Last updated: November 4, 2017

Geographical Index: Asian History: Japanese History: 20th Century:

Topical Index: Types: Forced Prostitution:


"COMFORT WOMEN"


Victims by Nationality: Chinese "Comfort Women", Dutch "Comfort Women", Indonesian "Comfort Women", Korean "Comfort Women", Philippine "Comfort Women", Taiwanese "Comfort Women"

Prosecution: Trials: War Crimes Trials in the Netherlands East Indies

Representations: Comics, Films, Literature, Media

Society: Museums



Japanese "Comfort Women" System

[Info] Ahn, Yonson. »Masculinity of Japanese Soldiers and Comfort Women in the Japanese Army during World War II.« Seoul National University. Seoul 2004.

[Info] Ahn, Yonson. »How are the 'Comfort Women' Remembered in 'Historical Revisionism' in Japan?« 11th Conference of the European Association for Japanese Studies. Vienna 2005.

[Info] Ahn, Yonson. »Making a "Fallen" Woman: Femininity and "Military Sex Slaves".« Women's Worlds 2005: 9th International Interdisciplinary Congress on Women. Seoul 2005.

[Info] Ahn, Yonson. »The Issue of 'Comfort Women' and Historical Revisionism in Japan.« Workshop: Initiatives for Attractive Education in Graduate Schools. Sapporo 2006.

[Info] Ahn, Yonson. »Remembering the Comfort Women Issue: From Oblivion to Memory Boom.« Sexuality in the Collective Memory of the Cooperation: Comparative Studies of Gender History in France and Korea. Seoul 2007.

[Info] Ahn, Yonson. »Japan’s ‘Comfort Women’ and Historical Memory: The Neonationalist Counterattack.« The Power of Memory in Modern Japan. Edited by Sven Saaler et al. London 2008: 32-53.

[Info] Ahn, Yonson. »Whose Comfort? The 'Comfort Women' in Colonial and Subject Discourse and Praxis.« Institute of Taiwan History, Academia Sinica. Taipei City 2008.

[Info] Ahn, Yonson. »‘Taming Soldiers’: The Gender Politics of Japanese Soldiers in Total War.« Gender Politics and Mass Dictatorship. Edited by Jie-Hyun Lim et al. Basingstoke 2010: 213-234.

[Info] Ahn, Yonson. »Transnationalism in the 'Comfort Women' Campaign.« Chao Center for Asian Studies, Rice University. Houston 2011.

[Info] Ahn, Yonson. »»Taming Soldiers«: Gender Politics of Japanese Soldiers in Total War.« »Against Our Will«—Forty Years After: Exploring the Field of Sexual Violence in Armed Conflict. Hamburg 2015.

[Info] Ajia Fōramu hen, ed. Moto "Ianfu" no Shogen: 50 Nen no Chinmoku wo Yabutte. Tokyo 1997.

[Info] Allen, J. Michael. »Comfort Women.« The Historical Encyclopedia of World Slavery. Vol. I. Edited by Junius P. Rodriguez. Santa Barbara 1997: 175-176.

[Info] Álvarez, María del Pilar. »Postcolonialismo y derechos humanos en el este de Asia. El caso de las ex esclavas sexuales de la armada imperial japonesa: de la prostitución forzada al feminismo humanitario.« Pilquen. Sección Ciencias Sociales 18 (2015): 14-24.

[Info] Angeles, Leonora. »The Sexual Slavery of "Comfort Women": Forced Intimate Labour During Wartime.« The "Comfort Women" and Contemporary Forms of Sexual Violence Against Women. Vancouver 2014.

[Info] Argibay, Carmen M. »Sexual Slavery and the "Comfort Women" of World War II.« Berkeley Journal of International Law 21 (2003): 375-389.

[Info] Ars, Brigitte. Troostmeisjes. Verkrachting in naam van de keizer. Amsterdam 2000.

[Info] Asō, Tetsuo. Shanghai yori Shanghai e: Heitan byōin no sanfujinka. Fukuoka 1993.

