Added: October 25, 2008 – Last updated: April 8, 2017


Author: Mario M. Ruiz

Title: Intimate Disputes, Illicit Violence

Subtitle: Gender, Law, and the State in Colonial Egypt, 1849-1923

Thesis: Ph.D. Thesis, University of Michigan

Advisor: Juan R. Cole

Year: 2004

Pages: 310pp.

OCLC Number: 712617861 – Find a Library: WorldCat

Language: English

Keywords: Modern History: 19th Century | African History: Egyptian History


Link: ProQuest (Restricted Access)


Author: Mario M. Ruiz, Department of History, Hofstra University

Abstract: »This dissertation examines the multiple ways in which the nineteenth and early twentieth-century Ottoman-Egyptian and British state exercised its authority over its male and female subjects. As I argue, this authority was enunciated through new colonial institutions, bureaucratic regulations, and hybrid social intermediaries that simultaneously created and reaffirmed conflicting ideas of sexual difference. Using Arabic and British legal records, as well as non-legal sources such as popular memoirs, travel narratives, and colonial administrative reports, I demonstrate how the different inter-ethnic actors living in the city and the countryside responded to the colonial state's encroachments in their intimate disputes, and the various litigious approaches that they used to contest and appropriate new legal definitions of violent behavior.
Whether they were rural peasants or working-class Europeans, non-elite actors engaged actively with the colonial state through a number of complex legal strategies based on material ideas of family, masculinity, domestic space, and sexual respectability. These strategies, in turn, manifested themselves most explicitly in violent crimes such as homicide, sexual assault, and other spectacles of physical violence. Violent crimes and other displays of violence occurred in a range of settings between different social groups during this period, and illustrate the importance of gendered notions of familial and state authority. This dissertation therefore posits an alternative approach to Egyptian social history that foregrounds material conceptions of family and sexuality, inter-ethnic relations, domestic space, and the economic nature of colonial violence by drawing on primary research conducted in the national archives and legal libraries of Cairo and London. By examining the fluid manner in which non-elite denizens navigated the intimate disputes and illicit violence of nineteenth and early twentieth-century Egyptian society, the following work offers a different interpretation of local and official understandings of law, gender, and the state in colonial Egypt.« (Source: ProQuest)


  Acknowledgments (p. ii)
  Introduction (p. 1)
  Chapter One. Feuding families and men who murder: homicide, assault, and the creation of a new legal order (p. 27)
  Chapter Two. Of hymens and hakimas: narrating miscarriage and sexual assault in the mid-to-late nineteenth century (p. 84)
  Chapter Three. "Do you think I am whore like your mother?": Euro-Egyptian crime and inter-ethnic domestic disputes (p. 122)
  Chapter Four. Rural homicide and the paradox of legal paternalism in British Egypt (p. 172)
  Chapter Five. Unruly soldiers, post-war nationalists, and the realignment of the paternal legal order (p. 219)
  Conclusion (p. 273)
  Bibliography (p. 280)

Note: Ruiz, Mario M. »Virginity Violated: Sexual Assault and Respectability in Mid- to Late-Nineteenth-Century Egypt.« Comparative Studies of South Asia, Africa and the Middle East 25 (2005): 214-226. – Bibliographic Entry: Info

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