Added: September 5, 2015 – Last updated: November 7, 2015

TITLE INFORMATION


Speakers: Joanna Amirault and Patrick Lussier

Title: Examining Sexual Assault Trends in Canada

Subtitle: The Impact of Rape Law Reform Over Three Decades

Conference: 68th Annual Meeting of the American Society of Criminology: Thinking About Context: Challenges for Crime and Justice (November 14-17, 2012)

Session: 113: Crime and the Courts

Place: Chicago, Illinois, United States

Date: November 14, 2012

Language: English

Keywords: Modern History: 20th Century, 21st Century | American History: Canadian History | Prosecution: Laws / 20th-Century Legislation, 21st-Century Legislation



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ADDITIONAL INFORMATION


Abstract: »In 1983, the Canadian Criminal Justice System underwent a historical shift in its response to sexual violence. Amendments were made to the Criminal Code to change the definition of rape to sexual assault. The objective of this reform was to include a broader range of victims, increase reporting of sexual assaults and change public perceptions about the seriousness of such acts. Policy evaluations that were conducted in the decade following these amendments were inconclusive in determining as to whether the observed increase in sexual assault reporting was a result of the reform, or simply reflective of overall increasing crime rates. Given this the current study examines almost thirty years of sexual assault trends in Canada from 1983 to 2011. The study will examine the short and long-term effects of these legal changes to explore any evidence of intergenerational effects. Official data (UCR Survey 1.0) (e.g., reports to the police, percentage charged) will be contrasted with victimization data (General Social Survey) at five time points from 1983 to 2011 to investigate the victimization/crime ratio reported over time. The study aims to determine whether the legal amendments made in 1983 have helped to decrease the dark figure of sexual crimes over time.« (Source: All Academic)

Wikipedia: History of the Americas: History of Canada | Law: Laws regarding rape