[Info] Asō, Tetsuo. From Shanghai to Shanghai: The War Diary of an Imperial Japanese Medical Officer, 1937-1941. Norwalk 2004.

[Info] Asplund, André. Historiebruk i Japan: Skapandet av ett dominerande kulturellt minne rörande krigsbrott under andra världskriget: Nanjingmassakern och Comfort Women. Studentarbete andra termin, Lunds Universitet, 2007.

[Info] Barkan, Elazar. The Guilt of Nations: Restitution and Negotiating Historical Injustices. New York 2000.

[Info] Barkan, Elazar. The Guilt of Nations: Restitution and Negotiating Historical Injustices. Baltimore 2001.

[Info] Beal, Tim, et al. »Ghosts of the Past: The Japanese History Textbook Controversy.« New Zealand Journal of Asian Studies 4 (2001): 177-188.

[Info] Bitanga, Fides B.A. »A Moral Education: Another Look at Comfort Women (A Review).« AERA Research Journal 3 (2013): 65-73.

[Info] Chen, Jianyue. »Comfort Women.« 89th Annual Meeting of the Southwestern Social Science Association. Denver 2009.

[Info] Chen, Jianyue. »The Issue of the Comfort Women.« Annual Conference of the Association for Asian Studies. Philadelphia 2010.

[Info] Chong, Young-hwan. »『제국의 위안부』, 무엇이 문제인가: 박유하 교수의 반박에 재반론한다.« Marŭk'ŭsŭ-chuŭi yŏn'gu 13 (2016): 217-234.

[Info] Dutridge-Corp, Elizabeth A. Reconciling the Past. H. R. 121 and the Japanese Textbook Controversy. M.A. Thesis, Bowling Green State University, 2009.

[Info] Edwards, Wallace. Comfort Women: A History of Japanese Forced Prostitution During the Second World War. 2013.

[Info] Elfman, Lois. »Scholars Seek Justice for Often Disregarded Comfort Women.« Women in Higher Education 26 (2017): 7-15.

[Info] Fisk, Brian B. The political history of Japan's "war legacy issue": The persistent foreign and domestic influence of World War II. M.A. Thesis, University of Maine, 2013.

[Info] Frühstück, Sabine. »The Uses of Popular Culture for Sex and Violence.« Departmental Newsletter - Department of East Asian Languages and Cultural Studies, University of California, Santa Barbara 6 (2013): 2-7.

[Info] Fujime, Yuki. »Refuting the Legitimacy of the View that "Comfort Women" were Licensed Prostitutes.« Women's Asia 21 No. 5 (1999): 62-66.

[Info] Gao, Fanfu. »Riben shehui chuantong yu rijun weianfu zhidu.« Xuehai No. 3 (2005): 58-61.

[Info] Gao, Fanfu, et al. »Riben junren de xingxinli yu weianfu zhidu.« Nan jing she hui ke xue No. 8 (2006): 87-92.

[Info] Gayle, Curtis A. »The World of Modern Japanese Historiography: Tribulations and Transformations in Historical Approaches.« A Companion to Global Historical Thought. Edited by Prasenjit Duara et al. Malden 2014: 213-227.

[Info] Hatch, Walter. »Bloody Memories: Affect and Effect of World War II Museums in China and Japan.« Peace & Change 39 (2014): 366-394.

[Info] Hayashi, Hirofumi. »Government, the Military and Business in Japan's Wartime Comfort Woman System.« Asia-Pacific Journal 5 (2007).

[Info] Hein, Patrick. »The Role of Victim Witness Testimonies for Collective Memory Formation, Recovery from Trauma and Future Reconciliation: The case of the truth commission in South Africa, the international Khmer Rouge tribunal and the Comfort Women's War Crimes Tribunal in Tokyo (2000).« XVIII ISA World Congress of Sociology. Yokohama 2014.

