Added: April 8, 2017 – Last updated: April 8, 2017


Author: Kate E. Temoney

Title: The 1994 Rwandan Genocide

Subtitle: The Religion/Genocide Nexus, Sexual Violence, and the Future of Genocide Studies

Journal: Genocide Studies and Prevention: An International Journal

Volume: 10

Issue: 3

Year: 2016

Pages: 3-24

ISSN: 1911-0359 – Find a Library: WordCat | eISSN: 1911-9933 – Find a Library: WordCat

Language: English

Keywords: Modern History: 20th Century | African History: Rwandan History | Types: Genocidal Rape / Rwandan Genocide


Link: Scholar Commons: Digital Repository of the University of South Florida (Free Access)


Author: Kate E. Temoney, Department of Religion, Montclair State University

Abstract: »In recent genocides and other conflicts—for example, the Sudan, Burma, and now Iraq—sexual violence and religion have received increasing but modest systematic treatment in genocide studies. This essay contributes to the nascent scholarship on the religious and sexual dimensions of genocide by providing a model for investigating the intersections among religion, genocide, and sexual violence. I treat the Rwandan genocide as a case study using secondary and primary sources and proffer the reinforcing typologies of “othering,” justification, and authorization as an investigatory tool. I further nuance the influences of religion on forms of sexual violation by arguing that religion indirectly (distally) and directly (proximately) furthers the aims of genocide by coding genocidal ideology and violence as “religious.” Ultimately, I contend that studying the religious and sexual aspects of genocide deepens our understanding of the complex dynamics of genocide and opens new lines of inquiry into genocide studies.« (Source: Genocide Studies and Prevention)


  Abstract (p. 3)
  Religion and Genocide (p. 4)
  The Nexus of Religion and Genocide (p. 5)
    Othering (p. 5)
    Justification (p. 8)
    Authorization (p. 11)
  Genocide, Religion, and Sexual Violence (p. 14)
  The Distal and Proximate Influence of Religion on Sexual Violence in Rwanda Guide by the Typologies (p. 15)
    Othering (p. 16)
    Justification (p. 17)
    Authorization (p. 18)
  The Future of Genocide Studies (p. 19)
  Conclusion (p. 21)
  Bibliography (p. 23)

Wikipedia: History of Africa: History of Rwanda | Genocide: Rwandan genocide / Rape during the Rwandan Genocide | Sex and the law: Genocidal rape