Author: Gary Don Wekkin
Title: Militarism and the Chinese Communists
Subtitle: A Study of the Development of Communist Political Authoritiy in the Shansi-Chahar-Hopei Border Region and the Shantung Guerrilla Area, 1937-1940
Thesis: M.A. Thesis, University of British Columbia
Year: September 1972
Pages: iii + 73pp.
Link: cIRcle [Free Access]
»Political scientists generally recognize two explanations of the extensive peasant support which the Chinese Communist Party acquired in North China during the so-called "Yenan Period" of 1937-1945. One theory posits that the North Chinese peasants gave their allegiance and support to the Chinese Communists at this time because the Communists were the only force resisting the Japanese invasion and occupation of North China; the second theory claims that the peasants supported the Communists because Communist agrarian reforms at this time liberated the peasants from centuries of poverty and class exploitation. Unfortunately, the sharp debate which has taken place between the adherents of these two theories has tended to obscure the search for additional explanations of Communist growth during the Yenan Period. Reliable Communist sources and economic surveys indicate that in two key Communist base areas, the "peasant nationalism" and "agrarian revolution" theories do not explain pre-1940 Communist growth as well as they explain post-1940 Communist growth — additional research on the growth of Communist political authority prior to 1940 is needed.
Added: February 1, 2014 | Last updated: February 1, 2014