carbamyl phosphate synthase by N‑acetyl‑L‑aspartate.

Biochem J. 143: 63‑66, 1974.*

PMCID: PMC1168352

10. Forman, H.J. and Grisolia, S.

The effects of cyanate, carbamyl phosphate and growth on the glutamine dependent carbamyl phosphate synthetase from rat spleen and brain.

Physiol. Chem. & Physics 6: 213‑233, 1974.


11. Forman, H.J. and Kennedy, J.A.

Role of superoxide radical in mitochondrial dehydrogenase reactions.

Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 60: 1044‑1050, 1974.


12. Forman, H.J. and Kennedy, J.

Superoxide production and electron transport in mitochondrial oxidation of dihydroorotic acid.

J. Biol. Chem. 250: 4322‑4326, 1975.*


13. Forman, H.J. and Kennedy, J.

Dihydroorotate dependent superoxide production in rat brain and liver; a function of the primary dehydrogenase.

Arch. Biochem. Biophys. 173: 219‑224, 1976.


14. Forman, H.J. and Kennedy, J.

Effects of chaotropic agents versus detergents on dihydroorotate dehydrogenase.

J. Biol. Chem. 252: 3379‑3387, 1977.*


15. Forman, H.J. and Kennedy, J.

Purification and characterization of the superoxide producing primary dihydroorotate dehydrogenase from rat liver mitochondria.

Preparative Biochemistry 7: 345‑355, 1977.


16. Forman, H.J. and Kennedy, J.

Mammalian dihydroorotate dehydrogenase: Physical and catalytic properties of the primary enzyme.

Arch. Biochem. Biophys. 191: 23‑31, 1978.


17. Forman, H.J., York, J.L. and Fisher, A.B.

Mechanism for the potentiation of oxygen toxicity by disulfiram.

J. Pharmacol. Exp. Ther. 212: 452‑455, 1980.


18. Kravetz, G., Fisher, A.B. and Forman, H.J.

The oxygen‑adapted rat model: tolerance to oxygen at 1.5 and 2 ata.

Aviat. Space Environ. Med. 51: 775‑777, 1980.


19. Arad, I.D., Forman, H.J. and Fisher, A.B.

Ascorbate efflux from guinea pig and rat lungs: effect of starvation and O2exposure.

J. Lab. Clin. Med. 96: 673‑681, 1980.
20. Forman, H.J., Nelson, J. and Fisher, A.B.

Rat alveolar macrophages require NADPH for superoxide production in the respiratory burst.

J. Biol. Chem. 255: 9879‑9883, 1980.


21. Forman, H.J. and Fisher, A.B.

Antioxidant enzymes in rat granular pneumocytes: constitutive levels and effect of hyperoxia.

Lab. Invest. 45: 1‑6, 1981.


22. Jowa, L.B., Fisher, A.B. and Forman, H.J.

Glucose‑dependent chemiluminescence by resting rat alveolar macrophages.

J. Reticuloendothelial Soc. 30: 99‑105, 1981.


23. Forman, H.J., Aldrich, T.K., Posner, M.A. and Fisher, A.B.

Differential paraquat accumulation and redox kinetics in rat lung cells.

J. Pharmacol. Exp. Ther. 221: 428‑433, 1982.


24. Forman, H.J., Williams, J.J., Nelson, J., Daniele, R.P. and Fisher, A.B.

Hyperoxia inhibits stimulated superoxide release by rat alveolar macrophages.

J. Appl. Physiol. 53: 685‑689, 1982.


25. Aldrich, T.K., Fisher, A.B. and Forman, H.J.

Paraquat inhibits mixed‑function oxidation by rat lung.

J. Appl. Physiol. 54: 1089‑1096, 1983.


26. Forman, H.J. and Nelson, J.

Effect of extracellular calcium on superoxide release by rat alveolar macrophages.

J. Appl. Physiol. 54: 1249‑1253, 1983.


27. Cameron, A.R., Nelson, J.,and Forman, H.J.

Depolarization and increased conductance precede superoxide release by concanavalin A stimulated rat alveolar macrophages.

Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 80: 3726‑3728, 1983.PMCID: PMC394123*


28. Forman, H.J., Rotman, E.I. and Fisher, A.B.

The roles of selenium and sulfur‑containing amino acids in protection against oxygen toxicity.

Lab. Invest. 49: 148‑153, 1983.


29. Glass, M., Sutherland, M.W., Forman, H.J. and Fisher, A.B.

Selenium deficiency potentiates paraquat‑induced lipid peroxidation in isolated perfused rat lung.

J. Appl. Physiol. 59: 619‑622, 1985.


30. Sutherland, M.W., Glass, M., Nelson, J., Lyen, Y. and Forman, H.J.

Oxygen toxicity: loss of lung macrophage function without metabolite depletion.

J. Free Radic. Biol. Med. 1: 209‑214, 1985.


31. Sutherland, M.W., Nelson, J., Harrison, G. and Forman, H.J.

The effect of t‑butyl hydroperoxide on NADPH, glutathione and the respiratory burst of rat alveolar macrophages.

Arch. Biochem. Biophys. 243: 325‑331, 1985.


32. Forman, H.J., Nelson, J. and Harrison, G.

Hyperoxia alters the effect of Ca2+on rat alveolar macrophage superoxide production.

J. Appl. Physiol. 60: 1300‑1305, 1986.


33. Glass, M., Forman, H.J., Rotman, E.I., Clark, J.M., Pietra, G.G. and Fisher, A.B.

Bronchoalveolar polymorphonuclear leukocytes in pulmonary oxygen toxicity.

J. Hyperbaric Med. 1: 107‑121, 1986.*


34. Harrison, G. and Forman, H.J.

Progressive loss of the macrophage respiratory burst in oxygen toxicity.

J. Free Radic. Biol. Med. 2: 129‑134, 1986.


35. Dorio, R.J., Nelson, J. and Forman, H.J.

A dual role for calcium in the regulation of superoxide generation by stimulated rat alveolar macrophages.

Biochim. Biophys. Acta 928: 137-143, 1987.


36. Forman, H.J., Dorio, R.J. and Skelton, D.C.

Hydroperoxide induced damage to alveolar macrophage function and membrane integrity: alterations in intracellular free Ca2+and membrane potential.

Arch. Biochem. Biophys. 259: 457-465, 1987.


37. Dorio, R.J. and Forman, H.J.

Ethanol inhibition of signal transduction in superoxide production by rat alveolar macrophages: A proposed mechanism for ethanol-related pneumonia.

Ann. Clin. Lab. Sci. 18: 190-194, 1988.*


38. Dorio, R.J., Hoek, J.B., Rubin, E. and Forman, H.J.

Ethanol modulation of rat alveolar macrophage superoxide production.

Biochem. Pharmacol. 37: 3528-3531, 1988.


39. Robison, T.W., Duncan, D.P. and Forman, H.J.

Kinetics of uptake and distribution of arachidonic acid by rat alveolar macrophages.

Prostaglandins 36: 443-461, 1988.


40. Loeb, G.A., Skelton, D.C., Coates, T.D. and Forman, H.J.

Role of the selenium-dependent glutathione peroxidase in antioxidant defense in rat alveolar macrophages.

Exp. Lung Res. 14: 921-936, 1988.



41. Ryer-Powder, J.E. and Forman, H.J.

Adhering lung macrophages produce superoxide demonstrated with Desferal-Mn(IV).

Free Radic. Biol. Med. 6: 513-518, 1989.


42. Loeb, G.A., Skelton, D.C. and Forman, H.J.

Dependence of mixed disulfide formation in alveolar macrophages upon production of oxidized glutathione: effect of selenium deficiency.

Biochem. Pharmacol. 38: 3119-3122, 1989.


43. Warburton, D., Buckley, S., Cosico, L. and Forman, H.J.

Sublethal oxidant injury inhibits signal transduction in rat type II pneumocytes.

Am. J. Physiol.: Lung Cell. Molec. Physiol. 257: L217-L220, 1989.


44. Forman, H.J. and Kim, E.

Inhibition by linoleic acid hydroperoxide of rat alveolar macrophage superoxide production: effects upon mitochondrial and plasma membrane potentials.

Arch. Biochem. Biophys. 274: 443-452, 1989.


45. Robison, T.W., Duncan, D.P. and Forman, H.J.

Chemoattractant and leukotriene B4production from rat alveolar macrophages exposed to nitrogen dioxide.

Am. J. Respir. Cell Mol. Biol. 3: 21-26, 1990.


46. Forman, H.J. and Skelton, D.C.

Protection of alveolar macrophages from hyperoxia by g-glutamyl transpeptidase.

Am. J. Physiol.: Lung Cell. Molec. Physiol. 259: L102-L107, 1990.


47. Robison, T.W., Duncan, D.P., Coates, T.D. and Forman, H.J.

Inhibition of production of LTB4and chemoattractant from rat alveolar macrophages treated with t-butyl hydroperoxide is independent of ATP depletion.

Biochim. Biophys. Acta 1045: 9-16, 1990.


48. Robison, T.W., Sevanian, A. and Forman, H.J.

Inhibition of arachidonic acid release by nordihydroguaiaretic acid and its antioxidant action in rat alveolar macrophages and Chinese hamster lung fibroblasts.

Toxicol. Appl. Pharmacol. 105: 113-122, 1990.


49. Robison, T.W. and Forman, H.J.

t‑Butylhydroperoxide stimulates alveolar macrophage biosynthesis of cyclooxygenase products.

Prostaglandins 40: 13-28, 1990.


50. Walther, F.J., Wade, A.B., Warburton, D. and Forman, H.J.

Ontogeny of antioxidant enzymes in the fetal lamb lung.

Exp. Lung Res. 17: 39-45, 1991.



51. Walther, F.J., Wade, A.B., Warburton, D. and Forman, H.J.

Augmentation of superoxide dismutase activity in alveolar type II cells.

Am. J. Respir. Cell Mol. Biol. 4: 364-368, 1991.


52. Heisterkamp, N., Rajpert-De Meyts, E., Uribe, L., Forman, H.J. and Groffen, J.

Identification of a novel human g-glutamyl cleaving enzyme related to g-glutamyl transpeptidase.

Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 88: 6303-6307, 1991.PMCID: PMC52071*


53. Chang, M., Shi, M. and Forman, H.J.

Exogenous glutathione protects endothelial cells from menadione toxicity.

Am. J. Physiol.: Lung Cell. Molec. Physiol. 262: L637-643, 1992.


54. Rajpert-De Meyts, E., Shi, M., Chang, M., Robison,T.W., Groffen, J., Heisterkamp, N. and Forman, H.J.

Transfection with g-glutamyl transpeptidase enhances recovery from glutathione depletion using extracellular glutathione.

Toxicol. Appl. Pharmacol. 114: 56-62, 1992.


55. Livingston, F.R., Lui, E., Loeb, G. and Forman, H.J.

Sublethal oxidant stress induces a reversible increase in intracellular calcium dependent on NAD(P)H oxidation in rat alveolar macrophages.

Arch. Biochem. Biophys. 299: 83-91, 1992.*


56. Robison, T.W. and Forman, H.J.

Dual effects of nitrogen dioxide upon rat alveolar macrophage arachidonate metabolism.

Exp. Lung Res.19: 21-36, 1993.*


57. Robison, T.W., Murphy, J.K., Beyer, L.L., Richters, A. and Forman, H.J.

Depression of stimulated arachidonate metabolism and superoxide production in rat alveolar macrophages following in vivoexposure to 0.5 ppm NO2.

J. Toxicol. Environ. Health 38: 273-292, 1993.


58. Murphy, J.K. and Forman, H.J.

Effects of sodium and pH upon the respiratory burst and pH regulation of rat alveolar macrophages.

Am. J. Physiol.: Lung Cell. Molec. Physiol. 264: L523-532, 1993.*


59. Shi, M., Gozal, E., Choy, H.A. and Forman, H.J.

Extracellular glutathione and g-glutamyl transpeptidase prevent H2O2-induced injury by 2,3-dimethoxy-1,4-naphthoquinone.

Free Radic. Biol. Med. 15: 57-67, 1993.


60. Murphy, J.K., Livingston, F.R., Gozal, E., Torres, M. and Forman, H.J.

Stimulation of the rat alveolar macrophage respiratory burst by extracellular adenine nucleotides.

Am. J. Respir. Cell Mol. Biol. 9: 505-510, 1993.


61. Shi, M., Iwamoto, T. and Forman, H.J.

g-Glutamylcysteine synthetase and glutathione increase in quinone-induced oxidative stress in bovine pulmonary artery endothelial cells.

Am. J. Physiol.: Lung Cell. Molec. Physiol. 267: L414-L421, 1994.


62. Shi, M.M., Kugelman, A., Iwamoto, T., Tian, L. and Forman, H.J.

Quinone-induced oxidative stress elevates glutathione and induces g-glutamylcysteine synthetase activity in rat lung epithelial L2 cells.

J. Biol. Chem. 269: 26512-26517, 1994.*


63. Kugelman, A., Choy, H.A., Liu, R.M., Shi, M., Gozal, E. and Forman, H.J.

g-Glutamyl transpeptidase is increased by oxidative stress in rat alveolar L-2 epithelial cells.

Am. J. Respir. Cell Mol. Biol. 11: 586-592, 1994.*


64. Murphy, J.K., Livingston, F.R., Duncan, D.P., Hoyal, C. and Forman, H.J.

Modulation of the alveolar macrophage respiratory burst by hydroperoxides.

Free Radic. Biol. Med. 18: 37-45, 1995.


65. Thomas, M.J., Robison, T.W., Samuel, M. and Forman, H.J.

Detecting and identifying volatile aldehydes as dinitrophenylhydrazones using gas chromatography mass spectrometry.

Free Radic. Biol. Med. 18: 553-557, 1995.


66. Robison, T.W., Zhou, H. and Forman, H.J.

Modulation of ADP-stimulated inositol phosphate metabolism in rat alveolar macrophages by oxidative stress.

Arch. Biochem. Biophys. 318: 215-220, 1995.


67. Robison, T.W., Samuel, M., Forman, H.J. and Thomas, M.J.

Release of aldehydes from rat alveolar macrophages exposed in vitroto low concentrations of nitrogen dioxide.

Biochim. Biophys. Acta 1256: 334-340, 1995.


68. Liu, R.-M., Hu, H., Robison, T.W. and Forman, H.J.

Differential enhancement of g-glutamyl transpeptidase and g-glutamylcysteine synthetase by tert-butylhydroquinone in rat lung epithelial L2 cells.

Am. J. Respir. Cell Mol. Biol. 14: 186-191, 1996.


69. Liu, R.-M., Hu, H., Robison, T.W. and Forman, H.J.

Increased g-glutamylcysteine synthetase and g-glutamyl transpeptidase activities enhance resistance of rat lung epithelial L2 cells to quinone toxicity.

Am. J. Respir. Cell Mol. Biol. 14: 192-197, 1996.



70. Hoyal, C.R., Gozal, E., Zhou, H., Foldenauer, K. and Forman, H.J.

Modulation of the rat alveolar macrophage respiratory burst by hydroperoxides is calcium dependent.

Arch. Biochem. Biophys. 326: 166-171, 1996.


71. Kaul, N. and Forman, H.J.

Activation of NF-κB by the respiratory burst of macrophages.

Free Radic. Biol. Med. 21: 401-405, 1996.


72. Hoyal, C.R., Thomas, A.P. and Forman, H.J.

Hydroperoxide-induced increases in intracellular calcium due to annexin VI translocation and inactivation of plasma membrane Ca2+-ATPase.

J. Biol. Chem. 271: 29205-29210, 1996.*


73. Qiu, X., Forman, H.J., Schönthal, A.H. and Cadenas, E.

Induction of p21 mediated by reactive oxygen species during the metabolism of aziridinylbenzoquinones by HCT116 cells.

J. Biol. Chem. 271: 31915-31921, 1996.


74. Choi, J., Liu, R.-M. and Forman, H.J.

Adaptation to oxidative stress: Quinone-mediated protection of signaling in rat lung epithelial L2 cells.

Biochem. Pharmacol. 53: 987-993, 1997.


75. Tian, L., Shi, M.M. and Forman, H.J.

Increased transcription of the regulatory subunit of g-glutamylcysteine synthetase in rat lung epithelial L2 cells exposed to oxidative stress or glutathione depletion.

Arch. Biochem. Biophys. 342: 126-133, 1997.


76. Zhou, H., Duncan, R.F., Robison, T.W. and Forman, H.J.

Ca2+-dependent p47phox translocation in hydroperoxide modulation of the alveolar macrophage respiratory burst.

Am. J. Physiol.: Lung Cell. Molec. Physiol. 273: L1042-L1047, 1997.*


77. Anderson, C.P., Tsai, J., Park, C.K., Tian, L., Liu, R.M., Forman, H.J. and Reynolds, C.P.

Buthionine sulfoximine alone and in combination with melphalan is highly cytotoxic for human neuroblastoma cells.

Eur. J. Cancer 33: 2016-2019, 1997.


78. Suzuki, Y.J., Forman, H.J. and Sevanian, A.

Oxidants as stimulators of signal transduction.

Free Radic. Biol. Med. 22: 269-285, 1997.


79. Kaul, N., Choi, J. and Forman, H.J.

Transmembrane redox signaling activates NF-κB in macrophages.

Free Radic. Biol. Med. 24: 202-207, 1998.


80. Kaul, N., Gopalakrishna, R., Gundimeda, U., Choi, J. and Forman, H.J.

Role of protein kinase C in basal and hydrogen peroxide-stimulated NF-κB activation in the murine macrophage J774A.1 cell line.

Arch. Biochem. Biophys. 350: 79-86, 1998.


81. Liu, R.-M., Shi, M.M., Giulivi, C. and Forman, H.J.

Quinones increase g-glutamyl transpeptidase expression by multiple mechanisms in rat lung epithelial cells.

Am. J. Physiol.: Lung Cell. Molec. Physiol. 274: L330-L336, 1998.*


82. Hoyal, C.R., Girón-Calle, J. and Forman, H.J.

The alveolar macrophage as a model of calcium signaling in oxidative stress.

J. Toxicol. Environ. Health B Crit Rev. 1: 117-134, 1998.


83. Moellering, D., McAndrew, J., Patel, R.P., Cornwell, T., Lincoln, T., Cao, X., Messina, J.L., Forman, H.J., Jo, H. and Darley-Usmar, V.M.

Nitric oxide dependent induction of glutathione synthesis through increased expression of g-glutamylcysteine synthetase.

Arch. Biochem. Biophys. 358: 74-82, 1998.


84. Forman, H.J., Zhou, H., Gozal, E. and Torres, M.

Modulation of the alveolar macrophage superoxide production by protein phosphorylation.

Environ. Health Perspect. 106 S5:1185-1190, 1998.PMCID: PMC1533363*


85. Liu, R.-M., Gao, L., Choi, J. and Forman, H.J.

g-Glutamylcysteine synthetase: mRNA stabilization and independent subunit transcription by 4-hydroxy-2-nonenal.

Am. J. Physiol.: Lung Cel. Molec. Physiol. 275: L861-L869, 1998.*


86. Anderson, C.P., Tsai, J.M., Meek, W.E., Liu, R.-M., Tang, Y., Forman, H.J. and Reynolds, C.P.

Depletion of glutathione by buthionine sulfoximine alone is cytotoxic for human neuroblastoma cell lines via apoptosis.

Exp. Cell Res. 246:183-192, 1999.


87. Moellering, D., Mc Andrew, J., Patel, R.P., Forman, H.J., Mulcahy, R.T., Jo, H. and Darley-Usmar, V.M.

The induction of GSH synthesis by nanomolar concentrations of NO in endothelial cells: a role for g-glutamylcysteine synthetase and g-glutamyl transpeptidase.

FEBS Lett. 448: 292-296, 1999. PMCID: PMC1222359


88. Gao, L. Kim, K.J., Yankaskas, J.R. and Forman, H.J.

Abnormal glutathione transport in cystic fibrosis airway epithelia.

