Added: November 23, 2013 – Last updated: November 4, 2017


Authors: Maggie Zraly, Sarah E. Rubin, and Donatilla Mukamana

Title: Motherhood and Resilience among Rwandan Genocide-Rape Survivors

Subtitle: -

Journal: Ethos: Journal of the Society for Psychological Anthropology

Volume: 41

Issue: 4

Year: December 2013 (Published online: November 14, 2013)

Pages: 411-439

ISSN: 0091-2131 – Find a Library: WordCat | eISSN: 1548-1352 – Find a Library: WordCat

Language: English

Keywords: Modern History: 20th Century, 21st Century | African History: Rwandan History | Types: Genocidal Rape / Rwandan Genocide; Victims: Mental Consequences / Resilience



EBSCOhost (Restricted Access)

Wiley Online Library (Restricted Access)



Sarah Rubin, Department of Social Medicine, Ohio UniversityResearchGate

– Maggie Zraly: ResearchGate

Abstract: »Anthropological scholarship on motherhood offers frameworks for studying the everyday lives of mothers to reveal a deeper understanding of what mothering means and how motherhood relates to broader sociocultural forms. Theory emerging from psychological anthropology explores the interplay of resilience and suffering in contexts of extreme adversity. Bringing together these bodies of work, this article engages with a lacuna in the scholarship and examines how motherhood shapes women's resilience among Rwandan genocide-rape survivors. We elucidate how motherhood opened them to new forms of sociality in the context of postgenocide Rwanda. Maternal desire gave rise to a motherhood assemblage that fostered diverse modes of resilience, created the potential for new life possibilities, and placed limitations on opportunities. Our findings suggest that emotional experience is crucial to resilience among Rwandan genocide-rape survivors who are mothers and point to future directions for research and health promotion among populations affected by conflict-related sexual violence.« (Source: Ethos)


  Abstract (p. 411)
  Background (p. 412)
    Ethnohistory of Motherhood in Rwanda (p. 412)
    Resilience in Postgenocide Rwanda (p. 413)
    Motherhood in Postgenocide Rwanda (p. 414)
    Approaches to the Study of Motherhood (p. 414)
    Motherhood Assemblages (p. 415)
  Methods (p. 416)
    Quantitative Data Analysis (p. 417)
    Qualitative Data Analysis (p. 4189
  Findings (p. 419)
    Demographic Description of Motherhood Variation (p. 419)
    Narrative Description of Motherhood and Resilience Experience (p. 420)
      Being a Mother (p. 421)
      Becoming a Mother (p. 422)
      Living for Children (p. 424)
      Cultivating Children's Resilience (p. 426)
      Bearing with Children (p. 427)
      Enduring Distress Related to Genocide-Rape and Children (p. 428)
  Discussion (p. 429)
    Motherhood, Positive Emotion, and Resilience (p. 431)
    Motherhood, Distress, and Resilience (p. 432)
    Recommendations (p. 434)
  Conclusion (p. 434)
  Notes (p. 435)
  References Cited (p. 436)

Lecture: Rubin, Sarah, et al. »“Shopping for a Baby”: Motherhood as a Mode of Resilience among Rwandan Survivors of Genocide-Rape.« 108th Annual Meeting of the American Anthropological Association. Philadelphia 2009. – Bibliographic Entry: Info

Wikipedia: History of Africa: History of Rwanda | Genocide: Rwandan genocide / Rape during the Rwandan Genocide | Psychology: Psychological resilience | Sex and the law: Genocidal rape