Added: August 6, 2016 – Last updated: August 6, 2016

TITLE INFORMATION


Author: Frank Werner

Title: „Hart müssen wir hier draußen sein“

Subtitle: Soldatische Männlichkeit im Vernichtungskrieg 1941–1944

Journal: Geschichte und Gesellschaft: Zeitschrift für Historische Sozialwissenschaft

Volume: 34

Issue: 1

Year: June 2008

Pages: 5-40

ISSN: 0340-613X – Find a Library: WordCat

Language: German

Keywords: Modern History: 20th Century | European History: German History, Russian History | Types: Wartime Rape / Second World War



FULL TEXT


Link: V&R eLibrary (Restricted Access)



ADDITIONAL INFORMATION


Abstract: »Almost no other period of German history was as masculine as National Socialism. The almost cult-like construction of soldierly masculinity in National Socialism elevated the traditional gender image to the level of a state ideology, the “Volksgemeinschaft” was composed as a community ofwar, inwhich only being a soldiermeant being a realman. Based on this hypothesis, the article focuses on the masculine dimension of mental dispositions towards violence in the war of annihilation against the Soviet Union 1941–1944. Gender is a central category of human identity and interpretation of the world, and the analysis of letters fromthe front shows how notions of masculinity structured and filtered the perceptions and interpretationswithwhich German soldiers reflected their actions and made sense of their own behaviour.One basic argument is that gender perceptions helped to transform inner conflicts about killing unarmed civilians into the notion of a natural order, thus constituting their significance also in situations of crime. The connection of obvious gender knowledge and racial enemy images offers a key to understanding the participation of “ordinary men” not only in war, but also in genocide.« (Source: Geschichte und Gesellschaft)

Contents:

  I. Einführung (p. 5)
  II. Soldatische Männlichkeit im Nationalsozialismus (p. 8)
  III. Die Sprache des Männlichen in Feldpostbriefen (p. 13)
    1. Der „deutsche Soldat“: Leistungsträger, Ordnungshüter und Herrenmensch (p. 14)
    2. Soldatisch-männliche Bewährung im „Schicksalskampf“ (p. 18)
    3. Die „Härte des Ostens“ als männliche Grenzerfahrung (p. 21)
  IV. Handlungsrelevanz: Männliches Morden? (p. 23)
    1. Töten auf Befehl: Demonstrationen der Härte (p. 24)
    2. Initiativtaten: Bewährung fern der Front (p. 29)
    3. Ordnungsvisionen und „asiatischer“ Krieg (p. 31)
    4. Männliche Dimensionen der Macht (p. 34)
  V. Fazit (p. 37)

Wikipedia: History of Europe: History of Germany / Nazi Germany; History of Russia / History of the Soviet Union (1927–53); Types of rape: Wartime sexual violence | War: World War II / War crimes of the Wehrmacht