Am. J. Physiol.: Lung Cell. Molec. Physiol. 277: L113-118, 1999.*


89. Torres, M. and Forman, H.J.

Activation of several MAP kinases upon stimulation of rat alveolar macrophages: role of the NADPH oxidase.

Arch. Biochem. Biophys. 366: 231-239, 1999.


90. Choi, J., Liu, R.-M., Kundu, R.K., Sangiorgi, F., Wu, W., Maxson, R. and Forman, H.J.

Molecular mechanism of decreased glutathione content in HIV type 1 Tat-transgenic mice.

J. Biol. Chem. 275: 3693-3698, 2000.*


91. Choi, J., Opalenik, S.R., Wu, W., Thompson, J.A. and Forman, H.J.

Modulation of GSH synthetic enzymes by acidic fibroblast growth factor.

Arch. Biochem. Biophys. 375: 201-209, 2000.


92. Lee, Y.J., Galoforo, S.S., Sim, J.E., Ridnour, L.A., Choi, J., Forman, H.J., Corry, P.M. and Spitz, D.R.

Dominant-negative Jun N-terminal protein kinase (JNK-1) inhibits metabolic oxidative stress during glucose deprivation in a human breast carcinoma cell line.

Free Radic. Biol. Med. 28: 575-584, 2000.


93. Jha, N. Jurma, O. Lalli, G. Liu, Y., Pettus, E.H., Greenamyre, J.T., Liu, R.-M., Forman, H.J. and Andersen, J.K.

Glutathione depletion in PC12 results in selective inhibition of mitochondrial complex I activity: implications for Parkinson’s disease.

J. Biol. Chem. 275: 26096-26101, 2000.*


94. Girón-Calle, J. and Forman, H.J.

Phospholipase D and priming of the respiratory burst by H2Oin NR8383 alveolar macrophages.

Am. J. Respir. Cell Mol. Biol. 23: 748-754, 2000.*


95. Liu, R.-M., Borok, Z. and Forman, H.J.

4-Hydroxy-2-nonenal increases g-glutamylcysteine synthetase gene expression in alveolar epithelial type II cells.

Am. J. Respir. Cell Mol. Biol. 24: 499-505, 2001.*


96. Gao, L., Broughman, J.R., Iwamoto, T., Tomich, J.M., Venglarik, C.J. and Forman, H.J. Synthetic chloride channel restores glutathione secretion in cystic fibrosis airway epithelia.

Am. J. Physiol.: Lung Cell. Molec. Physiol. 281: L24-L30, 2001.*


97. Gozal, E., Forman, H.J., and Torres, M.

ADP stimulates the respiratory burst without activation of ERK and AKT.

in rat alveolar macrophages.

Free Radic. Biol. Med. 31: 679-687, 2001.



98. Gao, L., Yankaskas, J.R., Fuller, C.M., Sorscher, E.J., Matalon, S. Forman, H.J. and Venglarik, C.J.

Chlorzoxazone or 1-EBIO increases Na+absorption across cystic fibrosis airway epithelial cells.

Am. J. Physiol.: Lung Cell. Molec. Physiol. 281: L1123-L1129, 2001.*


99. Levonen, A.-L., Dickinson, D.A., Mulcahy, R.T., Forman, H.J., and Darley-Usmar, V.M.
Biphasic effects of 15-deoxy-D12,14-prostaglandin J2on glutathione induction and apoptosis in human endothelial cells.

Arterioscler. Thromb. Vasc. Biol. 21: 1846-51, 2001.*


100. Girón-Calle, J., Srivatsa, K., and Forman, H.J.

Priming of the alveolar macrophage respiratory burst by H2O2is prevented by the phosphatidylcholine-specific phospholipase C inhibitor, tricyclodecan-9-yl-xanthate (D609).

J. Pharmacol. Exp. Ther. 301: 87-94, 2002.*


101. Moellering, D., Go, Y.-M., Levonen, A.-L., Patel, R.P., Dickinson, D.A., Forman, H.J., and Darley-Usmar, V.M. 

Induction of glutathione synthesis by oxidized low density lipoprotein and 1-palmitoyl-2-arachidonyl phosphatidylcholine: protection from oxidant-mediated cytotoxicity. 

Biochem. J. 362: 51-59, 2002.*


102. West, J.A.A., Williams, K.J., Toskala E.,Nishio, S., Fleschner, C., Forman, H.J., Buckpitt, A.R., and Plopper, C.G.

Induction of tolerance to naphthalene in Clara cells is dependent on a stable phenotypic adaptation favoring maintenance of the GSH pool.

Am. J. Pathol. 160: `1115-1127, 2002.PMCID: PMC1867174*


103. Iles, K.E., Dickinson, D.A., Watanabe, N., Iwamoto, T. and Forman, H.J.

AP-1 activation through endogenous H2O2generation by alveolar macrophages.

Free Radic. Biol. Med. 32: 1304-1313, 2002.


104. Forman, H.J., Torres, M. and Fukuto, J.

Redox signaling.

Mol. Cell. Biochem. 234: 49-62, 2002.


105. Dickinson, D.A. and Forman, H.J.

Cellular glutathione and thiols metabolism.

Biochem. Pharmacol. 64: 1021-1028, 2002.


106. Watanabe, N., Dickinson, D.A., Krzywanski, D.M., Iles, K.E., Zhang, H., Venglarik, C.J. and Forman, H.J.

A549 subclones demonstrate heterogeneity in toxicological sensitivity and antioxidant profile.

Am. J. Physiol.: Lung Cell. Molec. Physiol. 283: L726-736, 2002.*



107. Dickinson, D.A., Iles, K.E., Watanabe, N., Iwamoto, T., Zhang, H., Krzywanski, D.M. and Forman, H.J.

4-hydroxynonenal induces glutamate cysteine ligase through JNK in HBE1 cells.

Free Radic. Biol. Med. 33: 974-987, 2002.


108. Watanabe, N., Iwamoto, T., Dickinson, D.A., Iles, K.E., and Forman, H.J.

Mitochondrial caspase activation in absence of protein synthesis does not require JNK.

Arch. Biochem. Biophys. 405: 231-240, 2002.


109. Iles, K.E. and Forman, H.J.

Macrophage signaling and the respiratory burst.

Immunol. Res. 26: 95-105, 2002.


110. Forman, H.J. and Torres, M.

Reactive oxygen species and cell signaling: respiratory burst in macrophage signaling.

Am. J. Resp. Crit. Care Med. 166: S4-S8, 2002.*


111. Dickinson, D.A. and Forman, H.J.

Glutathione in defense and signaling: lessons from a small thiol.

Ann. N.Y. Acad. Sci. 973: 488-504, 2002.


112. Torres, M. and Forman, H.J.

Vanadate inhibition of protein tyrosine phosphatases mimics hydrogen peroxide in the activation of the ERKpathway in alveolar macrophages.

Ann. N.Y. Acad. Sci. 973: 345-348, 2002.


113. Dickinson, D.A., Iles, K.E., Zhang, H., Blank, V. and Forman, H.J.

Curcumin alters EpRE and AP-1 binding complexes and elevates glutamate-cysteine ligase gene expression.

Faseb J. (January 2, 2003) 10.1096/fj.02-0566fje (Full text - online).*

Faseb J. 17:473-475, 2003 (Print version summary).


114. Watanabe, N. and Forman, H.J.

Autooxidation of extracellular hydroquinones is a causative event for the cytotoxicity of menadione and DMNQ in A549-S cells.

Arch. Biochem. Biophys. 411: 145-157, 2003.PMCID: PMC2795776*


115. Watanabe, N., Iwamoto, T., Bowen, K.D., Dickinson, D.A., Torres, M. and Forman, H.J.

Bio-effectiveness of Tat-catalase conjugate: A potential tool for the identification of H2O2-dependent cellular signal transduction pathways.

Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 303: 287-293, 2003.


116. Dickinson, D.A., Moellering, D.R., Iles, K.E., Patel, R.P., Levonen, A.-L. Wigley, A., Darley-Usmar, V.M. and Forman, H.J.

Cytoprotection against oxidative stress and the regulation of glutathione synthesis.

Biol. Chem. 384: 527-537, 2003.

117. West, J.A.A., Van Winkle, L.S., Morin, D., Fleschner, C.A., Forman, H.J., Buckpitt, A.R., and Plopper, C.G.

Repeated inhalation exposures of the bioactivated cytotoxicant naphthalene produce airway specific clara cell tolerance in mice.

Toxicological Sciences 75: 161-168, 2003*


118. Thome, U., Lazrak, A., Chen, L., Kirk, M.C., Thomas, M.J., Forman, H.J. and Matalon, S.

Novel SIN-1 reactive intermediates modulate chloride secretion across murine airway cells.

Free Radic. Biol. Med. 35: 662-675, 2003.


119. Venglarik, C.J., Girón-Calle, J., Wigley, A.F., Malle, E., Watanabe, N. Forman, H.J.

Hypochlorous acid alters bronchial epithelial cell membrane properties and prevention by extracellular glutathione.

J. Appl. Physiol. 95: 2444-2452, 2003.*


120. Liu, R.-M., Liu, Y., Forman, H.J., Olman, M., and Tarpey, M.M. 

Glutathione regulates transforming growth factor-b-stimulated collagen production in fibroblasts.

Am. J. Physiol.: Lung Cell. Molec. Physiol. 286: L121-L128, 2004.*


121. Krzywanski, D.M., Dickinson, D.A., Iles, K.E., Wigley, A.F., Franklin, C.C., Liu, R.M., Kavanagh, T.J., and Forman, H.J.

Variable regulation of glutamate cysteine ligase subunit proteins affects glutathione biosynthesis in response to oxidative stress.

Arch Biochem Biophys. 423:116-25, 2004.


122. Forman, H.J., Fukuto, J.M., and Torres, M.

Redox signaling - thiol chemistry defines which reactive oxygen and nitrogen species can act as second messengers.

Am. J. Physiol: Cell Physiol. 287: C246-C256, 2004.


123. Mirecki, A., Fitzmaurice, P., Ang, L. Kalasinsky, K.S., Peretti, F.J., Aiken, S.S., Wickham, D.J., Sherwin, A. Nobrega, J.N. Forman, H.J., and Kish, S.J.

Brain antioxidant systems in human methamphetamine users.

