Added: March 5, 2016 – Last updated: August 6, 2016


Author: Mizuho Tsuchino

Title: The Politics of Redress for the "Comfort Women" Issue

Subtitle: What Did the Asia Women's Fund Do in Reality?

Journal: International Relations and Diplomacy

Volume: 3

Issue: 12

Year: December 2015

Pages: 795-808

ISSN: 2328-2134 – Find a Library: WordCat

Language: English

Keywords: Modern History: 20th Century | 21st Century | Asian History: Japanese History, Korean History, Philippine History | Society: Redress Movements | Types: Forced Prostitution / "Comfort Women"; Types: Wartime rape / Asian-Pacific War


Link: David Publishing Company (Free Access)


Abstract: »The “comfort women” survivors have demanded official apology and national compensation by the Japanese government for the damage from being forced into sexual slavery for the Imperial Japanese Army since the 1990s. However, these demands have not been realized so far. The purpose of this study is to analyze approaches to resolving this issue, examining the reasons why the Japanese government has failed, focusing on activities of the Asian Women's Fund (AWF) to offer the survivors donation from Japanese citizens instead of national compensation from 1995 to 2007. By analyzing the responses of the survivors to the AWF, this study found that the decision of whether or not to receive it depended on each survivor's situation that varied by country, society, family relations, or damage situation when they were forced to be “comfort women” during a war. That is to say, not every woman made a decision based on personal choice. Based on these findings, this study suggests that future approaches need to acknowledge injustice that the survivors had experienced, to formulate policies based on their needs, to involve them in the policy process, and to consider their continued suffering up until today from the perspective of post-colonialism.« (Source: International Relations and Diplomacy)


  Introduction (p. 795)
  Reparations for the Survivors of Violence Against Women in Armed Conflict (p. 796)
  Data and Method (p. 798)
  Results (p. 799)
    The Logic behind the Establishment and Promotion of the AWF (p. 799)
  Response of the Survivors to the AWF and the Context (p. 800)
    The Case of the Philippines (p. 800)
    The Case of Korea (p. 802)
  After the Dissolution of the AWF: The Case of Korea (p. 803)
  Discussion and Conclusion (p. 804)
  References (p. 806)

Lecture: Tsuchino, Mizuho. »The Politics of Redress for the “Comfort Women” Issue: What has the Asian Women’s Fund done in reality?« The World Congress for Korean Politics and Society 2015. Gyeongju 2015. – Bibliographic Entry: Info

Wikipedia: History of Asia: History of Japan, Shōwa period; History of Korea; History of the Philippines | Prostitution: Forced prostitution / Comfort women | Types of rape: Wartime sexual violence | War: Pacific War / Asian Women's Fund, Japanese war crimes