Added: August 15, 2009 – Last updated: November 4, 2017


Author: Walter Ziegler

Title: Kriegsende 1945 und Neubeginn im Licht neuer Quellen

Subtitle: Die "Einmarschberichte" der Seelsorgestellen der Erzdiözese München-Freising

Translation: The End of War, 1945, and a New Beginning in the Light of New Sources: The "Invasion Reports" of the Pastoral Care Centers of the Munich-Freising Archdiocese

Journal: Historisches Jahrbuch

Volume: 125

Issue: -

Year: 2005

Pages: 273-299

ISSN: 0018-2621 – Find a Library: WordCat

Language: German

Keywords: Modern History: 20th Century | American History | U.S. History; European History, German History | Types: Wartime Sexual Violence / U.S. War Crimes during the Second World War


Link: DigiZeitschriften (Restricted Access)


Author: Walter Ziegler, Abteilung für Bayerische Geschichte, Historisches Seminar, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität MünchenWikipedia

Abstract: »Analyzes the so-called invasion reports of the Catholic archdiocese of Munich and Freising compiled by local parish priests from June 1945, which shed light on conditions in the region of Upper Bavaria at the end of World War II. Commissioned by the vicar-general of the archdiocese a month after the official German surrender, the reports were intended to provide a record of the impact of the conflict in the individual parishes for reasons that are not clear but may have included use in future negotiations with the occupying power. They reveal an interest among the priests that goes well beyond purely Church matters, including local changes wrought by the influx of evacuees and other outsiders, who received a mixed reception. They also record the continuing resistance to the Allies, the failure of the so-called Freiheits- und Aufbau-Aktion Bayern to end the fighting, the generally positive attitude of the clergy and the population toward the Wehrmacht in contrast to the feared and loathed SS, the varying reaction to the Allied occupation, which was generally viewed with a sense of relief despite the acts of looting and rape that accompanied it, the priests' overall positive image of the US troops, and the emerging interest in reconstruction. The reports lack any reference to the excesses of the Nazi regime, the causes or justification of the war, or any interest in party political activity.« (Source: Historical Abstracts)


  1. Die Berichte und ihre Autoren (p. 275)
  2. Die Aussagen der Berichte (p. 280)
    Zur Kriegszeit (p. 280)
    Bei Kriegsende - Kämpfen oder Aufgeben (p. 281)
    Militär und SS (p. 284)
    Der Einmarsch (p. 286)
    Plünderungen und Vergewaltigungen (p. 289)
    Erscheinungsbild der Amerikaner (p. 292)
    Der Weg zum Neuaufbau (p. 294)
  3. Das Schweigen der Berichte (p. 295)
  4. Ergebnis (p. 298)

Link: History of Europe: History of Germany / Nazi Germany | History of the Americas: History of the United States / History of the United States (1918–45) | Sex and the law: Wartime sexual violence | War: World War II | War crime: United States war crimes / Rape during the occupation of Germany