J. Neurochem. 89: 1396-1408, 2004.*


124. Dickinson, D.A., Levonen, A.-L., Moellering, D.R., Arnold, E.K., Zhang, H., Darley-Usmar, V.M., Forman, H.J. 

Human glutamate cysteine ligase gene regulation through the electrophile response element

Free Radic. Biol. Med. 37: 1152-1159, 2004.


125. Zhang, H., Dickinson, D.A., Liu, R.-M., and Forman, H.J. 

4-Hydroxynonenal increases g-glutamyl transpeptidase gene expression through mitogen activated protein kinases pathways. 

Free Radic. Biol. Med. 38: 463-471, 2005.* 10.1016/j.freeradbiomed.2004.10.031 PMCID: PMC2801023


126. Rahman, I., Biswas, S.K., Jimenez, L.A., Torres, M., Forman, H.J.

Glutathione, stress responses, and redox signaling in lung inflammation.

Antioxid. Redox Signal. 7: 42-58, 2005.


127. Ridnour, L.A., Sim, J.E., Choi, J., Dickinson, D.A., Forman, H.J., Ahmad, I.M., Coleman, M.C., Hunt, C.R., Goswami, P.C., and Spitz, D.R.

Nitric oxide-induced resistance to hydrogen peroxide stress is a glutamate cysteine ligase activity-dependent process.

Free Radic. Biol. Med. 38: 1361-1371, 2005.


128. lles, K.E., Dickinson, D.A., Wigley, A,F., Welty, N.E., Blank, V. and Forman, H.J.

HNE increases HO-1 through activation of the ERK pathway in pulmonary epithelial cells.

Free Radic. Biol. Med. 39: 355-364, 2005.* 10.1016/j.freeradbiomed.2005.03.026

PMCID: PMC2798573


129. Martín, M.E., Muñoz, F.M., Dickinson, D.A., Forman, H.J., del Río, R.M., Salinas, M. and Fando, J.L. 

Protective effect of L-trans-pyrrolidine-2,4-dicarboxilic acid preload against cell death by oxygen/glucose deprivation in differentiated PC12 cells. 

J. Neuroscience Res. 82: 93-102, 2005


130. Zhang, H., Liu, H., Iles, K.E., Liu, R.-M., Postlethwait, E.M., Laperche, Y., and Forman, H.J. 

4-Hydroxynonenal induces rat g-glutamyl transpeptidase through mitogen-activated protein kinase-mediated electrophile response element/nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 signaling.

Am. J. Respir. Cell Mol. Biol. 34: 174-181, 2006.* 10.1165/rcmb.2005-0280OC

PMCID: PMC2696200


131. Zhang, H., Liu, H., Dickinson, D.A., Liu, R.-M., Postlethwait, E.M., Laperche, Y., and Forman, H.J.

g-Glutamyl transpeptidase is induced by 4-hydroxynonenal via EpRE/Nrf2 signaling in rat epithelial type II cells.

Free Radic. Biol. Med. 40: 1281-1292, 2006.* 10.1016/j.freeradbiomed.2005.11.005. PMCID: PMC2702664


132. Chinta, S.J., Kumar, J.M., Zhang, H., Forman, H.J., Andersen, J.K.

Up-regulation of g-glutamyl transpeptidase activity following glutathione depletion has a compensatory rather than inhibitory effect on mitochondrial complex I activity: implications for Parkinson's disease.

Free Radic. Biol. Med. 40: 1557-1563, 2006.*

PMCID: PMC2804072



133.  Rinna, A. Torres, M., and Forman, H.J.

Stimulation of the alveolar macrophage respiratory burst by ADP causes selective glutathionylation of protein tyrosine phosphatase 1B.

Free Radic. Biol. Med. 41:86-91, 2006.* 10.1016/j.freeradbiomed.2006.03.010

PMCID: PMC2696202


134. Liu, H., Zhang, H., Iles, K.E., Rinna, A. Merrill, G., Yodoi, J., Torres, M., and Forman, H.J.

The ADP-stimulated NADPH oxidase activates the ASK-1/MKK4/JNK pathway in alveolar macrophages.

Free Radic. Res. 40: 865-874, 2006.* 10.1080/10715760600758514

PMCID: PMC2713795


135. Choi, J., Forman, H.J., Ou, J., Lai, M.M.C., Seronello, S., Nandipati, A. 

Redox modulation of the hepatitis C virus replication complex is calcium dependent.

Free Radic. Biol. Med. 41: 1488–1498, 2006.*


136. Cantin, A.M., White, T.B., Cross, C.E., Forman, H.J., Sokol, R.J., and Borowitz, D.

Antioxidants in cystic fibrosis.

Free Radic. Biol. Med. 42: 15-31, 2007.* 10.1016/j.freeradbiomed.2006.09.022

PMCID: PMC2696206


137. Zhang, H., Court, N., and Forman, H.J.

Submicromolar concentrations of 4-hydroxynonenal induce glutamate cysteine ligase expression in HBE1 cells.

Redox Reports 12: 101-106, 2007.* 10.1179/135100007X162266

PMCID: PMC2730489


138. Liu, H., Zhang, H. and Forman, H.J.

Silica induces macrophage cytokines through phosphatidylcholine-specific 

phospholipase C with H2O2.

Am. J. Respir. Cell Mol. Biol. 36: 594-599 2007.* 10.1165/rcmb.2006-0297OC

PMCID: PMC1899332


139. Cruz, C.M., Rinna, A., Forman, H.J., Ventura, A.L.M., Persechini, P.M. and Ojcius, D.M.

ATP activates a reactive oxygen species-dependent oxidative stress response and secretion of proinflammatory cytokines in macrophages.

J. Biol. Chem. 282: 2871–2879, 2007.* 10.1074/jbc.M608083200 PMCID: PMC2693903


140. Forman, H.J.

Use and abuse of exogenous H2O2in studies of signal transduction.

Free Radic. Biol. Med. 42: 926–932, 2007.* 10.1016/j.freeradbiomed.2007.01.011

PMCID: PMC1945171


141. Zhang, H. and Forman, H.J.

Acrolein induces heme oxygenase-1 through PKCdand PI3K in human bronchial epithelial cells.

Am. J. Respir. Cell Molec. Biol. 38: 483-490, 2008.* PMID: 18048804 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]


142. Rinna, A. and Forman, H.J.

SHP-1 inhibition by 4-hydroxynonenal activates Jun N-terminal kinase and glutamate cysteine ligase.

Am. J. Respir. Cell Molec. 39: 97-104, 2008.* PMC2438451


143. Ding, Y., Choi, K.J., Kim, J.H., Han, X., Piao, Y., Jeong, J.-H., Choe, W., Kang, I., Ha, J., Forman, H.J., Lee, J., Yoon, K.-S., Kim, S.S.

Endogenous H2O2regulates GSH redox via Nrf2 downstream of PI 3-kinase during muscle differentiation.

Am. J. Pathol. 172: 1529-1541, 2008.* PMC240841


144. Janssen-Heininger, Y.M.W., Mossman, B.T., Heintz, N.H., Forman, H.J., Kalyanaraman, B., Finkel, T., Stamler, J.S., Rhee, S.G., and Van der Vliet, A.

Redox-based regulation of signal transduction: principles, pitfalls, and promises.

Free Radic. Biol. Med. 45: 1-17, 2008.* PMC2453533


145. Bindoli A., Fukuto J.M., Forman H.J.

Thiol chemistry in peroxidase catalysis and redox signaling.

Antioxid. Redox Signal. 10: 1-16, 2008* PMC2693905


146. Sunagawa, S., Choi, J., Forman, H.J., and Medina, M.

Hyperthermic stress-induced increase in the expression of glutamate-cysteine ligase and glutathione levels in the symbiotic sea anemone Aiptasia pallida.

Comp. Biochem. Physiol. Part B 151: 133-138 2008* PMC2732428


147. Forman, H.J., Fukuto, J.M., Miller, T., Zhang, H., Rinna, A., and Levy, S.

The chemistry of cell signaling by reactive oxygen and nitrogen species and 4-hydroxynonenal.

Arch. Biochem. Biophys. 477: 183-195, 2008* PMC2590784


148. Chen, J.-L., Lin, H.H. Kim, K.J., Lin, A., Forman, H.J. and Ann, D.K.

Novel roles for protein kinase Cδ-dependent signaling pathways in acute hypoxic stress-induced autophagy. 

J. Biol. Chem. 283: 34432-34444, 2008*

PMCID: PMC2590682


149. Forman, H.J., Zhang, H. and Rinna, A.

Glutathione: Overview of its protective roles, measurement, and biosynthesis.

Molec. Aspects Med. 30:1-12, 2009* PMC2696075


150. Franklin, C.C., Backos, D.S., Mohar, I., White, C.C., Forman, H.J. and Kavanagh, T.J.

Structure, function, and post-translational regulation of the catalytic and modifier subunits of glutamate cysteine ligase.

Molec. Aspects Med.30: 86-98, 2009* PMCID: PMC2714364


151. Zhang, H., Shih, A., Rinna, A., and Forman, H.J.

Resveratrol and 4-hydroxynonenal act in concert to increase glutamate cysteine ligase expression and glutathione in human bronchial epithelial cells.

Arch. Biochem. Biophys. 481: 110-115, 2009* PMC2692270


152. Zhang, H. and Forman, H.J.

Signaling pathways involved in phase II gene induction by α, β-unsaturated aldehydes.

Toxicol. Industrial Health 25: 269-278, 2009* 10.1177/0748233709102209 PMCID: PMC2810153


153. Mahaffey, C.M., Zhang, H., Rinna, A., Holland, W., Mack, P.C., and Forman, H.J.

Multidrug resistant protein-three gene regulation by the transcription factor Nrf2 in human bronchial epithelial and non-small cell lung carcinoma.

Free Radic. Biol. Med. 46: 1650-1657, 2009* PMC2692873


154. Soñanez-Organis, J.G., Peregrino-Uriarte, A.B., Gómez-Jiménez, S., López-Zavala, A., Forman, H.J., and Yepiz-Plascencia, G.

Molecular characterization of hypoxia inducible factor-1 (HIF-1) from the white shrimp Litopenaeus vannameiand tissue-specific expression under hypoxia.

