Added: July 4, 2015 – Last updated: July 4, 2015


Author: Barbara Stelzl-Marx

Title: Soviet children of occupation in Austria

Subtitle: The historical, political and social background and its consequences

Journal: European Review of History - Revue européenne d'histoire

Volume: 22

Issue: 2

Year: March 2015 (Received: May 8, 2014, Accepted: January 8, 2015, Published online: April 9, 2015)

Pages: 277-291

ISSN: 1350-7486 – Find a Library: WordCat | eISSN: 1469-8293 – Find a Library: WordCat

Language: English

Keywords: 20th Century | Austrian History, Russian History | Types: Wartime Rape / Second World War; Victims: Rape Children


Link: ingentaconnect (Restricted Access)

Link: Taylor & Francis Online (Restricted Access)


Author: Barbara Stelzl-Marx, Ludwig Boltzmann Institut für Kriegsfolgen-Forschung

Abstract: »Soviet children of occupation were born between late 1945 and mid-1956 in Austria, some following voluntary sexual relations between local women and Red Army soldiers, others as a result of rape. They were considered by many to be 'children of the enemy' and encountered various forms of discrimination and stigmatisation. The children involved were largely a 'fatherless' group of war children. By the time of their births even fathers who wanted to stay in touch had generally either been sent home or transferred to another barracks in line with the Kremlin's view that intimate relations between Soviet soldiers and Austrians were politically and ideologically reprehensible. Even after the signing of the Austrian State Treaty and the end of the occupation in 1955, the political situation largely ruled out further contact. This situation was exacerbated by the onset of the Cold War. In many cases, the children of occupation were hemmed in by a wall of silence that in some cases persists to this day. This has led to widespread questions about personal identity and searches for their 'roots'. Against this background, the article analyses the impact of the specific historical, political and social background of the lives of Soviet occupation children.« (Source: European Review of History)

Wikipedia: Wartime sexual violence: Soviet war crimes, World War II