Added: August 31, 2013 – Last updated: March 21, 2015

TITLE INFORMATION


Authors: Jill Trenholm, Pia Olsson, Martha Blomqvist, and Beth Maina Ahlberg

Title: Constructing Soldiers from Boys in Eastern Democratic Republic of Congo

Subtitle: -

Journal: Men and Masculinities

Volume: 16

Issue: 2

Year: June 2013 (Published online: January 16, 2013)

Pages: 203-227

ISSN: 1097-184X – Find a Library: WordCat | eISSN: 1552-6828 – Find a Library: WordCat

Language: English

Keywords: 20th Century, 21st Century | Congolese History | Offenders: Boys; Types: Wartime Rape / Second Congo War



FULL TEXT


Link: SAGE Journals (Restricted Access)



ADDITIONAL INFORMATION


Authors:

Jill Trenholm, Institutionen för kvinnors och barns hälsa (Department of Women's and Children's Health), Uppsala universitet (Uppsala University)

Pia Olsson, Institutionen för kvinnors och barns hälsa (Department of Women's and Children's Health), Uppsala universitet (Uppsala University)

Martha Blomqvist, Centrum för genusvetenskap (Centre for Gender Research), Uppsala universitet (Uppsala University)

Beth Maina Ahlberg, Institutionen för kvinnors och barns hälsa (Department of Women's and Children's Health), Uppsala universitet (Uppsala University)

Abstract: »This study is part of an ethnography focusing on war rape in eastern Democratic Republic of Congo where child soldiers are both victims and perpetrators of violence. Twelve ex-child soldier boys, aged thirteen to eighteen years, from a reintegration facility were interviewed about their soldiering experiences and their perspectives on sexual violence. Transcripts were analyzed using thematic analysis. Conceptual frameworks of militarized masculine identity and gender-based violence guided the process. Results revealed the systematic and violent construction of children into soldiers, inculcating a "militarized masculinity"; a rigid set of stereotypical hypermasculinized behaviors promoting dominance by violating, sexually and otherwise, the subordinate "other." This was achieved through terrorizing/coercing, use of indigenous preparations, substance abuse, and forbidden reflection. This article presents a more contextualized complex view of the violent perpetrator whose behaviors are a manifestation of the modes and mechanisms in which society has constructed/reconstructed gender, ethnicity, and class, and the power dynamics therein.« (Source: Men and Masculinities)

Contents:

  Abstract (p. 203)
  Methodological Issues (p. 206)
    Design (p. 206)
    Research Setting (p. 207)
    Participants and Sampling (p. 207)
    Data Collection (p. 208)
    Data Analysis (p. 208)
    Impact of the Researcher as a Tool (p. 209)
  Results (p. 210)
  Constructing Soldiers from Children (p. 210)
    Who Wants to go to War? (p. 210)
    Inculcating Captive Obedience (p. 212)
    Making Fearless Soldiers (p. 212)
    Substance Abuse: An Anaesthetising Disconnect (p. 213)
    Constructing "Mask-Culinity" (p. 214)
    Gun Power (p. 214)
    Living on the Edge: No Reflections (p. 215)
    Using Sexual Violence to Dominate (p. 216)
    Impregnated: Women's Shame and Soldiers Indifference (p. 218)
  Discussion (p. 219)
    Militarized Masculine Identity (p. 219)
  Conclusion (p. 223)
  Acknowledgments (p. 223)
  Authors' Note (p. 223)
  Declaration of Conflicting Interests (p. 223)
  Funding (p. 223)
  References (p. 223)
  Author Biographies (p. 227)

Wikipedia: Sexual violence in the Democratic Republic of the Congo; Wartime sexual violence: Second Congo War