[Info] Hein, Patrick. »Unresolved Comfort Women Issue: How Pragmatism Precludes Reconciliation.« Korean Journal of International Studies 14 (2016): 447-460.

[Info] Henry, Nicola. »Memory of an Injustice: The "Comfort Women" and the Legacy of the Tokyo Trial.« Asian Studies Review 37 (2013): 362-380.

[Info] Ikeda, Eriko. »The Role of NGOs in the Comfort Women Issue.« Common Grounds: Violence against Women in War and Armed Conflict Situations. Edited by Indai L. Sajor. Quezon City 1998: 205-213.

[Info] Inoue, Setsuko. Senryōgun ianjo. Kokka ni yoru baishun shisetsu: haisen hishi. Tokyo 1995.

[Info] Ishikawa, I. "Jyugun ianfu" ni sareta shojyotachi. Tokyo 1993.

[Info] Itō, Keiichi. »Senjō ianfu: Zakkan.« Ajia josei kōryūshi kenkyū No. 1 (1967): 11-15.

[Info] Iwada, Shigenori. »Nihonjin dansei no sei kodo to sei ishiki: 1910-30 nendai o chushin ni.« Rekishi Hyōron No. 4 (1998): 28-39.

[Info] Jung, Soo-Hyun. »Comfort Women: Understanding a WWII Tragedy outside the Nationalistic Lens.« Concord Review 25 (2014): 1-57.

[Info] Kang, Jeongsook. »A Study on Gender, Class and Nation through the Military Sexual Slavery during World War II.« Women's Worlds 2005. 9th International Interdisciplinary Congress on Women. Seoul 2005.

[Info] Kang, S.M., et al. »Chunhwangjekuk gwa sungpokryuk.« Hanguk yeosunghak 9 (1993): 52-89.

[Info] Kim, Christine. The Comfort Women System: Sexual Slavery during World War II. Honors Thesis, DePauw University, 2017.

[Info] Kim, Il-Myon. Nihon josei aishi: Yūjo, jorō, karayuki, ianfu no keifu. Tokyo 1980.

[Info] Kim, Ji Y., et al. »Settlement Without Consensus: International Pressure, Domestic Backlash, and the Comfort Women Issue in Japan.« Pacific Affairs 90 (2017): 77-99.

[Info] Kim, Jimin. »"Comfort Women" Activism in the United States: The Example of the Kupferberg Holocaust Center.« 17th Berkshire Conference on the History of Women, Genders and Sexualities. Hempstead 2017.

[Info] Kimura, Koichi. »Between Caesar’s state and God’s kingdom: Theological reflection on two citizenships in terms of the issue of ianfuReview & Expositor 112 (2015): 403-417.

[Info] Kimura, Maki. Unfolding the 'Comfort Women' Debates: Modernity, Violence, Women's Voices. Basingstoke 2016.

[Info] Kinoshita, Naoka. »Re-Articulation on Japanese ‘Comfort Women' Survivors' Experiences.« XVIII ISA World Congress of Sociology. Yokohama 2014.

[Info] Knop, Karen, et al. »Space, Time, and Historical Injustice: A Feminist Conflict-of-Laws Approach to the "Comfort Women" Agreement.« Cornell Law Review 102 (2017): 853-927.

[Info] Koh, Jinyang. Comfort Women: Human Rights of Women from Then to Present. LL.M. Thesis, University of Georgia, 2007.

[Info] Kohama, Masako. »(Asian History in Gender Perspective: How to Teach the "Comfort Women").« Gakujutsu no dōkō 19 (2014): 16-24.

[Info] Ku, Yangmo. »National Interest or Transnational Alliances? Japanese Policy on the Comfort Women Issue.« Journal of East Asian Studies 15 (2015): 243-270.

[Info] Kumagai, Naoko. »Ontological Security and Japan’s Ideological Debate over Compensating Wartime ‘Comfort Women’.« Social Science Japan Journal (2015).

