Added: October 25, 2008 – Last updated: July 2, 2016


Author: Darrell Steffensmeier, Hua Zhong, Jeff Ackerman, Jennifer Schwartz, and Suzanne Agha

Title: Gender Gap Trends for Violent Crimes, 1980 to 2003

Subtitle: A UCR-NCVS Comparison

Journal: Feminist Criminology

Volume: 1

Issue: 1

Year: January 2006

Pages: 72-98

ISSN: 1557-0851 – Find a Library: WordCat | eISSN: 1557-086X – Find a Library: WordCat

Language: English

Keywords: Modern History: 20th Century, 21st Century | American History: U.S. History | Prosecution: Statistics


Link: SAGE Journals (Restricted Access)



Jeff Ackerman, School of Criminology and Criminal Justice, Griffith University

Suzanne Agha, Department of Justice, Law & Criminology, American University

Jennifer Schwartz, Department of Sociology, Washington State University

Darrell Steffensmeier, Department of Sociology and Criminology, Pennsylvania State University

Sara Hua Zhong, Department of Sociology, Chinese University of Hong Kong

Abstract: »The authors examine 1980 to 2003 trends in female-to-male interpersonal violence reported in Uniform Crime Reports (UCR) arrest statistics and National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS) victimization data. Augmented Dickey-Fuller time-series techniques and intuitive plot displays show much overlap yet differences in each source's portrayal of trends in female violence levels and the gender gap. Both sources show little or no change in the gender gap for homicide and rape/sexual assault, whereas UCR police counts show a sharp rise in female-to-male arrests for criminal assault during the past one to two decades--but that rise is not borne out in NCVS counts. Net-widening policy shifts have apparently escalated the arrest proneness of females for "criminal assault" (e.g. policing physical attacks/threats of marginal seriousness that women in relative terms are more likely to commit); rather than women having become any more violent, official data increasingly mask differences in violent offending by men and women.« (Source: Feminist Criminology)


  Increasing female arrest rates: more violence or more enforcement? (p. 73)
    The behavior change hypothesis (p. 74)
    The policy change hypothesis (p. 75)
    Gender-specific impact of net-widening policy shifts (p. 77)
      Research strategy (p. 79)
  UCR results (p. 81)
  NCVS results (p. 85)
  Summary and discussion of gender gap trends (p. 89)
    Broader context of net-widening policy shifts (p. 90)
  Conclusion (p. 93)
  Notes (p. 94)
  References (p. 95)

Wikipedia: History of the Americas: History of the United States / History of the United States (1980–91), History of the United States (1991–present) | Rape in the United States | Statistics: Crime statistics / National Crime Victimization Survey, Rape statistics, Uniform Crime Reports