Comp. Biochem. Physiol. Part C 150: 395-405, 2009 10.1016/j.cbpc.2009.06.005 PMID: 19540931 



155. Levy, S., Jaiswal, A., and Forman, H.J.

The role of c-Jun phosphorylation in EpRE activation of Phase II genes.

Free Radic. Biol. Med 15: 1172-1179, 2009* PMC2759772


156. Zhang, H. and Forman, H.J.

Redox regulation of g-glutamyl transpeptidase.

Am. J. Respir. Cell Molec. 41: 509-515, 2009* PMC2778158


157. Zhang, H., Shih, A., Rinna, A. and Forman, H.J.

Exacerbation of tobacco smoke mediated apoptosis by resveratrol: an unexpected consequence of its antioxidant action.

Int. J. Biochem. Cell Biol. 43:1059-1064, 2011* epub in 2010  PMCID: PMC2891685


158. Forman, H.J., Maiorino, M., Ursini, F.

Signaling functions of reactive oxygen species.

Biochemistry49: 835-42, 2010* PMCID: PMC4226395


159. Levy, S., and Forman, H.J.

c-Myc is a Nrf2-interacting protein that negatively regulates phase II genes through their electrophile responsive elements.

IUBMB Life 62: 237-246, 2010

PMCID: PMC2852429


160. Liu, R.-M., Choi, J., Wu, J.H., Gaston-Pravia, K.A., Lewis, K.M., Brand, J.D., Reyes Mochel, N.S., Krzywanski, D.M., Lambeth, J.D., Hagood, J.S., Forman, H.J., Thannickal V.J., and Postlethwait, E.M.

Oxidative modification of nuclear mitogen activated protein kinase phosphatase 1 is involved in transforming growth factor beta1-induced expression of plasminogen activator inhibitor 1 in fibroblasts.

J. Biol. Chem. 285:16239–16247, 2010* 10.1074/jbc.M110.111732 PMCID: PMC2871491


161. Forman, H.J.

Reactive oxygen species and a,b-unsaturated aldehydes as second messengers in signal transduction.

Ann. N.Y. Acad. Sci. 1203: 35-44, 2010* 10.1111/j.1749-6632.2010.05551.x PMCID: PMC4226340



162. Vázquez-Medina, J.P., Crocker, D.E., Forman, H.J., and Ortiz, R.M.

Prolonged fasting does not increase oxidative damage or inflammation in a naturally adapted mammal, the northern elephant seal.

J. Exper. Biol. 213: 2524-2530, 2010* PMCID: PMC2892425


163. Zhang, H., and Forman, H.J.

Reexamination of the electrophile response element sequences and context reveals a lack of consensus in gene function.

Biochimica Biophysica Acta 1799: 496–501, 2010*  PMCID: PMC2893253


164. Soñanez-Organis, J.G., Peregrino-Uriarte, A.B., Sotelo-Mundo, R.R., Forman, H.J, and Yepiz-Plascencia, G.

Hexokinase from the white shrimp Litopenaeus vannamei: cDNA sequence, structural protein model and regulation via HIF-1 in response to hypoxia.

Comp Biochem Physiol B Biochem Mol Biol. 158: 242-249, 2011 

PMID: 21199679 


165. Vázquez-Medina, Zenteno-Savín, T., Forman, H.J., J.P., Crocker, D.E., and Ortiz, R.M.

Prolonged fasting increases glutathione biosynthesis in postweaned northern elephant seals.

J. Exper. Biol. 214: 1294-1299, 2011*

PMCID: PMC3063111


166. Premasekharan, G., Nguyen, K., Contreras, J.,Ramon, V., LeppertV.J., and Forman, H.J.

Iron-mediated lipid peroxidation and lipid raft disruption in low-dose silica-induced macrophage cytokine production.

Free Radic. Biol. Med. 51: 1184–1194, 2011 21741475 


167. Kalyanaraman, B., Darley-Usmar, V. Davies, K.J., Dennery, P.A., Forman, H.J., Grisham, M.B., Mann, G.E., Moore, K. Roberts II, L.J.; and Ischiropoulos, H.

Measuring reactive oxygen and nitrogen species with fluorescence probes:  challenges and limitations.

Free Radic. Biol. Med.52: 1-6, 2012* PMC3911769


168. Mahaffey, C., Mahaffey, N.C., Holland, W., Zhang, H., Gandara, D.R., Mack, P.C., and Forman, H.J.

Aberrant regulation of the MRP3 gene in non-small cell lung carcinoma.

J. Thoracic Oncol. 7:34-39,2012* epub 2011 10.1097/JTO.0b013e318233d753 PMCID: PMC3241903



169. Vázquez-Medina, Zenteno-Savín, T., Tift, M.S., Forman, H.J., J.P., Crocker, D.E., and Ortiz, R.M.

Apnea stimulates the adaptive response to oxidative stress in elephant seal pups.

J. Exper. Biol. 214: 4193-4200, 2011* PMC3223118


170. Nguyen, K., Premasekharan, G., Yuen, A., Forman, H.J., and Leppert, V.J. 

Effect of engineered solid and mesoporous silica particle physical properties on in vitro toxicity. 

MRS Proceedings 2011 1357: mrss11-1357-ll03-17 


171. Forman, H.J. and Ursini, F.

What is an antioxidant: reductant, nucleophile, electrophile, scavenger or hormetic? Searching for consensus between chemistry and biology. 

J. Wine Res. 22: 139–141, 2011


172. Zhang, H., Liu, H., Borok, Z., Davies, K.J., Ursini, F., and Forman, H.J.

Cigarette smoke extract-stimulated epithelial-mesenchymal transition through Src activation.

Free. Radic. Biol. Med.52: 1437-1442, 2012* PMCID: PMC3312989


173. Pickering, A.M, Linder, R.A., Zhang, H., Forman, H.J., Davies, K.J.A.

Nrf2 dependent induction of proteasome and Pa28αβ regulator is required for adaptation to oxidative stress.

J. Biol. Chem. 287: 10021-10031, 2012* PMC3323025


174. Zhang, H., Liu, H., Davies, K.J.A., Sioutas, C., Morgan, T., Finch, C.E., and Forman, H.J.

Nrf2-regulated phase II enzymes are induced by chronic ambient nanoparticle exposure in young mice with age-related impairments.

Free. Radic. Biol. Med. 52: 2038-2046, 2012.* PMC3342863


175. Sticozzi, C., Belmonte, G., Pecorelli, A., Arezzini, B., Gardi, C., Maioli, E., Clelia,  M., Marzia, T., Forman, H.J., and Valacchi, G.

Cigarette smoke affects keratinocytes Srb1 expression and localization via H2O2production and HNE protein adducts formation.

PLoS ONE 7(3): e33592.2012*

http://dx.doi.org10.1371/journal.pone.0033592PMCID: PMC3307738


176. Zhang, H., and Forman, H.J.

Glutathione synthesis and its role in redox signaling.

Semin Cell Dev Biol. 2012 September; 23(7): 722–728.* PMC3422610


177. Chepelev, N.L., Zhang, H., Liu, H., McBride, S., Seal, A.J., Morgan, T.E., FinchC.E., Willmore, W.J., Davies, K.J.A., and Forman, H.J.

Competition of nuclear factor-erythroid 2 factors related transcription factor isoforms, Nrf1 and Nrf2, in antioxidant enzyme induction.

Redox Biol. 1: 183-189, 2013* PMC3757680


178. Forman, H.J., Davies, K.J., and Ursini, F.

How do nutritional antioxidants really work: nucleophilic tone and para-hormesis versus free radical scavenging in vivo.

Free Radic. Biol. Med. 66: 24-35, 2014* PMC3852196 


179. Forman, H.J., Ursini, F., and Maiorino, M.

An overview of mechanisms of redox signaling.

J. Mol. Cell. Cardiol. 73: 2–9, 2014* j.yjmcc.2014.01.018  PMCID: PMC4048798 


180. Sticozzi, C., Belmonte, G., Cervellati, F., Muresan, X.M., Pessina, F., Lim, Y., Forman, H.J., and Valacchi, G.

Resveratrol protects SR-B1 levels in keratinocytes exposed to cigarette smoke.

Free Radic. Biol. Med. 69: 50-57, 2014* PMC3967961


181. Qiu, F., Chen, Y.R,, Liu, X., Chu, C.Y., Shen, L.J., Xu, J., Gaur, S., Forman, H.J., Zhang, H., Zheng, S., Yen, Y., Huang, J., Kung, H.J., and Ann, DK.

Arginine starvation impairs mitochondrial respiratory function in ASS1-deficient breast cancer cells.

Sci Signal. 2014 Apr 1;7(319):ra31*

doi: 10.1126/scisignal.2004761 PMCID: PMC4229039 


182. Cervellati, F., Muresan, X., Sticozzi, C., Gambari, R., Montagner, G., Forman, H.J., Torricelli, C. Maioli, E., and Valacchi, G.

Comparative effects between electronic and cigarette smoke in human keratinocytes.

Toxicol. In Vitro 28: 999-1005, 2014*

http://doi: 10.1016/j.tiv.2014.04.012 PMID: 24809892


183. Forman, H.J. and Ursini, F.

Para-hormesis: An innovative mechanism for the health protection brought by antioxidants in wine. 

Nutrition and Aging 2: 117–124, 2014*



184. Schwarzländer, M., Wagner, S., Ermakova, Y.G., Belousov, V.V., Radi, R., Beckman, J.S., Buettner, G.R., Demaurex, N., Duchen, M.R., Forman, H.J., Fricker, M.D., Gems, D., Halestrap, A.P., Halliwell, B., Jakob, U., Johnston, I.G., Jones, N.S., Logan, D.C., Morgan, B., Müller, F.L., Nicholls, D.G., Remington, S.J., Schumacker, P.T., Winterbourn, C.C., Sweetlove, L.J., Meyer, A.J., Dick, T.P., and Murphy, M.P.

The ‘mitoflash’ probe cpYFP does not respond to superoxide.

