Added: December 3, 2016 – Last updated: December 3, 2016


Speaker: Amanda Pipkin

Title: Collecting Tales of Spanish Depravity

Subtitle: Sexual Violence and Dutch Identity, 1609-48

Conference: 56th Annual Meeting of the Renaissance Society of America (April 8-10, 2010)

Session: Violence in Early Modern Europe V

Place: Venice, Italy

Date: April 9, 2010

Language: English

Keywords: Modern History: 17th Century | European History: Dutch History, Spanish History | Representations: Literary Texts / 17th-Century Literature; Types: Wartime Rape / Eighty Years' War


Link: -


Speaker: Amanda Pipkin, Department of History, University of North Carolina at Charlotte –

Abstract: »During the second half of the Dutch revolt, authors and artists worked tirelessly to create a new genre of literature that focused their audiences on Spanish soldiers; violence directed not toward the opposing Dutch military forces, but rather toward civilians. This genre included contemporary illustrated histories and dramas, all of which employed provocative images and stories of physical and often sexual violence Spanish soldiers enacted upon the Netherlandish cities; particularly recounting atrocities these troops committed during the 1570s. These stories of Spanish violence achieved a number of goals: they utilized depictions of rape and other violence to vilify Spanish soldiers and Phillip II and thereby galvanize Dutch resistance, to justify the Revolt and the establishment of the Dutch Republic, to build characterizations of Dutch male citizens as the antithesis of the raping Spanish tyrants, and to encourage the inhabitants of the Republic to overcome internal discord that threatened to fatally divide the new nation.« (Source: Renaissance Society of America website)

Wikipedia: History of Europe: History of Spain / Spain in the 17th century; History of the Netherlands / Dutch Golden Age | Literature: Dutch-language literature / Dutch Renaissance and Golden Age literature | Types of rape: Wartime sexual violence | War: Eighty Years' War