Geographical Index: African History: Congolese History: 20th Century:

Topical Index: Types: Wartime Sexual Violence: 20th-Century Warfares:


FIRST CONGO WAR (1996-1997)


[Info] Bell, Baillie. The Wartime Rape Narrative in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. M.A. Thesis, University of Ottawa, 2016.

[Info] Blum, Salome. The Invisible Victims of Sexual Violence: A Qualitative Analysis of Male Rape in the Congolese Conflict. Master Thesis, University of Oslo, 2012.

[Info] Brankamp, Hanno. »Masculinity, Victimhood and Male Bodies as 'Battlefield' in Eastern DR Congo.« IReflect 2 (2015): 5-28.

[Info] Chiwengo, Ngwarsungu. »When Wounds and Corpses Fail to Speak: When Wounds and Corpses Fail to Speak: Narratives of Violence and Rape in Congo (DRC).« Comparative Studies of South Asia, Africa and the Middle East 28 (2008): 78-92.

[Info] Curren, Kristen. Sexual Violence and Rape in the Democratic Republic of Congo. M.A. Thesis, Dalhousie University, 2008.

[Info] Demmers, Jolle. »Neoliberal Discourses on Violence: Montrosity and Rape in Borderland War.« Gender, Globalization, and Violence: Postcolonial Conflict Zones. Edited by Sandra Ponzanesi. New York 2014: 27-45.

[Info] Dragotesc, Andra-Mirona. (De)constructing War Raped Identities: Awareness Raising Politics on Mass Wartime Rapes in Congo. M.A. Thesis, Central European University, 2009.

[Info] Eriksson Baaz, Maria, et al. Sexual Violence as a Weapon of War? Perceptions, Prescriptions, Problems in the Congo and Beyond. London 2013.

[Info] Kippenberg, Juliane. Soldiers Who Rape, Commanders Who Condone: Sexual Violence and Military Reform in the Democratic Republic of Congo. New York 2009.

[Info] Kirby, Paul. Rethinking War/Rape: Feminism, Critical Explanation and the Study of Wartime Sexual Violence, with Special Reference to the Eastern Democratic Republic of Congo. Ph.D. Thesis, London School of Economics and Political Science, 2012.

[Info] Klockmann, Ida. Sexual Violence in the Conflicts of the DRC. Roskilde 2013.

[Info] Le Pape, Marc. »Viol d’hommes, masculinités et conflits armés.« Cahiers d'études africaines Nos. 209-210 (2013): 201-215.

[Info] Lenander, Hanna. Rape, the masculine thing to do? A comparative study of rape in DRC by the DRC military and the peacekeeping force. Bachelor Thesis, Lund University, 2017.

[Info] Mpinga, Emmanuel K. »Rape in Armed Conflicts in the Democratic Republic of Congo: A Systematic Review of the Scientific Literature.« Trauma, Violence, & Abuse (May 19, 2016).

[Info] Puechguirbal, Nadine. »Les conséquences du viol au lendemain des conflits armés et son impact sur la réintégration sociale des victimes/survivantes au sein de leur communauté/société.« Les viols en temps de guerre: une histoire à écrire - Rape in Wartime: A History to be Written. Paris 2009.

[Info] Puechguirbal, Nadine. »Lever le silence: Nouvelles approches des conséquences du viol en Érythrée, République Démocratique du Congo, Rwanda, Somalie (1994-2008).« Viols en temps de guerre. Edited by Raphaëlle Branche et al. Paris 2011: 145- .

[Info] Puechguirbal, Nadine. »Breaking the Silence: New Approaches to the Consequences of Rape in Some African Conflicts, 1994-2008.« Rape in Wartime. Edited by Raphaëlle Branche et al. Basingstoke 2012: 140-152.

[Info] Victoor, Amanda. An 'Other' Woman's Rape: Abjection and Objection in Representations of War Rape Victims in the DRC. M.A. Thesis, Queen's University, 2010.

[Info] Victoor, Amanda. An 'Other' Woman's Rape: Abjection and Objection in Representations of War Rape Victims in the DRC. M.A. Thesis, Queen's University, 2011.

[Info] Zongwe, Dunia P. »The New Sexual Violence Legislation in the Congo: Dressing Indelible Scars on Human Dignity.« African Studies Review 22 (2012): 37-57.