Nature 514, E12–E14 (23 October 2014)*

doi:10.1038/nature13858 PMID: 25341790


185. Forman, H.J.,Augusto, O., Brigelius-Flohe, R., Dennery, P.A., Kalyanaraman,B., Ischiropoulos, H., Mann, G.E., Radi, R., Roberts II, L.J., Vina, J., and Davies, K.J.A.

Even free radicals should follow some rules: A Guide to free radical research terminology and methodology.

Free Radic. Biol. Med. 78: 233–235, 2015*

doi:10.1016/j.freeradbiomed.2014.10.504 PMID: 25462642


186. Pecorelli, A., Natrella, F., Belmonte, G., Miracco, C., Cervellati, F., Ciccoli, L., Mariottini, A., Rocchi, R., Vatti, G., Bua, A., Canitano, R., Hayek, J., Forman, H.J., and Valacchi, G.

NADPH oxidase activation and 4-hydroxy-2-nonenal/aquaporin-4 adducts as possible new players in oxidative neuronal damage presents in drug-resistant epilepsy.

BBA - Molecular Basis of Disease 1852: 507-519, 2015*

doi:10.1016/j.bbadis.2014.11.016 PMID: 25460197


187. Bosello-Travain, V., Forman, H.J., Roveri, A., Toppo, S., Ursini, F., Venerando, R., Warnecke, C., Zaccarin, M., and Maiorino, M.

Glutathione Peroxidase 8 is transcriptionally regulated by HIFaand modulates growth factor signaling in HeLa cells.

Free Radic. Biol. Med.  81: 58–68, 2015 PMID: 25557012


188. Zhang, H., Davies, K.J.A., and Forman, H.J.

TGFb1 rapidly activates Src through a non-canonical redox signaling mechanism.

Arch. Biochem. Biophys. 568: 1-7, 2015*

doi: 10.1016/ PMCID: PMC4339486


189. Pecorelli, A., Belmonte, G., Meloni, I. Cervellati, F., Gardi, C,, Sticozzi, C., De Felice, C., Signorini, C., Cortelazzo, C., Leoncini, S., Ciccoli, L., Renieri, A., Forman, H.J., Hayek, J., and Valacchi, G.

Alteration of serum lipid profile, SRB1 loss and impaired Nrf2 activation in CDKL5 disorder.

Free Radic. Biol. Med 86: 156-165, 2015

doi: 10.1016/j.freeradbiomed.2015.05.010 PMID: 26006105


190. Zhang, H., Davies, K.J.A., and Forman, H.J.

Oxidative stress response and Nrf2 signaling in aging.

Free Radic. Biol. Med. 88, Part B: 314–336, 2015*

doi:10.1016/j.freeradbiomed.2015.05.036 PMCID: PMC4628850

191. Cervellati, C., Sticozzi; C., Romani, A., Belmonte, G., De Rasmo, D., Signorile, A., Cervellati, F., Milanese, C., Mastroberardino, P.G., Pecorelli, A., Savelli, V., Forman, H.J., Hayek, J., and Valacchi, G.

Impaired enzymatic defensive activity, mitochondrial and proteasome dysfunction are involved in RTT cells oxidative damage.

Biochim Biophys Acta. 1852: 2066-2074, 2015*

doi: 10.1016/j.bbadis.2015.07.014. PMID: 26189585


192. Zhang, H., and Forman, H.J.

4-Hydroxynonenal activates Src through a non-canonical pathway that involves EGFR/PTP1B.

Free Radic. Biol. Med. 89:701-707, 2015*

doi: 10.1016/j.freeradbiomed.2015.08.025. PMCID: PMC4684732


193. Ursini, F., Maiorino, M., and Forman, H.J.

Redox Homeostasis: The Golden Mean of Healthy Living

Redox Biol. (online), 2016 * 

doi:10.1016/j.redox.2016.01.010 PMCID: PMC4732014


194. Appenzeller-Herzog. C., Bánhegyi, G., Bogeski, I., Davies, K.J., Delaunay-Moisan, A., Forman, H.J., Görlach, A., Kietzmann, T., Laurindo, F., Margittai, E., Meyer, A.J., Riemer, J., Rützler, M., Simmen, T., Sitia, R., Toledano, M.B., and Touw, I.P.

Transit of H2O2across the endoplasmic reticulum membrane is not sluggish.

Free Radic Biol Med. 94:157-160, 2016

doi: 10.1016/j.freeradbiomed.2016.02.030. PMID: 26928585


195. Forman, H.J.

Glutathione - From antioxidant to post-translational modifier.

Arch. Biochem. Biophys. 595: 64–67, 2016*

doi:10.1016/ PMCID: PMC4838773


196. Forman, H.J., Bernardo, A., and Davies, K.J.A.

What is the concentration of hydrogen peroxide in blood and plasma?

Arch Biochem Biophys. 9: 48-53, 2016 

doi: 10.1016/ PMID: 27173735


197. Cheng, H., Saffari, A., Sioutas, C., Forman, H.J., Morgan, T.E., and Finch, C.E.

Nanoscale particulate matter from urban traffic rapidly induces oxidative stress and inflammation in olfactory epithelium with concomitant effects on brain.

Environ Health Perspect. 124:1537–1546, 2016*

doi: 10.1289/EHP134 PMCID: PMC5047762


198. Forman, H.J.

Redox signaling: an evolution from free radicals to aging.

Free Radic Biol Med. 97:398-407, 2016*

doi: 10.1016/j.freeradbiomed.2016.07.003 PMCID: PMC4996735


199. Forman, H.J., Davies, M.J., Krämer, A.C., Miotto, G., Zaccarin, M., Zhang, H., and Ursini, F.

Protein cysteine oxidation in redox signaling: Caveats on sulfenic acid detection and


Arch Biochem Biophys. 617: 26–37 (2017)*

doi: 10.1016/ PMCID: PMC5318241


200. Zhang, H., and Forman, H.J. 

Signaling by 4-hydroxy-2-nonenal: Exposure protocols, target selectivity and degradation.

Arch Biochem Biophys. 617: 145–154 (2017)*

doi: 10.1016/ PMCID: PMC5318232


201. Zhang, H., and Forman, H.J. 

4-hydroxynonenal-mediated signaling and aging.

Free Radic Biol Med. 111: 219-225 (2017)*

doi:10.1016/j.freeradbiomed.2016.11.03 PMCID: PMC5438786


202. Zhang, H., Zhou, L., Yuen, J., Birkner, N., Leppert, V., O'Day, P.A., and Forman, H.J.

Delayed Nrf2-regulated antioxidant gene induction in response to silica nanoparticles.

Free Radic Biol Med. 108: 311-319, 2017*

doi: 10.1016/j.freeradbiomed.2017.04.002 PMCID: PMC5480609


203. Zhou, L., Forman, H.J., Ge, Y., and Lunec, J.

Multi-walled carbon nanotubes: a cytotoxicity study in relation to functionalization, dose and dispersion.
Toxicol. in Vitro 42: 292–298, 2017*

doi: 10.1016/j.tiv.2017.04.027 PMCID: PMC5577988


204. Premshekharan, G., Zhang, H., Nguyen, K., Forman, H.J., and Leppert, V.J.

Low dose inflammatory potential of silica particles in human-derived THP-1 macrophage cell culture studies – mechanism and effects of particle size and iron.

Chem. Biol. Interact. 272: 160–171, 2017*

doi: 10.1016/j.cbi.2017.05.004 PMCID: PMC5619987


205. Skvortsova, L., Perfelyeva, A., Khussainova, E., Mansharipova, A., Forman, H.J., and Djansugurova, L.

Association of GCLM -588C/T and GCLC -129T/C promoters polymorphisms of genes coding the subunits of glutamate cysteine ligase with ischemic heart disease development in Kazakhstan population.

Disease Markers  2017, Article ID 4209257, 2017*

doi:10.1155/2017/4209257 PMCID: PMC5516751


206. Zhang, H., Liu, H., Yuen, J., and Forman, H.J.

Temporal changes in glutathione biosynthesis during the lipopolysaccharide-induced inflammatory response of THP-1 macrophages.

Free Radic Biol Med. 13: 304-310, 2017

doi:  10.1016/j.freeradbiomed.2017.10.010 PMCID: PMC5699958

207. Davies, J.M.S., Cillard, J., Friguet, B., Cadenas, E., Cadet, J., Cayce, R., Fishmann, A., Liao, D., Bulteau, A.-L. Derbré, F. Rébillard, A., Burstein, S., Hirsch , E., Kloner, R.A., Jakowec, M., Petzinger, G., Sauce, D., Sennlaub, F., Limon, I., Ursini, F., Maiorino, M., Economides, C., Pike, C., Cohen, P., Negre Salvayre, A., Halliday, M.R., Lundquist, A.J., Jakowec, M.A., Mechta – Grigoriou, F., Mericskay, M., Mariani, J., Li, Z., Huang, D., 

Grant, E., Forman, H.J., Finch, C.E., Sun, P.Y., Pomatto, L.C.D., Agbulut, O., Warburton, D., Neri, C., Rouis, M., Cillard, P., Capeau, J., Rosenbaum, J., and Davies, K.J.A.

The oxygen paradox, the French paradox, and age related diseases

GeroScience  39:499-550, 2017*

doi: 10.1007/s11357-017-0002-y PMCID: PMC5745211


208. Zhou, L., Zhang, H., Davies, K.J.A., and Forman, H.J.

Aging-related decline in the induction of Nrf2-regulated antioxidant genes in human bronchial epithelial cells.

Redox Biol. 14: 35–40, 2018*

doi: 10.1016/j.redox.2017.08.014PMCID: PMC5576992


209. Forman, H.J. and Finch, C.E.

A critical review of assays for hazardous components of air pollution.

Free Radic Biol Med. 117:202-217, 2018

doi: 10.1016/j.freeradbiomed.2018.01.030 PMCID: PMC5845809


210. Hegedűs, C., KovácsK., Polgár, Z., Regdon, Z., Szabó, É., Robaszkiewicz, A., Forman, H.J., Martner, A., and  Virág, L.

Redox control of cancer cell destruction.

Redox Biol. 16:59-74, 2018*


211.   Pomatto, L.C.D., Cline, M., Woodward, N., Pakbin, P., Sioutas, C., Morgan, T.E. Finch, C.E., Forman, H.J. and Davies, K.J.A.

