Totani 2011 Violence

Title Information


Author: Yuma Totani

Title: Legal Responses to World War II Sexual Violence

Subtitle: The Japanese Experience

In: Sexual Violence in Conflict Zones: From the Ancient World to the Era of Human Rights

Edited by: Elizabeth D. Heineman

Place: Philadelphia, PA

Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press

Year: 2011

Pages: 217-231

Series: Pennsylvania Studies in Human Rights

ISBN-13: 9780812243185 (cloth) – Find a Library: Wikipedia, WorldCat | ISBN-13: 9780812222616 (paper) – Find a Library: Wikipedia, WorldCat | ISBN-13: 9780812204346 (ebook) – Find a Library: Wikipedia, WorldCat

Language: English

Keywords: 20th Century | Japanese History | Prosecution: Trials / International Military Tribunal for the Far East; Types: "Comfort Women", Wartime Rape / Asia-Pacific War



Full Text


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Additional Information


Author: Yuma Totani, Department of History, University of Hawai'i at Mānoa

Abstract: »Historians of older conflicts at best have access to oral histories conducted decades after the conflict's conclusion. Frequently such testimonies are collected as part of activist efforts to gain recognition for victims. They must be interpreted not only in light of fading memory but also in light of the effort that prompted the collection of testiminy. As Yuma Totano demonstrates in Chapter 13, this is not a purely academic exercise: scholars are not the only onew who evaluate the legitimacy of testimony regarding sexual violence. Even though the Tokyo Tribunal of 1946-48 collected testimony on mass rape and the "comfort woman" system, knowledge of these phenomena had little impact on Japan because the Tribunal was dismissed as "victors' justice" and there was little effort to make its findings accessible for a lay audience. More recently, however, Japanese human rights activists have not only pushed their government to recognize this history but also worked to gain the Japanese public's recognition of testimonies gathered by Korean activists.« [Elizabeth D. Heineman. »Introduction: The History of Sexual Violence in Conflict Zones.« Sexual Violence in Conflict Zones: From the Ancient World to the Era of Human Rights. Edited by Elizabeth D. Heineman. Philadelphia 2011: 15]

Wikipedia: Comfort women, International Military Tribunal for the Far East, Japanese war crimes, Pacific War, War rape


Added: April 12, 2014 | Last updated: April 12, 2014