Added: February 1, 2003 – Last updated: July 1, 2017


Author: Diane Wolfthal

Title: “Douleur sur toutes autres”

Subtitle: Revisualizing the Rape Script in the Epistre Othea and the Cité des dames

In: Christine de Pizan and the Categories of Difference

Edited by: Marilynn Desmond

Place: Minneapolis

Publisher: University of Minnesota Press

Year: 1998

Pages: 41-70

Series: Medieval Cultures 14

ISBN-10: 0816630801 (cloth) – Find a Library: Wikipedia, WorldCat | ISBN-10: 081663081X (paper) – Find a Library: Wikipedia, WorldCat

Language: English

Keywords: Medieval History: 14th Century, 15th Century | European History: French History | Representations: Art / 14th-Century Art, 15th-Century Art; Representations: Literary Texts / Christine de Pizan



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Author: Diane Wolfthal, Department of Art, Rice


– »Diane Wolfthal turns to the visual performances of the exuberant textual cultures of the Valois court in order to consider how the texts of Christine – both word and image – refuse the foundational category of woman as the vulnerable object of predarory sexual assualt. Wolfthal‘s discussion uses images and narratives from Christine‘s texts to show the extend to which sexual violence was a language that could be critiqued and revised by texts that depct “otherwise.” (Source: Marilynn Desmond. »Introduction: From Book-Lined Cell to Cyborg Hermeneutics.« Christine de Pizan and the Categories of Difference. Edited by Marilynn Desmond. Minneapolis 1998: xv)

– »Examines Christine's interpretation of the nature and "proper" response to rape, suggesting that she was not alone in her condemnation of sexual violence or in her vision of a response to rape that entailed forceful action against the assailant. Also discusses miniatures in manuscripts of her works depicting rape which were produced under her supervision.« (Source: International Medieval Bibliography)

Note: Essay originally delivered at Binghamton University in October 1995 at a conference entitled "Christine de Pizan: texts/intertexts/contexts".


Holderness, Julia S. MLN: Modern Language Notes 114(4) (September 1999): 874-876. – Full Text: JSTOR (Restricted Access), Project MUSE (Restricted Access)

Kennedy, Angus J. The Modern Language Review 95(2) (April 2000): 504-505. – Full Text: JSTOR (Restricted Access)

Reno, Christine M. Speculum: A Journal of Medieval Studies 75(1) (January 2000): 171-173. – Full Text: JSTOR (Restricted Access)

Stock, Lorraine K. Arthuriana 9(4) (Winter 1999): 122-125. – Full Text: Project MUSE (Restricted Access)

Wikipedia: History of Europe: History of France / France in the Middle Ages | Literature: French literature / Medieval French literature | 14th-century French writers: Christine de Pizan / The Book of the City of Ladies