[Info] Lawson, Konrad M. Universal Crime, Particular Punishment: Trying the Atrocities of the Japanese Occupation as Treason in the Philippines, 1947-1953. Fiesole 2013.

[Info] Lee, Chung J. »A Sentimentalist Approach to the Comfort Women Issue: Reading a Documentary "The Big Picture" through the Notion of Sympathy.« Asian Conference on Film and Documentary (2014): 103-115.

[Info] Lee, Chung J. »A Sentimentalist Approach to the Comfort Women Issue: Reading a Documentary The Big Picture through the Notion of Sympathy.« (KCI Candidated Journal) 13 (2014): 207-236.

[Info] Lee, Na-Young. »Post / Colonial Presence of Japanese Military »Comfort Women«.« »Against Our Will«—Forty Years After: Exploring the Field of Sexual Violence in Armed Conflict. Hamburg 2015.

[Info] Lytle, Angela. »Intersectional Discrimination, Systemic Oppression, & the Politics of Trauma: Japanese Military Sexual Slavery is Not 'Just an Historic Issue'.« The "Comfort Women" and Contemporary Forms of Sexual Violence Against Women. Vancouver 2014.

[Info] Margolin, Jean-Louis. »Japanese history textbooks and the Asia-Pacific War: Apportioning blame.« Controversial History Education in Asian Contexts. Edited by Mark Baildon et al. New York 2014: 109-122.

[Info] McCarthy, Mary M. US Comfort Women Memorials: Vehicles for Understanding and Change. Washington, DC, 2014.

[Info] Mühlhäuser, Regina. »Methodological Remarks Concerning the Comparison between the Comfort Women System of the Japanese Army and Sexual Violence Carried out by Wehrmacht and SS in the Soviet Union.« Sexual Violence in World War II. Bonn 2010.

[Info] Mühlhäuser, Regina. »A comparative view of Japanese 'comfort stations' and German military brothels during WW II.« Historicizing Rape. Cardiff 2015.

[Info] Mühlhäuser, Regina, et al. »Sexuelle Gewalt im Zweiten Weltkrieg: Die "comfort women" der japanischen Armee und die Wehrmachtsbordelle in Polen und der Sowjetunion.« Berlin 2012.

[Info] Murata, Alice, et al. »Definition of Peace and Reconciliation in China, Japan, and Korea.« International Handbook of Peace and Reconciliation. Edited by Kathleen Malley-Morrison et al. New York 2013: 117-130.

[Info] Murphy, Meghan, et al. »Interview with Angela Lytle on the comfort women of Japan.« Feminist Current (2014).

[Info] Muta, Kazue. »Sexual Violence and the Issue of Comfort Women in Contemporary Japan.« XVIII ISA World Congress of Sociology. Yokohama 2014.

[Info] Nakayama, Hayato. Japanese Activists who Support Redress for “Comfort Women”: Why and How Do They Address the "Comfort Women" Issue? M.A. Thesis, University of Manitoba, 2013.

[Info] Nishino, Rumiko. Jugun ianfu: Moto heishitachi no shōgen. Tokyo 1992.

[Info] Norma, Caroline. The Japanese Comfort Women and Sexual Slavery during the China and Pacific Wars. London 2016.

[Info] Nozaki, Yoshiko. »The "Comfort Women" Controversy: History, Testimony, Restitution« From History Conflict to Trust Building: A Discussion of Japan's New History Textbooks. New York 2005.

[Info] Nozaki, Yoshiko. »The Representation of "Comfort Women" and Politics of History in Contemporary Japan.« 58th Annual Meeting of the Association for Asian Studies. San Francisco 2006.

[Info] Nozaki, Yoshiko. »The Japanese textbook controversy over the military "comfort women": History, epistemology, and peace & justice education.« 2007 Gender Week: Engendering Possibilities. New York 2007.

[Info] Nozaki, Yoshiko. »Peace and justice education, postmodern debates, and the case of Japan's military "comfort women".« 51st Annual Conference of the Comparative and International Education Society. Baltimore 2007.

