Added: September 27, 2014 – Last updated: November 4, 2017


Author: Fariba Zarinebaf

Title: Crime & Punishment in Istanbul, 1700-1800

Subtitle: -

Place: Berkeley, CA

Publisher: University of California Press

Year: 2010

Pages: xiii + 287pp.

ISBN-13: 9780520262201 (cloth) – Find a Library: Wikipedia, WorldCat | ISBN-13: 9780520262218 (pbk.) – Find a Library: Wikipedia, WorldCat

Language: English

Keywords: Modern History: 18th Century | Asian History: Turkish History



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Author: Fariba Zarinebaf, Department of History, University of California at Riverside –


  List of Illustrations (p. ix)
  Acknowledgments (p. xi)
  Note on Transliteration and Translation (p. xiii)
  Introduction: A Mediterranean Metropolis (p. 1)
    Istanbul from a Criminological Perspective (p. 3)
    Text and Context (p. 5)
  Part One. Political and Social Setting
  1. Istanbul in the Tulip Age (p. 11)
    Istanbul in the European Imagination (p. 13)
    Patronage of Pleasure (p. 16)
    The Ethnic Mosaic (p. 18)
    The Sacred Town: Eyüp (p. 21)
    The European Hub: Galata (p. 24)
    The Asia Hub: Üsküdar (p. 28)
    Plagues, Earthquakes, and Fires (p. 28)
    State Regulations to Control Fires (p. 32)
  2. Migration and Marginalization (p. 35)
    Settlement Trends (p. 35)
    Janissaries, Artisans, and Peddlers (p. 39)
    Regulating Production (p. 41)
    Vagrants and the State (p. 45)
    Policing Migration (p. 48)
  3. Istanbul between Two Rebellions (p. 51)
    The 1703 Rebellion (p. 51)
    The 1730 Rebellion (p. 54)
    Repression (p. 59)
    Social and Economic Backdrop to Rebellions (p. 61)
    Urban Violence (p. 66)
  Part Two. Categories of Crime
  4. Crimes against Property and Counterfeiting (p. 73)
    Theft in Ottoman-Islamic Law (p. 74)
    Theft from Public and Commercial Places (p. 75)
    Theft from Residential Places (p. 77)
    Armed Robbery (p. 78)
    Organized Theft (p. 79)
    Counterfeiting (p. 81)
    Violation of Guild Rules (p. 82)
    Objects of Theft (p. 83)
  5. Prostitution and the Vice Trade (p. 86)
    An Age of Sexual Transgression (p. 87)
    Prostitution by Muslim Women (p. 90)
    Prostitution by Non-Muslim Women (p. 92)
    Prostitution by Slaves (p. 94)
    Muslim Clients and Operations (p. 97)
    Taverns as Centers of Vice (p. 100)
    Regulating the Vice Trade (p. 101)
    Prostitution in Islamic Law (p. 105)
    Policing and Punishing Prostitution (p. 107)
  6. Violence and Homicide (p. 112)
    Violence against Women (p. 113)
    Sexual Attacks (p. 116)
    Janissary and Gang Violence (p. 119)
  Part Three. Law and Order
  7. Policing, Surveillance, and Social Control (p. 125)
    Policing Public Gathering Places (p. 126)
    Surveillance (p. 128)
    Community Watch and Social Control (p. 130)
    Moral Guarantor: The Kefil as a Socio-Legal Institution (p. 132)
    Policing Istanbul (p. 133)
  8. Ottoman Justice in Multiple Legal Systems (p. 141)
    Prosecuting Crime in Multiple Legal Systems (p. 142)
    Kadi Justice and Islamic Courts (p. 143)
    Non-Muslim Courts (p. 146)
    Sultanic Justice and the Imperial Council (p. 148)
    The Ottoman Penal Law (p. 152)
    Expert Witnesses (p. 155)
  9. Ottoman Punishment: From Oars to Prison (p. 157)
    Corporal and Capital Punishment (p. 157)
    False Witnesses, Torture, and False Confession (p. 160)
    Blood Money and Fines (p. 162)
    Penal Servitude in the Galleys (p. 164)
    Banishment (p. 168)
    Imprisonment (p. 169)
    Repentance and Rehabilitation (p. 171)
  Epilogue: The Evolution of Crime and Punishment in a Mediterranean Metropolis (p. 175)
    Toward a Modern Penal System (p. 178)
  Appendix: A Janissary Ballad from the 1703 Rebellion (p. 183)
  Notes (p. 187)
  Glossary (p. 237)
  Bibliography (p. 245)
    Archival Sources (p. 245)
    Unpublished Manuscripts (p. 246)
    Published Works and Dissertations (p. 246)
  Index (p. 271)

Description: »This vividly detailed revisionist history exposes the underworld of the largest metropolis of the early modern Mediterranean and through it the entire fabric of a complex, multicultural society. Fariba Zarinebaf maps the history of crime and punishment in Istanbul over more than one hundred years, considering transgressions such as riots, prostitution, theft, and murder and at the same time tracing how the state controlled and punished its unruly population. Taking us through the city's streets, workshops, and houses, she gives voice to ordinary people—the man accused of stealing, the woman accused of prostitution, and the vagabond expelled from the city. She finds that Istanbul in this period remains mischaracterized—in part by the sensational and exotic accounts of European travelers who portrayed it as the embodiment of Ottoman decline, rife with decadence, sin, and disease. Linking the history of crime and punishment to the dramatic political, economic, and social transformations that occurred in the eighteenth century, Zarinebaf finds in fact that Istanbul had much more in common with other emerging modern cities in Europe, and even in America.« (Source: University of California Press)


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Wikipedia: History of Asia: History of Turkey / History of the Ottoman Empire