Added: March 5, 2016 – Last updated: February 3, 2018


Author: Shirambere Philippe Tunamsifu

Title: The right of justice

Subtitle: A challenge for survivors of conflict-related sexual violence in the Eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo

Journal: African Human Rights Law Journal

Volume: 15

Issue: 2

Year: 2015

Pages: 473-495

ISSN: 1609-073X – Find a Library: WordCat | eISSN: 1996-2096 – Find a Library: WordCat

Language: English

Keywords: Modern History: 21st Century | African History: Congolese History | Types: Wartime Sexual Violence



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Author:, ResearchGate

Abstract: »In the eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo, since 1996 conflictrelated sexual violence against women and girls, particularly, has been a sad reality, even though these crimes are prohibited by international humanitarian law and criminalised by international and domestic criminal laws. When these violations occur, the perpetrators should be brought to justice. However, survivors face many challenges in holding perpetrators accountable, such as fear of speaking out due to cultural prohibitions, stigmatisation and fear of reprisals and rejection. The judiciary also faces challenges, including an insufficient budget, the lack of a competent court of law to deal with crimes of sexual violence in rural areas, poor equipment and a lack of education on crimes of sexual violence. In order to improve this situation, this research article argues that it is vital that the Congolese government establish competent courts of law to deal with crimes of sexual violence in rural areas and to ensure that officers of the judicial police are well trained, well remunerated and equipped to conduct investigations. Survivors should be adequately informed, encouraged and made aware of the fact that breaking the silence is an effective way of eradicating rape and other forms of sexual violence. Local communities should also be made aware and sensitised so that they do not reject survivors because unknown people have abused them.« (Source: African Human Rights Law Journal)


  Summary (p. 473)
  1 Introduction (p. 474)
  2 Prevalence of conflict-related sexual violence globally and in the DRC (p. 476)
    2.1 Conflict-related sexual violence globally (p. 476)
    2.2 Conflict-related sexual violence in the DRC (p. 478)
  3 Legal instruments preventing and prohibiting conflict-related sexual violence (p. 481)
  4 Challenges for survivors in accessing justice (p. 488)
    4.1 Right to justice (p. 488)
    4.2 Challenges to accessing justice (p. 488)
  5 Way forward and concluding remarks (p. 494)

Lecture: Tunamsifu, Shirambere P. »The right to justice: A challenge for survivors of conflict-related sexual violence in the eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo.« 24th World Congress of Political Science. Poznań 2016. – Bibliographic Entry: Info

Wikipedia: History of Africa: History of the Democratic Republic of the Congo | Sex and the law: Wartime sexual violence | Sexual violence in the Democratic Republic of the Congo