[Info] Ogoshi, Aiko, et al. »Japanese Women Who Stand with Comfort Women.« War's Dirty Secret: Rape, Prostitution, and Other Crimes Against Women. Edited by Anne L. Barstow. Cleveland 2000: 26-36.

[Info] Oh, Ingyu, et al. »Forgiving the Culprits: Japanese Historical Revisionism in a Post-Cold War Context.« International Journal of Peace Studies 5 (2000): 45-59.

[Info] Onozawa, Akane. »Japanese comfort women: Victim of Patriotism and Human Trafficking.« 17th Berkshire Conference on the History of Women, Genders and Sexualities. Hempstead 2017.

[Info] Osanai, Tsuneko. »Imperial Authorization of Abduction, Detention and Military Gang Rape.« Women's Asia 21 No. 1 (1995): 26-31.

[Info] Otabe, Yūji, et al. Kīwādo Nihon no sensō hanzai. Tokyo 1995.

[Info] Park, Erica. The Trials of a Comfort Woman. Senior Thesis, Claremont McKenna College, 2011.

[Info] Parker, Karen, et al. »Compensation for Japan's World War II War-Rape Victims.« Hastings International and Comparative Law Review 17 (1994): 497-549.

[Info] Posada Martinez, Tatiana A. La seguridad de las mujeres versus la seguridad del estado. Caso: La esclavitud sexual durante la segunda guerra mundial por parte del imperio japones. Trabajo de grado, Pontificia Universidad Javeriana, 2015.

[Info] Romeu, Maria G. The Japanese History Textbook Controversy Amid Post-war Sino-Japanese Relations. Master Thesis, Florida International University, 2013.

[Info] Sato, Shigesu. »Various terms for a comfort women.« The Encyclopedia of Indonesia in the Pacific War. Edited by Peter Post. Leiden 2010: 196-197.

[Info] Seaton, Philip A. Japan's Contested War Memories: The 'memory rifts' in historical consciousness of World War II. London 2007.

[Info] Sneider, Daniel. »Textbooks and Patriotic Education: Wartime Memory Formation in China and Japan.« Asia-Pacific Review 20 (2013): 35-54.

[Info] Soh, Chunghee S. »Beyond the Nationalist Pride and Adversarial Prejudice: Toward a Reconciliation over the 'Comfort Women' Issue.« International Seminar organized by the Asian Women's Fund. Tokyo 2006.

[Info] Soh, Chunghee. »Truth, Justice, Reconciliation.« Sexual Violence in World War II. Bonn 2010.

[Info] Song, Anna. »The Task of an Activist: "Imagined Communities" and the "Comfort Women" Campaigns in Australia.« Asian Studies Review 37 (2013): 381-395.

[Info] Stetz, Margaret, et al., eds. Legacies of the Comfort Women of World War II. Armonk 2001.

[Info] Stetz, Margaret. »Teaching Comfort Women Issues: The Hidden Stories of Girls.« War and Sexual Violence: New York 2016.

[Info] Su, Ziliang. »Shilun zhanhou Riben dui weianfu wenti taidu.« Riben yanjiu No. 3 (1999): 26-32.

[Info] Su, Ziliang. »Xiandai junshi xingnuli. Riben weianfu zhidu sanlun.« Xuexu yuekan No. 8 (2000): 90-99.

[Info] Su, Ziliang. »Shiji da shenpan huimou: 2000 nian dongjing nüxing guoji zhanfating pingshu.« Shanghai Shifan Daxue xuebao No. 1 (2001): 26-29.

[Info] Szczepanska, Kamila. »The Politics of War Memory in Japan 1990-2010: Progressive Civil Society Groups and Contestation of Memory of the Asia-Pacific War (1931-1945).« GEMC journal No. 8 (2013): 210-218.

[Info] Tai, Eika. »Museum Activism Against Military Sexual Slavery.« Museum Anthropology 39 (Spring 2016): 35-47.

