Added: May 7, 2016 – Last updated: May 7, 2016


Author: Jessica (Catherine Ann) Taylor

Title: Unholy Coercion

Subtitle: The Complicity of the Serbian Orthodox Church in the Use of Rape as a War Tactic

Thesis: M.A. Thesis, University of Ottawa

Advisor: Claire Turenne Sjolander

Year: 2010

Pages: vi + 117pp.

OCLC Number: 775563433 – Find a Library: WorldCat

Language: English

Keywords: Modern History: 20th Century | European History: Bosnian History, Serbian History | Types: Wartime Rape / Bosnian War



Theses Canada (Free Access)

uO Research: Digital Repository of the University of Ottawa (Free Access)


Abstract: »This project investigates the complicity of the Serbian Orthodox Church in the use of sexual violence as a war tactic and means of ethnic cleansing in the Bosnian War. The thesis explores this in three ways: examining religiously imbued incidents of rape by Serbian belligerents, analysing the relationship between Serbian Orthodox authorities to Serbian politics and war criminals, and deconstructing specific Serbian Orthodox theological discourses. A project of this nature relies on two foundational pillars: first, an in-depth exploration of rape (especially in conflict) and second, the interlocking and socially constructed nature of identities, particularly ethnicity, enemies and gender. The analysis relies on United Nations reports, transcripts of the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia, media reports and secondary sources, all of which illustrate the often subtle and discursive relationship between the Serbian Orthodox Church and the systematic rape of Bosniak women.« (Source: Thesis)


  Abstract (p. iv)
  Acknowledgements (p. v)
  Figures (p. vi)
  Introduction: Setting the Stage to Investigate Serbian Orthodox Complicity (p. 1)
    A Brief History of Conflict in the Balkans (p. 3)
    Argument (p. 7)
    Defining the Church (p. 8)
    Defining Responsibility and Complicity (p. 9)
    Method (p. 11)
    Outline (p. 12)
  Chapter 1: Theorising Rape in the Context of War and Genocide (p. 14)
    Ann Cahill and Rape as Embodiment (p. 15)
      A. Foundational Theories of Rape: Rape as a Violent Act vs. Rape as a Sexual Act (p. 15)
      B. Subjectivity of the Body and the Body as Subject (p. 19)
      C. Rape as Embodiment (p. 24)
    Andrea Smith and Rape in Genocide (p. 28)
    The Theory of Embodiment as Applicable to Genocide and War Rape (p. 34)
    Theories of Embodiment, Religion and Rape in the Bosnian War (p. 36)
    Conclusion (p. 41)
  Chapter 2: Interlocking Identities and the Social Construction of Ethnicity, Enemies and Gender (p. 43)
    The Construction of Ethnicity: Benedict Anderson (p. 44)
    The Construction of Enemies: John Jillions (p. 48)
    The Construction of Gender: Dubravka Zarkov (p. 53)
    Interlocking Identities (p. 59)
    Interlocking Identities in Context (p. 61)
    Conclusion (p. 66)
  Chapter 3: Serbian Orthodox Complicity (p. 70)
    Rape in the Bosnian War (p. 75)
    Orthodox Followers as Belligerents and Rapists (p. 77)
      Orthodox Belligerents Who Committed Rape (p. 79)
      The Rape of Non-Orthodox Bodies (p. 81)
      Genocide Via Propagation (p. 83)
    Clergy, Politicians and Politics (p. 86)
      Church and State (p. 86)
      Clergy During the Bosnian War (p. 90)
      After the War (p. 95)
    Theology and Discourse (p. 98)
      Theology and the Discourse of the "White Plague" (p. 99)
      Learning Gender Via Theology (p. 101)
    Conclusion (p. 105)
  Conclusion (p. 106)
  Bibliography (p. 111)

Wikipedia: History of Europe: History of Bosnia and Herzegovina, History of Serbia | Christian Church: Eastern Orthodox Church / Serbian Orthodox Church | Types of rape: Wartime sexual violence | War: Bosnian War / Rape during the Bosnian War