Added: January 2, 2016 – Last updated: January 2, 2016


Author: Oscar Tantoco Serquiña, Jr.

Title: Voices and Visions

Subtitle: Symbolic Convergences in the Oral Narratives of Filipino Comfort Women

Journal: Humanities Diliman: A Journal on Philippine Humanities

Volume: 12

Issue: 2

Year: July-December 2015

Pages: 79-109

ISSN: 1655-1532 – Find a Library: WordCat | eISSN: 2012-0788 – Find a Library: WordCat

Language: English

Keywords: Modern History: 20th Century | Asian History: Japanese History, Philippine History | Types: Forced Prostitution / "Comfort Women"; Types: Wartime Rape / Asia-Pacific War


Link: University of the Philippines Diliman Journals Online (Free Access)


Abstract: »This paper analyzes oral narratives of 10 Filipino comfort women, who are members of the Liga ng mga Lolang Pilipina, or Lila Pilipina, an organization of victims and survivors of sexual slavery by Japanese military soldiers during the World War II in the Philippines. Guided by Ernest Bormann’s Symbolic Convergence Theory, this paper aims to describe the content, identify the salient structure, and determine the rhetorical vision in the oral narratives of Filipino comfort women. This paper argues that a pattern of characters, settings, and plotlines may be discerned from the oral narratives, and that these formal elements structurally and ideologically constitute the comfort women’s rhetorical vision of the future. This rhetorical vision is by and large a social drama that visualizes a just and warless society, renders the war as the major culprit in the destruction of Filipinos’ lives, and highlights the roles of Filipino comfort women and the youth in fighting militarization and in seeking peace and social justice in society.« (Source: Humanities Diliman)


  Introduction (p. 79)
  Telling Stories in Order to Live: Bormann's Symbolic Convergence Theory (p. 83)
  Narrated Discomfort: Fantasy Themes in the Oral Narratives (p. 84)
  Characters (p. 85)
    Comfort Women (p. 85)
    Japanese Soldiers (p. 87)
    Families of the Comfort Women (p. 88)
    Lila Pilipina (p. 89)
    Japanese Government (p. 90)
    The Americans (p. 91)
    Lola Rosa (p. 92)
    The Youth (p. 92)
  Settings (p. 93)
    The Provinces (p. 93)
    The Garrison (p. 94)
    Manila (p. 95)
  Plotlines (p. 96)
    Loss of Innocence (p. 96)
    Fight for Justice (p. 97)
    Fight against the War (p. 98)
    To Search for Converging Patterns: Chaining the Elements of the Narratives (p. 98)
    Versions of the Past, Views of the Future: Projecting the Rhetorical Vision (p. 102)
  Endnotes (p. 107)
  Works Cited (p. 107)

Wikipedia: History of Asia: History of Japan, History of the Philippines / History of the Philippines (1898–1946) | Prostitution: Forced prostitution / Comfort women | Types of rape: Wartime sexual violence | War: Pacific War / Japanese war crimes