[Info] Takenaka, Akiko. »Japanese Memories of the Asia-Pacific War: Analyzing the Revisionist Turn Post-1995.« Asia-Pacific Journal 14 (2016).

[Info] Tanaka, Toshiyuki. »From karayuki-san to comfort women.« Constellations and Dynamics of Sexual Violence in Armed Conflict. Part II: Sources. Hamburg 2013.

[Info] Tanaka, Yuki. »Continuing Denial of the Victimization of Women: Japan's military sex slaves in World War II.« Wartime Gender Violence: Japan and the Military Enslavement of Women in World War II. Heidelberg 2014.

[Info] Tanaka, Yuki. »A critique of Prime Minister Abe’s Policy on the »Comfort Women« Issue and Japan’s Social Formation of Hegemonic Masculinity.« Cultures of Sexual Violence in Armed Conflicts. London 2014.

[Info] Tanaka, Yuki. »The Denial of the »Comfort Women« Issue in Japan.« »Against Our Will«—Forty Years After: Exploring the Field of Sexual Violence in Armed Conflict. Hamburg 2015.

[Info] Tanaka, Yuki. »Continuing Denial of the Victimization of Women: Japan's military sex slaves in World War II.« Institut für Japanologie, Freie Universität Berlin. Berlin 2016.

[Info] Tanaka, Yuki. »“Comfort Women Bashing” and Japan’s Social Formation of Hegemonic Masculinity.« 'History Wars' and Reconciliation in Japan and Korea: The Roles of Historians, Artists and Activists. Edited by Michael Lewis. New York 2017: 163-182.

[Info] Terazawa, Yuki. »The cross-national solidarity efforts by the survivors of the Japanese military's wartime sexual violence: New issues and challenges.« 17th Berkshire Conference on the History of Women, Genders and Sexualities. Hempstead 2017.

[Info] Thoma, Pamela. »Cultural Autobiography, Testimonial, and Asian American Transnational Feminist Coalition in the Comfort Women of World War II Conference.« National Women's Studies Association Annual Conference. Albuquerque 1999.

[Info] Thoma, Pamela. »Cultural Autobiography, Testimonial, and Asian American Transnational Feminist Coalition in the Comfort Women of World War II Conference.« Association for Asian American Studies Conference. Phoenix 2000.

[Info] Totani, Yuma. »Legal Responses to World War II Sexual Violence: The Japanese Experience.« The History of Sexual Violence in Conflict Zones. Iowa City 2006.

[Info] Totani, Yuma. »Legal Responses to World War II Sexual Violence: The Japanese Experience.« Sexual Violence in Conflict Zones: From the Ancient World to the Era of Human Rights. Edited by Elizabeth D. Heineman. Philadelphia 2011: 217-231.

[Info] Tsuchino, Mizuho. »The Politics of Redress for the “Comfort Women” Issue: What has the Asian Women’s Fund done in reality?« The World Congress for Korean Politics and Society 2015. Gyeongju 2015.

[Info] Tsukamoto, Sachiyo. »The Silenced Memories of Trauma: Japanese “Comfort Women”.« 17th Berkshire Conference on the History of Women, Genders and Sexualities. Hempstead 2017.

[Info] Ueno, Chizuko. »The Japanese Responsibility for Military Rape during World War II.« Asian Studies Review17 (1994): 102-107.

[Info] Ueno, Chizuko. »The Politics of Memory: Nation, Individual and Self.« History & Memory 11 (1999): 129-152.

[Info] Ueno, Chizuko. »Troubles Reconciliation: "Comfort Women" issue in Japan 1991-2007.« Sexual Violence in World War II. Bonn 2010.

[Info] Ueno, Terumasa. »"Jugun ianfu" ronso to nashonarizumu.« Rekishi hyōron No. 4 (1998): 14-27.

[Info] Uesugi, Chitoshi. Jūgun ianfu mondai no keii. Osaka 1994.

[Info] Uesugi, Chitoshi. Kensho "jugun ianfu": Jugun ianfu mondai nyumon. Tokyo 1996.