Aging attenuates redox adaptive homeostasis and proteostasis in female mice exposed to traffic-derived nanoparticles ('vehicular smog').

Free Radic Biol Med. 121:86-97, 2018

doi: 10.1016/j.freeradbiomed.2018.04.574 PMID: 29709705 Epub 2018 Apr 27




1. Forman, H.J. and Cadenas, E., editors

Oxidative Stress and Signal Transduction

Chapman Hall, New York, 475 pp., 1997


2. Forman, H.J., Fukuto, J., and Torres, M., editors

Signal Transduction by Reactive Oxygen and Nitrogen Species: Pathways and Chemical Principles

Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, 436 pp., 2003


3. Spickett, C.M. and Forman, H.J., editors

Lipid Oxidation in Health and Disease 

CRC Press, Boca Raton, 419 pp., 2015





1. Fisher, A.B., Bassett, D.J.P. and Forman, H.J.

Oxygen toxicity of the lung: Biochemical aspects.

In: Pulmonary Edema: A.P. Fishman and S. Geiger, editors, Am. Physiol. Soc., 1978, pp 207-216.


2. Forman, H.J.

The role of ubisemiquinone in superoxide production by dihydroorotate dehydrogenase.

In: The Significance of Superoxide and Superoxide Dismutase.Vol. I, J.V. Bannister and H.A.O. Hill, editors, Elsevier, 1980, pp 76‑83.


3. Forman, H.J. and Fisher, A.B.

Anti-oxidant defenses.

In: Oxygen and Living Processes: D.L. Gilbert, editor, Springer-Verlag, 1981, pp 237-249.


4. Forman, H.J. and Boveris, A.

Superoxide radical and hydrogen peroxide in mitochondria.

In: Free Radicals in Biology: Vol. V, W.A. Pryor, editor, Academic Press, 1982, pp 65-90.


5. Forman, H.J., Cameron, A.R. and Nelson, J.

Alteration of membrane properties in the activation of alveolar macrophage superoxide release.

In: Oxy Radicals and Their Scavenging Systems.Vol. II. Cellular. R. Greenwald and G. Cohen, editors, Elsevier, 1983, pp 74‑80.


6. Forman, H.J. and Fisher, A.B.

Role of glutathione peroxidase in tolerance and adaptation to hyperoxia.

In: Oxygen Radicals in Chemistry and Biology.W. Bors, M. Saran, and D. Tait, editors Walter de Gruyter, 1984, pp. 699‑ 705.


7. Fisher, A.B. and Forman, H.J.

Natural defense mechanisms against oxygen and its derivatives.

In: Workshop on oxygen: In‑depth study of pathophysiology.Oak Ridge National Laboratories, 1984, pp. 433‑457.


8. Fisher, A.B., Forman, H.J. and Glass, M.

Mechanisms of Pulmonary Oxygen Toxicity.

Lung 162: 255‑259, 1984.


9. Fisher, A.B. and Forman, H.J.

Oxygen utilization and toxicity.

In: Handbook of Physiology, Section 3: The Respiratory System, Vol. I, Circulation and Nonrespiratory Functions: A.P. Fishman and A.B. Fisher, editors, Am. Physiol. Soc., 1985, pp 231-254.


10. Forman, H.J. and Fisher, A.B.

Antioxidant enzymes in the lung.

In: Handbook of Methods in Oxy Radical Research: R.A. Greenwald, editor, CRC Press, 1985, pp 359-364.


11. Forman, H.J.

The effects of oxidant stress on pulmonary metabolic functions.

In: Mechanisms of Lung Injury.T.P. Stein and G. Weinbaum, editors, George F. Stickley Co., 1985, pp. 141-153.


12. Forman, H.J. and Thomas, M.J.

Oxidant production and bactericidal activity of phagocytes.

In: Annual Reviews in Physiology: 1986, pp 669-680.


13. Forman, H.J., Nelson, J. and Harrison, G. .

Hyperoxia causes loss of the extracellular calcium dependence of the rat alveolar macrophage respiratory burst. .

In: Superoxide and Superoxide Dismutase in Chemistry, Biology and Medicine.G. Rotilio, editor, Elsevier, 1986, pp. 413‑41.


14. Dorio, R.J., Hoek, J.B., Forman, H.J. and Rubin, E.

The effect of ethanol on superoxide production in alveolar macrophages.

Ann. N.Y. Acad. Sci. 492: 324-326, 1986.


15. Coburn, R.F. and Forman, H.J.

Carbon monoxide toxicity.

In: Handbook of Physiology, Section 3: The Respiratory System, Volume 4, Gas Exchange: L.E. Farhi and S.M. Tenney, editors, Am. Physiol. Soc., 1987, pp 439-456. 

Published online: 1 JAN 2011, doi: 10.1002/cphy.cp030421


16. Forman, H.J., Skelton, D., Loeb, G.A. and Dorio, R.J.

Membrane permeability and oxidant injury.

(Oxygen Radicals in Biology and Medicine. M.G. Simic, K.A. Taylor, J.F. Ward and C. von Sonntag, editors, Pergamon).

Basic Life Sciences 49: 523-530, 1988.


17. Forman, H.J.

Oxidant radical production and lung injury.

In: Oxygen Radicals: Systemic Events and Disease Processes: D.K. Das and W.B. Essman, editors, Karger, 1990, pp. 71-96.


18. Forman, H.J. and Torres, M.

Leukocytes, macrophages & active molecular species.

In: Basic Science in Toxicology. Proceedings of 5th International Congress of Toxicology: Taylor and Francis, London, 1990, pp. 250-259.



19. Forman, H.J. and Thomas, M.J.

Oxygen metabolism in the lungs.

In: Comprehensive Treatise on Pulmonary Toxicology, Vol 1. Comparative Biology of the Normal Lung: R.A. Parent, editor, CRC Press, 1992, pp. 485-510.


20. Forman, H.J. and Robison, T.W.

Arachidonic acid metabolites and phagocytic cells as mediators of tissue injury.

(In Vitro Toxicology - Mechanisms and New Technology), Mary Ann Libert, New York.

Alternative Methods in Toxicology 8: 3-17, 1991.


21. Forman, H.J. and Torres, M.

Inflammation: an overview.

In: Oxidative Damage & Repair. Chemical, Biological, and Medical Aspects.(Proceedings of the 5th Biennial General Meeting of the International Society for Free Radical Research), Pergamon Press, New York, 1992, pp. 636-641.


22. Forman, H.J., Robison, T.W., Skelton, D.C. and Duncan, D.P.

Perturbation of arachidonate metabolism and membrane function by oxidants.

In: The Molecular Basis of Oxidative Damage by Leukocytes, A. Jesaitis and E.A. Dratz, editors, CRC Press, Boca Raton, 1992, pp.101-111.


23. Forman, H.J.

Role of the g-glutamyl cycle in antioxidant defense.

In: Biological Free Radical Oxidations and Antioxidants, F. Ursini and E. Cadenas, editors, Cleup, University Publisher, Padua, Italy, 1992, pp. 111-114.


24. Forman, H.J.

Membrane potential changes in hydroperoxide-induced cell injury.

In: Active Oxygens, Lipid Peroxides and Antioxidants, K. Yagi, editor, Japan Scientific Societies Press, Tokyo, and CRC Press, Boca Raton, 1993, pp. 149-160.


25. Forman, H.J., Shi, M., Kugelman, A. and Choy, H.A.

Role of g-glutamyl cycle enzymes in antioxidant defense.

Bull. Soc. Luxembourgeoise Biol. Clin. (Special issue)69-75, 1993.


26. Forman, H.J., Shi, M., Iwamoto, T., Liu, R.-M. and Robison, T.W.

Measurement of g-glutamyl transpeptidase and g-glutamylcysteine synthetase activities in cells.

Methods Enzymol. 252:66-71, 1995.


27. Forman, H.J., Shi, M., Kugelman, A., Iwamoto, T. and Choy, H.A.

g-Glutamyl cycle enzymes and antioxidant defense.

In: The Oxygen Paradox, K.J.A. Davies and F. Ursini, editors, CLEUP, University Publisher, Padua, Italy, 1995, pp. 223-234.



28. Forman, H.J., Liu, R. and Shi, M.M.

Glutathione synthesis in oxidative stress.

In: Biothiols in Health and Disease, L. Packer and E. Cadenas, editors, Marcel Dekker, Inc., New York, 1995, pp. 189-212.


29. Forman, H.J., Liu, R.-M. and Tian, L.

Glutathione cycling in oxidative stress.

In: Lung Biology in Health and Diseases, C. Lenfant, editor, (Oxygen, Gene Expression and Cellular Function, D. Massaro and L. Clerch, editors), Marcel Decker, Inc., New York, 1997, pp. 99-121.


30. Forman, H.J. and Azzi, A.

On the virtual existence of superoxide anions in mitochondria: thoughts regarding its role in pathophysiology.

FASEB J. 11: 374-375, 1997.


31. Thomas, M.J., Robison, T.W. and Forman, H.J.

Assessment of tissue injury from reactive oxygen metabolites.

In: Lung Biology in Health and Diseases, C. Lenfant, editor, (Chronic Lung Disease in Early Infancy, R.D. Bland and J. Coalson, editors) Marcel Decker, Inc., New York 1999, pp. 779-792.


32. Forman, H.J. and Azzi, A.

Production of reactive oxygen species in mitochondria and age-associated pathophysiology: a reality check.

In: Understanding the Process of Aging, E. Cadenas and L. Packer, editors, Marcel Dekker, Inc., New York, 1999, pp. 73-93.


33. Girón-Calle, J. and Forman, H.J.

Cell Ca2+in signal transduction: modulation in oxidative stress.

In: Antioxidant and Redox Regulation of Genes, C.K. Sen, H. Sies, and P.A. Baeuerle, editors, Academic Press, San Diego, 1999, pp. 105-127.


34 Torres, M. and Forman, H.J.

Nitric oxide, oxidative stress and signal transduction.

In: Nitric Oxide, Biology and Pathobiology, L.J. Ignarro, editor, Academic Press, San Diego, 2000, pp. 329-342.