[Info] Watanabe, Mina. »Passing on the history of ‘comfort women’: The experiences of a women’s museum in Japan.« Journal of Peace Education (October 15, 2015).

[Info] Wilmes, Raffael. »Japans Kriegsverbrechen in China: Umgang und Erinnerung mit den Gräueltaten der Einheit 731 und dem Massaker von Nanking.« historia.scribere No. 9 (2017): 45-67.

[Info] Wolfe, Stephanie. The Politics of Reparations and Apologies. Dordrecht 2014.

[Info] Yamada, Meiko. 慰安婦たちの太平洋戦争. Tokyo 1991-92.

[Info] Yamada, Meiko. 占領軍慰安婦: 国策売春の女たちの悲劇. Tokyo 1992.

[Info] Yamada, Meiko. Jūgun ianfu: "Heibi kimitsu" ni sareta onnatachi no hishi. Tokyo 1993.

[Info] Yamada, Meiko. 종군위안부들의太平洋戰爭: 정사(正史)에없는여자들의전쟁이야기. Seoul 1995.

[Info] Yamada, Meiko. ウサギたちが渡った断魂橋: からゆき・日本人慰安婦の軌跡. Tokyo 1995.

[Info] Yamada, Meiko. ニツポン国策慰安婦: 占領軍慰安施設・女たちの一生. Tokyo 1996.

[Info] Yamaguchi, Tomomi, et al. 海を渡る「慰安婦」問題: 右派の「歴史戦」を問う. Tokyo 2016.

[Info] Yamaguchi, Tomomi. »The "History Wars" and the "Comfort Woman" Issue: Historical Revisionism in Contemporary Japan and the U.S.« 17th Berkshire Conference on the History of Women, Genders and Sexualities. Hempstead 2017.

[Info] Yang, Hyunah. »Finding the "Map of Memory": Testimony of the Japanese Military Sexual Slavery Survivors.« positions 16 (2008): 79-107.

[Info] Yang, Mi-Gang. »Die Rolle der ostasiatischen Zivilgesellschaft und ihre Reaktion auf Japans Geschichtsverfälschung.« Erzwungene Prostitution in Kriegs- und Friedenszeiten. Sexuelle Gewalt gegen Frauen und Mädchen. Edited by Barbara Drinck et al. Bielefeld 2006: 166-168.

[Info] Yang, Mi-gang. »The Role of East Asian Civil Society and its Response to Japan's Falsification of History.« Forced Prostitution in Times of War and Peace: Sexual Violence against Women and Girls. Edited by Barbara Drinck et al. Bielefeld 2007: 201- .

[Info] Yi, Seonjeong. "Blooming Their Hopes with You": A Public Pedagogy through Arts-based Learning about "Comfort Women". Master Thesis, Concordia University, 2017.

[Info] Yoneda, Sayoko. »Sexual and Racial Discrimination: A Historical Inquiry into the Japanese Military's "Comfort" Women System of Enforced Prostitution.« Nation, Empire, Colony: Historizing Gender and Race. Edited by Ruth R. Pierson et al. Bloomington 1998: 237-250.

[Info] Yoon, Bang-Soon L., et al. »Japan's Denial of "Comfort Women" Chills Recent South Korea and Japan Relations.« World Congress for Korean Politics and Society 2015. Gyeongju 2015.

[Info] Yoon, Mee-hyang. »Fifteen years of the Asian Solidarity Conference: Upcoming Issues and Further Solidarity for Resolving the Issue of Japan's Military Sexual Slavery.« Forced Prostitution in Times of War and Peace: Sexual Violence against Women and Girls. Edited by Barbara Drinck et al. Bielefeld 2007: 253-260.

[Info] Yoshimi, Yoshiaki, ed. Jūgun ianfu shiryō-shū. Tokyo 1992.

[Info] Yoshimi, Yoshiaki. »Jonggun wianbu munje eui yuksahakjuk kyumyoung.« Wianbu Munj Hail Hapdong Symposium. Seoul 1993.