35. Kaul, N. and Forman, H.J.

Reactive oxygen species in physiology and toxicology: from lipid peroxidation to transcriptional activation.

In: Toxicology of the Human Environment: The Critical Role of Free Radicals, C.J. Rhodes, editor, Taylor and Francis, New York 2000, pp. 310-335.



36. Dickinson, D.A., Liu, R.-M., Iles, K.E., and Forman, H.J.

Signaling for the synthesis of glutathione.

In: Free Radicals in Chemistry, Biology and Medicine, T. Yoshikawa, S. Toyokuni, Y Yamamoto and Y. Naito, editors, OICA International, London, 2000, pp. 139-154.


37. Forman, H.J., Gao, L., Broughman, J.R., Iwamoto, T., Venglarik, C.J., and Tomich, J.M.

Glutathione transport and impaired antioxidant function in cystic fibrosis.

Pediatric Pulmonology 30 (S20): 161-162, 2000.


38. Liu, R.-M., Choi, J. and Forman, H.J.

Oxidant induced regulation of glutathione synthesis.

In: Current Protocols in Toxicology, D.J. Reed, editor, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 2001, Unit 6.7 (1-21).


39. Torres, M. and Forman, H.J.

Redox signaling in macrophages.

Mol. Aspects Med. 22: 189-216, 2001.


40. Forman, H.J. and Torres, M.

Signaling by the respiratory burst in macrophages.

IUBMB Life 51: 365-371, 2001.


41. Forman, H.J. and Dickinson, D.A.

Oxidative signaling and glutathione synthesis.

In: Thiol Metabolism and Redox Regulation of Cellular Functions, A. Pompella, G. Bánhegyi, and M. Wellman-Rousseau, editors, NATO Science Series IOS Press, 2002, pp. 1-13.

Republished as Biofactors17:1-12, 2003.


42. Torres, M. and Forman, H.J.

Redox signaling and the MAP kinase pathways. 

In: Thiol Metabolism and Redox Regulation of Cellular Functions, A. Pompella, G. Bánhegyi, and M. Wellman-Rousseau, editors, NATO Science Series IOS Press, 2002, pp. 306-316.

Republished as Biofactors17:287-296, 2003.


43. Dickinson, D., Iles, K and Forman, H.

Signaling pathways in glutathione biosynthesis.

In: Proceedings of the 11th Biennial Meeting of the Society for Free Radical Research International, C. Pasquier, editor, Bologna, Monduzzi Editore, 2003, pages 245-249.


44. Forman H.J., Dickinson D.A. and Iles, K.E.

HNE - Signaling pathways leading to its elimination.

Mol. Aspects Med. 24:189-194, 2003.


45. Dickinson DA, Iles KE, Wigley AF, Forman HJ.

Analysis of transcription factor remodeling in phase II gene expression with curcumin.
Methods Enzymol. 378: 302-18, 2004.


46. Watanabe N, Dickinson DA, Liu RM, Forman HJ.

Quinones and glutathione metabolism.

Methods Enzymol. 378:319-40, 2004.


47. Zhang H, Forman HJ, and Choi J.

g-Glutamyl transpeptidase in glutathione biosynthesis.

Methods Enzymol. 401:468-83, 2005


48. Torres, M. and Forman, H.J.

Signal Transduction.

In: Encyclopedia of Respiratory Medicine, Volume 4, G.J. Laurent and S.D. Shapiro, editors, Elsevier, ISBN (Set): 0-12-438360-2, 2006, pp.1-9.


49. Newsam, S., Novini, K., Rich, B., Rinna, A., and Forman, H.J. 

Measuring respiratory burst in alveolar macrophages 

Proceedings of Workshop on Multiscale Biological Imaging, Data Mining & Informatics

Santa Barbara, September 2006.


50. Forman, H.J.

Hydrogen Peroxide: the Good, the Bad, and the Ugly 

In: Oxidants in Biology: a question of balance, G. Valacchi and P.A. Davis editors, Springer, ISBN 978-I-4020-8398-3, 2008, pp 1-18.


51. Gow, A.J. and Forman, H.J. 

Oxygen metabolism in the lungs.

In: Comparative Biology of the Normal Lung.Second Edition: R.A. Parent, editor, Elsevier, 2015, pp. 355-374.


52. Spickett, C.M. and Forman, H.J., editors

An introduction to redox balance and lipid oxidation.

In: Lipid Oxidation in Health and Disease, Spickett, C.M. and Forman, H.J., editors, CRC Press, Boca Raton, 2015, pp. 1-22.


53. Forman, H.J., Maiorino, M. and Ursini, F.

Interactions between Nrf2 activation and glutathione in the maintenance of redox homeostasis.

In: Hydrogen Peroxide Metabolism in Health and Disease, Vissers, M.C.M.,  Hampton, M. and Kettle, A.J., editors, CRC Press, Boca Raton, 2017, pp. 409-521.







1. Dickinson D.A., Lu S.C. and H.J. Forman

Thiols: Glutathione – Synthesis

The Virtual Free Radical School (uploaded July, 2002)


2. Dickinson D.A., Forman H.J. and S.C. Lu

Thiols: Glutathione – Regulation

The Virtual Free Radical School (uploaded April, 2003, updated March, 2006)


3. H.J. Forman

Glutathione: antioxidant defense and regulation of its synthesis, in Davies, K. (ed.), Free Radicals and the Oxygen Paradox: Oxidative Stress in Biology, Aging and Disease, The Biomedical & Life Sciences Collection, Henry Stewart Talks Ltd, London, 2007 (online at


4. From PBS Great Valley television show in 2010:

Air Quality Successes and Challenges in the Central Valley

Online at


5. Forman, H.J.

Glutathione: Protective Roles and Regulation of its Synthesis

Society for Free Radical Biology and Medicine Virtual Free Radical School Webinars


6. Forman, H.J., Leppert, V., O’Day, P.

The Role of Iron in Magnifying Particle Toxicity

Risk-Based Strategies for Managing Air Quality

University of California, Davis, June 27, 2013





1. "Thioredoxin and Glutaredoxin Systems: Structure and Function" by A. Holmgren, C.-I. Branden, H. Jornvall, and B.-M. Sjoberg.

J. Free Radic. Biol. Med. 2: 83, 1986.


2. "Biological Oxidants: Generation and Injurious Consequences" by C.G. Cochrane and M.A. Gimbrone, Jr.

Am. J. Physiol. 266:L590, 1994.


3. "Mitochondria and Free Radicals in Neurodegenerative Diseases" by M.F. Beal.

Free Radic. Biol. Med. 24: 876-877, 1998.


4. "Free Radicals and Antioxidant Protocols" by Donald Armstrong.

The Quarterly Review of Biology 74: 341-342, 1999. 





1. Forman, H.J. and Haugaard, N.

Superoxide toxicity.

Trends in Biochemical Sciences 7: 279, 1982.


2. Kaul, N. and Forman, H.J.

Response to Neopterin derivatives to activate NF-κB.

Free Radic. Biol. Med. 23:179, 1997.


3. Fisher, A.B., and Forman, H.J.

Antioxidants in the Intensive Care Unit

Am. J. Respir. Crit. Care Med. 189:1007-1008 (2014)*





1. Forman, H.J.

Another reason for taking aspirin.

Am. J. Physiol. 280: L1-2, 2001.


2. Forman, H.J. and Ruden, D.

Introduction to serial reviews on EpRE and its signaling pathway.

Free Radic. Biol. Med. 36: 1197-1198, 2004.


3. Forman, H.J. and Dickinson, D.A.

Introduction to serial reviews on 4-hydroxy-2-nonenal as a signaling molecule.

Free Radic. Biol. Med. 37: 594-596, 2004.


4. Forman, H.J.

Signaling by toxicants: introduction.

Free Radic. Biol. Med. 37: 915, 2004.


5. Forman, H.J.

Introduction to serial reviews on peroxiredoxins.

Free Radic. Biol. Med. 38: 1411-1412, 2005.


6. Natarajan, V. and Forman, H.J.

Introduction to serial reviews on redox regulation of phospholipases and sphingomyelinase in cell signaling.

Free Radic. Biol. Med. 40: 363, 2006.


7. Forman, H.J.

Signal transduction and reactive species.

Free Radic. Biol. Med. 10.1016/j.freeradbiomed.2009.09.002


8. Forman, H.J.

Critical Methods in Free Radical Biology and Medicine.

Free Radic. Biol. Med.


9. Davies, K.J.A. and Forman, H.J.

RasGrf1 and Aging.

Aging 3: 455, 2011


10. Forman, H.J.

Methods of lipid oxidation product identification and quantification.

Free Radic. Biol. Med. 59: 1, 2013


11. Andersen, J.K., Davies, K.J.A., and Forman, H.J.

Reactive oxygen and nitrogen species in neurodegeneration.

Free Radic. Biol. Med. 62: 1-3, 2013


12. Forman, H.J., 

Antioxidants: GRABbing new headlines 

Free Radic. Biol. Med. 1-2, 2014

doi: 10.1016/j.freeradbiomed.2013.10.808


13. Mann, G.E., and Forman, H.J.

Introduction to Special Issue on 'Nrf2 Regulated Redox Signaling and Metabolism in Physiology and Medicine.

Free Radic Biol Med. 88 Part B:91–92, 2015

doi: 10.1016/j.freeradbiomed.2015.08.002.


14. Forman, H.J. and Davies, K.J.A.

Commentary on “Bach1 differentially regulates distinct Nrf2-dependent genes in human venous and coronary artery endothelial cells adapted to physiological oxygen levels” by Chapple, et al.

Free Radic Biol Med. 92:163–164, 2016



15. Forman, H.J., and Toyokuni, S.

Tribute issue: Helmut Sies and oxidative stress: Venit, vidit, vicit.

Arch. Biochem. Biophys. 595: 2, 2016



16. Forman, H.J. and Koppenol, W.H.

Introduction for the Special Issue on the Chemistry of Redox Signaling



1. Forman, H.J. Wispe, J.R. and Elsayed, N.

First International Conference on Oxidative Stress and Aging, 22-26 March 1994

Society for Free Radical Research Newsletter 4: 1994.



Over 250 abstracts