[Info] Yoshimi, Yoshiaki. The First Report on the Issue of Japan's Military "Comfort Women": Historical and Legal Study on the Issue of "Military Comfort Women". Osaka 1994.

[Info] Yoshimi, Yoshiaki. 従軍慰安婦. Tokyo 1995.

[Info] Yoshimi, Yoshiaki, et al., eds. 共同研究日本軍慰安婦. Tokyo 1995.

[Info] Yoshimi, Yoshiaki. »"Ianfu" mondai to kin gendaishi no shiten.« シンポジウムナショナリズムと「慰安婦」問題. Edited by Nihon No Sensō Sekinin Shiryō Sentā. Tokyo 1998: 32-39.

[Info] Yoshimi, Yoshiaki. »"Jugun ianfu" mondai: Kenkyu no totatsuten to kadai.« 歴史評論 No. 4 (1998): 2-13.

[Info] Yoshimi, Yoshiaki. »‘Jyugun ianfu’ mondai to rekishizo: Ueno Chizuko-shi ni kotaeru.« シンポジウムナショナリズムと「慰安婦」問題. Edited by Nihon No Sensō Sekinin Shiryō Sentā. Tokyo 1998: 123-142.

[Info] Yoshimi, Yoshiaki. Comfort Women: Sexual Slavery in the Japanese Military during World War II. New York 2000.

[Info] Yoshimi, Yoshiaki. »Das Problem der "Trostfrauen".« Vergangenheit im Gesellschaftskonflikt: Ein Historikerstreit in Japan. Edited by Steffi Richter et al. Cologne 2003: 97-117.

[Info] Yoshimi, Yoshiaki. Esclavas sexuales: La esclavitud sexual durante el imperio Japonés. Barcelona 2010.

[Info] Yoshimi, Yoshiaki. »Why Do the Comfort Women Matter? The Challenge of Overcoming the Past and its Significance.« Understanding the Asia-Pacific War. Edinburgh 2015.

[Info] Youn, Myung-Sook. »Fakten über „Trostfrauen" und andere Opfer der Zwangsrekrutierung.« Erzwungene Prostitution in Kriegs- und Friedenszeiten: Sexuelle Gewalt gegen Frauen und Mädchen. Edited by Barbara Drinck et al. Bielefeld 2006: 195-199.

[Info] Youn, Myung-sook. »Facts about "Comfort Women" and Other Victims of Forced Mobilization.« Forced Prostitution in Times of War and Peace: Sexual Violence against Women and Girls. Edited by Barbara Drinck et al. Bielefeld 2007: 227- .

[Info] Yuko, Suzuki. »The Problem of Military Sexual Slavery (Comfort Women) of the Japanese Army and the Responsibility of Japanese Women.« Women's Worlds 2005. 9th International Interdisciplinary Congress on Women. Seoul 2005.

[Info] Yune, Chung-Ok. »Erfahrungen aus 50 Jahre Forschung zum Problem der „Trostfrauen".« Erzwungene Prostitution in Kriegs- und Friedenszeiten: Sexuelle Gewalt gegen Frauen und Mädchen. Edited by Barbara Drinck et al. Bielefeld 2006: 200-217.

[Info] Yune, Chung-ok. »Findings from 50 Years of Research on the "Comfort Women" Issue.« Forced Prostitution in Times of War and Peace: Sexual Violence against Women and Girls. Edited by Barbara Drinck et al. Bielefeld 2007: 231-246.

[Info] Zatlin, Linda G. »"Comfort Women" and the Cultural Tradition of Prostitution in Japanese Erotic Art« Legacies of the Comfort Women of World War II. Edited by Margaret Stetz et al. Armonk 2001: 26-41.

[Info] Zhu, Heshuang, et al. »Erzhan shiqi dongnanya zhanchang shang de rijun weianfu.« Xueshu luntan No. 2 (2003): 97-103.